Evaluation of different chrominance models in the detection and reconstruction of faces and hands using the growing neural gas network

Angelopoulou, A., Garcia-Rodriguez, J., Orts-Escolano, S., Kapetanios, E., Liang, X., Woll, B. and Psarrou, A. 2019. Evaluation of different chrominance models in the detection and reconstruction of faces and hands using the growing neural gas network. Pattern Analysis and Applications (PAA). Advanced online publication. doi:10.1007/s10044-019-00819-x

TitleEvaluation of different chrominance models in the detection and reconstruction of faces and hands using the growing neural gas network
TypeJournal article
AuthorsAngelopoulou, A., Garcia-Rodriguez, J., Orts-Escolano, S., Kapetanios, E., Liang, X., Woll, B. and Psarrou, A.
Abstract

Physical traits such as the shape of the hand and face can be used for human recognition and identification in video surveillance systems and in biometric authentication smart card systems, as well as in personal health care. However, the accuracy of such systems suffers from illumination changes, unpredictability, and variability in appearance (e.g. occluded faces or hands, cluttered backgrounds, etc.). This work evaluates different statistical and chrominance models in different environments with increasingly cluttered backgrounds where changes in lighting are common and with no occlusions applied, in order to get a reliable neural network reconstruction of faces and hands, without taking into account the structural and temporal kinematics of the hands. First a statistical model is used for skin colour segmentation to roughly locate hands and faces. Then a neural network is used to reconstruct in 3D the hands and faces. For the filtering and the reconstruction we have used the growing neural gas algorithm which can preserve the topology of an object without restarting the learning process. Experiments conducted on our own database but also on four benchmark databases (Stirling’s, Alicante, Essex, and Stegmann’s) and on deaf individuals from normal 2D videos are freely available on the BSL signbank dataset. Results demonstrate the validity of our system to solve problems of face and hand segmentation and reconstruction under different environmental conditions.

KeywordsExpectation maximisation (EM) algorithm
Colour models
Self-organising networks
Shape modelling
JournalPattern Analysis and Applications (PAA)
ISSN1433-7541
Year2019
PublisherSpringer-Verlag
Publisher's versionAngelopoulou2019_Article_EvaluationOfDifferentChrominan.pdf
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1007/s10044-019-00819-x
Web address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10044-019-00819-x
Publication dates
Published online08 Apr 2019
LicenseCC BY 4.0

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Kapetanios, E. and Schall, M. 2007. An algebra and conceptual model for semantic tagging of collaborative digital libraries. Second Workshop on Foundations of Digital Libraries in conjunction with 11th European Conference on Research and Advanced Technologies on Digital Libraries (ECDL 2007). Budapest, Hungary 20 Sep 2007

Robust modelling and tracking of NonRigid objects using Active-GNG
Angelopoulou, A., Psarrou, A., Gupta, G. and Garcia Rodriguez, J. 2007. Robust modelling and tracking of NonRigid objects using Active-GNG. in: IEEE Workshop on Non-rigid Registration and Tracking through Learning, NRTL 2007, in conjunction with ICCV 2007, 14-21 October 2007, Rio de Janeiro Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 1-7

Nonparametric modelling and tracking with Active-GNG
Angelopoulou, A., Psarrou, A., Gupta, G. and Garcia Rodriguez, J. 2007. Nonparametric modelling and tracking with Active-GNG. in: Lew, M., Sebe, N., Huang, T.S. and Bakker, E.M. (ed.) Human-Computer Interaction: IEEE international workshop, HCI 2007, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, October 20, 2007; proceedings Berlin Springer.

Growing neural gas (GNG): a soft competitive learning method for 2D hand modelling
Garcia Rodriguez, J., Angelopoulou, A. and Psarrou, A. 2006. Growing neural gas (GNG): a soft competitive learning method for 2D hand modelling. IEICE Transactions on Information and Systems. E89-D (7), pp. 2124-2131. doi:10.1093/ietisy/e89-d.7.2124

Cross-lingual information retrieval and delivery using community mobile networks
Schriram, R., Sugumaran, V. and Kapetanios, E. 2006. Cross-lingual information retrieval and delivery using community mobile networks. in: 1st International Conference on Digital Information Management Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 320-325

