Diurnal patterns of salivary cortisol and DHEA in adolescent anorexia nervosa

Oskis, A., Clow, A., Thorn, L., Loveday, C. and Hucklebridge, F. 2012. Diurnal patterns of salivary cortisol and DHEA in adolescent anorexia nervosa. Stress. 15 (6), pp. 601-607. doi:10.3109/10253890.2012.661493

TitleDiurnal patterns of salivary cortisol and DHEA in adolescent anorexia nervosa
AuthorsOskis, A., Clow, A., Thorn, L., Loveday, C. and Hucklebridge, F.
Abstract

Although there is well-documented evidence for hyperactivity of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function in anorexia nervosa (AN), there has been little research into secretory patterns of salivary cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in this condition. The cortisol awakening response (CAR), a prominent and discrete feature of the cortisol cycle, has not been extensively explored in adolescent AN. Saliva samples were collected at awakening, 30 min and 12 h post-awakening on two consecutive weekdays from eight female adolescents with clinically diagnosed AN and 41 healthy control (HC) age-matched females. Adolescent AN patients had greater salivary cortisol and DHEA concentrations than HC girls at all points. Increased hormone secretion was unrelated to body mass index. However, despite hypersecretion of both hormones, the circadian pattern including the CAR paralleled that of the HC group. Findings from this preliminary study confirm dysregulation of HPA axis function in adolescent AN as evidenced by hypersecretion of both cortisol and DHEA, which share the common secretagogue adrenocorticotropic hormone. However, the parallel diurnal profiles for AN and HC participants, including the CAR, may indicate hypersecretion per se rather than differential regulation of the diurnal pattern of these two adrenal steroids in AN.

JournalStress
Journal citation15 (6), pp. 601-607
ISSN1025-3890
Year2012
PublisherInforma Healthcare
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.3109/10253890.2012.661493
Publication dates
Published2012

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Diurnal patterns of salivary cortisol across the adolescent period in healthy females
Oskis, A., Loveday, C., Hucklebridge, F., Thorn, L. and Clow, A. 2009. Diurnal patterns of salivary cortisol across the adolescent period in healthy females. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 34 (3), pp. 307-316. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2008.09.009

Functional MRI/Event-related potential study of sensory consonance and dissonance in musicians and nonmusicians
Minati, L., Rosazza, C., D'Incerti, L., Valentini, L., Scaioli, V., Loveday, C. and Bruzzone, M.G. 2009. Functional MRI/Event-related potential study of sensory consonance and dissonance in musicians and nonmusicians. NeuroReport. 20 (1), pp. 87-92. doi:10.1097/WNR.0b013e32831af235

Evaluation of community level interventions to address social and structural determinants of health: a cluster randomised controlled trial
Wall, M., Hayes, R., Moore, D.G., Pettigrew, M., Clow, A., Schmidt, E., Draper, A., Lock, K., Lynch, R. and Renton, A. 2009. Evaluation of community level interventions to address social and structural determinants of health: a cluster randomised controlled trial. BMC Public Health. 9 (207), p. 1. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-207

The effects of REV5901 on chondrocyte viability following mechanical trauma
Parker, E., Getting, S.J., Hucklebridge, F., Vleck, V.E. and Kerrigan, M.J.P. 2009. The effects of REV5901 on chondrocyte viability following mechanical trauma. pA2 Online. From the Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre London, Winter 2009 Meeting: Proceedings of the British Pharmacological Society. 7 (4), p. P0149. doi:http://www.pa2online.org/abstracts/Vol7Issue4abst127P.pdf

Patterns of cortisol and DHEA secretion and relationships with attachment style and psychosocial variables in female adolescents: a developmental psychopathology approach
Oskis, A. 2009. Patterns of cortisol and DHEA secretion and relationships with attachment style and psychosocial variables in female adolescents: a developmental psychopathology approach. PhD thesis University of Westminster School of Social Sciences, Humanities and Languages

FMRI/ERP of musical syntax: comparison of melodies and unstructured note sequences
Minati, L., Rosazza, C., D'Incerti, L., Valentini, L., Scaioli, V., Loveday, C. and Bruzzone, M.G. 2008. FMRI/ERP of musical syntax: comparison of melodies and unstructured note sequences. NeuroReport. 19 (14), pp. 1381-1385. doi:10.1097/WNR.0b013e32830c694b

