Does excess pregnancy weight gain constitute a major risk for increasing long-term BMI?

Adegboye, A.R., Rössner, S., Neovius, M., Lourenço, P.M. and Linné, Y. 2007. Does excess pregnancy weight gain constitute a major risk for increasing long-term BMI? Obesity. 15 (5), pp. 1278-1286.

TitleDoes excess pregnancy weight gain constitute a major risk for increasing long-term BMI?
AuthorsAdegboye, A.R., Rössner, S., Neovius, M., Lourenço, P.M. and Linné, Y.
Abstract

OBJECTIVE:
The objective was to assess the relevance of the recommendations of the Institute of Medicine (IOM), regarding gestational weight gain (GWG) for long-term BMI development.
RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES:
The Stockholm Pregnancy and Women's Nutrition is a follow-up study of 483 women who delivered children in 1984 to 1985. ANOVA was used to examine the change in body weight before pregnancy, at 6 months, and 1 year postpartum and 15 years after childbirth. Multiple linear regression was used to assess the predictors of BMI at 15-year follow-up.
RESULTS:
The weight increase from baseline to 15-year follow-up was 6.2 kg for IOM-insufficient, 6.7 kg for IOM-recommended, and 10.0 kg for IOM-excessive weight gain (p < 0.01). ANOVA showed a main effect of time, group and group by time interaction. The weight of the women who had excessive GWG was significantly greater at each time-point of follow-up than the weight of those who gained within or below recommendations. GWG was related to BMI at 15-year follow-up even after accounting for several confounders. Women who gained excessive weight during pregnancy had an increase of 0.72 kg/m(2) in long-term BMI compared with women who gained within recommendations.
DISCUSSION:
The findings support the adequateness of IOM guidelines, not only for the pregnancy-related health matters, but also for preventing long-term weight retention after delivery. Healthcare providers should give women appropriate advice for controlling GWG and motivate them to lose pregnancy-related weight during postpartum to prevent future overweight.

KeywordsBMI; weight change; women's health; pregnancy
JournalObesity
Journal citation15 (5), pp. 1278-1286
ISSN1930-739X
Year2007
PublisherWiley
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1038/oby.2007.149
Publication dates
PublishedMay 2007

Related outputs

Changes in plasma concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D during pregnancy: A Brazilian cohort
Cunha Figueiredo, A.C., Cocate, P.G., Adegboye, A.R., Franco-Sena, A.B., Farias, D.R., Trindade de Castro, M.B., Brito, A., Allen, L.H., Mokhtar, R.R., Holick, M.F. and Kac, G. 2018. Changes in plasma concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D during pregnancy: A Brazilian cohort. European Journal of Nutrition. 57 (3), pp. 1059-1072.

Understanding infant and young child feeding and oral health practices and perceptions in Tower Hamlets: moving from knowledge to practice and impact
Keith, R., Draper, A., Adegboye, A.R., Senior, L., Mba, E. and Azagba Nyako, J. 2017. Understanding infant and young child feeding and oral health practices and perceptions in Tower Hamlets: moving from knowledge to practice and impact. University of Westminster.

Omega-3 supplementation from pregnancy to postpartum to prevent depressive symptoms: a randomized placebo controlled trial
Vaz, J.D.S., Farias, D.R., Adegboye, A.R.A, Nardi, A.E. and Kac, G. 2017. Omega-3 supplementation from pregnancy to postpartum to prevent depressive symptoms: a randomized placebo controlled trial. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 17 (1), p. 180.

Intake of dairy foods and oral health: review of epidemiological data
Adegboye, A.R., Rodrigues Tomaz, M., Jeavons, C.A. and Heitmann, B.L. 2017. Intake of dairy foods and oral health: review of epidemiological data. Tandlægebladet (Danish Dental Journal). 120 (12), pp. 884-891.

Association between Early Pregnancy Vitamin D Status and Changes in Serum Lipid Profiles throughout Pregnancy
Lepsch, J., Eshriqui, I., Rodrigues Farias, D., Vaz, J.S., Cunha Figueiredo, A.C., Adegboye, A.R., Brito, A., Mokhtar, R., Allen, L.H., Holick, M.F. and Kac, G. 2017. Association between Early Pregnancy Vitamin D Status and Changes in Serum Lipid Profiles throughout Pregnancy. Metabolism. 70, pp. 85-97.