The characterization if inks through image-based analysis
Kokla, V., Psarrou, A. and Konstantinou, V. 2006. The characterization if inks through image-based analysis. in: The object in context: crossing conservation boundaries Munich, Germany International Institute for Conservation of Historic & Artistic Works. pp. 322

Probability analysis in art conservation
Kokla, V., Psarrou, A. and Konstantinou, V. 2006. Probability analysis in art conservation. in: Ranchordas, A., Araujo, H. and Encarnacao, B. (ed.) VISAPP 2006: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications Portugal INSTICC Press. pp. 508-514

Ink recognition based on statistical classification methods
Kokla, V., Psarrou, A. and Konstantinou, V. 2006. Ink recognition based on statistical classification methods. in: Second International Conference on Document Image Analysis for Libraries, 2006. DIAL '06. USA IEEE . pp. 254-264

Multi-lingual Web querying: a parametric linguistics based approach
Kapetanios, E., Sugumaran, V. and Tanase, D. 2006. Multi-lingual Web querying: a parametric linguistics based approach. in: Kop, C., Fliedl, G., Mayr, H.C. and Metais, E. (ed.) Natural Language Processing and Information Systems: 11th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems, NLDB 2006, Klagenfurt, Austria, May 31 - June 2, 2006. Proceedings Berlin, Germany Springer.

Automatically building 2D statistical shapes using the topology preservation model GNG
Garcia Rodriguez, J., Angelopoulou, A., Psarrou, A. and Revett, K. 2006. Automatically building 2D statistical shapes using the topology preservation model GNG. in: Narayanan, P.J., Nayar, S.K. and Shum, H.Y. (ed.) Computer Vision ACCV 2006: 7th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Hyderabad, India, January 13-16, 2006: Proceedings, Part I Springer.

Learning 2D hand shapes using the topology preservation model GNG
Angelopoulou, A., Garcia Rodriguez, J. and Psarrou, A. 2006. Learning 2D hand shapes using the topology preservation model GNG. in: Leonardis, A., Bischof, H. and Pinz, A. (ed.) Proceedings of the 9th IEEE European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV 2006 Hamburg, Germany Springer.

Simplifying syntactic and semantic parsing of NL-based queries in advanced application domains
Kapetanios, E., Baer, D. and Groenewoud, P. 2005. Simplifying syntactic and semantic parsing of NL-based queries in advanced application domains. Data & Knowledge Engineering. 55 (1), pp. 38-58. doi:10.1016/j.datak.2004.11.008

Probablistic image-based characterisation of manuscript inks
Psarrou, A. and Angelopoulou, A. 2005. Probablistic image-based characterisation of manuscript inks. SPIE International Symposium on Optical Metrology. Munich, Germany 13-17 Jun 2005

Probabilistic image-based characterization of manuscript inks
Kokla, V., Psarrou, A. and Konstantinou, V. 2005. Probabilistic image-based characterization of manuscript inks. in: Salimbeni, R. and Pezzati, L. (ed.) Proceedings of SPIE: optical methods for arts and archaeology International Society for Optical Engineering.

Multi-lingual database querying and the atoms of language
Kapetanios, E. and Chountas, P. 2005. Multi-lingual database querying and the atoms of language. in: Montoyo, A., Munoz, R. and Metais, E. (ed.) Natural Language Processing and Information Systems: 10th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems, NLDB 2005, Alicante, Spain, June 15-17, 2005. Proceedings Berlin, Germany Springer.

MDDQL: an ontology driven, multi-lingual query language and system for an integrated view of heterogeneous data sources
Kapetanios, E. and Chountas, P. 2005. MDDQL: an ontology driven, multi-lingual query language and system for an integrated view of heterogeneous data sources. Semantic Technology Conference 2005. California, USA 07-10 Mar 2005

On the relativity of ontological domains and their specifications
Kapetanios, E. 2005. On the relativity of ontological domains and their specifications. in: Khosrow-Pour, M. (ed.) Encyclopedia of information science and technology Hershey, USA Idea Group Reference.

Automatic landmarking of 2D medical shapes using the growing neural gas network
Angelopoulou, A., Psarrou, A., Garcia Rodriguez, J. and Revett, K. 2005. Automatic landmarking of 2D medical shapes using the growing neural gas network. in: Liu, Y., Jiang, T. and Zhang, C. (ed.) Computer Vision for Biomedical Image Applications: First International Workshop, CVBIA 2005, Beijing, China, October 21, 2005, Proceedings Berlin, Germany Springer.

