Broadcasting policy in Italy's 'second republic' 1994-2006

D'Arma, A. 2007. Broadcasting policy in Italy's 'second republic' 1994-2006. PhD thesis University of Westminster Faculty of Media, Arts and Design

TitleBroadcasting policy in Italy's 'second republic' 1994-2006
TypePhD thesis
AuthorsD'Arma, A.
Abstract

Based on extensive documentary research, this thesis provides an analysis of television policy in Italy’s Second Republic from 1994 to 2006, focusing on four distinct policy issues: the reform of broadcasting regulatory structures resulting in the establishment of a single communications authority (AGCom); the reform of ownership rules for terrestrial television; government approaches to public service broadcasting; and government policy on digital television.Drawing on the literature on comparative European broadcasting policy from social and political science, this thesis examines the ways in which a number of analytically distinct factors – technological change in the shape of digitalisation, the ascendancy of neo-liberalism in Western Europe, EU-level policies, and domestic politics – have interacted with each other and have contributed to shaping broadcasting policy in Italy in these years. The thesis assesses the record in office of the centre-left and centre-right governments and explains the key reasons for policy failure or success.‘Domestic Politics’, it is argued, remains a key factor that accounts for outcomes in broadcasting policy in Italy’s Second Republic. The analysis in particular shows that the governance of both RAI, the public broadcaster, and AGCom, the communications regulator, has been strongly party politicised in these years. The analysis also reveals the instrumentalisation by the centre-right governments led by Silvio Berlusconi (2001-2006) of industrial and socio-cultural policy goals associated with the transition to digital television to further sectional political and economic interests. Finally, ‘politics’ – referring in this case to Italy’s complex institutional structure of the highly fragmented party-system and executive-legislature relationships – is also a key factor to take into account in order to explain the key failures of the centre-left governments in the area of television policy between 1996 and 2001: both the failure to curb Mediaset’s dominant position in the television market through the enforcement of sector-specific media ownership regulation, and the failure to reform public service broadcasting.

KeywordsTelevision policy; Italy; Public Service Broadcasting; Digital Television, European Union Media Policy, media ownership, Berlusconi
Year2007

Related outputs

How Do Public Service Broadcasters Make a Case for Themselves? An Analysis of BBC’s ‘Charter Manifestos’
D'Arma, A. 2018. How Do Public Service Broadcasters Make a Case for Themselves? An Analysis of BBC’s ‘Charter Manifestos’. Journal of Information Policy. 8, pp. 199-226.

The Hollowing Out of Public Service Media: A Constructivist Institutionalist Analysis of the Commercialisation of BBC’s In-house Production
D'Arma, A. 2018. The Hollowing Out of Public Service Media: A Constructivist Institutionalist Analysis of the Commercialisation of BBC’s In-house Production. Media, Culture and Society. 40 (3), pp. 432-448.

Italia: Políticas sobres Concentratión y Medios Públicos
D'Arma, A. 2017. Italia: Políticas sobres Concentratión y Medios Públicos. in: Fernández Alonso, I. (ed.) Austeridad y Clientelismo: Política Audiovisual en España en el Contexto Mediterráneo y de la Crisis Financiera Barcelona Gedisa Editorial. pp. 19-38

Making a difference? Public service broadcasting, distinctiveness and children’s provision in Italy and Spain
D'Arma, A. and Labio, A. 2017. Making a difference? Public service broadcasting, distinctiveness and children’s provision in Italy and Spain. International Journal of Digital Television. 8 (2), pp. 183-199.

Media and Politics in Contemporary Italy: From Berlusconi to Grillo
D'Arma, A. 2015. Media and Politics in Contemporary Italy: From Berlusconi to Grillo. Lanham/Boulder Lexington Books.

Challenges and confusion in media and communication regulation: a four country comparison
D'Arma, A., Nieminen, H., Padovani, C. and Sousa, H. 2015. Challenges and confusion in media and communication regulation: a four country comparison. in: Trappel, J., Steemers, J. and Thomass, B. (ed.) European media in crisis: values, risks and policies London Routledge. pp. 163-181

Public service media in Europe at times of crisis: some reflections
D'Arma, A. 2014. Public service media in Europe at times of crisis: some reflections. Public Value Report 2013/2014. pp. 64-66.

