Previous studies have not fully examined the psychometric properties of the Malay Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). To overcome this limitation, the present study conducted a thorough examination of the reliability and validity of a newly-developed translation of the RSES into Bahasa Malaysia (Malay). A total of 800 participants from Malaysia completed the Malay RSES, along with scales measuring their satisfaction with life, subjective happiness, Big Five personality factors, and demographics. A sub-sample of 120 participants also completed the RSES again after five weeks. Results showed that the Malay RSES could be reduced to a single dimension, although contrary to previous findings, one item loaded negatively. Internal consistency for the full Malay RSES was adequate and test-retest reliability was good after five weeks. Results also showed that self-esteem was significantly correlated with satisfaction with life, subjective happiness, and the Big Five factors of Extraversion and Neuroticism. These results are discussed in relation to the limitations of previous studies that have developed and used Malay versions of the RSES.