Associations between positive emotion and recovery of functional status following stroke
Ostir, G.V., Berges, I.M., Ottenbacher, M.E., Clow, A. and Ottenbacher, K.J. 2008. Associations between positive emotion and recovery of functional status following stroke. Psychosomatic Medicine. 70 (4), pp. 404-409. doi:10.1097/PSY.0b013e31816fd7d0

Cortisol secretory activity in older people in relation to positive and negative well-being
Evans, P., Forte, D., Jacobs, C., Fredhoi, C., Aitchison, E., Hucklebridge, F. and Clow, A. 2007. Cortisol secretory activity in older people in relation to positive and negative well-being. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 32 (8-10), pp. 922-930. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2007.06.017

Using cognitive profiling to aid diagnosis and monitor or predict recovery in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus
Loveday, C., Iddon, J.L., Sahakian, B.J., Best, M. and Pickard, J.D. 2007. Using cognitive profiling to aid diagnosis and monitor or predict recovery in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Cerebrospinal Fluid Research: from 50th Annual Meeting of the Society for Research into Hydrocephalus and Spina Bifida. 3 (Supple), p. S30. doi:10.1186/1743-8454-3-S1-S30

Suspected non-adherence and weekend versus week day differences in the awakening cortisol response
Thorn, L., Hucklebridge, F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2006. Suspected non-adherence and weekend versus week day differences in the awakening cortisol response. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 31 (8), pp. 1009-1018. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2006.05.012

Reduction in cortisol after smoking cessation among users of nicotine patches
Ussher, M., West, R., Evans, P., Steptoe, A., McEwen, A., Clow, A. and Hucklebridge, F. 2006. Reduction in cortisol after smoking cessation among users of nicotine patches. Psychosomatic Medicine. 68 (2), pp. 299-306. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2004.04.007

Post-awakening cortisol secretion during basic military training
Clow, A., Edwards, S., Owen, G., Evans, G., Evans, P., Hucklebridge, F. and Casey, A. 2006. Post-awakening cortisol secretion during basic military training. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 60 (1), pp. 88-94. doi:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2005.05.007

Stressful life events are associated with low secretion rates of immunoglobulin A in saliva in the middle aged and elderly
Phillips, A.C., Carroll, D., Evans, P., Bosch, J.A., Clow, A., Hucklebridge, F. and Der, G. 2006. Stressful life events are associated with low secretion rates of immunoglobulin A in saliva in the middle aged and elderly. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 20 (2), pp. 191-197. doi:10.1016/j.bbi.2005.06.006

Normalisation of salivary cortisol levels and self-report stress by a brief lunchtime visit to an art gallery by London City workers
Clow, A. and Fredhoi, C. 2006. Normalisation of salivary cortisol levels and self-report stress by a brief lunchtime visit to an art gallery by London City workers. Journal of Holistic Healthcare. 3 (2), pp. 29-32.

Salivary cortisol, stress and arousal following five weeks training in kinesthetic meditation to undergraduate students
Bullen, V., Fredhoi, C., Bloom, W., Povey, J., Hucklebridge, F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2006. Salivary cortisol, stress and arousal following five weeks training in kinesthetic meditation to undergraduate students. Journal of Holistic Healthcare. 3 (3), pp. 34-38.

Music and memory in advertising: music as a device of implicit learning and recall
Alexomanolaki, M., Loveday, C. and Kennett, C. 2006. Music and memory in advertising: music as a device of implicit learning and recall. in: Baroni, M., Addessi, A.R., Caterina, R. and Costa, M. (ed.) 9th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition, August 22-26 2006: Proceedings Bologna, Italy ICMPC-ESCOM. pp. 1190-1198

The neuropsychology of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)
Devito, E.E., Pickard, J.D., Salmond, C.H., Iddon, J.L., Loveday, C. and Sahakian, B.J. 2005. The neuropsychology of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). British Journal of Neurosurgery. 19 (3), pp. 217-224. doi:10.1080/02688690500201838

The diurnal patterns of the adrenal steroids cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in relation to awakening
Hucklebridge, F., Hussain, T., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2005. The diurnal patterns of the adrenal steroids cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in relation to awakening. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 30 (1), pp. 51-57. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2004.04.007

Acute reduction in secretory immunoglobulin A following smoking cessation
Ussher, M., West, R., Evans, P., Steptoe, A., McEwen, A., Clow, A. and Hucklebridge, F. 2004. Acute reduction in secretory immunoglobulin A following smoking cessation. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 29 (10), pp. 1335-1340. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2004.04.004

