Although driving behavior has been largely studied amongst private motor vehicles drivers, the literature addressing heavy goods vehicle (HGV) drivers is scarce. Identifying the existing groups of driving stereotypes and their proportions enables researchers, companies, and policy makers to establish group-specific strategies to improve safety and economy. In addition, insight into driving styles can help predict drivers’ reactions and therefore enable the modeling of interactions between vehicles and the possible obstacles encountered on a journey. Consequently, there are also contributions to the research and development of autonomous vehicles and smart roads. In this paper, our interest lies in investigating driving behavior within the HGV community in the United Kingdom (U.K.). We conduct analysis of a telematics dataset containing the incident information on 21 193 HGV drivers across the U.K. We are interested in answering two research questions: 1) What groups of behavior are we able to uncover? 2) How do these groups complement current findings in the literature? To answer these questions, we apply a two-stage data analysis methodology involving consensus clustering and ensemble classification to the dataset. Through the analysis, eight patterns of behavior are uncovered. It is also observed that although our findings have similarities to those from previous work on driving behavior, further knowledge is obtained, such as extra patterns and driving traits arising from vehicle and road characteristics.
|Keywords||Driver profiling, driving pattern, driving habit, driver behavior, clustering analysis, ensemble clustering, ensemble classification, big data analysis.|