Mental rotation performance in aphantasia [Vision Sciences Society Annual Meeting Abstract]

Pounder, Z., Jacob, J., Jacobs, C., Loveday, C., Towell, T. and Silvanto, J. 2018. Mental rotation performance in aphantasia [Vision Sciences Society Annual Meeting Abstract]. Journal of Vision. 18, p. 1123.

TitleMental rotation performance in aphantasia [Vision Sciences Society Annual Meeting Abstract]
AuthorsPounder, Z., Jacob, J., Jacobs, C., Loveday, C., Towell, T. and Silvanto, J.
Abstract

Our ability to form visual images within our mind is known as visual mental imagery and enables us to draw on internal representations in the absence of external stimuli. Aphantasia, a recent condition to gain attention within the field of visual neuroscience, describes the experience of individuals who lack voluntary visual mental imagery. The majority of research in this area has stemmed from subjective reports of visual imagery, through questionnaires such as the Vividness of Visual Imagery Questionnaire (VVIQ). More recently, a few studies have investigated impairments in cognitive function; however, these studies are limited in terms of the low sample size of aphantasic individuals used within the studies. As yet, no study has explored mental rotation (MR) performance in congenital aphantasics. Using the classic Shepard and Metzler MR paradigm, here we examine MR performance in 20 individuals with congenital aphantasia, as well as measuring self-reported visual object and spatial imagery through questionnaires (VVIQ, Spontaneous Use of Imagery Scale and Object-Spatial Imagery Questionnaire). We find that aphantasic participants self-report higher scores for visual spatial imagery compared to object imagery scores, which were below average of the object imagery scores reported by controls. Furthermore, in the MR test, aphantasic individuals took longer to rotate the stimuli compared to controls, and this time increased in line with the increased level of difficulty of rotation. Despite aphantasics taking longer to mentally rotate stimuli compared to controls, aphantasic participants were more accurate then control participants across all levels of difficulty. Our results indicate that aphantasics use a different strategy when performing the MR task, leading to slower reaction times but higher accuracy.

JournalJournal of Vision
Journal citation18, p. 1123
ISSN1534-7362
Year2018
PublisherAssociation for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO)
Publisher's version
License
CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
File Access Level
Open (open metadata and files)
Publication dates
PublishedSep 2018

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Minati, L., Rosazza, C., D'Incerti, L., Valentini, L., Scaioli, V., Loveday, C. and Bruzzone, M.G. 2009. Functional MRI/Event-related potential study of sensory consonance and dissonance in musicians and nonmusicians. NeuroReport. 20 (1), pp. 87-92. https://doi.org/10.1097/WNR.0b013e32831af235

Cognitive and psychological sequelae of hydrocephalus and spina bifida: correlating subjective data and objective neuropsychological data to establish insight and inform clinical intervention and guidelines
Edginton, T.L., Iddon, J.L., Loveday, C., Pickard, J. and Morgan, R. 2009. Cognitive and psychological sequelae of hydrocephalus and spina bifida: correlating subjective data and objective neuropsychological data to establish insight and inform clinical intervention and guidelines. Cerebrospinal Fluid Research. 6 (1), p. S7 S7 . https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-8454-6-S2-S7

FMRI effective connectivity and TMS chronometry: complementary accounts of causality in the visuospatial judgment network
de Graaf, T.A., Jacobs, C., Roebroeck, A. and Sack, A.T. 2009. FMRI effective connectivity and TMS chronometry: complementary accounts of causality in the visuospatial judgment network. PLoS ONE. 4 (12) e8307. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0008307

FMRI/ERP of musical syntax: comparison of melodies and unstructured note sequences
Minati, L., Rosazza, C., D'Incerti, L., Valentini, L., Scaioli, V., Loveday, C. and Bruzzone, M.G. 2008. FMRI/ERP of musical syntax: comparison of melodies and unstructured note sequences. NeuroReport. 19 (14), pp. 1381-1385. https://doi.org/10.1097/WNR.0b013e32830c694b

Dynamic premotor-to-parietal interactions during spatial imagery
Sack, A.T., Jacobs, C., De Martino, F., Staeren, N., Goebel, R. and Formisano, E. 2008. Dynamic premotor-to-parietal interactions during spatial imagery. The Journal of Neuroscience. 28 (34), pp. 8417-8429. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2656-08.2008

