Comparative performance between human and automated face recognition systems, using CCTV imagery, different compression levels and scene parameters

Tsifouti, A., Triantaphillidou, S., Larabi M-C, Bilissi, E. and Psarrou, A. 2015. Comparative performance between human and automated face recognition systems, using CCTV imagery, different compression levels and scene parameters . SPIE Electronic Imaging: Image Quality and System Performance XII. San Fransisco, USA Jan 2015 SPIE.

Title Comparative performance between human and automated face recognition systems, using CCTV imagery, different compression levels and scene parameters
AuthorsTsifouti, A., Triantaphillidou, S., Larabi M-C, Bilissi, E. and Psarrou, A.
TypeConference paper
Abstract

In this investigation we identify relationships between human and automated face recognition systems with respect to compression. Further, we identify the most influential scene parameters on the performance of each recognition system. The work includes testing of the systems with compressed Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV) footage, consisting of quantified scene (footage) parameters. Parameters describe the content of scenes concerning camera to subject distance, facial angle, scene brightness, and spatio-temporal busyness. These parameters have been previously shown to affect the human visibility of useful facial information, but not much work has been carried out to assess the influence they have on automated recognition systems. In this investigation, the methodology previously employed in the human investigation is adopted, to assess performance of three different automated systems: Principal Component Analysis, Linear Discriminant Analysis, and Kernel Fisher Analysis. Results show that the automated systems are more tolerant to compression than humans. In automated systems, mixed brightness scenes were the most affected and low brightness scenes were the least affected by compression. In contrast for humans, low brightness scenes were the most affected and medium brightness scenes the least affected. Findings have the potential to broaden the methods used for testing imaging systems for security applications.

Keywordsacial recognition systems ; Imaging systems ; Principal component analysis ; Security technologies ; Televisions ; Cameras
Year2015
ConferenceSPIE Electronic Imaging: Image Quality and System Performance XII
PublisherSPIE
Accepted author manuscript9396_22FaceRec.doc
Publication dates
PublishedJan 2015
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1117/12.2083325
Web address (URL) of conference proceedingshttp://proceedings.spiedigitallibrary.org/proceeding.aspx?articleid=2109942

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Triantaphillidou, S. and Jacobson, R.E. 2004. Measurements of the modulation transfer function of image displays. Journal of Imaging Science and Technology. 48 (1), pp. 58-65.

Perceptibility and acceptability of gamma differences of displayed sRGB images
Bilissi, E., Jacobson, R.E. and Attridge, G.G. 2003. Perceptibility and acceptability of gamma differences of displayed sRGB images. in: PICS 2003: the PICS Conference, an International Technical Conference on the Science and Systems of Digital Photography, including the Fifth International Symposium on Multispectral Color Science Rochester, USA Society for Imaging Science and Technology.

A dynamic model for delivering distance learning material via interactive television
Angelopoulou, A., Thomas, S., Gallahan, P. and Psarrou, A. 2003. A dynamic model for delivering distance learning material via interactive television. Second International Conference on Multimedia and ICTs in Education. Badajoz, Spain 03-06 Dec 2003

Influence of luminance and resolution on the perceived quality of black-and-white images on soft displays
Bilissi, E., Jacobson, R.E. and Attridge, G.G. 2002. Influence of luminance and resolution on the perceived quality of black-and-white images on soft displays. Imaging Science Journal. 50 (4), pp. 277-289.

A case study in the digitisation of a photographic collection
Triantaphillidou, S., Jacobson, R.E. and Attridge, G.G. 2002. A case study in the digitisation of a photographic collection. Imaging Science Journal. 50 (2), pp. 97-115.

Recognition of human gestures and behaviour based on motion trajectories
Psarrou, A., Gong, S. and Walter, M. 2002. Recognition of human gestures and behaviour based on motion trajectories. Image and Vision Computing. 20 (5-6), pp. 349-358.

