Machine Learning Classification of Females Susceptibility to Visceral Fat Associated Diseases

Aldraimli, M., Soria, D., Parkinson, J., Whitcher, B., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Chaussalet, T.J. and Dwek, M. 2019. Machine Learning Classification of Females Susceptibility to Visceral Fat Associated Diseases. MEDICON 2019: XV Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing. Coimbra, Portugal 26 - 28 Sep 2019 Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-31635-8_81

TitleMachine Learning Classification of Females Susceptibility to Visceral Fat Associated Diseases
AuthorsAldraimli, M., Soria, D., Parkinson, J., Whitcher, B., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Chaussalet, T.J. and Dwek, M.
TypeConference paper
Abstract

The problem of classifying subjects into risk categories is a common challenge in medical research. Machine Learning (ML) methods are widely used in the areas of risk prediction and classification. The primary objective of these algorithms is to predict dichotomous responses (e.g. healthy/at risk) based on several features. Similarly to statistical inference models, also ML models are subject to the common problem of class imbalance. Therefore, they are affected by the majority class increasing the false-negative rate.
In this paper, we built and evaluated eighteen ML models classifying approximately 4300 female participants from the UK Biobank into three categorical risk statuses based on responses for the discretised visceral adipose tissue values from magnetic resonance imaging. We also examined the effect of sampling techniques on classification modelling when dealing with class imbalance.
Results showed that the use of sampling techniques had a significant impact. They not only drove an improvement in predicting patients risk status but also facilitated an increase in the information contained within each variable. Based on domain experts criteria, the three best models for classification were finally identified.
These encouraging results will guide further developments of classification models for predicting visceral adipose tissue without the need for a costly scan.

KeywordsSupervised Learning
Imbalanced Data
UK Biobank
Random Under-Sampling
Synthetic Minority Over-Sampling Technique
Visceral Adipose Tissue
Year2019
ConferenceMEDICON 2019: XV Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing
PublisherSpringer
Publication dates
Published25 Sep 2019
JournalIFMBE Proceedings
Journal citation76, pp. 679-693
ISSN1680-0737
ISBN9783030316341
9783030316358
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1007/978-3-030-31635-8_81

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Green, A.R., Soria, D., Powe, G., Nolan, C.C., Aleskandarany, N.M., Szász, M.A., Tőkés, A.M., Ball, G.R., Garibaldi, J.M., Rakha, E.A., Kulka, J. and Ellis, I.O. 2016. Nottingham prognostic index plus (NPI+) predicts risk of distant metastases in primary breast cancer. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. 157 (1), pp. 65-75. doi:10.1007/s10549-016-3804-1

KI67 and DLX2 predict increased risk of metastasis formation in prostate cancer–a targeted molecular approach
Green, W.J.F., Ball, G., Hulman, G., Johnson, C., Van Schalwyk, G., Ratan, H.L., Soria, D., Garibaldi, J.M., Parkinson, R., Hulman, J., Rees, R. and Powe, D.G. 2016. KI67 and DLX2 predict increased risk of metastasis formation in prostate cancer–a targeted molecular approach. British Journal of Cancer. 115 (2), pp. 236-242. doi:10.1038/bjc.2016.169

Cancer subtype identification pipeline: A classifusion approach
Agrawal, U., Soria, D. and Wagner, C. 2016. Cancer subtype identification pipeline: A classifusion approach. Evolutionary Computation (CEC), 2016 IEEE Congress on. 24 - 29 Jul 2016 IEEE . doi:10.1109/CEC.2016.7744150

Towards a threshold climate for emergency lower respiratory hospital admissions
Islam, M.S., Chaussalet, T.J. and Koizumi, N. 2016. Towards a threshold climate for emergency lower respiratory hospital admissions. Environmental Research. 153, pp. 41-47. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2016.11.011

Effect of energy restriction and physical exercise intervention on phenotypic flexibility as examined by transcriptomics analyses of mRNA from adipose tissue and whole body magnetic resonance imaging
Lee, S., Norheim, F., Langleite, T.M., Noreng, H.J., Storås, T.H., Afman, L.A., Frost, G., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Kolnes, K.J., Tangen, D.S., Stadheim, H.K., Gilfillan, G.D., Gulseth, H.L., Birkeland, K.I., Jensen, J., Drevon, C.A. and Holen, T. 2016. Effect of energy restriction and physical exercise intervention on phenotypic flexibility as examined by transcriptomics analyses of mRNA from adipose tissue and whole body magnetic resonance imaging. Physiological Reports. 4 (21), p. e13019. doi:10.14814/phy2.13019

Feasibility of MR-Based Body Composition Analysis in Large Scale Population Studies
West, J., Leinhard, O.D., Romu, T., Collins, R., Garratt, S., Bell, J.D., Borga, M. and Thomas, E.L. 2016. Feasibility of MR-Based Body Composition Analysis in Large Scale Population Studies. PLoS ONE. 11 (9). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0163332

The Quantum Mitochondrion and Optimal Health
Bell, J.D., Nunn, A.V.W. and Guy, G.W. 2016. The Quantum Mitochondrion and Optimal Health. Biochemical Society Transactions. 44 (4), pp. 1101-1110. doi:10.1042/BST20160096

Link between increased gut hormones signaling satiety and reduced food reward following gastric bypass surgery for obesity
Goldstone, A.P., Miras, A.D., Scholtz, S., Jackson, S., Neff, K.J., Pénicaud, L., Geoghegan, J., Chhina, N., Durighel, G., Bell, J.D., Meillon, S. and le Roux, C.W. 2016. Link between increased gut hormones signaling satiety and reduced food reward following gastric bypass surgery for obesity. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 101 (2), pp. 599-609. doi:10.1210/jc.2015-2665

Synergy between histone deacetylase inhibitors and DNA- damaging agents is mediated by histone deacetylase 2 in colorectal cancer
Alzoubi, S., Brody, L., Rahman, S., Mahul-Mellier, A.L., Mercado, N., Ito, K., El-Bahrawy, M., Silver, A., Boobis, A., Bell, J.D. and Hajji, N. 2016. Synergy between histone deacetylase inhibitors and DNA- damaging agents is mediated by histone deacetylase 2 in colorectal cancer. Oncotarget . 7 (28), pp. 44505-44521. doi:10.18632/oncotarget.9887

Exercise Training Reduces Liver Fat and Increases Rates of VLDL Clearance, but not VLDL Production in NAFLD
Shojaee-Moradie, F., Cuthbertson, D.J., Barrett, M., Jackson, N.C., Herring, R, Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Kemp, G.J., Wright, J. and Umpleby, A.M. 2016. Exercise Training Reduces Liver Fat and Increases Rates of VLDL Clearance, but not VLDL Production in NAFLD. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 101 (11), pp. 4219-4228. doi:10.1210/jc.2016-2353

Efficacy and Safety of Cannabidiol and Tetrahydrocannabivarin on Glycemic and Lipid Parameters in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel Group Pilot Study
Jadoon, K.A., Ratcliffe, S.H., Barrett, D.A., Thomas, E.L., Stott, C., Bell, J.D., O’Sullivan S.E. and Tan, G.D. 2016. Efficacy and Safety of Cannabidiol and Tetrahydrocannabivarin on Glycemic and Lipid Parameters in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel Group Pilot Study. Diabetes Care. 39 (10), pp. 1777-1786. doi:10.2337/dc16-0650

A general framework for Business Process Modelling (BPM) based on Formal Temporal Theory with an application to Hospital Patient flows
Chishti, I., Chaussalet, T.J. and Basukoski, A. 2016. A general framework for Business Process Modelling (BPM) based on Formal Temporal Theory with an application to Hospital Patient flows. 8th IMA International Conference on Quantitative Modelling in the Management of Health and Social Care. Asia House, London 21 - 23 Mar 2016 Institute of Mathematics and its Applications.

Business Process Modelling based on formal temporal theory with an application to hospital patient flows
Chishti, I., Basukoski, A. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2016. Business Process Modelling based on formal temporal theory with an application to hospital patient flows. 8th IMA International Conference on Quantitative Modelling in the Management of Health and Social Care. Asia House, London 21 - 23 Mar 2016 Institute of Mathematics and its Applications.

Risk Modelling Framework for Emergency Hospital Readmission, Using Hospital Episode Statistics Inpatient Data
Mesgarpour, M., Chaussalet, T.J. and Chahed, S. 2016. Risk Modelling Framework for Emergency Hospital Readmission, Using Hospital Episode Statistics Inpatient Data. IEEE 29th International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems. Dublin and Belfast 20 - 23 Jun 2016 IEEE . doi:10.1109/CBMS.2016.21

Predictive Risk Modelling for Integrated Care: a Structured Review
Mesgarpour, M., Chaussalet, T.J., Worrall, P. and Chahed, S. 2016. Predictive Risk Modelling for Integrated Care: a Structured Review. IEEE 29th International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems. Dublin and Belfast 20 - 23 Jun 2016 IEEE . doi:10.1109/CBMS.2016.34

Nutritional Evaluation and Optimisation in Neonates: a randomized, double-blind controlled trial of amino acid regimen and intravenous lipid composition in preterm parenteral nutrition
Uthaya, S.N., Liu, X., Babalis, D., Doré, C.J., Caroline, J., Warwick, J., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Ashby, D., Durighel, G., Ederies, A., Yanez-Lopez, M. and Modi, N. 2016. Nutritional Evaluation and Optimisation in Neonates: a randomized, double-blind controlled trial of amino acid regimen and intravenous lipid composition in preterm parenteral nutrition. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 106 (3), pp. 1443-1452. doi:10.3945/ajcn.115.125138

Nutritional Evaluation and Optimisation in Neonates (NEON) trial of amino acid regimen and intravenous lipid composition in preterm parenteral nutrition: a randomised double-blind controlled trial
Uthaya, S.N., Liu, X., Babalis, D., Doré, C.J., Warwick, J., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Ashby, D., Durighel, G., Ederies, A., Yanez-Lopez, M. and Modi, N. 2016. Nutritional Evaluation and Optimisation in Neonates (NEON) trial of amino acid regimen and intravenous lipid composition in preterm parenteral nutrition: a randomised double-blind controlled trial. Efficacy and Mechanism Evaluation. 3 (2). doi:10.3310/eme03020

Reprogramming of hepatic fat accumulation and 'browning' of adipose tissue by the short-chain fatty acid acetate
Sahuri Arisoylu, M., Brody, L., Parkinson, J., Parkes, H.G., Navaratnam, N., Miller, A.D., Thomas, E.L., Frost, G.S. and Bell, J.D. 2016. Reprogramming of hepatic fat accumulation and 'browning' of adipose tissue by the short-chain fatty acid acetate. International Journal of Obesity. doi:10.1038/ijo.2016.23

Liver fat in adults with GH deficiency: comparison to matched controls and the effect of GH replacement
Meienberg, F., Yee, M., Johnston, D.G., Cox, J., Robinson, S., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Godsland, I.F. 2016. Liver fat in adults with GH deficiency: comparison to matched controls and the effect of GH replacement. Clinical Endocrinology. 85 (1), pp. 76-84. doi:10.1111/cen.13042

Is the NHS in England too big to fail?
Dalton, S., Chahed, S. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2016. Is the NHS in England too big to fail? 8th Institute of Mathematics and Its Applications. Asia House, London 21 Mar 2016

A structured review of long-term care demand modelling
Worrall, P. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2015. A structured review of long-term care demand modelling. Health Care Management Science. 18 (2), pp. 173-194. doi:10.1007/s10729-014-9299-6

Markers of Progression in Early-Stage Invasive Breast Cancer: a Predictive Immunohistochemical Panel Algorithm for Distant Recurrence Risk Stratification
Aleskandarany, M.A., Soria, D., Green, A.R., Nolan, C., Diez-Rodriguez, M., Ellis, I.O. and Rakha, E.A. 2015. Markers of Progression in Early-Stage Invasive Breast Cancer: a Predictive Immunohistochemical Panel Algorithm for Distant Recurrence Risk Stratification. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. 151 (2), pp. 325-333. doi:10.1007/s10549-015-3406-3

Improving the NHS demands more than just extra money [Letter]
Young, T., Brailsford, S., Berry, R., Braun, H., Cordeaux, C., Chaussalet, T.J., Davies, K., Debenedetti, L., Farrar, M., Harper, P.R., King, J., Lacey, P., Lyon, J., Marshall, A., McClean, S., McKelvie, D., Pollard, A., Schmidt, P. and Soorapanth, S. 2015. Improving the NHS demands more than just extra money [Letter]. BMJ. 350, p. h3338. doi:10.1136/bmj.h3338

Body fat MRS
Thomas, E.L. and Bell, J.D. 2015. Body fat MRS. eMagRes. 4 (3), pp. 663-672. doi:10.1002/9780470034590.emrstm1478

A randomized controlled trial: the effect of inulin on weight management and ectopic fat in subjects with prediabetes.
Guess, N.D., Dornhorst, A., Oliver, N., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L. and Frost, G.S. 2015. A randomized controlled trial: the effect of inulin on weight management and ectopic fat in subjects with prediabetes. Nutrition & Metabolism. 12 (36). doi:10.1186/s12986-015-0033-2

Validation of a fast method for quantification of intra-abdominal and subcutaneous adipose tissue for large-scale human studies
Borga, M., Thomas, E.L., Romu, T., Rosander, J., Fitzpatrick, J., Leinhard, O.D., Bell, J.D. and Borger Magnus 2015. Validation of a fast method for quantification of intra-abdominal and subcutaneous adipose tissue for large-scale human studies. NMR in Biomedicine. 28 (12), pp. 1747-1753. doi:10.1002/nbm.3432

Dissociation between exercise-induced reduction in liver fat and changes in hepatic and peripheral glucose homeostasis in obese patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.
Cuthbertson, D.J., Shojaee-Moradie, F., Sprung, V.S., Jones, H., Pugh, C.J., Richardson, P., Kemp, G.J., Barrett, M., Jackson, N.C., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D. and Umpleby, A.M. 2015. Dissociation between exercise-induced reduction in liver fat and changes in hepatic and peripheral glucose homeostasis in obese patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Clinical Science. 130 (2), pp. 93-104. doi:10.1042/CS20150447

Effects of targeted delivery of propionate to the human colon on appetite regulation, body weight maintenance and adiposity in overweight adults.
Chambers, E.S., Viardot, A., Psichas, A., Morrison, D.J., Murphy, K.G., Zac-Varghese, S.E., MacDougall, K., Preston, T., Tedford, C., Finlayson, G.S., Blundell, J.E., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Mt-Isa, S., Ashby, D., Gibson, G.R., Kolida, S., Dhillo, W.S., Bloom, S.R., Morley, W., Clegg, S., Frost, G.S. and Sagen E K Zac-Varghese 2015. Effects of targeted delivery of propionate to the human colon on appetite regulation, body weight maintenance and adiposity in overweight adults. Gut. 64 (11), pp. 1744-54. doi:10.1136/gutjnl-2014-307913

Toward simulating the english neonatal unit
Dalton, S., Chahed, S. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2015. Toward simulating the english neonatal unit. 27th European Conference on Operational Reasearch (EURO). University of Strathclyde, Glasgow 13 Jul 2015

Circulating pancreatic polypeptide concentrations predict visceral and liver fat content
Sam Amir, H., Sleeth Michelle, L., Thomas, E.L., Daud Norlida, M., Chambers Edward, Shojaee-Moradie Fariba, Umpleby, A.M., le Roux, C.W., Bech Paul, Busbridge Mark, Laurie Rosemary Cuthbertson Daniel, J., Buckley Adam Ghatei Mohammad, A., Bloom, S.R., Frost, G.S., Bell, J.D., Murphy, K.G., Ismail Nurhafzan, Shoajee-Moradie Fariba, Goldstone, A.P., Cuthbertson, D.J. and Ghatei, M.A. 2015. Circulating pancreatic polypeptide concentrations predict visceral and liver fat content. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 100 (3), pp. 1048-1052. doi:10.1210/jc.2014-3450

Sexual dimorphism in relation to adipose tissue and intrahepatocellular lipid deposition in early infancy
Gale, C., Jeffries, Suzan, Santhakumaran, S., Uthaya, S.N., Durighel, G., Alavi, Afshin, Modi, N., Thomas, E.L., Logan, Karen M., Parkinson, J.R.C. and Bell, J.D. 2015. Sexual dimorphism in relation to adipose tissue and intrahepatocellular lipid deposition in early infancy. International Journal of Obesity. 39 (4), pp. 629-32. doi:10.1038/ijo.2015.4

Practical detection of a definitive biomarker panel for Alzheimer’s Disease; comparisons between plasma and cerebrospinal fluid
Richens, J.L., Vere, K.-A., Light, R.A., Soria, D., Garibaldi, J.M., Smith, A.D., Warden, D., Wilcock, G., Bajaj, N., Morgan, K. and O’Shea, P. 2014. Practical detection of a definitive biomarker panel for Alzheimer’s Disease; comparisons between plasma and cerebrospinal fluid. International Journal of Molecular Epidemiology and Genetics. 5 (2), pp. 53-70.