Cortisol response and subjective sleep disturbance after low frequency noise exposure
Perrson Waye, K., Agge, A., Clow, A. and Hucklebridge, F. 2004. Cortisol response and subjective sleep disturbance after low frequency noise exposure. Journal of Sound and Vibration. 277 (3), pp. 453-457. doi:10.1016/j.jsv.2004.03.004

The effect of dawn simulation on the cortisol response to awakening in healthy participants
Thorn, L., Hucklebridge, F., Esgate, A., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2004. The effect of dawn simulation on the cortisol response to awakening in healthy participants. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 29 (7), pp. 925-930. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2003.08.005

The awakening cortisol response: methodological issues and significance
Clow, A., Thorn, L., Evans, P. and Hucklebridge, F. 2004. The awakening cortisol response: methodological issues and significance. Stress. 7 (1), pp. 29-37. doi:10.1080/10253890410001667205

Decreased pain tolerance and mood in recreational users of MDMA
O'Regan, M.C. and Clow, A. 2004. Decreased pain tolerance and mood in recreational users of MDMA. Psychopharmacology. 173 (3-4), pp. 446-451. doi:10.1007/s00213-003-1748-8

Matching learning styles and distance education: can this make a difference in today's problems of distance education
Margeti, M. and Loveday, C. 2004. Matching learning styles and distance education: can this make a difference in today's problems of distance education. in: Proceedings of the 21st ICDE Conference on Open Learning and Distance Education: Lifelong Learning in the Networked World, 18-21 Feb 2004, Hong Kong ICDE.

Neuropsychological profile of patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus and Alzheimer's disease
Iddon, J.L., Loveday, C., Gelling, L., Morgan, D.J.R. and Pickard, J.D. 2004. Neuropsychological profile of patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus and Alzheimer's disease. Cerebrospinal Fluid Research: from 48th Annual Meeting of the Society for Research into Hydrocephalus and Spina Bifida. 1 (Supple), p. S17. doi:10.1186/1743-8454-1-S1-S17

The impact of psychological stress on immune function in the athletic population
Clow, A. and Hucklebridge, F. 2004. The impact of psychological stress on immune function in the athletic population. Exercise Immunology Review. 7, pp. 5-17.

Cortisol as a biomarker of stress
Clow, A. 2004. Cortisol as a biomarker of stress. Journal of Holistic Healthcare. 1, pp. 10-14.

Neuropsychological profile of young adults with spina bifida with or without hydrocephalus
Iddon, J.L., Morgan, D.J.R., Loveday, C., Sahakian, B.J. and Pickard, J.D. 2004. Neuropsychological profile of young adults with spina bifida with or without hydrocephalus. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. 75 (8), pp. 1112-1118. doi:10.1136/jnnp.2003.029058

Components of the diurnal cortisol cycle in relation to upper respiratory symptoms and perceived stress
Edwards, S., Hucklebridge, F., Clow, A. and Evans, P. 2003. Components of the diurnal cortisol cycle in relation to upper respiratory symptoms and perceived stress. Psychosomatic Medicine. 65 (2), pp. 320-327. doi:10.1097/01.PSY.0000033123.70631.8E

Effects of nighttime low frequency noise on the cortisol response to awakening and subjective sleep quality
Persson Waye, K., Clow, A., Edwards, S., Hucklebridge, F. and Rylander, R. 2003. Effects of nighttime low frequency noise on the cortisol response to awakening and subjective sleep quality. Life Sciences. 72 (8), pp. 863-875. doi:10.1016/S0024-3205(02)02336-6

Memory and learning in young adults with hydrocephalus and spina bifida: specific cognitive profiles
Iddon, J.L., Morgan, D.J.R., Ahmed, R., Loveday, C., Sahakian, B.J. and Pickard, J.D. 2003. Memory and learning in young adults with hydrocephalus and spina bifida: specific cognitive profiles. European Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 13 (Supplement 1), pp. S32-S35.

Stress and the immune system
Hucklebridge, F. 2003. Stress and the immune system. PriMHE: Journal of Primary Care Mental Health and Education. 7 (2), pp. 46-48.