Automatic landmark extraction from a class of hands using growing neural gas
Angelopoulou, A., Garcia Rodriguez, J. and Psarrou, A. 2005. Automatic landmark extraction from a class of hands using growing neural gas. in: Proceedings of the 9th IAPR Conference on Machine Vision Applications, MVA 2005 Tokyo, Japan IAPR MVA Conference Committee. pp. 168-171

Key-frame extraction algorithm using entropy difference
Mentzelopoulos, M. and Psarrou, A. 2004. Key-frame extraction algorithm using entropy difference. in: Proceedings of the 6th ACM SIGMM International Workshop on Multimedia Information Retrieval New York, USA ACM. pp. 39-45

MDDQL-Stat: data querying and analysis through integration of intentional and extensional semantics
Kapetanios, E., Baer, D., Glaus, B. and Groenewoud, P. 2004. MDDQL-Stat: data querying and analysis through integration of intentional and extensional semantics. in: 16th International Conference on Scientific and Statistical Database Management (SSDBM'04) USA IEEE . pp. 353-356

Delivering distance learning material via interactive television in the UK: a dynamic content-based inferface
Angelopoulou, A., Thomas, S., Konstantinou, V. and Psarrou, A. 2004. Delivering distance learning material via interactive television in the UK: a dynamic content-based inferface. 21st ICDE Conference on Open Learning and Distance Education. Hong Kong 18-21 Feb 2004

Evaluating statistical shape models for automatic landmark generation on a class of human hands
Angelopoulou, A. and Psarrou, A. 2004. Evaluating statistical shape models for automatic landmark generation on a class of human hands. International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences. 34 (XXX).

diARTgnosis: study of European religious painting
Angelopoulou, A., Mantratzis, C., Psarrou, A. and Konstantinou, V. 2004. diARTgnosis: study of European religious painting. 2nd International Conference of Museology. Mytilene, Greece 28 Jun - 02 Jul 2004

Assessment of indications in interventional cardiology: appropriateness and necessity of coronary angiography and revascularization
Schilling, J., Gerstl, P., Kapetanios, E., Lee, C.Y. and Bertel, O. 2003. Assessment of indications in interventional cardiology: appropriateness and necessity of coronary angiography and revascularization. American Journal of Medical Quality. 18 (4), pp. 155-163. doi:10.1177/106286060301800405

Simplifying syntactic and semantic parsing of NL-based queries in advanced application domains
Kapetanios, E., Baer, D. and Groenewoud, P. 2003. Simplifying syntactic and semantic parsing of NL-based queries in advanced application domains. in: Dusterhoft, A. and Thalheim, B. (ed.) Natural Language Processing and Information Systems, 8th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems, June 2003, Burg (Spreewald), Germany Springer. pp. 127-140

A dynamic model for delivering distance learning material via interactive television
Angelopoulou, A., Thomas, S., Gallahan, P. and Psarrou, A. 2003. A dynamic model for delivering distance learning material via interactive television. Second International Conference on Multimedia and ICTs in Education. Badajoz, Spain 03-06 Dec 2003

Recognition of human gestures and behaviour based on motion trajectories
Psarrou, A., Gong, S. and Walter, M. 2002. Recognition of human gestures and behaviour based on motion trajectories. Image and Vision Computing. 20 (5-6), pp. 349-358. doi:10.1016/S0262-8856(02)00007-0

Corresponding dynamic appearances
Gong, S., Psarrou, A. and Romdani, S. 2002. Corresponding dynamic appearances. Image and Vision Computing. 20 (4), pp. 307-318. doi:10.1016/S0262-8856(02)00025-2

Image processing: a helpful tool in art conservation
Kokla, V., Psarrou, A. and Konstantinou, V. 2002. Image processing: a helpful tool in art conservation. in: Van Grieken, R., Janssens, K., Dack, L.V.T. and Meersman, G. (ed.) Art 2002 : 7th International Conference on Non-destructive Testing and Microanalysis for the Diagnostics and Conservation of the Cultural and Environmental Heritage 2-6 June 2002 Congress Centre Elzenveld, Antwerp, Begium: proceedings Antwerp University of Antwerp.