Risk Factors for Maternal Vitamin D Deficiency within the United Arab Emirates
Hussein, I., Taha, Z., Tewfik, I., Badawi, S., Siddieg, H., Adegboye, A.R. and McGrady, K. 2016. Risk Factors for Maternal Vitamin D Deficiency within the United Arab Emirates. Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health. 3 (5), p. 1000276.

Calcium, vitamin D, casein and whey protein intakes and periodontitis among Danish adults
Adegboye, A.R., Boucher, B.J., Kongstad, J., Fiehn, N.E., Christensen, L.B. and Heitmann, B.L. 2016. Calcium, vitamin D, casein and whey protein intakes and periodontitis among Danish adults. Public Health Nutrition. 19 (3), pp. 503-10.

Interventions for improving pregnancy outcome in antenatally diagnosed or suspected morbidly adherent placenta (Protocol)
Adegboye, A.R., Sengupta, R., Gimovsky, A., Wei, S., Bamigboye, A.A., Berghella, V. and Fraser, W.D. 2015. Interventions for improving pregnancy outcome in antenatally diagnosed or suspected morbidly adherent placenta (Protocol). The Cochrane Library.

The effect of alcohol consumption on periodontitis in older Danes
Adegboye, A.R., Hach, M., Holm-Pedersen, P. and Avlund, K. 2015. The effect of alcohol consumption on periodontitis in older Danes. International Journal of Dental Hygiene. 13 (4), p. 261–267.

Associations between initial change in physical activity level and subsequent change in regional body fat distributions
Adegboye, A.R., Ezekwe, K.A., Gamborg, M. and Heitmann, B.L. 2013. Associations between initial change in physical activity level and subsequent change in regional body fat distributions. Obesity Facts. 6 (6), pp. 552-560.

Intakes of calcium, vitamin D, and dairy servings and dental plaque in older Danish adults
Adegboye, A.R., Christensen, L.B., Holm-Pedersen, P., Boucher, B.J., Heitmann, B.L. and Avlund, K. 2013. Intakes of calcium, vitamin D, and dairy servings and dental plaque in older Danish adults. Nutrition Journal. 12 (61).

C-reactive protein and later preeclampsia: systematic review and meta-analysis taking into account the weight status
Adegboye, A.R., Rebelo, F., Schlüssel, M.M., Vaz, J.S., Franco-Sena, A.B., Pinto, T.J., Bastos, F.I. and Kac, G. 2013. C-reactive protein and later preeclampsia: systematic review and meta-analysis taking into account the weight status. Journal of Hypertension. 31 (1), pp. 16-26.

Diet or exercise, or both, for weight reduction in women after childbirth
Adegboye, A.R., Lourenço, P.M. and Linné, Y. 2013. Diet or exercise, or both, for weight reduction in women after childbirth. Cochrane Database Syst Rev..

Diet or exercise, or both, for weight reduction in women carrying excess weight after childbirth
Adegboye, A.R. and Linné, Y. 2012. Diet or exercise, or both, for weight reduction in women carrying excess weight after childbirth. The Cochrane Library.

Short-term pre-pregnancy health education may improve maternal nutrition behavior, but not nutrition self-efficacy
Adegboye, A.R. 2012. Short-term pre-pregnancy health education may improve maternal nutrition behavior, but not nutrition self-efficacy. Zahedan University of Medical Sciences.

Intake of dairy products in relation to periodontitis in older Danish adults
Adegboye, A.R., Heitmann, B.L., Christensen, L.B., Holm-Pedersen, P. and Boucher, B.J. 2012. Intake of dairy products in relation to periodontitis in older Danish adults. Nutrients. 4 (9), p. 1219–1229.

Influence of parental overweight on the association of birth weight and fat distribution later in childhood
Adegboye, A.R., Andersen, L.B., Wedderkopp, N. and Heitmann, B.L. 2012. Influence of parental overweight on the association of birth weight and fat distribution later in childhood. Obesity Facts. 5 (5), pp. 784-794.

