Cultural Aspects of Attachment Anxiety, Avoidance, and Life Satisfaction: Comparing the US and Turkey

Sümer, N. and Yetkili, O. 2018. Cultural Aspects of Attachment Anxiety, Avoidance, and Life Satisfaction: Comparing the US and Turkey. in: Demir, M. and Sümer, N. (ed.) Close Relationships and Happiness Across Cultures Switzerland Springer. pp. 165-184

Chapter titleCultural Aspects of Attachment Anxiety, Avoidance, and Life Satisfaction: Comparing the US and Turkey
AuthorsSümer, N. and Yetkili, O.
EditorsDemir, M. and Sümer, N.
Abstract

Attachment insecurity can interfere with the experience, expression, and benefits of positive emotions, including happiness and life satisfaction (LS). However, both the pattern and effects of insecure attachment orientations on LS vary across cultures. Considering that attachment anxiety is higher in collectivist cultures and attachment avoidance is relatively high in individualistic cultures, the present chapter elaborates on the idea that anxious and avoidant attachment would have varying effects on LS in individualistic and collectivistic cultural contexts. Study 1 (N = 2456) involved a community sample of married couples in Turkey and demonstrated that attachment avoidance was a stronger predictor of LS than attachment anxiety in Turkish collectivist context. Study 2 tested the hypothesis that the roles of attachment anxiety and avoidance in predicting LS would vary between collectivistic and individualistic cultures. Mothers’ adult attachment dimensions and LS in Turkey (N = 89) and the United States (N = 91) were measured. As expected, results indicated that LS was predicted only by attachment avoidance in Turkey and by attachment anxiety in the United States. These findings are in line with the cultural fit hypothesis, suggesting that culturally incongruent attachment orientations have a stronger negative impact on individuals’ LS.

KeywordsAttachment Anxiety, Attachment Avoidance, Culture, Life Satisfaction, Happiness
Book titleClose Relationships and Happiness Across Cultures
Page range165-184
Year2018
PublisherSpringer
FileChapter 10-Cultural Aspects of Attachment Anxiety & Avoidance and Life Satisfaction- Comparing the US and Turkey (no track changes).pdf
Publication dates
Published11 Aug 2018
Place of publicationSwitzerland
SeriesCross-Cultural Advancements in Positive Psychology
ISBN9783319896618
9783319896632
ISSN2210-5425
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1007/978-3-319-89663-2_10
Web address (URL)https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-89663-2_10

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