Subjective and objective measures of colour hard copy images

Attridge, G.G., Vagal, G., Allen, E., Triantaphillidou, S. and Pointer, M.R. 2008. Subjective and objective measures of colour hard copy images. Imaging Science Journal. 56 (3), pp. 163-174.

TitleSubjective and objective measures of colour hard copy images
AuthorsAttridge, G.G., Vagal, G., Allen, E., Triantaphillidou, S. and Pointer, M.R.
Abstract

The present report concerns an experimental comparison between subjective and objective measures of standard colour test samples chosen to represent hard copy images. Three attributes of colour, hue, chroma and lightness were examined. The study investigates the correlation between the subjective and colorimetric evaluation, in CIELAB uniform colour space. Subjective and objective tests are reported for tests using Pantone colour swatches, corresponding to the basic hues of an IT-8 chart, and additional swatches chosen to cover a wide gamut. Psychophysical investigations, using white, grey and black backgrounds, were carried out with a panel of 11 observers and are compared with the results of colorimetric evaluation. Experimental results show linear relations, with very good correlation between objective and subjective results, for hue determination, but less good correlation for lightness and chroma. The effects of the luminance of neutral backgrounds, on subjective judgements, are also shown. The evaluation of results is extended to a consideration of CIECAM 2002 colour appearance variables, expected to relate to observers' assessments of the test colours seen against neutral backgrounds differing in luminance.

KeywordsPantone colour sets, visual colour scaling, Cielab colour space, colour appearance model
JournalImaging Science Journal
Journal citation56 (3), pp. 163-174
ISSN1368-2199
YearJun 2008
PublisherManey
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1179/174313108X281326
Publication dates
PublishedJun 2008

Related outputs

Bridging the Gap Between Imaging Performance and Image Quality Measures
Fry, E., Triantaphillidou, S., Jacobson, R., Jarvis, J. and Fagard-Jenkin, R. 2018. Bridging the Gap Between Imaging Performance and Image Quality Measures. IS&T Electronic Imaging Symposium 2018 - Image Quality System Performance XV. San Francisco, CA, USA 28 Jan - 01 Feb 2018 The Society of Imaging Science and Technology.

Image Quality Loss and Compensation for Visually Impaired Observers
Triantaphillidou, S., Fry, E., Sanchis, V. and Pons, A. 2018. Image Quality Loss and Compensation for Visually Impaired Observers. IS&T Electronic Imaging Symposium: Image Quality System Performance Conference. San Francisco, California, USA 28 Jan - 02 Feb 2018 The Society of Imaging Science and Technology.

Texture MTF from images of natural scenes
Branca, R., Triantaphillidou, S. and Burns, P.D. 2017. Texture MTF from images of natural scenes. Jenkin, R. and Jin, E. (ed.) Electronic Imaging: Image Quality and System Performance XIV. San Francisco, California, USA 29 Jan - 02 Feb 2017 The Society of Imaging Science and Technology.

Comparative performance between human and automated face recognition systems, using CCTV imagery, different compression levels and scene parameters
Tsifouti, A., Triantaphillidou, S., Larabi M-C, Bilissi, E. and Psarrou, A. 2015. Comparative performance between human and automated face recognition systems, using CCTV imagery, different compression levels and scene parameters . SPIE Electronic Imaging: Image Quality and System Performance XII. San Fransisco, USA Jan 2015 SPIE.

The effects of scene content parameters, compression, and frame rate on the performance of analytics systems
Tsifouti, A., Triantaphillidou, S., Larabi, M.C., Doré, G, Bilissi, E. and Psarrou, A. 2015. The effects of scene content parameters, compression, and frame rate on the performance of analytics systems. SPIE Elecgtronic Imaging: Image Quality and System Performance XII. San Fransisco, USA Jan 2015 SPIE.

Image quality optimization, via application of contextual contrast sensitivity and discrimination functions
Fry, E., Triantaphillidou, S., Jarvis, J. and Gupta, G. 2015. Image quality optimization, via application of contextual contrast sensitivity and discrimination functions. SPIE Electronic Imaging: Image Quality and System Performance XII. San Fransisco Jan 2015 SPIE.