Signalling Paediatric Side Effects using an Ensemble of Simple Study Designs
Reps, J.M., Aickelin, U., Garibaldi, J.M., Soria, D., Gibson, J.E. and Hubbard, R.B. 2014. Signalling Paediatric Side Effects using an Ensemble of Simple Study Designs. Drug Safety. 37 (3), pp. 163-170. doi:10.1007/s40264-014-0137-z

A Novel Semisupervised Algorithm for Rare Prescription Side Effect Discovery
Reps, J.M., Garibaldi, J.M., Aickelin, U., Soria, D., Gibson, J.E. and Hubbard, R.B. 2014. A Novel Semisupervised Algorithm for Rare Prescription Side Effect Discovery. IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics. 18 (2), pp. 537-547. doi:10.1109/JBHI.2013.2281505

Guest Editorial: Data Mining in Bioinformatics
Reps, J.M., Garibaldi, J.M., Aickelin, U., Soria, D., Gibson, J.E. and Hubbard, R.B. 2014. Guest Editorial: Data Mining in Bioinformatics. IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics. 18 (2), p. 483. doi:10.1109/JBHI.2014.2306988

Nottingham Prognostic Index Plus (NPI+): A Modern Clinical Decision Making Tool in Breast Cancer
Rakha, E., Soria, D., Green, A.R., Lemetre, C., Powe, D.G., Nolan, C.C., Garibaldi, J.M., Ball, G.R. and Ellis, I.O. 2014. Nottingham Prognostic Index Plus (NPI+): A Modern Clinical Decision Making Tool in Breast Cancer. British Journal of Cancer. 110 (7), pp. 1688-1697. doi:10.1038/bjc.2014.120

A methodology for automatic classification of breast cancer immunohistochemical data using semi-supervised Fuzzy c-Means
Lai, D.T.C., Garibaldi, J.M., Soria, D. and Roadknight, C.M. 2014. A methodology for automatic classification of breast cancer immunohistochemical data using semi-supervised Fuzzy c-Means. Central European Journal of Operations Research. 22 (3), pp. 475-499. doi:10.1007/s10100-013-0318-3

Preterm nutritional intake and MRI phenotype at term age: a prospective observational study
Vasu, V., Durighel, G., Malamateniou, C., Rutherford, M.A., Modi, N., Thomas, E.L. and Bell, J.D. 2014. Preterm nutritional intake and MRI phenotype at term age: a prospective observational study. BMJ Open. 4 (5). doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005390

Body Fat: our own Janus
Thomas, E.L. and Bell, J.D. 2014. Body Fat: our own Janus. Physiology News. 96, pp. 24-27.

Multimetallic complexes and functionalized gold nanoparticles based on a combination of d- and f-elements
Sung, S., Holmes, H., Wainwright, L., Toscani, A., Stasiuk, G.J., White, A.J.P., Bell, J.D. and Wilton-Ely, J.D.E.T. 2014. Multimetallic complexes and functionalized gold nanoparticles based on a combination of d- and f-elements. Inorganic Chemistry. 53 (4), pp. 1989-2005. doi:10.1021/ic401936w

The association between objectively measured sitting and standing with body composition: a pilot study using magnetic resonance imaging
Smith, L., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D. and Hamer, M. 2014. The association between objectively measured sitting and standing with body composition: a pilot study using magnetic resonance imaging. BMJ Open. 4 (6), p. e005476. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005476

The intelligence paradox; will ET get the metabolic syndrome? Lessons from and for Earth
Nunn, A.V.W., Guy, G.W. and Bell, J.D. 2014. The intelligence paradox; will ET get the metabolic syndrome? Lessons from and for Earth. Nutrition and Metabolism. 11, p. 34. doi:10.1186/1743-7075-11-34

A review of dynamic Bayesian network techniques with applications in healthcare risk modelling
Mesgarpour, M., Chaussalet, T.J. and Chahed, S. 2014. A review of dynamic Bayesian network techniques with applications in healthcare risk modelling. 4th Student Conference on Operational Research (SCOR14). Nottingham, UK May 2–4, 2014 Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik. doi:10.4230/OASIcs.SCOR.2014.89

External validation of the fatty liver index and lipid accumulation product indices, using 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy, to identify hepatic steatosis in healthy controls and obese, insulin-resistant individuals
Cuthbertson, D.J., Weickert, M.O., Lythgoe, D., Sprung, V.S., Dobson, R., Shoajee-Moradie Fariba, Umpleby, A.M., Pfeiffer, A.F.H., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Jones, H. and Kemp, G.J. 2014. External validation of the fatty liver index and lipid accumulation product indices, using 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy, to identify hepatic steatosis in healthy controls and obese, insulin-resistant individuals. European Journal of Endocrinology. 171 (5), pp. 561-569. doi:10.1530/EJE-14-0112

Efficacy of increased resistant starch consumption in human type 2 diabetes
Bodinham, C.L., Smith, L., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Swann Jonathan, Costabile, A., Russell-Jones, D., Umpleby, A.M. and Robertson, M.D. 2014. Efficacy of increased resistant starch consumption in human type 2 diabetes. Endocrine Connections. 3 (2), pp. 75-84. doi:10.1530/EC-14-0036

Capacity planning of a perinatal network with generalised loss network model with overflow
Asaduzzaman, M. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2014. Capacity planning of a perinatal network with generalised loss network model with overflow. European Journal of Operational Research. 232 (1), pp. 178-185. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2013.06.037

The short-chain fatty acid acetate reduces appetite via a central homeostatic mechanism
Frost, G.S., Sahuri-Arisoylu Meliz, Lizarbe Blanca, Cerdan Sebastian, Brody Leigh, Anastasovska, J., Ghourab Samar, Hankir, M., Zhang Shuai, Carling David Swann Jonathan, R., Gibson, G.R., Viardot, A., Morrison Douglas Thomas E Louise, Bell, J.D., Sleeth Michelle, L., Swann Jonathan and Thomas, E.L. 2014. The short-chain fatty acid acetate reduces appetite via a central homeostatic mechanism. Nature Communications. 5. doi:10.1038/ncomms4611

Adiposity and hepatic lipid in healthy full-term, breastfed, and formula-fed human infants: a prospective short-term longitudinal cohort study
Gale, C., Thomas, E.L., Jeffries, Suzan, Durighel, G., Logan, Karen M., Parkinson, J.R.C., Uthaya, S.N., Santhakumaran, S., Bell, J.D. and Modi, N. 2014. Adiposity and hepatic lipid in healthy full-term, breastfed, and formula-fed human infants: a prospective short-term longitudinal cohort study. American Journal of Clinical Nutition. 99 (5), pp. 1034-1040. doi:10.3945/ajcn.113.080200

Obese patients after gastric bypass surgery have lower brain-hedonic responses to food than after gastric banding
Scholtz, S., Miras, A.D., Chhina, N., Prechtl, C.G., Sleeth Michelle, L., Daud Norlida, M., Ismail Nurhafzan, Durighel, G., Ahmed, A.R., Olbers, T., Vincent, R.P., Alaghband-Zadeh, J., Ghatei, M.A., Waldman, A.D., Frost, G.S., Bell, J.D., le Roux, C.W. and Goldstone, A.P. 2014. Obese patients after gastric bypass surgery have lower brain-hedonic responses to food than after gastric banding. Gut. 63 (6), pp. 891-902. doi:10.1136/gutjnl-2013-305008

Discovery of biomarkers for glycaemic deterioration before and after the onset of type 2 diabetes: rationale and design of the epidemiological studies within the IMI DIRECT Consortium
Koivula, R.W., Heggie, A., Barnett, A., Cederberg, H., Hansen, T.H., Koopman, A.D., Ridderstråle, M., Rutters, F., Vestergaard, H., Gupta, R., Herrgård, S., Heymans, M.W., Perry, M.H., Rauh, S., Siloaho, M., Teare, H.J.A., Thorand, B., Bell, J.D., Brunak, S., Frost, G.S., Jablonka, B., Mari, A., McDonald, T.J., Dekker, J.M., Hansen, T., Hattersley, A., Laakso, M., Pedersen, O., Koivisto, V., Ruetten, H., Walker, M., Pearson, E. and Franks, P.W. 2014. Discovery of biomarkers for glycaemic deterioration before and after the onset of type 2 diabetes: rationale and design of the epidemiological studies within the IMI DIRECT Consortium. Diabetologia. 57 (6), pp. 1132-1142. doi:10.1007/s00125-014-3216-x

Ghrelin mimics fasting to enhance human hedonic, orbitofrontal cortex, and hippocampal responses to food
Goldstone, A.P., Prechtl, C.G., Scholtz, S., Miras, A.D., Chhina, N., Durighel, G., Deliran, S.S., Beckmann, C., Ghatei, M.A., Ashby, D.R., Waldman, A.D., Gaylinn, B.D., Thorner, M.O., Frost, G.S., Bloom, S.R. and Bell, J.D. 2014. Ghrelin mimics fasting to enhance human hedonic, orbitofrontal cortex, and hippocampal responses to food. American Journal of Clinical Nutition. 99 (6), pp. 1319-1330. doi:10.3945/ajcn.113.075291

The impact of oligofructose on stimulation of gut hormones, appetite regulation and adiposity
Daud Norlida, M., Ismail Nurhafzan, Thomas, E.L., Fitzpatrick, J., Swann Jonathan, Costabile, A., Pedersen, C., Frost, G.S., Bell, J.D., Childs, C.E. and Goldstone, A.P. 2014. The impact of oligofructose on stimulation of gut hormones, appetite regulation and adiposity. Obesity (Silver Spring). 22 (6), pp. 1430-1438. doi:10.1002/oby.20754

A history of previous gestational diabetes mellitus is associated with adverse changes in insulin secretion and VLDL metabolism independently of increased intrahepatocellular lipid
Forbes, S., Godsland, I.F., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Patel, N., Hamilton, G., Parker, K.H., Marshall, I., Gray, C.D., Bedford, D.C., Caslake, M., Walker, B.R. and Johnston, D.G. 2013. A history of previous gestational diabetes mellitus is associated with adverse changes in insulin secretion and VLDL metabolism independently of increased intrahepatocellular lipid. Diabetologia. 56 (9), pp. 2021-2033. doi:10.1007/s00125-013-2956-3

Whole body fat: content and distribution
Thomas, E.L., Fitzpatrick, J., Malik, S.J., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Bell, J.D. 2013. Whole body fat: content and distribution. Progress in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. 73, pp. 56-80. doi:10.1016/j.pnmrs.2013.04.001

Towards an evidence-based decision making healthcare system management: modelling patient pathways to improve clinical outcomes
Adeyemi, S., Demir, E. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2013. Towards an evidence-based decision making healthcare system management: modelling patient pathways to improve clinical outcomes. Decision Support Systems. 55 (1), pp. 117-125. doi:10.1016/j.dss.2012.12.039

Overcoming the barriers: a qualitative study of simulation adoption in the NHS
Brailsford, S.C., Bolt, T.B., Bucci, G., Chaussalet, T.J., Connell, N.A.D., Harper, P.R., Klein, J.H., Pitt, M. and Taylor, M. 2013. Overcoming the barriers: a qualitative study of simulation adoption in the NHS. Journal of the Operational Research Society. 64 (2), pp. 157-168. doi:10.1057/jors.2011.130

Healthcare planning and its potential role increasing operational efficiency in the health sector: a viewpoint
Virtue, A., Chaussalet, T.J. and Kelly, J. 2013. Healthcare planning and its potential role increasing operational efficiency in the health sector: a viewpoint. Journal of Enterprise Information Management. 26 (1/2), pp. 8-20. doi:10.1108/17410391311289523

Early nutritional determinants of intrahepatocellular lipid deposition in preterm infants at term age
Vasu, V., Thomas, E.L., Durighel, G., Hyde, M.J., Bell, J.D. and Modi, N. 2013. Early nutritional determinants of intrahepatocellular lipid deposition in preterm infants at term age. International Journal of Obesity. 37 (4), pp. 500-504. doi:10.1038/ijo.2012.213

Metabolic syndrome, overweight and fatty liver
Thomas, E.L., Fitzpatrick, J., Frost, G.S. and Bell, J.D. 2013. Metabolic syndrome, overweight and fatty liver. in: Berdanier, C.D., Dwyer, J.T. and Heber, D. (ed.) Handbook of nutrition and food, 3rd edition Boca Raton CRC Press. pp. 763-768

Mutations in the GABRB1 gene promote alcohol consumption through increased tonic inhibition
Anstee, Q.M., Knapp, S., Maguire, E.P., Hosie, A.M., Thomas, P., Mortensen, M., Bhome, R., Martinez, A., Walker, S.E., Dixon, C.I., Ruparelia, K., Montagnese, S., Kuo, Y.T., Herlihy, A.H., Bell, J.D., Robinson, I., Guerrini, I., McQuillin, A., Fisher, E.M.C., Ungless, M.A., Gurling, H.M.D., Morgan, M.Y., Brown, S.D.M., Stephens, D.N., Belelli, D., Lambert, J.J., Smart, T.G. and Thomas, H.C. 2013. Mutations in the GABRB1 gene promote alcohol consumption through increased tonic inhibition. Nature Communications. 4, p. 2816. doi:10.1038/ncomms3816

Endocannabinoids in neuroendopsychology: multiphasic control of mitochondrial function
Nunn, A.V.W., Guy, G.W. and Bell, J.D. 2012. Endocannabinoids in neuroendopsychology: multiphasic control of mitochondrial function. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 367 (1607), pp. 3342-3352. doi:10.1098/rstb.2011.0393

Adiposity in children and adolescents: correlates and clinical consequences of fat stored in specific body depots
Katzmarzyk, P.T., Shen, W., Baxter-Jones, A., Bell, J.D., Butte, N.F., Demerath, E.W., Gilsanz, V., Goran, M.I., Hirschler, V., Hu, H.H., Maffeis, C., Malina, R.M., Müller, M.J., Pietrobelli, A. and Wells, J.C.K. 2012. Adiposity in children and adolescents: correlates and clinical consequences of fat stored in specific body depots. Pediatric Obesity. 7 (5), pp. e42-e61. doi:10.1111/j.2047-6310.2012.00073.x

Polycystic ovary syndrome with hyperandrogenism is characterized by an increased risk of hepatic steatosis compared to nonhyperandrogenic PCOS phenotypes and healthy controls, independent of obesity and insulin resistance
Jones, H., Sprung, V.S., Pugh, C.J.A., Daousi, C., Irwin, A., Aziz, N., Adams, V.L., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Kemp, G.J. and Cuthbertson, D.J. 2012. Polycystic ovary syndrome with hyperandrogenism is characterized by an increased risk of hepatic steatosis compared to nonhyperandrogenic PCOS phenotypes and healthy controls, independent of obesity and insulin resistance. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 97 (10), pp. 3709-3716. doi:10.1210/jc.2012-1382

Effect of lactobacillus acidophilus NCDC 13 supplementation on the progression of obesity in diet-induced obese mice
Arora, T., Anastasovska, J., Gibson, G.R., Tuohy, K., Kumar Sharma, R., Bell, J.D. and Frost, G.S. 2012. Effect of lactobacillus acidophilus NCDC 13 supplementation on the progression of obesity in diet-induced obese mice. British Journal of Nutrition. 108 (8), pp. 1382-1389. doi:10.1017/S0007114511006957

Fatty acid flux and oxidation are increased by rimonabant in obese women
Backhouse, K., Sarac, I., Shojaee-Moradie, F., Stolinski, M., Robertson, M.D., Frost, G.S., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Wright, J., Russell-Jones, D. and Umpleby, A.M. 2012. Fatty acid flux and oxidation are increased by rimonabant in obese women. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental. 61 (9), pp. 1220-1223. doi:10.1016/j.metabol.2012.02.012

Gender differences in VLDL1 and VLDL2 triglyceride kinetics and fatty acid kinetics in obese postmenopausal women and obese men
Sarac, I., Backhouse, K., Shojaee-Moradie, F., Stolinski, M., Robertson, M.D., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Hovorka, R., Wright, J. and Umpleby, A.M. 2012. Gender differences in VLDL1 and VLDL2 triglyceride kinetics and fatty acid kinetics in obese postmenopausal women and obese men. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 97 (7), pp. 2475-2481. doi:10.1210/jc.2011-3248

Excess body fat in obese and normal weight subjects
Thomas, E.L., Frost, G.S., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Bell, J.D. 2012. Excess body fat in obese and normal weight subjects. Nutrition Research Reviews. 25 (1), pp. 150-161. doi:10.1017/S0954422412000054

The effect of preterm birth on adiposity and metabolic pathways and the implications for later life
Thomas, E.L., Al Saud, N.B., Durighel, G., Frost, G.S. and Bell, J.D. 2012. The effect of preterm birth on adiposity and metabolic pathways and the implications for later life. Clinical Lipidology. 7 (3), pp. 275-288. doi:10.2217/clp.12.32

