|Title||An examination of the relationship between cycle training, cycle accidents, attitudes and cycling behaviour among children|
|Authors||Colwell, J. and Culverwell, A.|
Around 40% of 10--11-year-old children receive cycle training every year in the UK, but concern has been expressed over the efficacy of training courses. One argument is that accidents occur too infrequently to be a viable evaluative criterion, and attitudes and behaviour have been suggested as alternatives. A questionnaire that measured a number of variables including accidents, attitudes, and behaviour was completed by 336 participants from two schools in the London Borough of Bromley. At least one cycling injury had been sustained by 58.3% of respondents, requiring hospital treatment in 19.1% of cases. Girls reported fewer accidents than boys. No relationship between training and accidents was found. A principal components analysis (PCA) of the attitudes items produced a 'safe attitudes' factor. Girls displayed 'safer' attitudes, but there was no evidence that training produced safer attitudes. A PCA of the cycling behaviour scales produced two factors, 'safe cycling' and 'showing off'. Safe cyclists who obeyed basic safety rules were less likely to sustain cycle injuries, but showing off was not related to accidents. Girls were less likely to show off, but the safe behaviour gender difference did not reach significance. Training did not relate to either factor.
|Journal citation||45 (9), pp. 640-648|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1080/00140130210156303|
|Web address (URL)||http://www.journalsonline.tandf.co.uk/openurl.asp?genre=article&issn=0014-0139&volume=45&issue=9&spage=640|