State-dependent TMS reveals representation of affective body movements in the anterior intraparietal cortex

Mazzoni, N., Jacobs, C., Venuti, P., Silvanto, J. and Cattaneo, L. 2017. State-dependent TMS reveals representation of affective body movements in the anterior intraparietal cortex . Journal of Neuroscience. 37 (30), pp. 7231-7239.

TitleState-dependent TMS reveals representation of affective body movements in the anterior intraparietal cortex
AuthorsMazzoni, N., Jacobs, C., Venuti, P., Silvanto, J. and Cattaneo, L.
Abstract

In humans, recognition of others’ actions involves a cortical network that comprises, among other cortical regions, the posterior superior temporal sulcus (pSTS), where biological motion is coded and the anterior intraparietal suclus (aIPS), where movement information is elaborated in terms of meaningful goal directed actions. This action observation system (AOS) is thought to encode neutral voluntary actions, and possibly some aspects of affective motor repertoire, but the role of the AOS’ areas in processing affective kinematic information has never been examined. Here we investigated whether the action observation system plays a role in representing dynamic emotional bodily expressions. In the first experiment, we assessed behavioural adaptation effects of observed affective movements. Participants watched series of happy or fearful whole-body point-light displays (PLDs) as adapters and were then asked to perform an explicit categorization of the emotion expressed in test PLDs. Participants were slower when categorizing any of the two emotions as long as it was congruent with the emotion in the adapter sequence. We interpreted this effect as adaptation to the emotional content of PLDs. In the second experiment, we combined this paradigm with TMS applied over either the right aIPS, pSTS and the right half of the occipital pole (corresponding to Brodmann’s area 17 and serving as control) to examine the neural locus of the adaptation effect. TMS over the aIPS (but not over the other sites) reversed the behavioural cost of adaptation, specifically for fearful contents. This demonstrates that aIPS contains an explicit representation of affective body movements.

JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Journal citation37 (30), pp. 7231-7239
ISSN0270-6474
Year2017
PublisherSociety for Neuroscience
Accepted author manuscriptMazzoni et al_R1_final.pdf
Publisher's version7231.full-1.pdf
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0913-17.2017
Publication dates
Published22 Jun 2017
Published in print26 Jul 2017
LicenseCC BY 4.0

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