Elemental imaging of MRI contrast agents: benchmarking of LA-ICP-MS to MRI
Pugh, J.A.T., Cox, A.G., McLeod, C.W., Bunch, J., Writer, M.J., Hart, S.L., Bienemann, A., White, E. and Bell, J.D. 2012. Elemental imaging of MRI contrast agents: benchmarking of LA-ICP-MS to MRI. Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry. 403 (6), pp. 1641-1649. doi:10.1007/s00216-012-5973-z

Intrahepatic insulin exposure, intrahepatocellular lipid and regional body fat in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Mehta, S.R., Godsland, I.F., Thomas, E.L., Pavitt, D.V., Morin, S.H.X., Bell, J.D., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Johnston, D.G. 2012. Intrahepatic insulin exposure, intrahepatocellular lipid and regional body fat in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 97 (6), pp. 2151-2159. doi:10.1210/jc.2011-2430

Hepatic steatosis, GH deficiency and the effects of GH replacement: a Liverpool magnetic resonance spectroscopy study
Gardner, C.J., Irwin, A., Daousi, C., McFarlane, I.A., Joseph, F., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Adams, V.L., Kemp, G.J. and Cuthbertson, D.J. 2012. Hepatic steatosis, GH deficiency and the effects of GH replacement: a Liverpool magnetic resonance spectroscopy study. European Journal of Endocrinology. 166, pp. 993-1002. doi:10.1530/EJE-12-0002

Fermentable carbohydrate alters hypothalamic neuronal activity and protects against the obesogenic environment
Anastasovska, J., Arora, T., Sanchez-Canon, G.J., Parkinson, J.R.C., Touhy, K., Gibson, G.R., Nadkarni, N., So, P.W., Goldstone, A.P., Thomas, E.L., Hankir, M., Van Loo, J., Modi, N., Bell, J.D. and Frost, G.S. 2012. Fermentable carbohydrate alters hypothalamic neuronal activity and protects against the obesogenic environment. Obesity. 20 (5), pp. 1016-1023. doi:10.1038/oby.2012.6

Differential effects of two fermentable carbohydrates on central appetite regulation and body composition
Arora, T., Loo, R.L., Anastasovska, J., Gibson, G.R., Tuohy, K., Kumar Sharma, R., Swann Jonathan, Deaville, E.R., Sleeth Michelle, L., Thomas, E.L., Holmes, E., Bell, J.D. and Frost, G.S. 2012. Differential effects of two fermentable carbohydrates on central appetite regulation and body composition. PLoS ONE. 7 (8), p. e43263. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0043263

Improved Glycaemia correlates with liver fat reduction in obese, type 2 diabetes, patients given glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists
Cuthbertson, D.J., Irwin, A., Gardner, C.J., Daousi, C., Purewal, T, Furlong, N, Goenka, N, Thomas, E.L., Adams, V.L., Pushpakom, SP, Pirmohamed, M and Kemp, G.J. 2012. Improved Glycaemia correlates with liver fat reduction in obese, type 2 diabetes, patients given glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists. PLoS ONE. 7 (12), p. e50117. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0050117

Forecasting long-term care demand under incomplete information: a grey modelling approach
Worrall, P. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2012. Forecasting long-term care demand under incomplete information: a grey modelling approach. in: 2012 25th International symposium on computer-based medical systems (CBMS), 20-22 June 2012, Rome, Italy IEEE .

Development of a hybrid grey-fuzzy methodology to forecast future demand for long-term care
Worrall, P. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2012. Development of a hybrid grey-fuzzy methodology to forecast future demand for long-term care. High Tech Human Touch: Proceedings of the 38th ORAHS conference. University of Twente, The Netherlands. 16-20 July 2012

Healthcare planning: the simulation perspective
Virtue, A., Chaussalet, T.J. and Kelly, J. 2012. Healthcare planning: the simulation perspective. Operational research society simulation workshop 2012 (SW12). Worcestershire, England 27th - 28th March 2012

Validation of dual energy x-ray absorptiometry measures of abdominal fat by comparison with magnetic resonance imaging in an Indian population
Taylor, A.E., Kuper, H., Varma, R.D., Wells, J.C.K., Bell, J.D., Radhakrishna, K.V., Kulkarni, B., Kinra, S., Timpson, N.J., Ebrahim, S., Smith, G.D. and Ben-Shlomo, Y. 2012. Validation of dual energy x-ray absorptiometry measures of abdominal fat by comparison with magnetic resonance imaging in an Indian population. PLoS ONE. 7 (12), p. e51042. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0051042

Using data mining and simulation for health system understanding and capacity planning: an application to urgent care
Tadjer, M., Chaussalet, T.J., Fouladinajed, F. and Chahed, S. 2012. Using data mining and simulation for health system understanding and capacity planning: an application to urgent care. High Tech Human Touch: Proceedings of the 38th ORAHS conference. University of Twente, The Netherlands. 16-20 July 2012

Metabolic profiling of the rat liver after chronic ingestion of alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate using in vivo and ex vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Solanky, B.S., Sanchez-Canon, G.J., Cobbold, J.F.L., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Bell, J.D., Scudamore, C.L., Ross, E., Holder, J.C., So, P.W. and Cox, I.J. 2012. Metabolic profiling of the rat liver after chronic ingestion of alpha-naphthylisothiocyanate using in vivo and ex vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Toxicological Sciences. 126 (2), pp. 306-316. doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfs019

A risk analysis method for assessing risks based on interval-valued fuzzy number
Rathi, M. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2012. A risk analysis method for assessing risks based on interval-valued fuzzy number. in: 2012 IEEE International conference on computational intelligence and computing research (ICCIC), 18-20 December 2012, Coimbatore, India IEEE .

Predicting hospital resource utilization: a fuzzy regression approach
Rathi, M. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2012. Predicting hospital resource utilization: a fuzzy regression approach. High Tech Human Touch: Proceedings of the 38th ORAHS conference. University of Twente, The Netherlands. 16-20 July 2012

Nonparametric smoothing of the impact of climate change for some selected diseases: a case study for Greater London
Islam, M., Chaussalet, T.J., Ozkan, N. and Demir, E. 2012. Nonparametric smoothing of the impact of climate change for some selected diseases: a case study for Greater London. High Tech Human Touch: Proceedings of the 38th ORAHS conference. University of Twente, The Netherlands. 16-20 July 2012

Increased energy expenditure in gastric bypass rats is not caused by activated brown adipose tissue
Hankir, M., Bueter, M., Gsell, W., Seyfried, F., Khalil, M., Smith, K.L., Bloom, S.R., Bell, J.D. and le Roux, C.W. 2012. Increased energy expenditure in gastric bypass rats is not caused by activated brown adipose tissue. Obesity Facts. 5 (3), pp. 349-358. doi:10.1159/000339742

Profiling hospitals based on emergency readmission: a multilevel transition modelling approach
Demir, E., Chaussalet, T.J., Adeyemi, S. and Toffa, S.E. 2012. Profiling hospitals based on emergency readmission: a multilevel transition modelling approach. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine. 108 (2), pp. 487-499. doi:10.1016/j.cmpb.2011.03.003

A decision support tool for health service re-design
Demir, E., Chahed, S., Chaussalet, T.J., Toffa, S.E. and Fouladinajed, F. 2012. A decision support tool for health service re-design. Journal of Medical Systems. 36 (2), pp. 621-630. doi:10.1007/s10916-010-9526-8

How to predict high dependency cot demand in upcoming days
Dalton, S., Chahed, S. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2012. How to predict high dependency cot demand in upcoming days. ORAHS 2012 Conference: High Tech Human Touch. University of Twente Enschede, The Netherlands 15-20 July 2012

Relation between trunk fat volume and reduction of total lung capacity in obese men
Watson, R.A., Pride, N.B., Thomas, E.L., Ind, P.W. and Bell, J.D. 2012. Relation between trunk fat volume and reduction of total lung capacity in obese men. Journal of Applied Physiology. 112 (1), pp. 118-126. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00217.2011

The missing risk: MRI and MRS phenotyping of abdominal adiposity and ectopic fat
Thomas, E.L., Parkinson, J.R.C., Frost, G.S., Goldstone, A.P., Doré, C.J., McCarthy, J., Collins, A.L., Fitzpatrick, J., Durighel, G., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Bell, J.D. 2012. The missing risk: MRI and MRS phenotyping of abdominal adiposity and ectopic fat. Obesity. 20 (1), pp. 76-87. doi:10.1038/oby.2011.142

The effects of glutamate receptor agonists and antagonists on mouse hypothalamic and hippocampal neuronal activity shown through manganese enhanced MRI
Hankir, M., Parkinson, J.R.C., Bloom, S.R. and Bell, J.D. 2012. The effects of glutamate receptor agonists and antagonists on mouse hypothalamic and hippocampal neuronal activity shown through manganese enhanced MRI. NeuroImage. 59 (2), pp. 968-978. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.08.063

A low molecular weight folate receptor targeted contrast agent for magnetic resonance tumour imaging
Kalber, T., Kamaly, N., So, P.W., Pugh, J.A.T., Bunch, J., McLeod, C.W., Jorgensen, M.R., Miller, A.D. and Bell, J.D. 2011. A low molecular weight folate receptor targeted contrast agent for magnetic resonance tumour imaging. Molecular Imaging and Biology. 13 (4), pp. 653-662. doi:10.1007/s11307-010-0400-3

Synthesis and characterisation of a novel tubulin-directed DO3A–colchicine conjugate with potential theranostic features
Wardle, N.J., Kalber, T., Bell, J.D. and Bligh, S.W.A. 2011. Synthesis and characterisation of a novel tubulin-directed DO3A–colchicine conjugate with potential theranostic features. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 21 (11), pp. 3346-3348. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2011.04.014

Capturing the readmission process: focus on time window
Demir, E. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2011. Capturing the readmission process: focus on time window. Journal of Applied Statistics. 38 (5), pp. 951-960. doi:10.1080/02664761003692415

An overflow loss network model for capacity planning of a perinatal network
Asaduzzaman, M. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2011. An overflow loss network model for capacity planning of a perinatal network. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A. 174 (2), pp. 403-417. doi:10.1111/j.1467-985X.2010.00669.x

Peptide YY3-36 and pancreatic polypeptide differentially regulate hypothalamic neuronal activity in mice in vivo as measured by manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging
Hankir, M., Parkinson, J.R.C., Minnion, J.S., Addison, M.L., Bloom, S.R. and Bell, J.D. 2011. Peptide YY3-36 and pancreatic polypeptide differentially regulate hypothalamic neuronal activity in mice in vivo as measured by manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. Journal of Neuroendocrinology. 23 (4), pp. 371-380. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2826.2011.02111.x

Novel multifunctional nanoparticle mediates siRNA tumour delivery, visualisation and therapeutic tumour reduction in vivo
Kenny, G., Kamaly, N., Kalber, T., Brody Leigh, Sahuri-Arisoylu Meliz, Shamsaei, E., Miller, A.D. and Bell, J.D. 2011. Novel multifunctional nanoparticle mediates siRNA tumour delivery, visualisation and therapeutic tumour reduction in vivo. Journal of Controlled Release. 149 (2), pp. 111-116. doi:10.1016/j.jconrel.2010.09.020

Towards an optimal purchasing policy for nursing home placements in long-term care
Worrall, P. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2011. Towards an optimal purchasing policy for nursing home placements in long-term care. in: Operational Research Information National Health Policy: proceedings of the 37th ORAHS conference School of Mathematics, Cardiff University.

Development of a web-based system using the model view controller paradigm to facilitate regional long-term care planning
Worrall, P. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2011. Development of a web-based system using the model view controller paradigm to facilitate regional long-term care planning. in: Olive, M. and Solomonides, T. (ed.) Proceedings of CMBS: the 24th International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems, June 27th – 30th, 2011, Bristol, United Kingdom IEEE .

A case study using simplified discrete-event simulation models as a tool to reconfigure health care services
Virtue, A., Chaussalet, T.J. and Kelly, J. 2011. A case study using simplified discrete-event simulation models as a tool to reconfigure health care services. in: Operational Research Information National Health Policy: proceedings of the 37th ORAHS conference School of Mathematics, Cardiff University.

Using simplified discrete-event simulation models for real world health care applications
Virtue, A., Chaussalet, T.J. and Kelly, J. 2011. Using simplified discrete-event simulation models for real world health care applications. in: Jain, S., Creasey, R.R., Himmelspach, J., White, K.P. and Fu, M. (ed.) Proceedings of the 2011 Winter Simulation Conference WSC.

Aberrant adiposity and ectopic lipid deposition characterize the adult phenotype of the preterm infant
Thomas, E.L., Parkinson, J.R.C., Hyde, M.J., Yap, I.K.S., Holmes, E., Doré, C.J., Bell, J.D. and Modi, N. 2011. Aberrant adiposity and ectopic lipid deposition characterize the adult phenotype of the preterm infant. Paediatric Research. 70 (5), pp. 507-512. doi:10.1203/PDR.0b013e31822d7860

Pragmatic study of orlistat 60 mg on abdominal obesity
Thomas, E.L., Makwana, A., Newbould, R., Rao, A.W., Gambarota, G., Frost, G.S., Delafont, B., Mishra, R.G., Matthews, P.M., Berk, E.S., Schwartz, S.M., Bell, J.D. and Beaver, J.D. 2011. Pragmatic study of orlistat 60 mg on abdominal obesity. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 65, pp. 1256-1262. doi:10.1038/ejcn.2011.108

Towards a full implementation of collaborative care plan. OR Informing National Health Policy
Tadjer, M., Chaussalet, T.J., Fouladinejad, F., Chahed, S., Saiyed, S., Redzanovic, S. and Fouladinajed, F. 2011. Towards a full implementation of collaborative care plan. OR Informing National Health Policy. in: Operational Research Information National Health Policy: proceedings of the 37th ORAHS conference School of Mathematics, Cardiff University.

Targeting of anionic membrane species by lanthanide(III) complexes: towards improved MRI contrast agents for apoptosis
Surman, A.J., Kenny, G., Krishna Kumar, D., Bell, J.D., Casey, D.R. and Vilar, R. 2011. Targeting of anionic membrane species by lanthanide(III) complexes: towards improved MRI contrast agents for apoptosis. Chemical Communications. 47, pp. 10245-10247. doi:10.1039/C1CC13284A

Data warehousing based architecture for the reporting of the NHS primary care prescribing
Redzanovic, S., Chountas, P., Chaussalet, T.J., Fouladinejad, F., Tadjer, M. and Fouladinajed, F. 2011. Data warehousing based architecture for the reporting of the NHS primary care prescribing. in: Olive, M. and Solomonides, T. (ed.) Proceedings of CMBS: the 24th International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems, June 27th – 30th, 2011, Bristol, United Kingdom IEEE .

The influence of maternal body mass index on infant adiposity and hepatic lipid content
Modi, N., Murgasova, D., Ruager-Martin, R., Thomas, E.L., Hyde, M.J., Gale, C., Santhakumaran, S., Doré, C.J., Alavi, Afshin and Bell, J.D. 2011. The influence of maternal body mass index on infant adiposity and hepatic lipid content. Paediatric Research. 70 (3), pp. 287-291. doi:10.1203/PDR.0b013e318225f9b1

Synthesis and characterization of a theranostic vascular disrupting agent for in vivo MR imaging
Kalber, T., Kamaly, N., Higham, S.A., Pugh, J.A.T., Bunch, J., McLeod, C.W., Miller, A.D. and Bell, J.D. 2011. Synthesis and characterization of a theranostic vascular disrupting agent for in vivo MR imaging. Bioconjugate Chemistry. 22 (5), pp. 879-886. doi:10.1021/bc100329t

Exploring the effect of temperature variations on unplanned asthma admissions
Islam, M.S., Chaussalet, T.J., Balta-Ozkan, N. and Demir, E. 2011. Exploring the effect of temperature variations on unplanned asthma admissions. in: Operational Research Information National Health Policy: proceedings of the 37th ORAHS conference School of Mathematics, Cardiff University. pp. 74-88

The impact of temperature disparity on emergency readmissions and patient flows
Islam, M.S., Chaussalet, T.J., Balta-Ozkan, N., Chahed, S., Demir, E. and Sarran, C. 2011. The impact of temperature disparity on emergency readmissions and patient flows. in: Olive, M. and Solomonides, T. (ed.) Proceedings of CMBS: the 24th International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems, June 27th – 30th, 2011, Bristol, United Kingdom IEEE .

Modelling high dependency care in the local neonatal unit
Dalton, S. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2011. Modelling high dependency care in the local neonatal unit. in: Operational Research Information National Health Policy: proceedings of the 37th ORAHS conference Cardiff School of Mathematics, Cardiff University.

