This thesis tackles the need for ultra-low power operation in power-constrained cryptographic computations. An example of such an application could be smartcards. One of the techniques which has proven to have the potential of rendering ultra-low power operation is ‘Adiabatic Logic Technique’. However, the adiabatic circuits has associated challenges due to high energy dissipation of the Power-Clock Generator (PCG) and complexity of the multi-phase power-clocking scheme. Energy efficiency of the adiabatic system is often degraded due to the high energy dissipation of the PCG. In this thesis, nstep charging strategy using tank capacitors is considered for the power-clock generation and several design rules and trade-offs between the circuit complexity and energy efficiency of the PCG using n-step charging circuits have been proposed.
Since pipelining is inherent in adiabatic logic design, careful selection of architecture is essential, as otherwise overhead in terms of area and energy due to synchronization buffers is induced specifically, in the case of adiabatic designs using 4-phase power-clocking scheme. Several architectures for the Montgomery multiplier using adiabatic logic technique are implemented and compared. An architecture which constitutes an appropriate trade-off between energy efficiency and throughput is proposed along with its methodology. Also, a strategy to reduce the overhead due to synchronization buffers is proposed. A modification in the Montgomery multiplication algorithm is proposed.
Furthermore, a problem due to the application of power-clock gating in cascade stages of adiabatic logic is identified. The problem degrades the energy savings that would otherwise be obtained by the application of power-clock gating. A solution to this problem is proposed.
Cryptographic implementations also present an obvious target for Power Analysis Attacks (PAA). There are several existing secure adiabatic logic designs which are proposed as a countermeasure against PAA.
Shortcomings of the existing logic designs are identified, and two novel secure adiabatic logic designs are proposed as the countermeasures against PAA and improvement over the existing logic designs.