|Title||Mutant Calreticulin Requires Both Its Mutant C-terminus and the Thrombopoietin Receptor for Oncogenic Transformation|
|Authors||Elf, S., Abdelfattah, N.S., Chen, E., Perales-Patón, J., Rosen, E.A., Ko, A., Peskier, F., Florescu, N., Giannini, S., Wolach, O., Morgan, E.A., Tothova, Z., Losman, J.A., Schneider, R.K., Al-Shahrour, F. and Mullally, A.|
Somatic mutations in calreticulin (CALR) are present in approximately 40% of patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), but the mechanism by which mutant CALR is oncogenic remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate that expression of mutant CALR alone is sufficient to engender MPN in mice and recapitulates the disease phenotype of patients with CALR-mutant MPN. We further show that the thrombopoietin receptor MPL is required for mutant CALR-driven transformation through JAK–STAT pathway activation, thus rendering mutant CALR-transformed hematopoietic cells sensitive to JAK2 inhibition. Finally, we demonstrate that the oncogenicity of mutant CALR is dependent on the positive electrostatic charge of the C-terminus of the mutant protein, which is necessary for physical interaction between mutant CALR and MPL. Together, our findings elucidate a novel paradigm of cancer pathogenesis and reveal how CALR mutations induce MPN.
|Journal citation||6, pp. 368-381|
|Publisher||American Association for Cancer Research|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1158/2159-8290.CD-15-1434|
|Published online||07 Mar 2016|
|Published in print||Apr 2016|