Nonproportional random effects modelling of a neonatal unit operational patient pathways
Adeyemi, S., Chaussalet, T.J. and Demir, E. 2011. Nonproportional random effects modelling of a neonatal unit operational patient pathways. Statistical Methods and Applications. 20 (4), pp. 507-518. doi:10.1007/s10260-011-0174-z

A pyrophosphate-responsive gadolinium(III) MRI contrast agent
Surman, A.J., Bonnet, C.S., Lowe, M.P., Kenny, G., Bell, J.D., Tóth, É. and Vilar, R. 2011. A pyrophosphate-responsive gadolinium(III) MRI contrast agent. Chemistry: A European Journal. 17 (1), pp. 223-230. doi:10.1002/chem.201001397

Measuring and modelling occupancy time in NHS continuing healthcare
Chahed, S., Demir, E., Chaussalet, T.J., Millard, P.H. and Toffa, S.E. 2011. Measuring and modelling occupancy time in NHS continuing healthcare. BMC Health Services Research. 11 (155), p. 1. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-11-155

Editorial: IMA Health 2010
Vasilakis, C., Chaussalet, T.J. and Baker, R.D. 2011. Editorial: IMA Health 2010. Health Care Management Science. 14 (3), pp. 213-214. doi:10.1007/s10729-011-9174-7

Manganese enhancement in non-CNS organs
Lee, L.W., So, P.W., Price, A.N., Parkinson, J.R.C., Larkman, D.J., Halliday, J., Poucher, S.M., Pugh, J.A.T., Cox, A.G., McLeod, C.W. and Bell, J.D. 2010. Manganese enhancement in non-CNS organs. NMR in Biomedicine. 23 (8), pp. 931-938. doi:10.1002/nbm.1513

Endocannabinoids, FOXO and the metabolic syndrome: redox, function and tipping point – the view from two systems
Nunn, A.V.W., Guy, G.W. and Bell, J.D. 2010. Endocannabinoids, FOXO and the metabolic syndrome: redox, function and tipping point – the view from two systems. Immunobiology. 215 (8), pp. 617-628. doi:10.1016/j.imbio.2009.03.005

Imaging of gadolinium spatial distribution in tumor tissue by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
Kamaly, N., Pugh, J.A.T., Kalber, T., Bunch, J., Miller, A.D., McLeod, C.W. and Bell, J.D. 2010. Imaging of gadolinium spatial distribution in tumor tissue by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Molecular Imaging and Biology. 12 (4), pp. 361-366. doi:10.1007/s11307-009-0282-4

A loss network model with overflow for capacity planning of a neonatal unit
Asaduzzaman, M., Chaussalet, T.J. and Robertson, N.J. 2010. A loss network model with overflow for capacity planning of a neonatal unit. Annals of Operations Research. 178 (1), pp. 67-76. doi:10.1007/s10479-009-0548-x

Peripherally injected cholecystokinin-induced neuronal activation is modified by dietary composition in mice
Zeeni, N., Nadkarni, N., Bell, J.D., Even, P.C., Fromentin, G., Tome, D. and Darcel, N. 2010. Peripherally injected cholecystokinin-induced neuronal activation is modified by dietary composition in mice. NeuroImage. 50 (4), pp. 1560-1565. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.01.065

The combined effects on neuronal activation and blood–brain barrier permeability of time and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in mice, as measured in vivo using MEMRI
Kuo, Y.T., So, P.W., Parkinson, J.R.C., Yu, W.S., Hankir, M., Herlihy, A.H., Goldstone, A.P., Frost, G.S., Wasserfall, C. and Bell, J.D. 2010. The combined effects on neuronal activation and blood–brain barrier permeability of time and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in mice, as measured in vivo using MEMRI. NeuroImage. 50 (4), pp. 1384-1391. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.01.057

Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and ultrasound for hepatic fat quantification
Mehta, S.R., Thomas, E.L., Patel, N., Crofton, M.E., McCarthy, J., Eliahoo, J., Morin, S.H.X., Fitzpatrick, J., Durighel, G., Goldstone, A.P., Johnston, D.G., Bell, J.D. and Taylor-Robinson, S.D. 2010. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and ultrasound for hepatic fat quantification. Hepatology Research. 40 (4), pp. 399-406. doi:10.1111/j.1872-034X.2009.00620.x

Resistant starch improves insulin sensitivity in metabolic syndrome
Johnston, K.L., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Frost, G.S. and Robertson, M.D. 2010. Resistant starch improves insulin sensitivity in metabolic syndrome. Diabetic Medicine. 27 (4), pp. 391-397. doi:10.1111/j.1464-5491.2010.02923.x

Random effects models for operational patient pathways
Adeyemi, S., Chaussalet, T.J., Xie, H. and Assaduzzman, M. 2010. Random effects models for operational patient pathways. Journal of Applied Statistics. 37 (4), pp. 691-701. doi:10.1080/02664760902873951

Reduction of total lung capacity in obese men: comparison of total intrathoracic and gas volumes
Watson, R.A., Pride, N.B., Thomas, E.L., Fitzpatrick, J., Durighel, G., McCarthy, J., Morin, S.H.X., Ind, P.W. and Bell, J.D. 2010. Reduction of total lung capacity in obese men: comparison of total intrathoracic and gas volumes. Journal of Applied Physiology. 108 (6), pp. 1605-1612. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.01267.2009

Estimation of abdominal fat compartments by bioelectrical impedance: the validity of the ViScan measurement system in comparison with MRI
Thomas, E.L., Collins, A.L., McCarthy, J., Fitzpatrick, J., Durighel, G., Goldstone, A.P. and Bell, J.D. 2010. Estimation of abdominal fat compartments by bioelectrical impedance: the validity of the ViScan measurement system in comparison with MRI. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 64, pp. 525-533. doi:10.1038/ejcn.2010.18

Efficient and rapid labelling of transplanted cell populations with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles using cell surface chemical biotinylation for in vivo monitoring by MRI
So, P.W., Kalber, T., Hunter, D., Farquharson, M., Al-Ebraheem, A., Parkes, H.G., Simon, R. and Bell, J.D. 2010. Efficient and rapid labelling of transplanted cell populations with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles using cell surface chemical biotinylation for in vivo monitoring by MRI. Cell Transplantation. 19 (4), pp. 419-429. doi:10.3727/096368910X498250

Inflammatory modulation of exercise salience: using hormesis to return to a healthy lifestyle
Nunn, A.V.W., Guy, G.W., Brodie, J.S. and Bell, J.D. 2010. Inflammatory modulation of exercise salience: using hormesis to return to a healthy lifestyle. Nutrition & Metabolism. 7, p. 87. doi:10.1186/1743-7075-7-87

Chemistry of tumour targeted T1 based MRI contrast agents
Kamaly, N., Miller, A.D. and Bell, J.D. 2010. Chemistry of tumour targeted T1 based MRI contrast agents. Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry. 10 (12), pp. 1158-1183. doi:10.2174/156802610791384199

A novel bimodal lipidic contrast agent for cellular labelling and tumour MRI
Kamaly, N., Kalber, T., Kenny, G., Bell, J.D., Jorgensen, M.R. and Miller, A.D. 2010. A novel bimodal lipidic contrast agent for cellular labelling and tumour MRI. Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry. 8, pp. 201-211. doi:10.1039/B910561A

Analysis of variability in neonatal care units: a retrospective analysis
Adeyemi, S., Demir, E., Chahed, S. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2010. Analysis of variability in neonatal care units: a retrospective analysis. in: IEEE Workshop on Health Care Management (WHCM), Venice, 18-20 February 2010 IEEE . pp. 1-6

Towards effective capacity planning in a perinatal network centre
Asaduzzaman, M., Chaussalet, T.J., Adeyemi, S., Chahed, S., Hawdon, J., Wood, D. and Robertson, N.J. 2010. Towards effective capacity planning in a perinatal network centre. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 95 (4), pp. F283-F287. doi:10.1136/adc.2009.161661

Incidental findings in healthy control research subjects using whole-body MRI
Morin, S.H.X., Cobbold, J.F.L., Lim, A.K.P., Eliahoo, J., Thomas, E.L., Mehta, S.R., Durighel, G., Fitzpatrick, J., Bell, J.D. and Taylor-Robinson, S.D. 2009. Incidental findings in healthy control research subjects using whole-body MRI. European Journal of Radiology. 72 (3), pp. 529-533. doi:10.1016/j.ejrad.2008.08.006

Dominant role of the p110β isoform of PI3K over p110α in energy homeostasis regulation by POMC and AgRP neurons
Al-Qassab, H., Smith, M.A., Irvine, E.E., Guillermet-Guibert, J., Claret, M., Choudhury, A.I., Selman, C., Piipari, K., Clements, M., Lingard, S., Chandarana, K., Bell, J.D., Barsh, G.S., Smith, A.J.H., Batterham, R.L., Ashford, M.L.J., Vanhaesebroeck, B. and Withers, D.J. 2009. Dominant role of the p110β isoform of PI3K over p110α in energy homeostasis regulation by POMC and AgRP neurons. Cell Metabolism. 10 (5), pp. 343-354. doi:10.1016/j.cmet.2009.09.008

Fasting biases brain reward systems towards high-calorie foods
Goldstone, A.P., Prechtl de Hernandez, C.G., Beaver, J.D., Muhammed, K., Croese, C., Bell, G., Durighel, G., Hughes, E., Waldman, A.D., Frost, G.S. and Bell, J.D. 2009. Fasting biases brain reward systems towards high-calorie foods. European Journal of Neuroscience. 30 (8), pp. 1625-1635. doi:10.1111/j.1460-9568.2009.06949.x

Modelling risk of readmission with phase-type distribution and transition models
Demir, E., Chaussalet, T.J., Xie, H. and Millard, P.H. 2009. Modelling risk of readmission with phase-type distribution and transition models. IMA Journal of Management Mathematics. 20 (4), pp. 357-367. doi:10.1093/imaman/dpn032

Cerebral activation by fasting induces lactate accumulation in the hypothalamus
Violante, I.R., Anastasovska, J., Sanchez-Canon, G.J., Rodrigues, T.B., Righi, V., Nieto-Charques, L., Parkinson, J.R.C., Bloom, S.R., Bell, J.D. and Cerdan Sebastian 2009. Cerebral activation by fasting induces lactate accumulation in the hypothalamus. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 62 (2), pp. 279-283. doi:10.1002/mrm.22010

Obesity, diabetes and longevity in the Gulf: is there a Gulf metabolic syndrome?
Guy, G.W., Nunn, A.V.W., Thomas, E.L. and Bell, J.D. 2009. Obesity, diabetes and longevity in the Gulf: is there a Gulf metabolic syndrome? International Journal of Diabetes Mellitus. 1 (1), pp. 43-54. doi:10.1016/j.ijdm.2009.05.001

Differential patterns of neuronal activation in the brainstem and hypothalamus following peripheral injection of GLP-1, oxyntomodulin and lithium chloride in mice detected by manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI)
Parkinson, J.R.C., Chaudhri, O.B., Kuo, Y.T., Field, B.C.T., Herlihy, A.H., Dhillo, W.S., Ghatei, M.A., Bloom, S.R. and Bell, J.D. 2009. Differential patterns of neuronal activation in the brainstem and hypothalamus following peripheral injection of GLP-1, oxyntomodulin and lithium chloride in mice detected by manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI). NeuroImage. 44 (3), pp. 1022-1031. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2008.09.047

The application of magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy to gene therapy
So, P.W., Bhakoo, K.K., Cox, I.J., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Bell, J.D. 2009. The application of magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy to gene therapy. in: Conn, P.M. (ed.) Essential bioimaging methods Academic Press. pp. 374-398

Diagonal-SPRITE and its applications for in vivo imaging at high field
Protti, A., Herlihy, A.H., So, P.W., Tessier, J., Kalber, T. and Bell, J.D. 2009. Diagonal-SPRITE and its applications for in vivo imaging at high field. The Open Magnetic Resonance Journal. 2, pp. 1-7. doi:10.2174/1874769800902010001

Imaging appetite regulating pathways in the central nervous system using manganese enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI)
Parkinson, J.R.C., Chaudhri, O.B. and Bell, J.D. 2009. Imaging appetite regulating pathways in the central nervous system using manganese enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI). Neuroendocrinology. 89 (2), pp. 121-130. doi:10.1159/000163751

Fat distribution in men of different waist girth, fitness level and exercise habit
O'Donovan, G., Thomas, E.L., McCarthy, J., Fitzpatrick, J., Durighel, G., Mehta, S.R., Morin, S.H.X., Goldstone, A.P. and Bell, J.D. 2009. Fat distribution in men of different waist girth, fitness level and exercise habit. International Journal of Obesity. 33 (12), pp. 1356-1362. doi:10.1038/ijo.2009.189

Lifestyle-induced metabolic inflexibility and accelerated ageing syndrome: insulin resistance, friend or foe?
Nunn, A.V.W., Bell, J.D. and Guy, G.W. 2009. Lifestyle-induced metabolic inflexibility and accelerated ageing syndrome: insulin resistance, friend or foe? Nutrition & Metabolism. 6, p. 16. doi:10.1186/1743-7075-6-16

Whole body magnetic resonance imaging of healthy newborn infants demonstrates increased central adiposity in Asian Indians
Modi, N., Thomas, E.L., Uthaya, S.N., Umranikar, S., Bell, J.D. and Yajnik, C. 2009. Whole body magnetic resonance imaging of healthy newborn infants demonstrates increased central adiposity in Asian Indians. Paediatric Research. 65 (5), pp. 584-587. doi:10.1203/PDR.0b013e31819d98be

Folate receptor targeted bimodal liposomes for tumor magnetic resonance imaging
Kamaly, N., Kalber, T., Thanou, M., Bell, J.D. and Miller, A.D. 2009. Folate receptor targeted bimodal liposomes for tumor magnetic resonance imaging. Bioconjugate Chemistry. 20 (4), pp. 648-655. doi:10.1021/bc8002259

A Grid implementation for profiling hospitals based on patient readmissions
Demir, E., Chaussalet, T.J., Weingarten, N. and Kiss, T. 2009. A Grid implementation for profiling hospitals based on patient readmissions. in: McClean, S.I., Millard, P.H., El-Darzi, E. and Nugent, C. (ed.) Intelligent patient management Springer.

A systematic approach in defining readmission
Demir, E. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2009. A systematic approach in defining readmission. in: Proceedings of the 22nd IEEE International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems (CBMS 2009) IEEE . pp. 1-7

The analyses of individual patient pathways: investigating regional variation in COPD readmissions
Adeyemi, S., Chaussalet, T.J., Xie, H. and Asaduzzaman, M. 2009. The analyses of individual patient pathways: investigating regional variation in COPD readmissions. in: Sakalauskas, L., Skiadas, C. and Zavadskas, E.K. (ed.) Proceedings of the 13th International Conference "Applied Stochastic Models and Data Analysis", ASMDA 2009, 30 June – 3 July 2009, Vilnius, Lithuania ASMDA. pp. 316-319

Models for extracting information on patient pathways
Adeyemi, S. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2009. Models for extracting information on patient pathways. in: McClean, S.I., Millard, P.H., El-Darzi, E. and Nugent, C. (ed.) Intelligent patient management Springer.

