BORO as a Foundation to Enterprise Ontology

de Cesare, S. and Partridge, C. 2016. BORO as a Foundation to Enterprise Ontology. Journal of Information Systems. 30 (2), pp. 83-112. doi:10.2308/isys-51428

TitleBORO as a Foundation to Enterprise Ontology
Authorsde Cesare, S. and Partridge, C.
Abstract

Modern business organizations experience increasing challenges in the development and evolution of their enterprise systems. Typical problems include legacy re-engineering, systems integration/interoperability, and the architecting of the enterprise. At the heart of all these problems is enterprise modeling. Many enterprise modeling approaches have been proposed in the literature with some based on ontology. Few however adopt a foundational ontology to underpin a range of enterprise models in a consistent and coherent manner. Fewer still take data-driven re-engineering as their natural starting point for modeling. This is the approach taken by Business Object Reference Ontology (BORO). It has two closely intertwined components: a foundational ontology and a re-engineering methodology. These were originally developed for the re-engineering of enterprise systems and subsequently evolved into approaches to enterprise architecture and systems integration. Together these components are used to systematically unearth reusable and generalized business patterns from existing data. Most of these patterns have been developed for the enterprise context and have been successfully applied in several commercial projects within the financial, defense, and oil and gas industries. BORO's foundational ontology is grounded in philosophy and its metaontological choices (including perdurantism, extensionalism, and possible worlds) follow well-established theories. BORO's re-engineering methodology is rooted in the philosophical notion of grounding; it emerged from the practice of deploying its foundational ontology and has been refined over the last 25 years. This paper presents BORO and its application to enterprise modeling.

KeywordsBORO
foundational ontology
generalized business patterns
perdurantism
extensionalism
mereology
grounding
set theory
legacy re-engineering
enterprise architecture
integration
reuse
JournalJournal of Information Systems
Journal citation30 (2), pp. 83-112
ISSN0888-7985
Year2016
PublisherAmerican Accounting Association
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.2308/isys-51428
Publication dates
Published01 Feb 2016

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