Query construction through meaningful suggestions of terms
Kapetanios, E. and Groenewoud, P. 2002. Query construction through meaningful suggestions of terms. in: Andreasen, T. (ed.) FQAS '02: Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Flexible Query Answering Systems Berlin, Germany Springer.

The design and implementation of a meaning driven data query language
Kapetanios, E., Baer, D., Groenewoud, P. and Mueller, P. 2002. The design and implementation of a meaning driven data query language. in: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Scientific and Statistical Database Management, July 24-26, 2002, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. USA IEEE . pp. 20-23

A semantically advanced querying methodology for medical knowledge and decision support
Kapetanios, E. 2002. A semantically advanced querying methodology for medical knowledge and decision support. in: Grutter, R. (ed.) Knowledge media in healthcare: opportunities and challenges Hershey, USA Idea Group Publishing. pp. 96-130

Use of non-destructive methodology in the identification of old inks
Alexopoulou, A., Kokla, V., Psarrou, A. and Konstantinou, V. 2002. Use of non-destructive methodology in the identification of old inks. in: Van Grieken, R., Janssens, K., van't dack, L. and Meersman, G. (ed.) Art 2002: proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Non-Destructive Testing and Microanalysis for Diagnostics and Conservation of Cultural and Environmental Heritage, 2002 Antwerp, Belgium University of Antwerp.

Data driven model acquisition using minimum description length
Walter, M., Psarrou, A. and Gong, S. 2001. Data driven model acquisition using minimum description length. in: Cootes, T. and Taylor, C. (ed.) BMVC: Proceedings of the 12th British Machine Vision Conference BMVA. pp. 673-683

Auto clustering for unsupervised learning of atomic gesture components using minimum description length
Walter, M., Psarrou, A. and Gong, S. 2001. Auto clustering for unsupervised learning of atomic gesture components using minimum description length. in: Proceedings of IEEE ICCV Workshop on Recognition, Analysis, and Tracking of Faces and Gestures in Real-Time Systems, 2001 USA IEEE . pp. 157-162

A meaning driven querying methodology: end user oriented querying
Kapetanios, E. 2001. A meaning driven querying methodology: end user oriented querying. PhD thesis Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich Department of Computer Science

A semantics based interactive query formulation technique
Baer, D., Groenewoud, P., Kapetanios, E. and Keuser, S. 2001. A semantics based interactive query formulation technique. in: Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on User Interfaces to Data Intensive Systems (UIDIS'01) USA IEEE . pp. 43-49

An extensible movie system interface for information-rich television
Angelopoulou, A., Psarrou, A. and Parapadakis, D. 2001. An extensible movie system interface for information-rich television. in: Graham, P., Maheswaran, M. and Eskicioglu, M.R. (ed.) Proceedings of the International Conference on Internet Computing, IC'2001, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, June 25-28, 2001 USA CSREA Press.

Appropriateness and necessity research on the internet: using a "second opinion system"
Schilling, J., Faisst, K., Kapetanios, E., Wyss, P., Norrie, M.C. and Gutzwiller, F. 2000. Appropriateness and necessity research on the internet: using a "second opinion system". Methods of Information in Medicine. 39 (3), pp. 233-237.

MDDQL: a visual query language for metadata driven querying
Kapetanios, E., Norrie, M.C. and Fuhrer-Stakic, D. 2000. MDDQL: a visual query language for metadata driven querying. in: Arisawa, H. and Catarci, T. (ed.) Advances in Visual Information Management: proceedings of the Fifth Working Conference on Visual Database Systems (VDB5), Fukuoka, Japan, May 10-12, 2000 London, UK Kluwer Academic Publishers.

An information states blackboard as an intelligent querying interface for snow and avalanche data
Kapetanios, E., Norrie, M.C. and Frei, A. 1999. An information states blackboard as an intelligent querying interface for snow and avalanche data. in: Paton, N.W. and Griffiths, T. (ed.) User Interfaces to Data Intensive Systems: proceedings USA IEEE . pp. 32-41

Context based querying of scientific data: changing querying paradigms?
Kapetanios, E., Norrie, M.C. and Brabec, B. 1999. Context based querying of scientific data: changing querying paradigms? in: Miller, C. and Musick, R. (ed.) Third IEEE Metadata Conference Proceedings, 06-07 April 1999, Bethesda, MD IEEE .

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