An investigation into asymmetrical cortical regulation of salivary S-IgA in conscious man using transcranial magnetic stimulation
Clow, A., Lambert, S., Evans, P., Hucklebridge, F. and Higuchi, K. 2003. An investigation into asymmetrical cortical regulation of salivary S-IgA in conscious man using transcranial magnetic stimulation. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 47 (1), pp. 57-64. doi:10.1016/S0167-8760(02)00093-4

Effects of short- and long-term (-)-deprenyl administration on mRNA for copper, zinc- and manganese-superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase in rat brain
Kunikowska, G., Gallagher, I., Glover, V., Clow, A. and Jenner, P. 2002. Effects of short- and long-term (-)-deprenyl administration on mRNA for copper, zinc- and manganese-superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase in rat brain. Brain Research. 953 (1-2), pp. 1-11. doi:10.1016/S0006-8993(02)03187-6

The awakening cortisol response: no evidence for an influence of body posture
Hucklebridge, F., Mellins, J., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2002. The awakening cortisol response: no evidence for an influence of body posture. Life Sciences. 71 (6), pp. 639-646. doi:10.1016/S0024-3205(02)01726-5

Behavioral conditioning of the immune system
Hucklebridge, F. 2002. Behavioral conditioning of the immune system. International Review of Neurobiology. 52, pp. 325-351.

Neuroimmune relationships in perspective
Clow, A. and Hucklebridge, F. 2002. Neuroimmune relationships in perspective. International Review of Neurobiology. 52 (1), pp. 1-15.

Ultrasound measures of bone and the diurnal free cortisol cycle: a positive association with the awakening cortisol response in healthy premenopausal women
Brooke-Wavell, K., Clow, A., Ghazi-Noori, S., Evans, P. and Hucklebridge, F. 2002. Ultrasound measures of bone and the diurnal free cortisol cycle: a positive association with the awakening cortisol response in healthy premenopausal women. Calcified Tissue International. 70 (6), pp. 463-468. doi:10.1007/s00223-001-2085-8

Low frequency noise enhances cortisol among noise sensitive subjects during work performance
Persson Waye, K., Bengtsson, J., Rylander, R., Hucklebridge, F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2002. Low frequency noise enhances cortisol among noise sensitive subjects during work performance. Life Sciences. 70 (7), pp. 745-758. doi:10.1016/S0024-3205(01)01450-3

Association between time of awakening and diurnal cortisol secretory activity
Edwards, S., Evans, P., Hucklebridge, F. and Clow, A. 2001. Association between time of awakening and diurnal cortisol secretory activity. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 26 (6), pp. 613-622. doi:10.1016/S0306-4530(01)00015-4

Exploration of the awakening cortisol response in relation to diurnal cortisol secretory activity
Edwards, S., Clow, A., Evans, P. and Hucklebridge, F. 2001. Exploration of the awakening cortisol response in relation to diurnal cortisol secretory activity. Life Sciences. 68 (18), pp. 2093-2103. doi:10.1016/S0024-3205(01)00996-1

A pilot study into the therapeutic effects of music therapy at a cancer help center
Burns, S., Harbuz, M., Hucklebridge, F. and Bunt, L. 2001. A pilot study into the therapeutic effects of music therapy at a cancer help center. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine. 7 (1), pp. 48-56.

CuZn-superoxide dismutase transgenic mice: no effect on longevity, locomotor activity and 3H-mazindol and 3H-spiperone binding over 19 months
Gallagher, I., Jenner, P., Glover, V. and Clow, A. 2000. CuZn-superoxide dismutase transgenic mice: no effect on longevity, locomotor activity and 3H-mazindol and 3H-spiperone binding over 19 months. Neuroscience Letters. 289 (3), pp. 221-223. doi:10.1016/S0304-3940(00)01279-9

Modulation of secretory immunoglobulin A in saliva; response to manipulation of mood
Hucklebridge, F., Lambert, S., Clow, A., Warburton, D.M., Evans, P. and Sherwood, N. 2000. Modulation of secretory immunoglobulin A in saliva; response to manipulation of mood. Biological Psychology. 53 (1), pp. 25-35. doi:10.1016/S0301-0511(00)00040-5

The cortisol response to normal and nocturnal awakening
Hucklebridge, F., Clow, A., Rahman, H. and Evans, P. 2000. The cortisol response to normal and nocturnal awakening. Journal of Psychophysiology. 14 (1), pp. 24-28. doi:10.1027//0269-8803.14.1.24

Mind, immunity and health: the science of psychoneuroimmunology
Evans, P., Hucklebridge, F. and Clow, A. 2000. Mind, immunity and health: the science of psychoneuroimmunology. London Free Association.

Endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitory activity and HPA activation in the pig
Clow, A., Vellucci, S.V., Parrott, R.F., Hucklebridge, F., Sen, S. and Evans, P. 1999. Endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitory activity and HPA activation in the pig. Life Sciences. 66 (1), pp. 35-41. doi:10.1016/S0024-3205(99)00559-7

Long term effects of pergolide and (-)-deprenyl on 3H-mazindol and 3H-spiperone binding in rat brain
Gallagher, I., Clow, A., Jenner, P. and Glover, V. 1999. Long term effects of pergolide and (-)-deprenyl on 3H-mazindol and 3H-spiperone binding in rat brain. Neurobiology of Aging. 20 (6), pp. 709-713. doi:10.1016/S0197-4580(99)00026-3

The awakening cortisol response and blood glucose levels
Hucklebridge, F., Clow, A., Abeyguneratne, T., Huezo-Diaz, P. and Evans, P. 1999. The awakening cortisol response and blood glucose levels. Life Sciences. 64 (11), pp. 931-937. doi:10.1016/S0024-3205(99)00019-3

Effect of long-term administration of pergolide and (-) -deprenyl on age related decline in Hole Board activity and antioxidant activity in rats
Gallagher, I., Clow, A., Jenner, P. and Glover, V. 1999. Effect of long-term administration of pergolide and (-) -deprenyl on age related decline in Hole Board activity and antioxidant activity in rats. Biogenic Amines. 15, pp. 379-393.

The relationship between salivary secretory immunoglobulin A and cortisol: neuroendocrine response to awakening and the diurnal cycle
Hucklebridge, F., Clow, A. and Evans, P. 1998. The relationship between salivary secretory immunoglobulin A and cortisol: neuroendocrine response to awakening and the diurnal cycle. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 31 (1), pp. 69-76. doi:10.1016/S0167-8760(98)00042-7

Mind-body influences on immunity: lateralised control, stress, individual differences, and prophylaxis
Gruzelier, J., Clow, A., Evans, P., Lazar, I. and Walker, L. 1998. Mind-body influences on immunity: lateralised control, stress, individual differences, and prophylaxis. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 851, pp. 487-494. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1998.tb09027.x

The relationship between circadian patterns of salivary cortisol and endogenous inhibitor of monoamine oxidase A
Hucklebridge, F., Sen, S., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 1998. The relationship between circadian patterns of salivary cortisol and endogenous inhibitor of monoamine oxidase A. Life Sciences. 62 (25), pp. 2321-2328. doi:10.1016/S0024-3205(98)00213-6

Secretory immunoglobulin A and cardiovascular responses to mental arithmetic and cold pressor
Willemsen, G., Ring, C., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 1998. Secretory immunoglobulin A and cardiovascular responses to mental arithmetic and cold pressor. Psychophysiology. 35 (3), pp. 252-259. doi:10.1111/1469-8986.3530252

Regional and molecular separation of the four bioactivities of ‘tribulin’
Hucklebridge, F., Doyle, A., Pang, F.Y., Adlard, M., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 1998. Regional and molecular separation of the four bioactivities of ‘tribulin’. Neuroscience Letters. 240 (1), pp. 29-32. doi:10.1016/S0304-3940(97)00916-6

The role and regulation of monoamines in stress
Clow, A., Hucklebridge, F. and Evans, P. 1998. The role and regulation of monoamines in stress. in: Levi, A., Grauer, E., Ben-Nathan, D. and de Kloet, E.R. (ed.) New frontiers in stress research: modulation of brain function Amsterdam Harwood Academic. pp. 21-31

The cortisol response to psychological challenge is preceded by a rise in endogenous inhibitor of monoamine oxidase.
Clow, A., Patel, S., Najafi, M., Evans, P. and Hucklebridge, F. 1997. The cortisol response to psychological challenge is preceded by a rise in endogenous inhibitor of monoamine oxidase. Life Sciences. 61 (5), pp. 567-575. doi:10.1016/S0024-3205(97)00416-5

Raised blood albumin levels are associated with trait anxiety
Stones, A., Groome, D.H., Clow, A. and Hucklebridge, F. 1997. Raised blood albumin levels are associated with trait anxiety. Depression & Anxiety. 4 (3), pp. 151-152. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1520-6394(1996)4:3<151::AID-DA10>3.0.CO;2-V

Long term administration of (-)-deprenyl increases mortality in male wistar rats
Gallagher, I., Clow, A. and Glover, V. 1997. Long term administration of (-)-deprenyl increases mortality in male wistar rats. Journal of Neural Transmission (supplement). 52, pp. 321-326.