Editorial: Applying mathematics to problems in health care: a call to pencils
Utley, M., Chaussalet, T.J. and Baker, R.D. 2009. Editorial: Applying mathematics to problems in health care: a call to pencils. IMA Journal of Management Mathematics. 20 (4), pp. 323-323. doi:10.1093/imaman/dpn036

Neonatal intrahepatocellular lipid
Thomas, E.L., Uthaya, S.N., Vasu, V., McCarthy, J., McEwan, P., Hamilton, G., Bell, J.D. and Modi, N. 2008. Neonatal intrahepatocellular lipid. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 93 (5), pp. F382-F383. doi:10.1136/adc.2007.127431

Emergency readmission criterion: a technique for determining emergency readmission time window
Demir, E., Chaussalet, T.J., Xie, H. and Millard, P.H. 2008. Emergency readmission criterion: a technique for determining emergency readmission time window. IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine. 12 (5), pp. 644-649. doi:10.1109/TITB.2007.911311

Balancing the NHS balanced scorecard!
Patel, B., Chaussalet, T.J. and Millard, P.H. 2008. Balancing the NHS balanced scorecard! European Journal of Operational Research. 185 (3), pp. 905-914. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2006.02.056

Non-invasive means of measuring hepatic fat content
Mehta, S.R., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Johnston, D.G. and Taylor-Robinson, S.D. 2008. Non-invasive means of measuring hepatic fat content. World Journal of Gastroenterology. 14 (22), pp. 3476-3483. doi:10.3748/wjg.14.3476

Bimodal paramagnetic and fluorescent liposomes for cellular and tumor magnetic resonance imaging
Kamaly, N., Kalber, T., Ahmad, A., Oliver, M.H., So, P.W., Herlihy, A.H., Bell, J.D., Jorgensen, M.R. and Miller, A.D. 2008. Bimodal paramagnetic and fluorescent liposomes for cellular and tumor magnetic resonance imaging. Bioconjugate Chemistry. 19 (1), pp. 118-129. doi:10.1021/bc7001715

Modelling and performance measure of a perinatal network centre in the United Kingdom
Asaduzzaman, M. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2008. Modelling and performance measure of a perinatal network centre in the United Kingdom. in: Proceedings of the 21st IEEE International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems, IEEE CBMS 2008, Jyväskylä, 17-19 June 2008 Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 506-511

A random effects sensitivity analysis for patient pathways model
Adeyemi, S. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2008. A random effects sensitivity analysis for patient pathways model. in: Proceedings of the 21st IEEE International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems, IEEE CBMS 2008, Jyväskylä, 17-19 June 2008 Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 536-538

Editorial: IMA Health 2007
Baker, R.D., Chaussalet, T.J. and Utley, M. 2008. Editorial: IMA Health 2007. Health Care Management Science. 11 (2), pp. 87-88. doi:10.1007/s10729-008-9065-8

Pioglitazone added to conventional lipid lowering treatment in familial combined hyperlipidaemia improves parameters of metabolic control: relation to liver, muscle and regional body fat content
Thomas, E.L., Potter, E., Tosi, I., Fitzpatrick, J., Hamilton, G., Amber, V., Hughs, R., North, C., Holvoet, P., Seed, M., Betteridge, D.J., Bell, J.D. and Naoumova, R.P. 2007. Pioglitazone added to conventional lipid lowering treatment in familial combined hyperlipidaemia improves parameters of metabolic control: relation to liver, muscle and regional body fat content. Atherosclerosis. 195 (1), pp. e181-e190. doi:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2007.03.043

The temporal sequence of gut peptide-central nervous system interactions tracked in vivo by magnetic resonance imaging
Kuo, Y.T., Parkinson, J.R.C., Chaudhri, O.B., Herlihy, A.H., So, P.W., Dhillo, W.S., Small, C.J., Bloom, S.R. and Bell, J.D. 2007. The temporal sequence of gut peptide-central nervous system interactions tracked in vivo by magnetic resonance imaging. Journal of Neuroscience. 27 (45), pp. 12341-12348. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2391-07.2007

Synthesis of a novel ‘smart’ bifunctional chelating agent 1-(2-[β,d-galactopyranosyloxy]ethyl)-7-(1-carboxy-3-[4-aminophenyl]propyl)-4,10-bis(carboxymethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (Gal-PA-DO3A-NH2) and its Gd(III) complex
Wardle, N.J., Herlihy, A.H., So, P.W., Bell, J.D. and Bligh, S.W.A. 2007. Synthesis of a novel ‘smart’ bifunctional chelating agent 1-(2-[β,d-galactopyranosyloxy]ethyl)-7-(1-carboxy-3-[4-aminophenyl]propyl)-4,10-bis(carboxymethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (Gal-PA-DO3A-NH2) and its Gd(III) complex. Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry. 15 (14), pp. 4714-4721. doi:10.1016/j.bmc.2007.05.004

The integration of lipid-sensing and anti-inflammatory effects: how the PPARs play a role in metabolic balance
Nunn, A.V.W., Bell, J.D. and Barter, P. 2007. The integration of lipid-sensing and anti-inflammatory effects: how the PPARs play a role in metabolic balance. Nuclear Receptor. 5 (1), pp. 1-12. doi:10.1186/1478-1336-5-1

Creatine supplements in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies who are clinically weak after conventional pharmacologic treatment: Six-month, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial
Chung, Y.L., Alexanderson, H., Pipitone, N., Morrison, C., Dastmalchi, M., Ståhl-Hallengren, C., Richards, S., Thomas, E.L., Hamilton, G., Bell, J.D., Lundberg, I.E. and Scott, D.L. 2007. Creatine supplements in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies who are clinically weak after conventional pharmacologic treatment: Six-month, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Arthritis & Rheumatism. 57 (4), pp. 694-702. doi:10.1002/art.22687

A simple graphical decision aid for the placement of elderly people in long-term care
Xie, H., Chaussalet, T.J., Thompson, W.A. and Millard, P.H. 2007. A simple graphical decision aid for the placement of elderly people in long-term care. Journal of the Operational Research Society. 58 (4), pp. 446-453. doi:10.1057/palgrave.jors.2602179

Exercise training reduces fatty acid availability and improves the insulin sensitivity of glucose metabolism
Shojaee-Moradie, F., Baynes, K.C.R., Pentecost, C., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Jackson, N.C., Stolinski, M., Whyte, M., Lovell, D., Bowes, S.B., Gibney, J., Jones, R.H. and Umpleby, A.M. 2007. Exercise training reduces fatty acid availability and improves the insulin sensitivity of glucose metabolism. Diabetologia. 50 (2), pp. 404-413. doi:10.1007/s00125-006-0498-7

A semi-open queueing network approach to the analysis of patient flow in healthcare systems
Xie, H., Chaussalet, T.J. and Rees, M. 2007. A semi-open queueing network approach to the analysis of patient flow in healthcare systems. in: Proceedings of the 20th IEEE International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems. IEEE CBMS 2007, Maribor, Slovenia, 20-22 June 2007 Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 719-724

Impact of resistant starch on body fat patterning and central appetite regulation
So, P.W., Yu, W.S., Kuo, Y.T., Wasserfall, C., Goldstone, A.P., Bell, J.D. and Frost, G.S. 2007. Impact of resistant starch on body fat patterning and central appetite regulation. PLoS ONE. 2 (12), p. e1309. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001309

Application of magnetic resonance methods to studies of gene therapy
So, P.W., Parkes, H.G. and Bell, J.D. 2007. Application of magnetic resonance methods to studies of gene therapy. Progress in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. 51 (1), pp. 49-62. doi:10.1016/j.pnmrs.2007.02.001

The application of in vivo MRI and MRS in phenomic studies of murine models of disease
So, P.W. and Bell, J.D. 2007. The application of in vivo MRI and MRS in phenomic studies of murine models of disease. in: Webb, G.A. (ed.) Modern magnetic resonance The Netherlands Springer. pp. 769-786

An objective method for bed capacity planning in a hospital department: a comparison with target ratio methods
Nguyen, J.M., Six, P., Chaussalet, T.J., Antonioli, D., Lombrail, P. and Le Beux, P. 2007. An objective method for bed capacity planning in a hospital department: a comparison with target ratio methods. Methods of Information in Medicine. 46 (4), pp. 399-405. doi:10.1160/ME0385

Determining readmission time window using mixture of generalised Erlang distribution
Demir, E., Chaussalet, T.J. and Xie, H. 2007. Determining readmission time window using mixture of generalised Erlang distribution. in: Proceedings of the 20th IEEE International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems. IEEE CBMS 2007, Maribor, Slovenia, 20-22 June 2007 Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 21-26

Developing an application of an accident and emergency patient simulation modelling using an interactive framework
Codrington-Virtue, A., Chaussalet, T.J., Whittlestone, P. and Kelly, J. 2007. Developing an application of an accident and emergency patient simulation modelling using an interactive framework. in: Brailsford, S. and Harper, P.R. (ed.) Operational research for health policy: making better decisions: proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the European Working Group on Operational Research Applied to Health Services Oxford ; New York Peter Lang. pp. 61-76

Patients flow: a mixed-effects modelling approach to predicting discharge probabilities
Adeyemi, S., Chaussalet, T.J., Xie, H. and Millard, P.H. 2007. Patients flow: a mixed-effects modelling approach to predicting discharge probabilities. in: Proceedings of the 20th IEEE International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems. IEEE CBMS 2007, Maribor, Slovenia, 20-22 June 2007 Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 725-730

Manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) without compromise of the blood–brain barrier detects hypothalamic neuronal activity in vivo
Kuo, Y.T., Herlihy, A.H., So, P.W. and Bell, J.D. 2006. Manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) without compromise of the blood–brain barrier detects hypothalamic neuronal activity in vivo. NMR in Biomedicine. 19 (8), pp. 1028-1034. doi:10.1002/nbm.1070

Differential hypothalamic neuronal activation following peripheral injection of GLP-1 and oxyntomodulin in mice detected by manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging
Chaudhri, O.B., Parkinson, J.R.C., Kuo, Y.T., Druce, M.R., Herlihy, A.H., Bell, J.D., Dhillo, W.S., Stanley, S.A., Ghatei, M.A. and Bloom, S.R. 2006. Differential hypothalamic neuronal activation following peripheral injection of GLP-1 and oxyntomodulin in mice detected by manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 350 (2), pp. 298-306. doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.09.033

A software tool to aid long-term care budget planning at local authority level
Xie, H., Chaussalet, T.J., Toffa, S.E. and Crowther, P. 2006. A software tool to aid long-term care budget planning at local authority level. International Journal of Medical Informatics. 75 (9), pp. 664-670. doi:10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2006.04.009

Six methodological steps to build medical data warehouses for research
Szirbik, N., Pelletier, C. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2006. Six methodological steps to build medical data warehouses for research. International Journal of Medical Informatics. 75 (9), pp. 683-691. doi:10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2006.04.003

Determinants of adiposity during preweaning postnatal growth in appropriately grown and growth-restricted term infants
Modi, N., Thomas, E.L., Harrington, T.A.M., Uthaya, S.N., Doré, C.J. and Bell, J.D. 2006. Determinants of adiposity during preweaning postnatal growth in appropriately grown and growth-restricted term infants. Pediatric Research. 60 (3), pp. 345-348. doi:10.1203/01.pdr.0000232732.93000.52

The ICMCC second conference on "Medical and Care Compunetics"
Chaussalet, T.J. and Bos, L. 2006. The ICMCC second conference on "Medical and Care Compunetics". International Journal of Medical Informatics. 75 (9), pp. vii-viii. doi:10.1016/S1386-5056(06)00188-2

Critical role for peptide YY in protein-mediated satiation and body-weight regulation
Batterham, R.L., Heffron, H., Kapoor, S., Chivers, J.E., Chandarana, K., Herzog, H., le Roux, C.W., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D. and Withers, D.J. 2006. Critical role for peptide YY in protein-mediated satiation and body-weight regulation. Cell Metabolism. 4 (3), pp. 223-233. doi:10.1016/j.cmet.2006.08.001

A model-based approach to the analysis of patterns of length of stay in institutional long-term care
Xie, H., Chaussalet, T.J. and Millard, P.H. 2006. A model-based approach to the analysis of patterns of length of stay in institutional long-term care. IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine. 10 (3), pp. 512-518. doi:10.1109/TITB.2005.863820

Prediction of specific absorption rate in mother and fetus associated with MRI examinations during pregnancy
Hand, J.W., Li, Y., Thomas, E.L., Rutherford, M.A. and Hajnal, J.V. 2006. Prediction of specific absorption rate in mother and fetus associated with MRI examinations during pregnancy. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 55 (4), pp. 883-93. doi:10.1002/mrm.20824

Effect of nutritional counselling on hepatic, muscle and adipose tissue fat content and distribution in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Thomas, E.L., Brynes, A.E., Hamilton, G., Patel, N., Spong, A., Goldin, R.D., Frost, G.S., Bell, J.D. and Taylor-Robinson, S.D. 2006. Effect of nutritional counselling on hepatic, muscle and adipose tissue fat content and distribution in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. World Journal of Gastroenterology. 12 (36), pp. 5813-5819. doi:10.3748/wjg.v12.i36.5813

Intra-cellular fat accumulation: mechanisms and implications for health
Thomas, E.L. and Bell, J.D. 2006. Intra-cellular fat accumulation: mechanisms and implications for health. International Journal of Body Composition Research. 4 (1), pp. 27-37.

MAGfect: a novel liposome formulation for MRI labelling and visualization of cells
Oliver, M.H., Ahmad, A., Kamaly, N., Perouzel, E., Caussin, A., Keller, M., Herlihy, A.H., Bell, J.D., Miller, A.D. and Jorgensen, M.R. 2006. MAGfect: a novel liposome formulation for MRI labelling and visualization of cells. Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry. 4 (18), pp. 3489-3497. doi:10.1039/B605394G

A method for determining an emergency readmission time window for better patient management
Demir, E., Chaussalet, T.J., Xie, H. and Millard, P.H. 2006. A method for determining an emergency readmission time window for better patient management. in: Lee, D.J., Nutter, B., Antani, S., Mitra, S. and Archibald, J. (ed.) Nineteenth IEEE International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems: 22-23 June June 2006, Salt Lake City, Utah. Proceedings Las Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 789-793

A system for patient management based discrete-event simulation and hierarchical clustering
Codrington-Virtue, A., Chaussalet, T.J., Millard, P.H., Whittlestone, P. and Kelly, J. 2006. A system for patient management based discrete-event simulation and hierarchical clustering. in: Lee, D.J., Nutter, B., Antani, S., Mitra, S. and Archibald, J. (ed.) Nineteenth IEEE International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems: 22-23 June 2006, Salt Lake City, Utah. Proceedings Las Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 800-804

A closed queueing network approach to the analysis of patient flow in health care systems
Chaussalet, T.J., Xie, H. and Millard, P.H. 2006. A closed queueing network approach to the analysis of patient flow in health care systems. Methods of Information in Medicine. 45 (5), pp. 492-497.

Muscle metabolites, detected in urine by proton spectroscopy, correlate with disease damage in juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathies
Chung, Y.L., Rider, L.G., Bell, J.D., Summers, R.M., Zemel, L.S., Rennebohm, R.M., Passo, M.H., Hicks, J., Miller, F.W. and Scott, D.L. 2005. Muscle metabolites, detected in urine by proton spectroscopy, correlate with disease damage in juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. Arthritis & Rheumatology. 53 (4), pp. 565-570. doi:10.1002/art.21331

Generic method for imaging transgene expression
So, P.W., Hotee, S., Herlihy, A.H. and Bell, J.D. 2005. Generic method for imaging transgene expression. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 54 (1), pp. 218-221. doi:10.1002/mrm.20522

On the use of multi-state multi-census techniques for modelling the survival of elderly people in institutional long-term care
Pelletier, C., Chaussalet, T.J. and Xie, H. 2005. On the use of multi-state multi-census techniques for modelling the survival of elderly people in institutional long-term care. IMA Journal of Management Mathematics. 16 (3), pp. 255-264. doi:10.1093/imaman/dpi021

Adiposity induced by adenovirus 5 inoculation
So, P.W., Herlihy, A.H. and Bell, J.D. 2005. Adiposity induced by adenovirus 5 inoculation. International Journal of Obesity. 29 (6), pp. 603-606. doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0802917

Excess visceral and hepatic adipose tissue in Turner syndrome determined by magnetic resonance imaging: estrogen deficiency associated with hepatic adipose content
Ostberg, J.E., Thomas, E.L., Hamilton, G., Attar, M.J.H., Bell, J.D. and Conway, G.S. 2005. Excess visceral and hepatic adipose tissue in Turner syndrome determined by magnetic resonance imaging: estrogen deficiency associated with hepatic adipose content. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 90 (5), pp. 2631-2635. doi:10.1210/jc.2004-1939

In vivo measurements of T1 relaxation times in mouse brain associated with different modes of systemic administration of manganese chloride
Kuo, Y.T., Herlihy, A.H., So, P.W., Bhakoo, K.K. and Bell, J.D. 2005. In vivo measurements of T1 relaxation times in mouse brain associated with different modes of systemic administration of manganese chloride. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 21 (4), pp. 334-339. doi:10.1002/jmri.20285

The role of insulin receptor substrate 2 in hypothalamic and β cell function
Choudhury, A.I., Heffron, H., Smith, M.A., Al-Qassab, H., Xu, A.W., Selman, C., Simmgen, M., Clements, M., Claret, M., MacColl, G., Bedford, D.C., Hisadome, K., Diakonov, I., Moosajee, V., Bell, J.D., Speakman, J.R., Batterham, R.L., Barsh, G.S., Ashford, M.L.J. and Withers, D.J. 2005. The role of insulin receptor substrate 2 in hypothalamic and β cell function. Journal of Clinical Investigation. 115 (4), pp. 940-950. doi:10.1172/JCI24445

Altered adiposity after extremely preterm birth
Uthaya, S.N., Thomas, E.L., Hamilton, G., Doré, C.J., Bell, J.D. and Modi, N. 2005. Altered adiposity after extremely preterm birth. Pediatric Research. 57 (2), pp. 211-215. doi:10.1203/01.PDR.0000148284.58934.1C

A framework for predicting gross institutional long-term care cost arising from known commitments at local authority level
Pelletier, C., Chaussalet, T.J. and Xie, H. 2005. A framework for predicting gross institutional long-term care cost arising from known commitments at local authority level. Journal of the Operational Research Society. 56 (2), pp. 144-152. doi:10.1057/palgrave.jors.2601892

Phosphorus-31 brain MR spectroscopy in women during and after pregnancy compared with nonpregnant control subjects
Holdcroft, A., Hall, L., Hamilton, G., Counsell, S.J., Bydder, G.M. and Bell, J.D. 2005. Phosphorus-31 brain MR spectroscopy in women during and after pregnancy compared with nonpregnant control subjects. American Journal of Neuroradiology. 26 (2), pp. 352-356.

Veganism and its relationship with insulin resistance and intramyocellular lipid
Goff, L.M., Bell, J.D., So, P.W., Dornhorst, A. and Frost, G.S. 2005. Veganism and its relationship with insulin resistance and intramyocellular lipid. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 59 (2), pp. 291-298. doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602076

A software tool to aid budget planning for long-term care at local authority level
Xie, H., Chaussalet, T.J., Toffa, S.E. and Crowther, P. 2005. A software tool to aid budget planning for long-term care at local authority level. in: Bos, L., Laxminarayan, S. and Marsh, A.J. (ed.) Medical and care compunetics 2 Oxford, UK IOS Press.