A case study in identifying acceptable bitrates for human face recognition tasks
Tsifouti, A., Triantaphillidou, S., Larabi, M.C., Bilissi, E. and Psarrou, A. 2015. A case study in identifying acceptable bitrates for human face recognition tasks. Signal Processing: Image Communication . 36, p. 14–28.

Special Section Guest Editorial: Image/Video Quality and System Performance
Larabi, M.C., Watson, A.B. and Triantaphillidou, S. 2014. Special Section Guest Editorial: Image/Video Quality and System Performance. Journal of Electronic Imaging. 23 (6), pp. 061101-1 - 061101-2.

Perceptibility and acceptability of JPEG 2000 compressed images of various scene types
Allen, E., Triantaphillidou, S. and Jacobson, R.E. 2014. Perceptibility and acceptability of JPEG 2000 compressed images of various scene types. SPIE Electronic Imaging: Image Quality and System Performance XI. San Francisco, USA Jan 2014 SPIE.

Just noticeable differences in perceived image contrast with changes in displayed image size
Triantaphillidou, S., Park, J.Y. and Jacobson, R.E. 2014. Just noticeable differences in perceived image contrast with changes in displayed image size. SPIE Proceedings 9016, Image Quality and System Performance XI. San Francisco, USA

Contrast sensitivity and discrimination in pictorial images
Triantaphillidou, S., Jarvis, J. and Gupta, G. 2014. Contrast sensitivity and discrimination in pictorial images. in: SPIE Proceedings 9016, Image Quality and System Performance XI SPIE.

Acceptable bit-rates for human face identification from CCTV imagery
Tsifouti, A., Triantaphillidou, S., Bilissi, E. and Larabi, M.C. 2013. Acceptable bit-rates for human face identification from CCTV imagery. in: Burns, P.D. and Triantaphillidou, S. (ed.) Image Quality and System Performance X SPIE.

Defining human contrast sensitivity and discrimination from complex imagery
Triantaphillidou, S., Jarvis, J., Gupta, G. and Rana, H. 2013. Defining human contrast sensitivity and discrimination from complex imagery. in: SPIE proceedings: Optics and Photonics for Counterterrorism, Crime Fighting and Defence IX; and Optical Materials and Biomaterials in Security and Defence Systems Technology X, 89010C SPIE.

Contrast sensitivity and discrimination of complex scenes
Triantaphillidou, S., Jarvis, J. and Gupta, G. 2013. Contrast sensitivity and discrimination of complex scenes. in: Burns, P.D. and Triantaphillidou, S. (ed.) Image Quality and System Performance X SPIE.

Evaluation of perceived image sharpness with changes in the displayed image size
Park, J.Y., Triantaphillidou, S., Jacobson, R.E. and Gupta, G. 2012. Evaluation of perceived image sharpness with changes in the displayed image size. in: SPIE proceedings: Electronic Imaging: Image Quality & System Performance IX, 82930J SPIE.

Visual scene busyness measures through a region growing spatial segmentation
Gupta, G., Psarrou, A., Triantaphillidou, S. and Park, J.Y. 2012. Visual scene busyness measures through a region growing spatial segmentation. in: Lewis, C. and Burgess, D. (ed.) Optics and Photonics for Counterterrorism, Crime Fighting, and Defence VIII SPIE.

Device-dependent scene-dependent quality predictions using effective pictorial information capacity
Oh, K.H., Triantaphillidou, S. and Jacobson, R.E. 2011. Device-dependent scene-dependent quality predictions using effective pictorial information capacity. in: SPIE proceedings: Image Quality and System Performance VIII, 78670R SPIE.

Scene classification with respect to image quality measurements
Oh, K.H., Triantaphillidou, S. and Jacobson, R.E. 2010. Scene classification with respect to image quality measurements. in: Farnand, S.P. and Gaykema, F. (ed.) Image quality and system performance VII : 18-19 January 2010, San Jose, California, United States Bellingham, Wash. SPIE.

Multidimensional image selection and classification system based on visual feature extraction and scaling
Mancusi, F., Triantaphillidou, S. and Allen, E. 2010. Multidimensional image selection and classification system based on visual feature extraction and scaling. in: Farnand, S.P. and Gaykema, F. (ed.) Image quality and system performance VII : 18-19 January 2010, San Jose, California, United States Bellingham, Wash. SPIE.

