|Title||Key note speaker: A 'lens of labour'; developing a new conceptual framework for considering young people's involvement in gangs and organised crime (reflections from Bangladesh, China and Nepal)|
Millions of the world’s children engage in labour, often exploitative and essential to their survival. Child labour is closely related to crime; global discourse illustrates how young people are victims of forced and bonded labour and recent studies from the global South demonstrate how young people are hired as the ‘illicit labourers’ of organised crime groups. Despite this, there is a tendency to consider young people, not as labourers but as victims of trafficking or as offenders (often in relation to gangs). To address this lacuna, the presentation draws on data from 3 studies conducted in the global South (in Bangladesh, China and Nepal) to develop a conceptual framework suitable for understanding the intersection between labour and crime. The article develops a metaphorical ‘labour lens’; a lens which centres and prioritises labour and instrumental drivers for crime, embedded within wider structures of illicit markets, established organised crime, state:crime collaboration and the need for children to work to survive. The presentation integrates economic drivers for involvement in organised crime with the moral economy, within the context of ecological framework of crime, embedded with wider issues of coloniality. In doing so the presentation develops a new conceptual framework for considering young people’s involvement in organised crime and questions the applicability of this framework on a Pan-Asia scale, including in India.
|Conference||International Crime, Law and Forensics in the 21st Century, International Institute of Justice & Police Sciences (IIJPS) in collaboration with South Asian Society of Criminology & Victimology (SASCV)|