A tool for studying the effects of residents' attributes on patterns of length of stay in long-term care
Xie, H., Chaussalet, T.J. and Millard, P.H. 2005. A tool for studying the effects of residents' attributes on patterns of length of stay in long-term care. in: Tsymbal, A. and Cunningham, P. (ed.) Proceedings of the 18th IEEE Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems: 23-25 June 2005, Dublin, Ireland USA IEEE . pp. 473-478

Crossing heterogeneous information sources for better analysis in long term care for elderly people
Pelletier, C., Szirbik, N. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2005. Crossing heterogeneous information sources for better analysis in long term care for elderly people. in: Bos, L., Laxminarayan, S. and Marsh, A.J. (ed.) Medical and care compunetics 2 Oxford, UK IOS Press.

An interactive framework for developing simulation models of hospital accident and emergency services
Codrington-Virtue, A., Whittlestone, P., Kelly, J. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2005. An interactive framework for developing simulation models of hospital accident and emergency services. in: Bos, L., Laxminarayan, S. and Marsh, A.J. (ed.) Medical and care compunetics 2 Oxford, UK IOS Press.

A continuous time Markov model for the length of stay of elderly people in institutional long-term care
Xie, H., Chaussalet, T.J. and Millard, P.H. 2005. A continuous time Markov model for the length of stay of elderly people in institutional long-term care. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A. 168 (1), pp. 51-61. doi:10.1111/j.1467-985X.2004.00335.x

Hepatic triglyceride content and its relation to body adiposity: a magnetic resonance imaging and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study
Thomas, E.L., Hamilton, G., Patel, N., O'Dwyer, R., Doré, C.J., Goldin, R.D., Bell, J.D. and Taylor-Robinson, S.D. 2005. Hepatic triglyceride content and its relation to body adiposity: a magnetic resonance imaging and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study. Gut. 54 (1), pp. 122-127. doi:10.1136/gut.2003.036566

Contrast enhancement of short T2 tissues using ultrashort TE (UTE) pulse sequences
Robson, M.D., Gatehouse, P.D., So, P.W., Bell, J.D. and Bydder, G.M. 2004. Contrast enhancement of short T2 tissues using ultrashort TE (UTE) pulse sequences. Clinical Radiology. 59 (8), pp. 720-726. doi:10.1016/j.crad.2003.09.025

Familial partial lipodystrophy associated with compound heterozygosity for novel mutations in the LMNA gene
Savage, D.B., McFarlane, I.A., Barroso, I., Soos, M.A., Powlson, A., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Scobie, I., Belchetz, P.E., Kelly, W.F., Halsall, D.J., Schafer, A.J. and O’Rahilly, S. 2004. Familial partial lipodystrophy associated with compound heterozygosity for novel mutations in the LMNA gene. Diabetologia. 47 (4), pp. 753-756. doi:10.1007/s00125-004-1360-4

Elevated fasting plasma ghrelin in Prader-Willi Syndrome adults is not solely explained by their reduced visceral adiposity and insulin resistance
Goldstone, A.P., Thomas, E.L., Brynes, A.E., Castroman, G., Edwards, R., Ghatei, M.A., Frost, G.S., Holland, A., Grossman, A.B., Korbonits, M., Bloom, S.R. and Bell, J.D. 2004. Elevated fasting plasma ghrelin in Prader-Willi Syndrome adults is not solely explained by their reduced visceral adiposity and insulin resistance. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 89 (4), pp. 1718-1726. doi:10.1210/jc.2003-031118

Distribution of adipose tissue in the newborn
Harrington, T.A.M., Thomas, E.L., Modi, N., Frost, G.S. and Bell, J.D. 2004. Distribution of adipose tissue in the newborn. Pediatric Research. 55 (3), pp. 437-441. doi:10.1203/01.PDR.0000111202.29433.2D

Adipose tissue magnetic resonance imaging in the newborn
Uthaya, S.N., Bell, J.D. and Modi, N. 2004. Adipose tissue magnetic resonance imaging in the newborn. Hormone Research. 62 (sup.3), pp. 143-148.

Nuclear receptor corepressor RIP140 regulates fat accumulation
Leonardsson, G., Steel, J.H., Christian, M., Pocock, V., Milligan, S., Bell, J.D., So, P.W., Medina-Gomez, G., Vidal-Puig, A., White, R. and Parker, M.G. 2004. Nuclear receptor corepressor RIP140 regulates fat accumulation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 101 (22), pp. 8437-8442. doi:10.1073/pnas.0401013101

Integrating data on the long-term care for elderly people from heterogeneous sources in support of research
Chaussalet, T.J. and Thompson, W.A. 2004. Integrating data on the long-term care for elderly people from heterogeneous sources in support of research. in: Proceedings of the 10th Mediterranean Conference of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering (MEDICON 2004), Ischia, Italy, 31 Jul - 5 Aug 2004 Ghedimedia.

The application of magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy to gene therapy
Bhakoo, K.K., Bell, J.D., Cox, I.J. and Taylor-Robinson, S.D. 2004. The application of magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy to gene therapy. in: Ashkenazi, A., Wells, J.A. and Yuan, J. (ed.) Methods in enzymology Elsevier.

N-acetyl aspartate estimation: a potential method for determining neuronal loss in the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies
Chung, Y.L., Barr, J., Bhakoo, K.K., Williams, S.C.R., Bell, J.D. and Fraser, J.R. 2003. N-acetyl aspartate estimation: a potential method for determining neuronal loss in the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology. 29 (5), pp. 445-450. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2990.2003.00438.x

Human metabolic syndrome resulting from dominant-negative mutations in the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ
Savage, D.B., Tan, G.D., Acerini, C.L., Jebb, S.A., Agostini, M., Gurnell, M., Williams, R.L., Umpleby, A.M., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Dixon, A.K., Dunne, F., Boiani, R., Cinti, S., Vidal-Puig, A., Karpe, F., Chatterjee, V.K.K. and O'Rahilly, S. 2003. Human metabolic syndrome resulting from dominant-negative mutations in the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ. Diabetes. 52 (4), p. 910. doi:10.2337/diabetes.52.4.910

Carbohydrate-induced manipulation of insulin sensitivity independently of intramyocellular lipids
Goff, L.M., Frost, G.S., Hamilton, G., Thomas, E.L., Dhillo, W.S., Dornhorst, A. and Bell, J.D. 2003. Carbohydrate-induced manipulation of insulin sensitivity independently of intramyocellular lipids. British Journal of Nutrition. 89 (3), pp. 365-375. doi:10.1079/BJN2002789

Influence of undersampling on magnetic resonance imaging measurements of intra-abdominal adipose tissue
Thomas, E.L. and Bell, J.D. 2003. Influence of undersampling on magnetic resonance imaging measurements of intra-abdominal adipose tissue. International Journal of Obesity. 27 (2), pp. 211-218. doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.802229

Urinary levels of creatine and other metabolites in the assessment of polymyositis and dermatomyositis
Chung, Y.L., Wassif, W.S., Bell, J.D., Hurley, M. and Scott, D.L. 2003. Urinary levels of creatine and other metabolites in the assessment of polymyositis and dermatomyositis. Rheumatology. 42 (2), pp. 298-303. doi:10.1093/rheumatology/keg084

Time for a new approach for reporting herbal medicine adverse events?
Peters, D., Donaldson, J., Chaussalet, T.J., Toffa, S.E., Whitehouse, J., Carroll, D. and Barry, P. 2003. Time for a new approach for reporting herbal medicine adverse events? Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine. 9 (5), pp. 607-609.

Modelling survival in long term care of older people
Pelletier, C., Chaussalet, T.J. and Millard, P.H. 2003. Modelling survival in long term care of older people. 1st MEDINF International Conference on Medical Informatics and Engineering (MEDINF 2003). Craiova, Romania 06-09 Oct 2003

Hypothalamic neuropeptides and regulation of fat mass in Prader-Willi syndrome
Goldstone, A.P., Unmehopa, U.A., Thomas, E.L., Brynes, A.E., Bell, J.D., Frost, G.S., Ghatei, M.A., Holland, A., Bloom, S.R. and Swaab, D.F. 2003. Hypothalamic neuropeptides and regulation of fat mass in Prader-Willi syndrome. in: Eiholzer, U., l’Allemand, D. and Zipf, W.B. (ed.) Prader-Willi syndrome as a model for obesity: international symposium, Zurich, October 18-19, 2002 Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers. pp. 31-43

Modelling decisions of a multidisciplinary panel for admission to long-term care
Xie, H., Chaussalet, T.J., Thompson, W.A. and Millard, P.H. 2002. Modelling decisions of a multidisciplinary panel for admission to long-term care. Health Care Management Science. 5 (4), pp. 291-295. doi:10.1023/A:1020338308191

Letter: Digenic inheritance of severe insulin resistance in a human pedigree
Savage, D.B., Agostini, M., Barroso, I., Gurnell, M., Luan, J.A., Meirhaeghe, A., Harding, A.H., Ihrke, G., Rajanayagam, O., Soos, M.A., George, S., Birger, D., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Meera, K., Ross, R.J., Vidal-Puig, A., Wareham, N.J., O'Rahilly, S., Chatterjee, V.K.K. and Schafer, A.J. 2002. Letter: Digenic inheritance of severe insulin resistance in a human pedigree. Nature Genetics. 31 (4), pp. 379-384. doi:10.1038/ng926

Resting metabolic rate, plasma leptin concentrations, leptin receptor expression, and adipose tissue measured by whole-body magnetic resonance imaging in women with Prader-Willi syndrome
Goldstone, A.P., Brynes, A.E., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Frost, G.S., Holland, A., Ghatei, M.A. and Bloom, S.R. 2002. Resting metabolic rate, plasma leptin concentrations, leptin receptor expression, and adipose tissue measured by whole-body magnetic resonance imaging in women with Prader-Willi syndrome. American Journal of Clinical Nutition. 75 (3), pp. 468-475.

Fast and reproducible method for the direct quantitation of adipose tissue in newborn infants
Harrington, T.A.M., Thomas, E.L., Modi, N., Frost, G.S., Coutts, G.A. and Bell, J.D. 2002. Fast and reproducible method for the direct quantitation of adipose tissue in newborn infants. Lipids. 37 (1), pp. 95-100. doi:10.1007/s11745-002-0868-4

Evidence for altered hepatic gluconeogenesis in patients with cirrhosis using in vivo 31-phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Changani, K.K., Jalan, R., Cox, I.J., Ala-Korpela, M., Bhakoo, K.K., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Bell, J.D. 2001. Evidence for altered hepatic gluconeogenesis in patients with cirrhosis using in vivo 31-phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Gut. 49 (4), pp. 557-564. doi:10.1136/gut.49.4.557

Visceral adipose tissue and metabolic complications of obesity are reduced in Prader-Willi syndrome female adults: evidence for novel influences on body fat distribution
Goldstone, A.P., Thomas, E.L., Brynes, A.E., Bell, J.D., Frost, G.S., Saeed, N., Hajnal, J.V., Howard, J.K., Holland, A. and Bloom, S.R. 2001. Visceral adipose tissue and metabolic complications of obesity are reduced in Prader-Willi syndrome female adults: evidence for novel influences on body fat distribution. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 86 (9), pp. 4330-4338.

Data requirements in a model of the natural history of Alzheimer's disease
Chaussalet, T.J. and Thompson, W.A. 2001. Data requirements in a model of the natural history of Alzheimer's disease. Health Care Management Science. 4 (1), pp. 13-19. doi:10.1023/A:1009689329661

Subgroup analyses of cost of care in a Markov model of the natural history of Alzheimer's disease
Thompson, W.A. and Chaussalet, T.J. 2001. Subgroup analyses of cost of care in a Markov model of the natural history of Alzheimer's disease. in: Simulation in the Health and Medical Sciences 2001: Proceedings of the 2001 Western Multiconference, January 7-11 2001, Phoenix, Arizona California, USA Society for Computer Simulation. pp. 41-44

Editorial: Modelling the process of care
Chaussalet, T.J. and El-Darzi, E. 2001. Editorial: Modelling the process of care. Health Care Management Science. 4 (1), p. 5. doi:10.1023/A:1009659711914

In vivo evaluation of the effects of continuous exercise on skeletal muscle triglycerides in trained humans
Rico-Sanz, J., Moosavi, M., Thomas, E.L., McCarthy, J., Coutts, G.A., Saeed, N. and Bell, J.D. 2000. In vivo evaluation of the effects of continuous exercise on skeletal muscle triglycerides in trained humans. Lipids. 35 (12), pp. 1313-1315. doi:10.1007/s11745-000-0647-2

Investigation of human low-density lipoprotein by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy:  mobility of phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin headgroups characterizes the surface layer
Murphy, H.C., Burns, S.P., White, J.J., Bell, J.D. and Iles, R.A. 2000. Investigation of human low-density lipoprotein by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy:  mobility of phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin headgroups characterizes the surface layer. Biochemistry. 39 (32), pp. 9763-9770. doi:10.1021/bi0000115

Bioenergetic targeting during organ preservation: 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy investigations into the use of fructose to sustain hepatic ATP turnover during cold hypoxia in porcine livers
Changani, K.K., Fuller, B.J., Bell, J.D., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Davidson, B.R. 2000. Bioenergetic targeting during organ preservation: 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy investigations into the use of fructose to sustain hepatic ATP turnover during cold hypoxia in porcine livers. Cryobiology. 41 (1), pp. 72-87. doi:10.1006/cryo.2000.2268

Assessing gene expression in vivo: magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy
Bell, J.D. and Taylor-Robinson, S.D. 2000. Assessing gene expression in vivo: magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy. Gene Therapy. 7 (15), pp. 1259-1264.

Preferential loss of visceral fat following aerobic exercise, measured by magnetic resonance imaging
Thomas, E.L., Brynes, A.E., McCarthy, J., Goldstone, A.P., Hajnal, J.V., Saeed, N., Frost, G.S. and Bell, J.D. 2000. Preferential loss of visceral fat following aerobic exercise, measured by magnetic resonance imaging. Lipids. 35 (7), pp. 769-776. doi:10.1007/s11745-000-0584-0

Increased availability of central benzodiazepine receptors in patients with chronic hepatic encephalopathy and alcohol related cirrhosis
Jalan, R., Turjanski, N., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Koepp, M.J., Richardson, M.P., Wilson, J.A., Bell, J.D. and Brooks, D.J. 2000. Increased availability of central benzodiazepine receptors in patients with chronic hepatic encephalopathy and alcohol related cirrhosis. Gut. 46 (4), pp. 546-552. doi:10.1136/gut.46.4.546

Cortical dysfunction in non-demented Parkinson's disease patients: A combined 31P-MRS and 18FDG-PET study
Hu, M.T.M., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Chaudhuri, K.R., Bell, J.D., Labbé, C., Cunningham, V.J., Koepp, M.J., Hammers, A., Morris, R.G., Turjanski, N. and Brooks, D.J. 2000. Cortical dysfunction in non-demented Parkinson's disease patients: A combined 31P-MRS and 18FDG-PET study. Brain. 123 (2), pp. 340-352. doi:10.1093/brain/123.2.340

Conflicting MRI signals from gliosis and neuronal vacuolation in prion diseases
Chung, Y.L., Williams, A., Ritchie, D., Williams, S.C.R., Changani, K.K., Hope, J. and Bell, J.D. 1999. Conflicting MRI signals from gliosis and neuronal vacuolation in prion diseases. NeuroReport. 10 (17), pp. 3471-3477.

Cerebral proton and phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy in patients with subclinical hepatic encephalopathy
Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Buckley, C., Changani, K.K., Hodgson, H.J.F. and Bell, J.D. 1999. Cerebral proton and phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy in patients with subclinical hepatic encephalopathy. Liver. 19 (5), pp. 389-398. doi:10.1111/j.1478-3231.1999.tb00067.x

Improved preservation solutions for organ storage: a dynamic study of hepatic metabolism
Changani, K.K., Fuller, B.J., Bell, J.D., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Moore, D.P. and Davidson, B.R. 1999. Improved preservation solutions for organ storage: a dynamic study of hepatic metabolism. Transplantation. 68 (3), pp. 345-355.

Evidence for cortical dysfunction in clinically non-demented patients with Parkinson’s disease: a proton MR spectroscopy study
Hu, M.T.M., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Chaudhuri, K.R., Bell, J.D., Morris, R.G., Clough, C., Brooks, D.J. and Turjanski, N. 1999. Evidence for cortical dysfunction in clinically non-demented patients with Parkinson’s disease: a proton MR spectroscopy study. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry. 67 (1), pp. 20-26. doi:10.1136/jnnp.67.1.20

Relation of triglyceride stores in skeletal muscle cells to central obesity and insulin sensitivity in European and South Asian men
Forouhi, N.G., Jenkinson, G., Thomas, E.L., Mullick, S., Mierisová, Ŝ., Bhonsle, U., McKeigue, P.M. and Bell, J.D. 1999. Relation of triglyceride stores in skeletal muscle cells to central obesity and insulin sensitivity in European and South Asian men. Diabetologia. 42 (8), pp. 932-935. doi:10.1007/s001250051250

Brain bioenergetics in murine models of scrapie using in vivo 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Chung, Y.L., Williams, S.C.R., Hope, J. and Bell, J.D. 1999. Brain bioenergetics in murine models of scrapie using in vivo 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy. NeuroReport. 10 (9), pp. 1899-1901.

