Prevalence and Risk Factors of Child Maltreatment Among Migrant Families in China

Gao. Y., Atkinson-Sheppard, S. and Liu, X. 2017. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Child Maltreatment Among Migrant Families in China. Child Abuse & Neglect. 65, pp. 171-181. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.01.023

TitlePrevalence and Risk Factors of Child Maltreatment Among Migrant Families in China
TypeJournal article
AuthorsGao. Y., Atkinson-Sheppard, S. and Liu, X.
Abstract

Although cases of child abuse among migrant families are often reported by social media,the issue of child maltreatment among migrant families in China has received little empiri-cal attention. This study investigated both the prevalence of child maltreatment by parentsamong migrant families, and the individual, family and community-level risk factors asso-ciated with child abuse in this context. A survey was conducted with 667 migrant and 496local adolescents in Shenzhen, South China, with a stratified two-stage cluster samplingdesign. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to compare the prevalence of maltreat-ment between migrant and local adolescents, and also to explore risk factors associatedwith the psychological and physical maltreatment in both groups. The results showedthat parent-to-child abuse was more prevalent among migrant than local adolescents,with migrant adolescents 1.490 and 1.425 times more likely to be psychologically andphysically abused by their parents than their local counterparts. Low academic perfor-mance, delinquent behavior, family economic adversity and low parent attachment putmigrant adolescents at increased risk of both psychological and physical maltreatment, andneighborhood disorganization was significantly related to psychological aggression amongmigrant adolescents. The findings confirm that child abuse perpetuated by parents is a seri-ous problem in Mainland China, especially among migrant families, and implications forpolicy and practice are discussed.

KeywordsChild maltreatment, risk factors, migration, China
JournalChild Abuse & Neglect
Journal citation65, pp. 171-181
ISSN0145-2134
Year2017
PublisherElsevier
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2017.01.023
Publication dates
Published07 Feb 2017
Published in printMar 2017

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