State dependency in brain stimulation studies of perception and cognition
Silvanto, J., Muggleton, N. and Walsh, V. 2008. State dependency in brain stimulation studies of perception and cognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 12 (12), pp. 447-454. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2008.09.004

Inducing conscious perception of colour in blindsight
Silvanto, J., Cowey, A. and Walsh, V. 2008. Inducing conscious perception of colour in blindsight. Current Biology. 18 (20), pp. R950-R951. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2008.08.016

Using cognitive profiling to aid diagnosis and monitor or predict recovery in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus
Loveday, C., Iddon, J.L., Sahakian, B.J., Best, M. and Pickard, J.D. 2007. Using cognitive profiling to aid diagnosis and monitor or predict recovery in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Cerebrospinal Fluid Research: from 50th Annual Meeting of the Society for Research into Hydrocephalus and Spina Bifida. 3 (Supple), p. S30. https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-8454-3-S1-S30

Cognitive and psychological sequelae of hydrocephalus and spina bifida: turning interesting theoretical research into useful clinical intervention and guidelines
Iddon, J.L., Loveday, C., Pickard, J. and Morgan, D.J.R. 2006. Cognitive and psychological sequelae of hydrocephalus and spina bifida: turning interesting theoretical research into useful clinical intervention and guidelines. Cerebrospinal Fluid Research. 3 (Supplement 1), p. S32 S32. https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-8454-3-S1-S32

Music and memory in advertising: music as a device of implicit learning and recall
Alexomanolaki, M., Loveday, C. and Kennett, C. 2006. Music and memory in advertising: music as a device of implicit learning and recall. in: Baroni, M., Addessi, A.R., Caterina, R. and Costa, M. (ed.) 9th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition, August 22-26 2006: Proceedings Bologna, Italy ICMPC-ESCOM. pp. 1190-1198

The neuropsychology of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)
Devito, E.E., Pickard, J.D., Salmond, C.H., Iddon, J.L., Loveday, C. and Sahakian, B.J. 2005. The neuropsychology of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). British Journal of Neurosurgery. 19 (3), pp. 217-224. https://doi.org/10.1080/02688690500201838

Striate cortex (V1) activity gates awareness of motion
Silvanto, J., Cowey, A., Lavie, N. and Walsh, V. 2005. Striate cortex (V1) activity gates awareness of motion. Nature Neuroscience. 8 (2), pp. 143-144. https://doi.org/10.1038/nn1379

Matching learning styles and distance education: can this make a difference in today's problems of distance education
Margeti, M. and Loveday, C. 2004. Matching learning styles and distance education: can this make a difference in today's problems of distance education. in: Proceedings of the 21st ICDE Conference on Open Learning and Distance Education: Lifelong Learning in the Networked World, 18-21 Feb 2004, Hong Kong ICDE.

Neuropsychological profile of patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus and Alzheimer's disease
Iddon, J.L., Loveday, C., Gelling, L., Morgan, D.J.R. and Pickard, J.D. 2004. Neuropsychological profile of patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus and Alzheimer's disease. Cerebrospinal Fluid Research: from 48th Annual Meeting of the Society for Research into Hydrocephalus and Spina Bifida. 1 (Supple), p. S17. https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-8454-1-S1-S17

Neuropsychological profile of young adults with spina bifida with or without hydrocephalus
Iddon, J.L., Morgan, D.J.R., Loveday, C., Sahakian, B.J. and Pickard, J.D. 2004. Neuropsychological profile of young adults with spina bifida with or without hydrocephalus. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. 75 (8), pp. 1112-1118. https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.2003.029058

Memory and learning in young adults with hydrocephalus and spina bifida: specific cognitive profiles
Iddon, J.L., Morgan, D.J.R., Ahmed, R., Loveday, C., Sahakian, B.J. and Pickard, J.D. 2003. Memory and learning in young adults with hydrocephalus and spina bifida: specific cognitive profiles. European Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 13 (Supplement 1), pp. S32-S35.

Factors that affect the implicit processing of motion
Senior, C., Barnes, J., Loveday, C., Baldwin, M. and David, A. 1998. Factors that affect the implicit processing of motion. Perception. S27, p. 165c.

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