|Title||Project management in protected areas: a tale of two systems|
This paper examines the application of information technology to project management in the context of the implementation of management plans for protected areas which now cover some 20% of the land surface of developed countries. CMS, an ‘off the shelf’ system intended for use on any conservation site, is compared with PMIS, an organizationally based bespoke system in which site and property management was merely one aspect of an integrated IT system encompassing virtually every function of a large organization, the National Trust. CMS was conceived “bottom up” as a modest experiment by site managers to solve their immediate problems of project control, has been highly successful to date and is in use in over 350 sites within the UK as well as in a number of other countries. PMIS, initiated ‘top down’ as probably the most ambitious attempt to date of any conservation organization to computerize its activities has failed to fulfil early hopes, proving unwieldy and expensive and development was curtailed in late 1995. The implications for protected area and conservation site project management are considerable. Small may not be particularly beautiful but is currently the only available option for those who need a working project management system. In the long term however the choice between ‘off the shelf’ PC-based software and the development of a networked bespoke system will be an increasingly difficult one, particularly for large land managing conservation organizations.
|Journal||International Journal of Project Management|
|Journal citation||15 (4), pp. 245-253|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1016/S0263-7863(96)00077-4|