Masculinities, Militarisation and the End Conscription Campaign: War Resistance in Apartheid South Africa

Conway, D. 2012. Masculinities, Militarisation and the End Conscription Campaign: War Resistance in Apartheid South Africa. Manchester Manchester University Press.

TitleMasculinities, Militarisation and the End Conscription Campaign: War Resistance in Apartheid South Africa
AuthorsConway, D.
Abstract

Masculinities, militarisation and the End Conscription Campaign explores the gendered dynamics of apartheid-era South Africa’s militarisation and analyses the defiance of compulsory military service by individual white men, and the anti-apartheid activism of the white men and women in the End Conscription Campaign (ECC), the most significant white anti-apartheid movement to happen in South Africa. Military conscription and objection to it are conceptualised as gendered acts of citizenship and premised on and constitutive of masculinities.

Conway draws upon a range of materials and disciplines to produce this socio-political study. Sources include interviews with white men who objected to military service in the South African Defence Force (SADF); archival material, including military intelligence surveillance of the ECC; ECC campaigning material, press reports and other pro-state propaganda. The analysis is informed by perspectives in sociology, international relations, history and from work on contemporary militarised societies such as those in Israel and Turkey. This book also explores the interconnections between militarisation, sexuality, race, homophobia and political authoritarianism.

KeywordsMasculinities
Militarisation
War Resistance
Conscientious Objection
Peace activism
Social Movements
South Africa
Apartheid
Conscription
Year2012
PublisherManchester University Press
Wits University Press
Place of publicationManchester
Johannesburg
ISBN978-0-7190-8320-4
978 1 86814 564 5

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