Incorporation of metabolite prior knowledge for data analysis: biochemical implications of dynamic 31P NMR ex vivo pig liver studies
Changani, K.K., Ala-Korpela, M., Fuller, B.J., Mierisová, Ŝ., Bryant, D.J., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Davidson, B.R. and Bell, J.D. 1999. Incorporation of metabolite prior knowledge for data analysis: biochemical implications of dynamic 31P NMR ex vivo pig liver studies. NMR in Biomedicine. 12 (4), pp. 197-204. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1492(199906)12:4<197::AID-NBM561>3.0.CO;2-9

Angiotensin-converting-enzyme gene insertion/deletion polymorphism and response to physical training
Montgomery, H., Clarkson, P., Barnard, M.L., Bell, J.D., Brynes, A.E., Hajnal, J.V., Hemingway, H., Mercer, D., Jarman, P., Marshall, R., Prasad, K., Rayson, M., Saeed, N., Thomas, E.L., Jubb, M., World, M., Dollery, C., Talmud, P. and Humphries, S.E. 1999. Angiotensin-converting-enzyme gene insertion/deletion polymorphism and response to physical training. The Lancet. 353 (9152), pp. 541-545. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(98)07131-1

Relation between proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy within 18 hours of birth asphyxia and neurodevelopment at 1 year of age
Hanrahan, J.D., Cox, I.J., Azzopardi, D., Cowan, F.M., Sargentoni, J., Bell, J.D., Bryant, D.J. and Edwards, A.D. 1999. Relation between proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy within 18 hours of birth asphyxia and neurodevelopment at 1 year of age. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. 41 (2), pp. 76-82. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8749.1999.tb00558.x

Body fat metabolism: observation by MR imaging and spectroscopy
Thomas, E.L. and Bell, J.D. 1999. Body fat metabolism: observation by MR imaging and spectroscopy. in: Young, I.R. (ed.) Magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy in medicine and biology Wiley.

Diversity in levels of intracellular total creatine and triglycerides in human skeletal muscles observed by 1H-MRS
Rico-Sanz, J., Thomas, E.L., Jenkinson, G., Mierisová, Ŝ., Iles, R.A. and Bell, J.D. 1999. Diversity in levels of intracellular total creatine and triglycerides in human skeletal muscles observed by 1H-MRS. Journal of Applied Physiology. 87 (6), pp. 2068-2072.

Magnetic resonance: in-vivo NMR, applications – other nuclei
Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L. and Changani, K.K. 1999. Magnetic resonance: in-vivo NMR, applications – other nuclei. in: Lindon, J. (ed.) Encyclopedia of spectroscopy and spectrometry London Academic Press.

Metabolic changes underlying 31P MR spectral alterations in human hepatic tumours
Bell, J.D. and Bhakoo, K.K. 1998. Metabolic changes underlying 31P MR spectral alterations in human hepatic tumours. NMR in Biomedicine. 11 (7), pp. 354-359. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1492(1998110)11:7<354::AID-NBM515>3.0.CO;2-N

Critical assessment of in vivo13C NMR spectroscopy and gas–liquid chromatography in the study of adipose tissue composition
Thomas, E.L., Cunnane, S.C. and Bell, J.D. 1998. Critical assessment of in vivo13C NMR spectroscopy and gas–liquid chromatography in the study of adipose tissue composition. NMR in Biomedicine. 11 (6), pp. 290-296. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1492(199810)11:6<290::AID-NBM524>3.0.CO;2-N

Evaluation of the stability of the proton chemical shifts of some metabolites other than water during thermal cycling of normal human muscle tissue
Young, I.R., Bell, J.D., Hajnal, J.V., Jenkinson, G. and Ling, J. 1998. Evaluation of the stability of the proton chemical shifts of some metabolites other than water during thermal cycling of normal human muscle tissue. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 8 (5), pp. 1114-1118. doi:10.1002/jmri.1880080517

Persistent increase in cerebral lactate concentration after birth asphyxia
Hanrahan, J.D., Cox, I.J., Edwards, A.D., Cowan, F.M., Sargentoni, J., Bell, J.D., Bryant, D.J., Rutherford, M.A. and Azzopardi, D. 1998. Persistent increase in cerebral lactate concentration after birth asphyxia. Pediatric Research. 44 (3), pp. 304-311. doi:10.1203/00006450-199809000-00007

Intracellular and extracellular skeletal muscle triglyceride metabolism during alternating intensity exercise in humans
Rico-Sanz, J., Hajnal, J.V., Thomas, E.L., Mierisová, Ŝ., Ala-Korpela, M. and Bell, J.D. 1998. Intracellular and extracellular skeletal muscle triglyceride metabolism during alternating intensity exercise in humans. Journal of Physiology. 510 (2), pp. 615-622. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7793.1998.615bk.x

Non-invasive metabolic assessment of human donor livers: metabolite assignment in 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Changani, K.K., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Bell, J.D., Fuller, B.J. and Davidson, B.R. 1998. Non-invasive metabolic assessment of human donor livers: metabolite assignment in 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Transplantation. 65 (11), pp. 1526-1527.

Human gene for physical performance
Montgomery, H., Marshall, R., Hemingway, H., Myerson, S., Clarkson, P., Dollery, C., Hayward, M., Holliman, D.E., Jubb, M., World, M., Thomas, E.L., Brynes, A.E., Saeed, N., Barnard, M.L., Bell, J.D., Prasad, K., Rayson, M., Talmud, P. and Humphries, S.E. 1998. Human gene for physical performance. Nature. 393 (6682), pp. 221-222. doi:10.1038/30374

13C-Glycogen deposition during pregnancy in the rat following routine meal feeding
Changani, K.K., Bell, J.D. and Iles, R.A. 1998. 13C-Glycogen deposition during pregnancy in the rat following routine meal feeding. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: general subjects. 1380 (2), pp. 198-208. doi:10.1016/S0304-4165(97)00140-2

In vivo and in vitro hepatic phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy and electron microscopy in chronic ductopenic rejection of human liver allografts
Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Sargentoni, J., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Marcus, C.D., Changani, K.K., Saeed, N., Hodgson, H., Davidson, B.R., Burroughs, A.K., Rolles, K., Foster, C.S. and Cox, I.J. 1998. In vivo and in vitro hepatic phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy and electron microscopy in chronic ductopenic rejection of human liver allografts. Gut. 42 (5), pp. 735-43. doi:10.1136/gut.42.5.735

Magnetic resonance imaging of total body fat
Thomas, E.L., Saeed, N., Hajnal, J.V., Brynes, A.E., Goldstone, A.P., Frost, G.S. and Bell, J.D. 1998. Magnetic resonance imaging of total body fat. Journal of Applied Physiology. 85 (5), pp. 1778-1785.

A comparison of ATP recovery or phosphomonoester/inorganic phosphate ratio to assess metabolic activity in liver at hypothermia: a 31P NMR study
Changani, K.K., Davidson, B.R., Bell, J.D., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Fuller, B.J. 1998. A comparison of ATP recovery or phosphomonoester/inorganic phosphate ratio to assess metabolic activity in liver at hypothermia: a 31P NMR study. CryoLetters. 19, pp. 183-188.

Enhanced energy metabolism at hypothermia following addition of a prostacyclin derivative in porcine liver
Changani, K.K., Davidson, B.R., Bell, J.D., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Fuller, B.J. 1998. Enhanced energy metabolism at hypothermia following addition of a prostacyclin derivative in porcine liver. CryoLetters. 19, pp. 131-140.

Depression of liver mitochondrial complex II-linked respiration following cooling: beneficial effects of using a prostacyclin analogue during hypothermia
Changani, K.K., Bell, J.D., Brooks, K.J., Fuller, B.J., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Davidson, B.R., Brookes, P.S. and Bates, T.E. 1998. Depression of liver mitochondrial complex II-linked respiration following cooling: beneficial effects of using a prostacyclin analogue during hypothermia. CryoLetters. 19, pp. 71-78.

Assessment of quantitative artificial neural network analysis in a metabolically dynamic ex vivo31p NMR pig liver study
Ala-Korpela, M., Changani, K.K., Hiltunen, Y., Bell, J.D., Fuller, B.J., Bryant, D.J., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Davidson, B.R. 1997. Assessment of quantitative artificial neural network analysis in a metabolically dynamic ex vivo31p NMR pig liver study. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 38 (5), pp. 840-844. doi:10.1002/mrm.1910380522

In vivo and in vitro hepatic 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy and electron microscopy of the cirrhotic liver
Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Sargentoni, J., Bell, J.D., Saeed, N., Changani, K.K., Davidson, B.R., Rolles, K., Burroughs, A.K., Hodgson, H.J.F., Foster, C.S. and Cox, I.J. 1997. In vivo and in vitro hepatic 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy and electron microscopy of the cirrhotic liver. Liver. 17 (4), pp. 198-209. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0676.1997.tb00806.x

In vivo assessment of metabolic perturbations following alanine and glucagon administration using 31P-MRS in the rat
Changani, K.K., Barnard, M.L., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Williams, S.C.R., Bloom, S.R. and Iles, R.A. 1997. In vivo assessment of metabolic perturbations following alanine and glucagon administration using 31P-MRS in the rat. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: general subjects. 1335 (3), pp. 290-304. doi:10.1016/S0304-4165(96)00148-1

Noninvasive characterization of neonatal adipose tissue by 13C magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Thomas, E.L., Hanrahan, J.D., Ala-Korpela, M., Jenkinson, G., Azzopardi, D., Iles, R.A. and Bell, J.D. 1997. Noninvasive characterization of neonatal adipose tissue by 13C magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Lipids. 32 (6), pp. 645-651. doi:10.1007/s11745-997-0082-4

Evidence for distinct behaviour of phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin at the low density lipoprotein surface
Murphy, H.C., Ala-Korpela, M., White, J.J., Raoof, A., Bell, J.D., Barnard, M.L., Burns, S.P. and Iles, R.A. 1997. Evidence for distinct behaviour of phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin at the low density lipoprotein surface. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 234 (3), pp. 733-737. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1997.6634

Non-invasive assessment of ATP regeneration potential of the preserved donor liver
Changani, K.K., Fuller, B.J., Bryant, D.J., Bell, J.D., Ala-Korpela, M., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Moore, D.P. and Davidson, B.R. 1997. Non-invasive assessment of ATP regeneration potential of the preserved donor liver. Journal of Hepatology. 26 (2), pp. 336-342. doi:10.1016/S0168-8278(97)80050-5

The application of NMR spectroscopy to the study of apoptosis
Bhakoo, K.K. and Bell, J.D. 1997. The application of NMR spectroscopy to the study of apoptosis. Cellular and Molecular Biology. 43 (5), pp. 621-629.

Changes in adipose tissue composition in malnourished patients before and after liver transplantation: A carbon-13 magnetic resonance spectroscopy and gas-liquid chromatography study
Thomas, E.L., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Barnard, M.L., Frost, G.S., Sargentoni, J., Davidson, B.R., Cunnane, S.C. and Bell, J.D. 1997. Changes in adipose tissue composition in malnourished patients before and after liver transplantation: A carbon-13 magnetic resonance spectroscopy and gas-liquid chromatography study. Hepatology. 25 (1), pp. 178-183. doi:10.1002/hep.510250133

Metabolic changes associated with vacuolation in murine models of scrapie using in vitro 1H-NMR spectroscopy
Chung, Y.L., Williams, A., Chong, A., Hope, J., Williams, S.C.R. and Bell, J.D. 1996. Metabolic changes associated with vacuolation in murine models of scrapie using in vitro 1H-NMR spectroscopy. NMR in Biomedicine. 9 (8), pp. 359-363. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1492(199612)9:8<359::AID-NBM428>3.0.CO;2-D

Hepatic nucleotide triphosphate regeneration following a period of brief hypothermic reperfusion in the pig model: an in vitro 31P-NMR study
Changani, K.K., Fuller, B.J., Bell, J.D., Bryant, D.J., Moore, D.P., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Davidson, B.R. 1996. Hepatic nucleotide triphosphate regeneration following a period of brief hypothermic reperfusion in the pig model: an in vitro 31P-NMR study. Transplantation. 62 (6), pp. 787-793.

Characterisation of secondary metabolites associated with neutrophil apoptosis
Nunn, A.V.W., Barnard, M.L., Bhakoo, K.K., Murray, J., Chilvers, E.J. and Bell, J.D. 1996. Characterisation of secondary metabolites associated with neutrophil apoptosis. FEBS Letters. 392 (3), pp. 295-298. doi:10.1016/0014-5793(96)00839-3

Effects of n-3 fatty acids on the NMR profile of plasma lipoproteins
Bell, J.D., Barnard, M.L., Parkes, H.G., Thomas, E.L., Brennan, C.H., Cunnane, S.C. and Dagnelie, P.C. 1996. Effects of n-3 fatty acids on the NMR profile of plasma lipoproteins. The Journal of Lipid Research. 37 (8), pp. 1664-1674.

Automated feature extraction for the classification of human in vivo13C NMR spectra using statistical pattern recognition and wavelets
Tate, A.R., Watson, D., Eglen, S., Arvanitis, T.N., Thomas, E.L. and Bell, J.D. 1996. Automated feature extraction for the classification of human in vivo13C NMR spectra using statistical pattern recognition and wavelets. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 35 (6), pp. 834-840. doi:10.1002/mrm.1910350608

Development of a rapid and efficient magnetic resonance imaging technique for analysis of body fat distribution
Barnard, M.L., Schwieso, J.E., Thomas, E.L., Bell, J.D., Saeed, N., Frost, G.S., Bloom, S.R. and Hajnal, J.V. 1996. Development of a rapid and efficient magnetic resonance imaging technique for analysis of body fat distribution. NMR in Biomedicine. 9 (4), pp. 156-164. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1492(199606)9:4<156::AID-NBM412>3.0.CO;2-B

Cerebral metabolism within 18 hours of birth asphyxia: a proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study
Hanrahan, J.D., Sargentoni, J., Azzopardi, D., Manji, K., Cowan, F.M., Rutherford, M.A., Cox, I.J., Bell, J.D., Bryant, D.J. and Edwards, A.D. 1996. Cerebral metabolism within 18 hours of birth asphyxia: a proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study. Paediatric Research. 39 (4), pp. 584-590. doi:10.1203/00006450-199604000-00004

Anin vivo 13C magnetic resonance spectroscopic study of the relationship between diet and adipose tissue composition
Thomas, E.L., Frost, G.S., Barnard, M.L., Bryant, D.J., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Simbrunner, J., Coutts, G.A., Burl, M., Bloom, S.R., Sales, K.D. and Bell, J.D. 1996. Anin vivo 13C magnetic resonance spectroscopic study of the relationship between diet and adipose tissue composition. Lipids. 31 (2), pp. 145-151. doi:10.1007/BF02522613

Hepatic phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy in primary biliary cirrhosis and its relation to prognostic models
Jalan, R., Sargentoni, J., Coutts, G.A., Bell, J.D., Rolles, K., Burroughs, A.K. and Taylor-Robinson, S.D. 1996. Hepatic phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy in primary biliary cirrhosis and its relation to prognostic models. Gut. 39 (1), pp. 141-146. doi:10.1136/gut.39.1.141

Body fluid spectroscopic studies
Bell, J.D. and Sadler, P.J. 1996. Body fluid spectroscopic studies. in: Grant, D.M. and Harris, R.K. (ed.) Encyclopedia of nuclear magnetic resonance Chichester Wiley.

Dietary changes: observation by NMR spectroscopy
Bell, J.D. and Barnard, M.L. 1996. Dietary changes: observation by NMR spectroscopy. in: Grant, D.M. and Harris, R.K. (ed.) Encyclopedia of nuclear magnetic resonance Chichester Wiley.

Artificial neural network analysis of 1H NMR spectroscopic data from human plasma
Ala-Korpela, M., Hiltunen, Y. and Bell, J.D. 1996. Artificial neural network analysis of 1H NMR spectroscopic data from human plasma. Anticancer Research. 16 (3B), pp. 1473-1478.

