|Title||Self-help, Saving and Suburbanisation - the Birkbeck Freehold Land and Building Societies, their Bank and the London Mechanics’ Institute 1851 – 1911.|
The Birkbeck Freehold Land and Building Societies were launched in 1851 in the London Mechanics’ Institute, secured its survival, and eventually replaced its premises with the architectural ‘phantasmagoria’ of the Birkbeck Bank. Prior to its collapse in 1911 ‘the Birkbeck’ was a major element in the English property based financial system and contributed significantly to the suburban growth of London. The Institute, Societies and Bank shared a Utilitarian vision of social progress through self-help that was at times hotly contested by the radical champions of the social classes that they were initially formed to assist. Their parallel histories are attested today by ‘Birkbeck’ toponyms (including roads, pubs and a railway station) in the London landscape.
|Keywords||‘Birkbeck Bank’, Utilitarianism, ‘building societies’, self-help, suburbs, capitalism.|
|Journal||The London Journal|
|Journal citation||40 (2), pp. 123-146|
|Accepted author manuscript||Clarke_London_Journal_2015.pdf|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1179/0305803415Z.00000000064|
|Web address (URL)||http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/0305803415Z.00000000064|