Endogenous monoamine oxidase A inhibitory activity (tribulin), measured in saliva, is related to cardiovascular reactivity in normal individuals
Clow, A., Doyle, A., Hucklebridge, F., Carroll, D., Ring, C., Shrimpton, J., Willemsen, G. and Evans, P. 1997. Endogenous monoamine oxidase A inhibitory activity (tribulin), measured in saliva, is related to cardiovascular reactivity in normal individuals. Journal of Neural Transmission (supplement). 52, pp. 77-83.

Modulation of secretory immunoglobulin A in saliva in relation to an acute episode of stress and arousal
Bristow, M., Hucklebridge, F., Clow, A. and Evans, P. 1997. Modulation of secretory immunoglobulin A in saliva in relation to an acute episode of stress and arousal. Journal of Psychophysiology. 11 (3), pp. 248-255.

Positive but not negative life events predict vulnerability to upper respiratory illness
Evans, P., Doyle, A., Hucklebridge, F. and Clow, A. 1996. Positive but not negative life events predict vulnerability to upper respiratory illness. British Journal of Health Psychology. 1 (4), pp. 339-348. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8287.1996.tb00514.x

Salivary monoamine oxidase A and B inhibitory activities correlate with stress
Doyle, A., Hucklebridge, F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 1996. Salivary monoamine oxidase A and B inhibitory activities correlate with stress. Life Sciences. 59 (16), pp. 1357-1362. doi:10.1016/0024-3205(96)00461-4

Isatin: a link between natriuretic peptides and monoamines?
Medvedev, A.E., Clow, A., Sandler, M. and Glover, V. 1996. Isatin: a link between natriuretic peptides and monoamines? Biochemical Pharmacology. 52 (3), pp. 385-391. doi:10.1016/0006-2952(96)00206-7

Urinary output of endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitory activity is related to everyday stress
Doyle, A., Hucklebridge, F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 1996. Urinary output of endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitory activity is related to everyday stress. Life Sciences. 58 (20), pp. 1723-1730. doi:10.1016/0024-3205(96)00153-1

Tribulin and stress in normal individuals
Doyle, A., Pang, F.Y., Hucklebridge, F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 1996. Tribulin and stress in normal individuals. in: McCarty, R., Aguilera, G., Sabban, E. and Kvetnansky, R. (ed.) Stress: molecular genetic and neurobiological advances Amsterdam Harwood Academic.

The relationship between isatin and monoamine oxidase-B inhibitory activity in urine
Pang, F.Y., Hucklebridge, F., Forster, G., Tan, K. and Clow, A. 1996. The relationship between isatin and monoamine oxidase-B inhibitory activity in urine. Stress Medicine. 12 (1), pp. 35-42. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1700(199601)12:1<35::AID-SMI676>3.0.CO;2-2

Urinary cortisol and endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor(s), but not isatin, are raised in anticipation of stress and/or arousal in normal individuals
Doyle, A., Pang, F.Y., Bristow, M., Hucklebridge, F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 1996. Urinary cortisol and endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor(s), but not isatin, are raised in anticipation of stress and/or arousal in normal individuals. Stress Medicine. 12 (1), pp. 43-49. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1700(199601)12:1<43::AID-SMI677>3.0.CO;2-4

Effects of pergolide, (-)-deprenyl and thioridazine on soluble SOD, catalase and glutathione peroxidase in rat striata
Pattichis, K., Louca, L.L., Clow, A. and Glover, V. 1995. Effects of pergolide, (-)-deprenyl and thioridazine on soluble SOD, catalase and glutathione peroxidase in rat striata. Medical Science Research. 23, pp. 733-735.

Secretory immunoglobulin A as convenient biomarker in health survey work
Evans, P., Hucklebridge, F., Clow, A. and Doyle, A. 1995. Secretory immunoglobulin A as convenient biomarker in health survey work. in: Rodriguez-Martin, J. (ed.) Health psychology and quality of life research: Proceedings of the 8th Annual Conference of the European Health Psychology Society Alicante University of Alicante.