Cirrhosis of the human liver: an in vitro 31P nuclear magnetic resonance study
Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Thomas, E.L., Sargentoni, J., Marcus, C.D., Davidson, B.R. and Bell, J.D. 1995. Cirrhosis of the human liver: an in vitro 31P nuclear magnetic resonance study. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Molecular Basis of Disease. 1272 (2), pp. 113-118. doi:10.1016/0925-4439(95)00074-E

Quantification of biomedical NMR data using artificial neural network analysis: lipoprotein lipid profiles from 1H NMR data of human plasma
Ala-Korpela, M., Hiltunen, Y. and Bell, J.D. 1995. Quantification of biomedical NMR data using artificial neural network analysis: lipoprotein lipid profiles from 1H NMR data of human plasma. NMR in Biomedicine. 8 (6), pp. 235-244. doi:10.1002/nbm.1940080603

MRI assessment of the blood-brain barrier in a hamster model of scrapie
Chung, Y.L., Williams, A., Beech, J.S., Williams, S.C.R., Bell, J.D., Cox, I.J. and Hope, J. 1995. MRI assessment of the blood-brain barrier in a hamster model of scrapie. Neurodegeneration. 4 (2), pp. 203-207. doi:10.1006/neur.1995.0025

Effect of functional grade and etiology on in vivo hepatic phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy in cirrhosis: Biochemical basis of spectral appearances
Menon, D.K., Sargentoni, J., Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Bell, J.D., Cox, I.J., Bryant, D.J., Coutts, G.A., Rolles, K., Burroughs, A.K. and Morgan, M.Y. 1995. Effect of functional grade and etiology on in vivo hepatic phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy in cirrhosis: Biochemical basis of spectral appearances. Hepatology. 21 (2), pp. 417-427. doi:10.1002/hep.1840210224

Cerebral 31P MRS in patients with chronic hepatic encephalopathy
Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Bell, J.D., Sargentoni, J., Bryant, D.J., Mallalieu, R.J. and Morgan, M.Y. 1995. Cerebral 31P MRS in patients with chronic hepatic encephalopathy. in: Capocaccia, L., Merli, M. and Riggio, O. (ed.) Advances in hepatic encephalopathy and metabolic nitrogen exchange Hants CRC Press.

Cerebral Phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy in patients with chronic hepatic encephalopathy
Taylor-Robinson, S.D., Sargentoni, J., Mallalieu, R.J., Bell, J.D., Bryant, D.J., Coutts, G.A. and Morgan, M.Y. 1994. Cerebral Phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy in patients with chronic hepatic encephalopathy. Hepatology. 20 (5), pp. 1173-1178. doi:10.1002/hep.1840200511

Utilization of uniformly labeled 13C-polyunsaturated fatty acids in the synthesis of long-chain fatty acids and cholesterol accumulating in the neonatal rat brain
Cunnane, S.C., Williams, S.C.R., Bell, J.D., Brookes, S., Craig, K., Iles, R.A. and Crawford, M.A. 1994. Utilization of uniformly labeled 13C-polyunsaturated fatty acids in the synthesis of long-chain fatty acids and cholesterol accumulating in the neonatal rat brain. Journal of Neurochemistry. 62 (6), pp. 2429-2436. doi:10.1046/j.1471-4159.1994.62062429.x

Effect of fish oil on cancer cachexia and host liver metabolism in rats with prostate tumours
Dagnelie, P.C., Bell, J.D., Williams, S.C.R., Bates, T.E., Abel, P.D. and Foster, C.S. 1994. Effect of fish oil on cancer cachexia and host liver metabolism in rats with prostate tumours. Lipids. 29 (3), pp. 195-203. doi:10.1007/BF02536729

NMR studies of body fluids and tissue extracts
Bell, J.D., Preece, N.E. and Parkes, H.G. 1994. NMR studies of body fluids and tissue extracts. in: Gillies, R. (ed.) Nuclear magnetic resonance in physiology and biomedicine Oxford Pergamon.

In vivo fluorine-19 magnetic resonance spectroscopy of cerebral halothane in postoperative patients: preliminary results
Menon, D.K., Lockwood, G.G., Peden, C.J., Cox, I.J., Sargentoni, J., Bell, J.D., Coutts, G.A. and Whitwam, J.G. 1993. In vivo fluorine-19 magnetic resonance spectroscopy of cerebral halothane in postoperative patients: preliminary results. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 30 (6), pp. 680-684. doi:10.1002/mrm.1910300605

A 31P and 1H NMR investigation in vitro of normal and abnormal human liver
Bell, J.D., Cox, I.J., Sargentoni, J., Peden, C.J., Menon, D.K., Foster, C.S., Watanapa, P., Iles, R.A. and Urenjak, J. 1993. A 31P and 1H NMR investigation in vitro of normal and abnormal human liver. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Lipids and Lipid Metabolism. 1225 (1), pp. 71-77.

Altered phosphorylation status, phospholipid metabolism and gluconeogenesis in the host liver of rats with prostate cancer: a 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy study
Dagnelie, P.C., Bell, J.D., Williams, S.C.R., Bates, T.E., Abel, P.D. and Foster, C.S. 1993. Altered phosphorylation status, phospholipid metabolism and gluconeogenesis in the host liver of rats with prostate cancer: a 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy study. British Journal of Cancer. 67 (6), pp. 1303-1309. doi:10.1038/bjc.1993.242

The proton NMR spectrum in acute EAE: the significance of the change in the Cho:Cr ratio
Brenner, R.E., Munro, P.M.G., Williams, S.C.R., Bell, J.D., Barker, G.J., Landon, D.N., Hawkins, C.P. and McDonald, W.I. 1993. The proton NMR spectrum in acute EAE: the significance of the change in the Cho:Cr ratio. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 29 (6), pp. 737-745. doi:10.1002/mrm.1910290605

Effects of fish oil on phospholipid metabolism in human and rat liver studied by 31P NMR spectroscopy in vivo and in vitro
Dagnelie, P.C., Bell, J.D., Cox, I.J., Menon, D.K., Sargentoni, J., Coutts, G.A. and Williams, S.C.R. 1993. Effects of fish oil on phospholipid metabolism in human and rat liver studied by 31P NMR spectroscopy in vivo and in vitro. NMR in Biomedicine. 6 (2), pp. 157-162. doi:10.1002/nbm.1940060209

Potential of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for studies of N- fatty acid metabolism in plasma, liver and adipose tissues
Dagnelie, P.C., Bell, J.D., Barnard, M.L. and Williams, S.C.R. 1993. Potential of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for studies of N- fatty acid metabolism in plasma, liver and adipose tissues. in: Drevon, A., Baksaas, I. and Krokan, H.E. (ed.) Omega-3 fatty acids: metabolism and biological effects Basel, Switzerland Birkhauser Verlag. pp. 27-34

In vivo fatty acid analysis in humans and animals using carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Cunnane, S.C., Allman, T., Bell, J.D., Barnard, M.L., Coutts, G.A., Williams, S.C.R. and Iles, R.A. 1993. In vivo fatty acid analysis in humans and animals using carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Basic Life Sciences. 60, pp. 355-358. doi:10.1007/978-1-4899-1268-8_83

NMR: a clinical approach
Bell, J.D. and Sadler, P.J. 1993. NMR: a clinical approach. Chemistry in Britain. 29, pp. 597-600.

Detection of aluminium (III) binding to citrate in human blood plasma by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Bell, J.D., Kubal, G., Radulovic, S., Sadler, P.J. and Tucker, A. 1993. Detection of aluminium (III) binding to citrate in human blood plasma by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The Analyst. 118, pp. 241-244. doi:10.1039/AN9931800241

Phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the human liver using chemical shift imaging techniques
Cox, I.J., Menon, D.K., Sargentoni, J., Bryant, D.J., Collins, A.G., Coutts, G.A., Iles, R.A., Bell, J.D., Benjamin, I.S., Gilbey, S., Hodgson, H.J.F. and Morgan, M.Y. 1992. Phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the human liver using chemical shift imaging techniques. Journal of Hepatology. 14 (2-3), pp. 265-275. doi:10.1016/0168-8278(92)90169-P

Effect of l-alanine infusion on 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of normal human liver: towards biochemical pathology in vivo
Dagnelie, P.C., Menon, D.K., Cox, I.J., Bell, J.D., Sargentoni, J., Coutts, G.A., Urenjak, J. and Iles, R.A. 1992. Effect of l-alanine infusion on 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of normal human liver: towards biochemical pathology in vivo. Clinical Science: an international journal of translational science and medicine. 83, pp. 183-190. doi:10.1042/cs0830183

In vivo and in vitro31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy of focal hepatic malignancies
Cox, I.J., Bell, J.D., Peden, C.J., Iles, R.A., Foster, C.S., Watanapa, P. and Williamson, R.C.N. 1992. In vivo and in vitro31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy of focal hepatic malignancies. NMR in Biomedicine. 5 (3), pp. 114-120. doi:10.1002/nbm.1940050303

MRS characterisation of tissue and body fluids
Bell, J.D. 1992. MRS characterisation of tissue and body fluids. in: Textbook of magnetic resonance spectroscopy in biology and medicine: functional and pathological tissue characterisation Oxford Pergamon.

In vivo detection of metabolic changes in a mouse model of scrapie using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Bell, J.D., Cox, I.J., Williams, S.C.R., Belton, P.S., McConnell, I. and Hope, J. 1991. In vivo detection of metabolic changes in a mouse model of scrapie using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Journal of General Virology. 72 (10), pp. 2419-2423. doi:10.1099/0022-1317-72-10-2419

Aluminium speciation: NMR studies of blood plasma, transferrin and citrate complexes
Bell, J.D., Evans, R.W., Kiang, W., Kubal, G., Radulovic, S., Sadler, P.J. and Williams, G. 1991. Aluminium speciation: NMR studies of blood plasma, transferrin and citrate complexes. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry. 43 (2-3), p. 488. doi:10.1016/0162-0134(91)84467-N

Metabolites in the developing rat liver: a proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic study
Rafter, J.E.M., Bates, T.E., Bell, J.D. and Iles, R.A. 1991. Metabolites in the developing rat liver: a proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic study. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: general subjects. 1074 (2), pp. 263-269. doi:10.1016/0304-4165(91)90162-A

Approaches to editing, assignment and interpretation of proton spectra
Gadian, D.G., Bates, T.E., Williams, S.R., Bell, J.D., Austin, S.J. and Connelly, A. 1991. Approaches to editing, assignment and interpretation of proton spectra. NMR in Biomedicine. 4 (2), pp. 85-89. doi:10.1002/nbm.1940040210

Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in chronic renal failure
Menon, D.K., Cassidy, M.J.D., Baudouin, C., Sandford, R.N., Bell, J.D. and Sargentoni, J. 1991. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in chronic renal failure. The Lancet. 337 (8735), pp. 244-245. doi:10.1016/0140-6736(91)92217-P

Nuclear magnetic resonance studies of blood plasma and urine from subjects with chronic renal failure: identification of trimethylamine-N-oxide
Bell, J.D., Lee, J.D., Lee, H.A., Sadler, P.J., Wilkie, D.R. and Woodham, R.H. 1991. Nuclear magnetic resonance studies of blood plasma and urine from subjects with chronic renal failure: identification of trimethylamine-N-oxide. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: general subjects. 1096 (2), pp. 101-107. doi:10.1016/0925-4439(91)90046-C

Proton MR spectroscopy in herpes simplex encephalitis: assessment of neuronal loss
Menon, D.K., Sargentoni, J., Peden, C.J., Bell, J.D., Cox, I.J., Coutts, G.A., Baudouin, C. and Newman, C.G.H. 1990. Proton MR spectroscopy in herpes simplex encephalitis: assessment of neuronal loss. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 14 (3), pp. 449-452.

31P Magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the human paediatric liver
Iles, R.A., Cox, I.J., Bell, J.D., Dubowitz, L.M.S., Cowan, F.M. and Bryant, D.J. 1990. 31P Magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the human paediatric liver. NMR in Biomedicine. 3 (2), pp. 90-94. doi:10.1002/nbm.1940030207

NMR studies of drug metabolism and disposition
Bell, J.D., Gadian, D.G. and Preece, N.E. 1990. NMR studies of drug metabolism and disposition. European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics. 15 (2), pp. 127-133. doi:10.1007/BF03190195

Proton MR spectroscopy of the brain in infants
Peden, C.J., Cowan, F.M., Bryant, D.J., Sargentoni, J., Cox, I.J., Menon, D.K., Gadian, D.G., Bell, J.D. and Dubowitz, L.M.S. 1990. Proton MR spectroscopy of the brain in infants. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 14 (6), pp. 886-894.

Proton MR spectroscopy of intracranial tumours: in vivo and in vitro studies
Gill, S.S., Thomas, D.G.T., van Bruggen, N., Gadian, D.G., Peden, C.J., Bell, J.D., Cox, I.J., Menon, D.K., Iles, R.A., Bryant, D.J. and Coutts, G.A. 1990. Proton MR spectroscopy of intracranial tumours: in vivo and in vitro studies. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 14 (4), pp. 497-502.

NMR studies of body fluids
Bell, J.D., Brown, J.C.C. and Sadler, P.J. 1989. NMR studies of body fluids. NMR in Biomedicine. 2 (5-6), pp. 246-256. doi:10.1002/nbm.1940020513

1H NMR study of cerebral development in the rat
Bates, T.E., Williams, S.R., Gadian, D.G., Bell, J.D., Small, R.K. and Iles, R.A. 1989. 1H NMR study of cerebral development in the rat. NMR in Biomedicine. 2 (5-6), pp. 225-229. doi:10.1002/nbm.1940020509

Non-transferrin-bound iron in plasma or serum from patients with idiopathic hemochromatosis. Characterization by high performance liquid chromatography and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Grootveld, M., Bell, J.D., Halliwell, B., Aruoma, O.I., Bomford, A. and Sadler, P.J. 1989. Non-transferrin-bound iron in plasma or serum from patients with idiopathic hemochromatosis. Characterization by high performance liquid chromatography and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 264 (8), pp. 4417-4422.

Nuclear magnetic resonance studies of body fluids: an overview
Bell, J.D. 1989. Nuclear magnetic resonance studies of body fluids: an overview. in: de Certaines, J.D. (ed.) Magnetic resonance spectroscopy of biofluids: a new tool in clinical biology London, U.K. World Scientific Publishing.

NMR-invisible lactate in blood plasma
Bell, J.D., Brown, J.C.C., Kubal, G. and Sadler, P.J. 1988. NMR-invisible lactate in blood plasma. FEBS Letters. 235 (1-2), pp. 81-86. doi:10.1016/0014-5793(88)81238-9

Factors affecting 1h NMR spectra of blood plasma: cancer, diet and freezing
Bell, J.D., Brown, J.C.C., Norman, R.E., Sadler, P.J. and Newell, D.R. 1988. Factors affecting 1h NMR spectra of blood plasma: cancer, diet and freezing. NMR in Biomedicine. 1 (2), pp. 90-94. doi:10.1002/nbm.1940010206

Metabolic profiling of body fluids by proton NMR: self-poisoning episodes with paracetamol (acetaminophen)
Bales, J.R., Bell, J.D., Nicholson, J.K., Sadler, P.J., Timbrell, J.A., Hughes, R.D., Bennett, P.N. and Williams, R. 1988. Metabolic profiling of body fluids by proton NMR: self-poisoning episodes with paracetamol (acetaminophen). Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 6 (3), pp. 300-306. doi:10.1002/mrm.1910060308

NMR Spectroscopy of body fluids
Bell, J.D., Brown, J.C.C. and Sadler, P.J. 1988. NMR Spectroscopy of body fluids. Chemistry in Britain. 24, pp. 1021-1024.

Coordination chemistry in biological media: reactions of antitumor Pt(II) and Au(III) complexes with cell culture media
Bell, J.D., Norman, R.E. and Sadler, P.J. 1987. Coordination chemistry in biological media: reactions of antitumor Pt(II) and Au(III) complexes with cell culture media. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry. 31 (4), pp. 241-246. doi:10.1016/0162-0134(87)80078-8

1H NMR studies of human blood plasma assignment of resonances for lipoproteins
Bell, J.D., Sadler, P.J., MacLeod, A.F., Turner, P.R. and La Ville, A. 1987. 1H NMR studies of human blood plasma assignment of resonances for lipoproteins. FEBS Letters. 219 (1), pp. 239-243. doi:10.1016/0014-5793(87)81224-3

Assignment of resonances for ‘acute-phase’ glycoproteins in high resolution proton NMR spectra of human blood plasma
Bell, J.D., Brown, J.C.C., Nicholson, J.K. and Sadler, P.J. 1987. Assignment of resonances for ‘acute-phase’ glycoproteins in high resolution proton NMR spectra of human blood plasma. FEBS Letters. 215 (2), pp. 311-315. doi:10.1016/0014-5793(87)80168-0

High resolution proton nuclear magnetic resonance studies of human cerebrospinal fluid
Bell, J.D., Brown, J.C.C., Sadler, P.J., MacLeod, A.F., Sönksen, P.H., Hughes, R.D. and Williams, R. 1987. High resolution proton nuclear magnetic resonance studies of human cerebrospinal fluid. Clinical Science: an international journal of translational science and medicine. 72, pp. 563-570. doi:10.1042/cs0720563

1H NMR studies of urine during fasting: excretion of ketone bodies and acetylcarnitine
Bales, J.R., Bell, J.D., Nicholson, J.K. and Sadler, P.J. 1986. 1H NMR studies of urine during fasting: excretion of ketone bodies and acetylcarnitine. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 3 (6), pp. 849-856. doi:10.1002/mrm.1910030605

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