A Review of the National Policies on Street Children in China

Atkinson-Sheppard, S. 2018. A Review of the National Policies on Street Children in China. Children and Youth Services Review. 93, pp. 79-87. doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.07.009

TitleA Review of the National Policies on Street Children in China
TypeJournal article
AuthorsAtkinson-Sheppard, S.
Abstract

Global research related to street children has been conducted for over 30 years but in-depth research into policy approaches of individual countries and their response to street children is limited. The current research contributes to the literature by reviewing the Chinese national policies on street children, and referring to the international framework of policy approaches towards street children, identifies 3 policy approaches adopted by Chinese government: correctional and institutional, rehabilitation, and prevention. The research finds that the policy responses of the Chinese government towards street children vary with social development, and have shifted from the correctional and institutional approach under the custody and repatriation system (1982–2003) and rehabilitation approach under the new relief and management system (2003−2013) to the prevention approach after 2013. The article concludes by arguing that the Chinese government has adopted a prevention approach and is making progress in establishing a child social protection system to prevent the root causes of child homelessness. Suggestions are proposed for further strengthening the child protection system with a particular focus on prioritizing children's rights alongside child welfare.

KeywordsStreet children, policy approaches, child protection, China
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Journal citation93, pp. 79-87
ISSN0190-7409
Year2018
PublisherElsevier
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.07.009
Publication dates
Published online11 Jul 2018
PublishedOct 2018

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