Stress, arousal, Cortisol and secretory immunoglobulin A in students undergoing assessment
Evans, P., Bristow, M., Hucklebridge, F., Clow, A. and Pang, F.Y. 1994. Stress, arousal, Cortisol and secretory immunoglobulin A in students undergoing assessment. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 33 (4), pp. 575-576. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8260.1994.tb01154.x

Dysphoria and immune status in postpartum women
Hucklebridge, F., Smith, M.D., Clow, A., Evans, P., Glover, V., Taylor, A., Adams, D. and Lydyard, P.M. 1994. Dysphoria and immune status in postpartum women. Biological Psychology. 37 (3), pp. 199-206. doi:10.1016/0301-0511(94)90002-7

The effect of pergolide and MDL 72974 on rat brain CuZn superoxide dismutase
Clow, A., Freestone, C., Lewis, E., Dexter, D., Sandler, M. and Glover, V. 1993. The effect of pergolide and MDL 72974 on rat brain CuZn superoxide dismutase. Neuroscience Letters. 164 (1-2), pp. 41-43. doi:10.1016/0304-3940(93)90852-C

The relationship between secretory immunity, mood and life-events
Evans, P., Bristow, M., Hucklebridge, F., Clow, A. and Walters, N. 1993. The relationship between secretory immunity, mood and life-events. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 32 (2), pp. 227-236. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8260.1993.tb01050.x

Effects of dopaminergic drugs on superoxide dismutase: implications for senescence
Glover, V., Clow, A. and Sandler, M. 1993. Effects of dopaminergic drugs on superoxide dismutase: implications for senescence. Journal of Neural Transmission (supplement). 40, pp. 37-45.

Changes in plasma cortisol and catecholamine concentrations in response to massage in preterm infants
Acolet, D., Modi, N., Giannakoulopoulos, X., Bond, C., Weg, W., Clow, A. and Glover, V. 1993. Changes in plasma cortisol and catecholamine concentrations in response to massage in preterm infants. Archives of Disease in Childhood. 68 (1), pp. 29-31. doi:10.1136/adc.68.1_Spec_No.29

Inhibitory potency of some isatin analogues on human monoamine oxidase A and B
Medvedev, A.E., Goodwin, B.L., Clow, A., Halket, J., Glover, V. and Sandler, M. 1992. Inhibitory potency of some isatin analogues on human monoamine oxidase A and B. Biochemical Pharmacology. 44 (3), pp. 590-592. doi:10.1016/0006-2952(92)90454-Q

Pergolide can induce soluble Superoxide dismutase in rat striata
Clow, A., Hussain, T., Glover, V., Sandler, M., Walker, M. and Dexter, D. 1992. Pergolide can induce soluble Superoxide dismutase in rat striata. Journal of Neural Transmission. 90 (1), pp. 27-31. doi:10.1007/BF01250515

Effect of aromatic amino acids, pentylenetetrazole and yohimbine on isatin and tribulin activity in rat brain
Bhattacharya, S.K., Clow, A., Przyborowska, A., Halket, J., Glover, V. and Sandler, M. 1991. Effect of aromatic amino acids, pentylenetetrazole and yohimbine on isatin and tribulin activity in rat brain. Neuroscience Letters. 132 (1), pp. 44-46. doi:10.1016/0304-3940(91)90429-W

(−)-Deprenyl can induce soluble superoxide dismutase in rat striata
Clow, A., Hussain, T., Glover, V., Sandler, M., Dexter, D. and Walker, M. 1991. (−)-Deprenyl can induce soluble superoxide dismutase in rat striata. Journal of Neural Transmission. 86 (1), pp. 77-80. doi:10.1007/BF01250378

Isatin (indole-2,3-dione) in urine and tissues: detection and determination by gas chromatography—mass spectrometry
Halket, J., Watkins, P.J., Przyborowska, A., Goodwin, B.L., Clow, A., Glover, V. and Sandler, M. 1991. Isatin (indole-2,3-dione) in urine and tissues: detection and determination by gas chromatography—mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications. 562 (1-2), pp. 279-287. doi:10.1016/0378-4347(91)80585-Z

Aggression and dominance in female invertebrates
Hucklebridge, F. 1991. Aggression and dominance in female invertebrates. in: Haug, H., Benton, D., Brain, P.F., Olivier, B. and Moss, J. (ed.) The aggressive female Duphar. pp. 23-40

