|Title||Liver fat in adults with GH deficiency: comparison to matched controls and the effect of GH replacement|
|Authors||Meienberg, F., Yee, M., Johnston, D.G., Cox, J., Robinson, S., Bell, J.D., Thomas, E.L., Taylor-Robinson, S.D. and Godsland, I.F.|
Existing data regarding the association between growth hormone deficiency (GHD) and liver fat content are conflicting.
We aimed i) to assess intrahepatocellular lipid (IHCL) content in hypopituitary adults with GHD compared to matched controls and ii) to evaluate the effect of growth hormone (GH) replacement on IHCL content.
Cross-sectional comparison and controlled intervention study.
Cross-sectional comparison: 22 hypopituitary adults with GHD and 44 healthy controls matched for age, BMI, gender and ethnicity. Intervention study: 9 GHD patients starting GH replacement (GH Rx group), 9 GHD patients not starting replacement therapy (non-GH Rx group).
Intervention study:GH replacement for 6 months in the GH Rx group, dosage was titrated to achieve normal IGF-1 levels.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:
IHCL content determined by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1 H MRS).
Cross-sectional comparison: There was no difference in IHCL content between GHD patients and healthy controls (1.89% (0.30, 4.03) vs. 1.14% (0.22, 2.32); p=0.2), the prevalence of patients with hepatic steatosis (IHCL of ≥ 5.56%) was similar in the two groups (22.7% vs. 15.9%; chi square probability = 0.4). Intervention study: The change in IHCL content over 6 months did not differ between the GH Rx group and the non-GH Rx group (-0.63 ± 4.53% vs. +0.11 ± 1.46%; p=0.6).
In our study liver fat content and the prevalence of hepatic steatosis did not differ between hypopituitary adults with GHD and matched controls. In GHD patients GH replacement had no effect on liver fat content.
|Keywords||growth hormone deficiency; growth hormone replacement; hepatic steatosis; liver fat; proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy|
|Journal citation||85 (1), pp. 76-84|
|Accepted author manuscript|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1111/cen.13042|
|Published||22 Mar 2016|
|Published in print||Jul 2016|
|Swiss National Foundation|