United Kingdom
D'Arma, A. 2013. United Kingdom. in: Sousa, H., Trutzschler, W., Fidalgo, J. and Lameiras, M. (ed.) Media regulators in europe: a cross-country comparative analysis International Association for Media and Communication Research. pp. 180-191

Children’s television: markets and regulation
D'Arma, A. and Steemers, J. 2013. Children’s television: markets and regulation. in: Donders, K., Pauwels, C. and Loisen, J. (ed.) Private television in Western Europe: content, markets, policies Palgrave Macmillan.

Evaluating and regulating the role of public broadcasters in the children’s media ecology: the case of home-grown television content
Steemers, J. and D'Arma, A. 2012. Evaluating and regulating the role of public broadcasters in the children’s media ecology: the case of home-grown television content. International Journal of Media and Cultural Politics. 8 (1), pp. 67-86.

Localisation strategies of US-owned children's television networks in five European markets
D'Arma, A. and Steemers, J. 2012. Localisation strategies of US-owned children's television networks in five European markets. Journal of Children and Media. 6 (2), pp. 147-163.

Global media, business and politics: a comparative analysis of News Corporation’s strategy in Italy and the UK
D'Arma, A. 2011. Global media, business and politics: a comparative analysis of News Corporation’s strategy in Italy and the UK. International Communication Gazette. 73 (8), pp. 670-684.

Content aggregation in the age of online video: an analysis of the impact of internet distribution on the television business
D'Arma, A. 2011. Content aggregation in the age of online video: an analysis of the impact of internet distribution on the television business. Journal of Media Business Studies. 8 (3), pp. 1-18.

Italian television in the multichannel age: assessing change and continuity in industry structure, programming and consumption
D'Arma, A. 2010. Italian television in the multichannel age: assessing change and continuity in industry structure, programming and consumption. Convergence: the international journal of research into new media technologies. 16 (2), pp. 201-215.

Public service media and children: serving the digital citizens of the future
D'Arma, A. and Steemers, J. 2010. Public service media and children: serving the digital citizens of the future. in: Iosifides, P. (ed.) Reinventing public service communication: European broadcasters and beyond Palgrave Macmillan.

Serving children in public service media
D'Arma, A., Enli, G. and Steemers, J. 2010. Serving children in public service media. in: Lowe, G.F. (ed.) The public in public service media Nordicom. pp. 227-242

Shaping tomorrow's television: digital television policies in Italy 1996-2006
D'Arma, A. 2010. Shaping tomorrow's television: digital television policies in Italy 1996-2006. in: Ardizzoni, M. and Ferrari, C. (ed.) Beyond monopoly: contemporary Italian media and globalization Lanham Lexington Books.

Policy interventions, funding and the crisis in advertising
D'Arma, A. and Steemers, J. 2010. Policy interventions, funding and the crisis in advertising. in: Steemers, J. (ed.) Creating preschool television: a story of commerce, creativity and curriculum Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 171-190

Broadcasting policy in Italy’s 'Second Republic': national politics and European influences
D'Arma, A. 2009. Broadcasting policy in Italy’s 'Second Republic': national politics and European influences. Media, Culture & Society. 31 (5), pp. 769-786.

Review of Ofcom policy investigation: "The future of children's television programming"
D'Arma, A. and Steemers, J. 2009. Review of Ofcom policy investigation: "The future of children's television programming". Cultural Trends. 18 (1), pp. 77-82.

Children's television: the soft underbelly of public service broadcasting
D'Arma, A. and Steemers, J. 2008. Children's television: the soft underbelly of public service broadcasting. RIPE@2008 Conference: Public Service Media in the 21st Century: Participation, Partnership and Media Development. Mainz, Germany 08 - 11 Oct 2008

Le TV locali e la questione dell’accesso al tempo del digitale terrestre
D'Arma, A. 2007. Le TV locali e la questione dell’accesso al tempo del digitale terrestre. in: Barca, F. (ed.) Le televisioni invisibili: storia ed economia del settore televisivo locale in Italia Rome, Italy RAI Eri. pp. 121-138

Digital switchover in Italy: an analysis of government policy 1996-2006
D'Arma, A. 2007. Digital switchover in Italy: an analysis of government policy 1996-2006. 57th ICA Annual Conference ‘Creating Communication: Content, Control, Critique'. Hilton Hotel, San Francisco, CA 24 - 28 May 2007

Editorial
D'Arma, A. 2007. Editorial. Westminster Papers in Communication and Culture. 4 (3), pp. 1-3.

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/9977w/broadcasting-policy-in-italy-s-second-republic-1994-2006


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