Identification of image attributes that are most affected with changes in displayed image size
Park, J.Y., Triantaphillidou, S. and Jacobson, R.E. 2009. Identification of image attributes that are most affected with changes in displayed image size. in: Farnand, S.P. and Gaykema, F. (ed.) Image quality and system performance VI : 19-21 January 2009, San Jose, California, USA IS&T - The Society for Imaging and Science and Technology and SPIE.

Perceptual image attribute scales derived from overall image quality assessments
Oh, K.H., Triantaphillidou, S. and Jacobson, R.E. 2009. Perceptual image attribute scales derived from overall image quality assessments. in: Farnand, S.P. and Gaykema, F. (ed.) Image quality and system performance VI : 19-21 January 2009, San Jose, California, USA IS&T - The Society for Imaging and Science and Technology and SPIE.

Just noticeable gamma differences and acceptability of sRGB images displayed on a CRT monitor
Bilissi, E., Jacobson, R.E. and Attridge, G.G. 2008. Just noticeable gamma differences and acceptability of sRGB images displayed on a CRT monitor. Imaging Science Journal. 56 (4), pp. 189-200.

Colour analysis and verification of CCTV images under different lighting conditions
Smith, R.J., MacLennan-Brown, K., Triantaphillidou, S., MacDonald, L.W., Tighe, J.F. and Cohen, N. 2008. Colour analysis and verification of CCTV images under different lighting conditions. in: Farnand, S.P. and Gaykema, F. (ed.) Image quality and system performance V : 28-30 January 2008, San Jose, California, USA IS&T - The Society for Imaging and Science and Technology and SPIE.

Predicting image quality using a modular image difference model
Orfanidou, M., Triantaphillidou, S. and Allen, E. 2008. Predicting image quality using a modular image difference model. in: Farnand, S.P. and Gaykema, F. (ed.) Image quality and system performance V : 28-30 January 2008, San Jose, California, USA IS&T - The Society for Imaging and Science and Technology and SPIE.

Image quality comparison between JPEG and JPEG2000. II. Scene dependency, scene analysis, and classification
Triantaphillidou, S., Allen, E. and Jacobson, R.E. 2007. Image quality comparison between JPEG and JPEG2000. II. Scene dependency, scene analysis, and classification. Journal of Imaging Science and Technology. 51 (3), pp. 259-270.

Image quality comparison between JPEG and JPEG2000. I. Psychophysical investigation
Allen, E., Triantaphillidou, S. and Jacobson, R.E. 2007. Image quality comparison between JPEG and JPEG2000. I. Psychophysical investigation. Journal of Imaging Science and Technology. 51 (3), pp. 248-258.

Effective pictorial information capacity as an image quality metric
Jenkin, R.B., Triantaphillidou, S. and Richardson, M.A. 2007. Effective pictorial information capacity as an image quality metric. in: Cui, L.C. and Miyake, Y. (ed.) Image Quality and System Performance IV: Proceedings of SPIE vol. 6494 SPIE.

Measurements of the modulation transfer function of image displays
Triantaphillidou, S. and Jacobson, R.E. 2004. Measurements of the modulation transfer function of image displays. Journal of Imaging Science and Technology. 48 (1), pp. 58-65.

Perceptibility and acceptability of gamma differences of displayed sRGB images
Bilissi, E., Jacobson, R.E. and Attridge, G.G. 2003. Perceptibility and acceptability of gamma differences of displayed sRGB images. in: PICS 2003: the PICS Conference, an International Technical Conference on the Science and Systems of Digital Photography, including the Fifth International Symposium on Multispectral Color Science Rochester, USA Society for Imaging Science and Technology.

Influence of luminance and resolution on the perceived quality of black-and-white images on soft displays
Bilissi, E., Jacobson, R.E. and Attridge, G.G. 2002. Influence of luminance and resolution on the perceived quality of black-and-white images on soft displays. Imaging Science Journal. 50 (4), pp. 277-289.

A case study in the digitisation of a photographic collection
Triantaphillidou, S., Jacobson, R.E. and Attridge, G.G. 2002. A case study in the digitisation of a photographic collection. Imaging Science Journal. 50 (2), pp. 97-115.

