Risk Factors for Maternal Vitamin D Deficiency within the United Arab Emirates

Hussein, I., Taha, Z., Tewfik, I., Badawi, S., Siddieg, H., Adegboye, A.R. and McGrady, K. 2016. Risk Factors for Maternal Vitamin D Deficiency within the United Arab Emirates. Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health. 3 (5), p. 1000276.

TitleRisk Factors for Maternal Vitamin D Deficiency within the United Arab Emirates
AuthorsHussein, I., Taha, Z., Tewfik, I., Badawi, S., Siddieg, H., Adegboye, A.R. and McGrady, K.
Abstract

Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy is a public health problem and it has been associated with
negative pregnancy outcomes for both mothers and infants.
Aim: To estimate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and to identify the contribution of risk factors to the 25(OH)D levels.
Methods: It is a cross-sectional study in which vitamin D levels of 1088 adult pregnant women were assessed. Information on vitamin D intake was available in a sub-sample of 266 women.
Results: The mean serum 25(OH)D was 26.2 nmol/L (95% CI 25.2-27.1 range 5-129.1 nmol/L) with 69% of women being vitamin D deficient (<30 nmol/L). In the bivariate analysis, showed that no predictors could have been indicated as no values exceeded significance (p<0.2). Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis could not be applied to identify predictors of vitamin D levels as no values exceeded p=0.2.
Conclusion: Due to the high prevalence of vitamin deficiency in UAE, there is an urge for interventions focusing on supplementation, fortification and diet diversity for preventing health consequences during a critical period of development.

KeywordsVitamin D; Pregnancy; United Arab Emirates; Cross- sectional study
JournalJournal of Pregnancy and Child Health
Journal citation3 (5), p. 1000276
ISSN2376-127X
Year2016
PublisherOMICS Publishing Group
Publisher's versionrisk-factors-for-maternal-vitamin-d-deficiency-within-the-united-arab-emirates-2376-127X-1000276.pdf
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.4172/2376-127X.1000276
Web address (URL)http://www.omicsgroup.org/journals/risk-factors-for-maternal-vitamin-d-deficiency-within-the-united-arab-emirates-2376-127X-1000276.pdf
Publication dates
Published30 Sep 2016
LicenseCC BY 2.0

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