Intake of dairy calcium and tooth loss among adult Danish men and women
Adegboye, A.R., Twetman, S., Christensen, L.B. and Heitmann, B.L. 2012. Intake of dairy calcium and tooth loss among adult Danish men and women. Nutrition: The International Journal of Applied and Basic Nutritional Sciences. 28 (7-8), pp. 779-784.

Systematic review of clinical trials on dietary interventions to prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy among normal weight, overweight and obese women
Adegboye, A.R., Tanentsapf, I. and Heitmann, B.L. 2011. Systematic review of clinical trials on dietary interventions to prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy among normal weight, overweight and obese women. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 11 (1).

Recommended aerobic fitness level for metabolic health in children and adolescents: a study of diagnostic accuracy
Adegboye, A.R., Anderssen, S.A., Froberg, K., Sardinha, L.B., Heitmann, B.L., Steene-Johannessen, J., Kolle, E. and Andersen, L.B. 2011. Recommended aerobic fitness level for metabolic health in children and adolescents: a study of diagnostic accuracy. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 45 (9), pp. 722-728.

Low calcium intake is related to increased risk of tooth loss in men
Adegboye, A.R., Fiehn, N.E., Twetman, S., Christensen, L.B. and Heitmann, B.L. 2010. Low calcium intake is related to increased risk of tooth loss in men. Journal of Nutrition. 140 (10), pp. 1864-1868.

Linking definition of childhood and adolescent obesity to current health outcomes
Adegboye, A.R., Andersen, L.B., Froberg, K., Sardinha, L.B. and Heitmann, B.L. 2010. Linking definition of childhood and adolescent obesity to current health outcomes. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity. 5 (2), pp. 130-142.

Relationships between prenatal smoking cessation, gestational weight gain and maternal lifestyle characteristics
Adegboye, A.R., Rössner, S., Neovius, M., Lourenço, P.M. and Linné, Y. 2010. Relationships between prenatal smoking cessation, gestational weight gain and maternal lifestyle characteristics. Women and Birth. 23 (1), pp. 29-35.

Can maternal leptin level at early gestation be used as a predictor of postpartum weight retention?
Adegboye, A.R. 2008. Can maternal leptin level at early gestation be used as a predictor of postpartum weight retention? The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).

Accuracy and correlates of maternal recall of birthweight and gestational age
Adegboye, A.R. and Heitmann, B.L. 2008. Accuracy and correlates of maternal recall of birthweight and gestational age. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 115 (7), pp. 886-893.

Assessment of weight changes during and after pregnancy: practical approaches
Adegboye, A.R., Linné, Y., Lourenço, P.M. and Kac, G. 2008. Assessment of weight changes during and after pregnancy: practical approaches. Maternal & Child Nutrition. 4 (1), pp. 1-13.

Losing weight after pregnancy: diet plus exercise better than diet alone
Adegboye, A.R. 2007. Losing weight after pregnancy: diet plus exercise better than diet alone. The Cochrane Library.

Does weight gain during pregnancy predict future weight?
Adegboye, A.R. 2007. Does weight gain during pregnancy predict future weight? Frost & Sullivan.

The use and interpretation of anthropometric indicators of nutritonal status during preganancy
Adegboye, A.R., Kac, G. and Lacerda, E. 2007. The use and interpretation of anthropometric indicators of nutritonal status during preganancy. in: Kac, G., Sichieri, R. and Gigante, D.P. (ed.) Epidemiologia nutricional (Portuguese Edition of 'Nutritional Epidemiology') Ministry of Health, Brazil SciELO Editora FIOCRUZ.

Gestational weight gain differentials in the presence of intimate partner violence
Adegboye, A.R., Moraes, C.L. and Reichenheim, M.E. 2006. Gestational weight gain differentials in the presence of intimate partner violence. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 95 (3), p. 254–260.

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/9q708/does-excess-pregnancy-weight-gain-constitute-a-major-risk-for-increasing-long-term-bmi


Share this
Tweet
Email