Effect of gamma correction in discrete imaging systems upon determination of MTF
Jenkin, R.B., Jacobson, R.E., Axford, N.R. and Allen, E. 2002. Effect of gamma correction in discrete imaging systems upon determination of MTF. in: Final program and proceedings of IS&T's PICS conference: image processing, image quality, image capture systems conference: In digital image capture and associated system, reproduction and image quality technologies Society for Imaging Science and Technology. pp. 142-147

Metric approaches to image quality
Jacobson, R.E. and Triantaphillidou, S. 2002. Metric approaches to image quality. in: MacDonald, L.W. and Luo, M.R. (ed.) Colour image science: exploiting digital media Chichester, UK Wiley. pp. 371-392

The effect of reduced color depth on the color reproduction of web images
Bilissi, E., Jacobson, R.E. and Attridge, G.G. 2002. The effect of reduced color depth on the color reproduction of web images. in: PICS 2002: IS&T's PICS Conference, an International Technical Conference on Digital Image Capture and Associated System, Reproduction and Image Quality Technologies Portland, USA Society for Imaging Science and Technology.

Perceived colour differences in displayed colours, part 2: spatial differences in soft copy imaging
Attridge, G.G., Pointer, M.R. and Jacobson, R.E. 2002. Perceived colour differences in displayed colours, part 2: spatial differences in soft copy imaging. Imaging Science Journal. 50, pp. 11-22.

Perceived colour differences in displayed colours, part 1: hard copy to soft copy matching
Attridge, G.G., Pointer, M.R. and Jacobson, R.E. 2002. Perceived colour differences in displayed colours, part 1: hard copy to soft copy matching. Imaging Science Journal. 50, pp. 1-9.

Gamut considerations for accurate colour reproduction on a computer displays
Attridge, G.G., Pointer, M.R. and Jacobson, R.E. 2002. Gamut considerations for accurate colour reproduction on a computer displays. Imaging Science Journal. 50, pp. 37-49.

Food colour appearance judged using images on a computer display
Attridge, G.G. and Pointer, M.R. 2002. Food colour appearance judged using images on a computer display. Imaging Science Journal. 50, pp. 23-36.

A Simple Approach in Digitising a Photographic Collection
Triantaphillidou, S. and Jacobson, R.E. 2001. A Simple Approach in Digitising a Photographic Collection. IS&T PICS. Montreal, Quebec, Canada April 2001 pp. 160-165

A simple approach to digitizing a photographic collection
Triantaphillidou, S. and Jacobson, R.E. 2001. A simple approach to digitizing a photographic collection. in: PICS 2001: Image Processing, Image Quality, Image Capture Systems Conference Society for Imaging Science and Technology. pp. 160-165

Practical camera characterization for color measurement
Pointer, M.R., Attridge, G.G. and Jacobson, R.E. 2001. Practical camera characterization for color measurement. in: Proceedings of the Image Processing, Image Quality, Image Capture Systems Conference (PICS-01), Montreal, Quebec, Canada, April 22-25 2001, IS&T 2001 Springfield, USA Society for Imaging Science and Technology.

Practical camera characterization for colour measurement
Attridge, G.G., Pointer, M.R. and Jacobson, R.E. 2001. Practical camera characterization for colour measurement. Imaging Science Journal. 49, pp. 63-80.

Observer responses to colour perturbations in reflection prints
Attridge, G.G., Pointer, M.R. and Jacobson, R.E. 2001. Observer responses to colour perturbations in reflection prints. Imaging Science Journal. 49, pp. 81-90.

Application of a colour reproduction index to digital camera characterization
Attridge, G.G., Pointer, M.R. and Jacobson, R.E. 2001. Application of a colour reproduction index to digital camera characterization. Imaging Science Journal. 49, pp. 91-100.

An evaluation of MTF determination methods for 35mm scanners
Triantaphillidou, S., Jacobson, R.E. and Fagard-Jenkin, R. 1999. An evaluation of MTF determination methods for 35mm scanners. IS&T PICS. Savannah, Georgia, USA April 1999 pp. 231-235

Preferred Tone Reproduction of Images on Soft Displays
Triantaphillidou, S., Jacobson, R.E. and Ford, A.M. 1998. Preferred Tone Reproduction of Images on Soft Displays. ICPS 1998. Antwerp September 1998 pp. 205-208

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/91243/subjective-and-objective-measures-of-colour-hard-copy-images


Share this
Tweet
Email