Corresponding dynamic appearances
Gong, S., Psarrou, A. and Romdani, S. 2002. Corresponding dynamic appearances. Image and Vision Computing. 20 (4), pp. 307-318.

Image processing: a helpful tool in art conservation
Kokla, V., Psarrou, A. and Konstantinou, V. 2002. Image processing: a helpful tool in art conservation. in: Van Grieken, R., Janssens, K., Dack, L.V.T. and Meersman, G. (ed.) Art 2002 : 7th International Conference on Non-destructive Testing and Microanalysis for the Diagnostics and Conservation of the Cultural and Environmental Heritage 2-6 June 2002 Congress Centre Elzenveld, Antwerp, Begium: proceedings Antwerp University of Antwerp.

Metric approaches to image quality
Jacobson, R.E. and Triantaphillidou, S. 2002. Metric approaches to image quality. in: MacDonald, L.W. and Luo, M.R. (ed.) Colour image science: exploiting digital media Chichester, UK Wiley. pp. 371-392

The effect of reduced color depth on the color reproduction of web images
Bilissi, E., Jacobson, R.E. and Attridge, G.G. 2002. The effect of reduced color depth on the color reproduction of web images. in: PICS 2002: IS&T's PICS Conference, an International Technical Conference on Digital Image Capture and Associated System, Reproduction and Image Quality Technologies Portland, USA Society for Imaging Science and Technology.

Use of non-destructive methodology in the identification of old inks
Alexopoulou, A., Kokla, V., Psarrou, A. and Konstantinou, V. 2002. Use of non-destructive methodology in the identification of old inks. in: Van Grieken, R., Janssens, K., van't dack, L. and Meersman, G. (ed.) Art 2002: proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Non-Destructive Testing and Microanalysis for Diagnostics and Conservation of Cultural and Environmental Heritage, 2002 Antwerp, Belgium University of Antwerp.

A Simple Approach in Digitising a Photographic Collection
Triantaphillidou, S. and Jacobson, R.E. 2001. A Simple Approach in Digitising a Photographic Collection. IS&T PICS. Montreal, Quebec, Canada April 2001 pp. 160-165

Data driven model acquisition using minimum description length
Walter, M., Psarrou, A. and Gong, S. 2001. Data driven model acquisition using minimum description length. in: Cootes, T. and Taylor, C. (ed.) BMVC: Proceedings of the 12th British Machine Vision Conference BMVA. pp. 673-683

Auto clustering for unsupervised learning of atomic gesture components using minimum description length
Walter, M., Psarrou, A. and Gong, S. 2001. Auto clustering for unsupervised learning of atomic gesture components using minimum description length. in: Proceedings of IEEE ICCV Workshop on Recognition, Analysis, and Tracking of Faces and Gestures in Real-Time Systems, 2001 USA IEEE . pp. 157-162

A simple approach to digitizing a photographic collection
Triantaphillidou, S. and Jacobson, R.E. 2001. A simple approach to digitizing a photographic collection. in: PICS 2001: Image Processing, Image Quality, Image Capture Systems Conference Society for Imaging Science and Technology. pp. 160-165

An extensible movie system interface for information-rich television
Angelopoulou, A., Psarrou, A. and Parapadakis, D. 2001. An extensible movie system interface for information-rich television. in: Graham, P., Maheswaran, M. and Eskicioglu, M.R. (ed.) Proceedings of the International Conference on Internet Computing, IC'2001, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, June 25-28, 2001 USA CSREA Press.

An evaluation of MTF determination methods for 35mm scanners
Triantaphillidou, S., Jacobson, R.E. and Fagard-Jenkin, R. 1999. An evaluation of MTF determination methods for 35mm scanners. IS&T PICS. Savannah, Georgia, USA April 1999 pp. 231-235

Preferred Tone Reproduction of Images on Soft Displays
Triantaphillidou, S., Jacobson, R.E. and Ford, A.M. 1998. Preferred Tone Reproduction of Images on Soft Displays. ICPS 1998. Antwerp September 1998 pp. 205-208

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