|Title||Metaworkflows and Workflow Interoperability for Heliophysics|
|Authors||Pierantoni, G. and Carley, E.|
Heliophysics is a relatively new branch of physics that investigates the relationship between the Sun and the other bodies of the solar system. To investigate such relationships, heliophysicists can rely on various tools developed by the community. Some of these tools are on-line catalogues that list events (such as Coronal Mass Ejections, CMEs) and their characteristics as they were observed on the surface of the Sun or on the other bodies of the Solar System. Other tools offer on-line data analysis and access to images and data catalogues. During their research, heliophysicists often perform investigations that need to coordinate several of these services and to repeat these complex operations until the phenomena under investigation are fully analyzed. Heliophysicists combine the results of these services; this service orchestration is best suited for workflows. This approach has been investigated in the HELIO project. The HELIO project developed an infrastructure for a Virtual Observatory for Heliophysics and implemented service orchestration using TAVERNA workflows. HELIO developed a set of workflows that proved to be useful but lacked flexibility and re-usability. The TAVERNA workflows also needed to be executed directly in TAVERNA workbench, and this forced all users to learn how to use the workbench. Within the SCI-BUS and ER-FLOW projects, we have started an effort to re-think and re-design the heliophysics workflows with the aim of fostering re-usability and ease of use. We base our approach on two key concepts, that of meta-workflows and that of workflow interoperability. We have divided the produced workflows in three different layers. The first layer is Basic Workflows, developed both in the TAVERNA and WS-PGRADE languages. They are building blocks that users compose to address their scientific challenges. They implement well-defined Use Cases that usually involve only one service. The second layer is Science Workflows usually developed in TAVERNA. They implement Science Cases (the definition of a scientific challenge) by composing different Basic Workflows. The third and last layer,Iterative Science Workflows, is developed in WSPGRADE. It executes sub-workflows (either Basic or Science Workflows) as parameter sweep jobs to investigate Science Cases on large multiple data sets. So far, this approach has proven fruitful for three Science Cases of which one has been completed and two are still being tested.
|Conference||6th International Workshop on Science Gateways|
|Published||25 Aug 2014|
|Journal citation||pp. 79-84|
|Book title||Procedings of the 6th International Workshop on Science Gateways|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1109/IWSG.2014.19|