Isatin, regional distribution in rat brain and tissues
Watkins, P.J., Clow, A., Halket, J., Przyborowska, A. and Sandler, M. 1990. Isatin, regional distribution in rat brain and tissues. Neurochemistry International. 17 (2), pp. 321-323. doi:10.1016/0197-0186(90)90154-L

Stress reduces in vivo inhibition of monoamine oxidase by phenelzine in rat brain
Clow, A., Glover, V., Oxenkrug, G.F. and Sandler, M. 1989. Stress reduces in vivo inhibition of monoamine oxidase by phenelzine in rat brain. Neuroscience Letters. 107 (1-3), pp. 331-334. doi:10.1016/0304-3940(89)90841-0

Isatin and tribulin concentrations are increased in rabbit brain but not liver following pentylenetetrazole administration
Clow, A., Davidson, J., Glover, V., Halket, J., Milton, A.S., Sandler, M. and Watkins, P.J. 1989. Isatin and tribulin concentrations are increased in rabbit brain but not liver following pentylenetetrazole administration. Neuroscience Letters. 107 (1-3), pp. 327-330. doi:10.1016/0304-3940(89)90840-9

Tribulin: an endocoid marker for anxiety in man
Sandler, M., Clow, A., Watkins, P.J. and Glover, V. 1988. Tribulin: an endocoid marker for anxiety in man. Stress Medicine. 4 (4), pp. 215-219. doi:10.1002/smi.2460040406

Isatin: identity with the purified endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor tribulin
Glover, V., Halket, J., Watkins, P.J., Clow, A., Goodwin, B.L. and Sandler, M. 1988. Isatin: identity with the purified endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor tribulin. Journal of Neurochemistry. 51 (2), pp. 656-659. doi:10.1111/j.1471-4159.1988.tb01089.x

Tribulin in post-traumatic stress disorder
Davidson, J., Glover, V., Clow, A., Kudler, H., Meador, K. and Sandler, M. 1988. Tribulin in post-traumatic stress disorder. Psychological Medicine. 18 (4), pp. 833-836. doi:10.1017/S0033291700009764

Urinary catecholamine metabolite and tribulin output during lactate infusion
Clow, A., Glover, V., Weg, M.W., Walker, P.L., Sheehan, D.V., Carr, D.B. and Sandler, M. 1988. Urinary catecholamine metabolite and tribulin output during lactate infusion. British Journal of Psychiatry. 152, pp. 122-126. doi:10.1192/bjp.152.1.122

Increased urinary tribulin output in generalised anxiety disorder
Clow, A., Glover, V., Sandler, M. and Tiller, J. 1988. Increased urinary tribulin output in generalised anxiety disorder. Psychopharmacology. 95 (3), pp. 378-380. doi:10.1007/BF00181951

Tribulin output in neurological disorders
Clow, A., Glover, V., Sandler, M., Elwes, R. and Reynolds, E.H. 1987. Tribulin output in neurological disorders. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 24 (3), pp. 403-404.

Purification and characterization of tribulin, an endogenous inhibitor of monoamine oxidase and of benzodiazepine receptor binding
Elsworth, J.D., Dewar, D., Glover, V., Goodwin, B.L., Clow, A. and Sandler, M. 1986. Purification and characterization of tribulin, an endogenous inhibitor of monoamine oxidase and of benzodiazepine receptor binding. Journal of Neural Transmission. 67 (1-2), pp. 45-56. doi:10.1007/BF01243358

Triazolam, an anomalous benzodiazepine receptor ligand: in vitro characterization of alprazolam and triazolam binding
Clow, A., Glover, V. and Sandler, M. 1985. Triazolam, an anomalous benzodiazepine receptor ligand: in vitro characterization of alprazolam and triazolam binding. Journal of Neurochemistry. 45 (2), pp. 621-625. doi:10.1111/j.1471-4159.1985.tb04031.x

Effects of discontinuous drug administration on the development of dopamine receptor supersensitivity during chronic trifluoperazine or cis-flupenthixol administration to rats
Murugaiah, K., Theodorou, A., Clow, A., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1985. Effects of discontinuous drug administration on the development of dopamine receptor supersensitivity during chronic trifluoperazine or cis-flupenthixol administration to rats. Psychopharmacology. 86 (1-2), pp. 228-232. doi:10.1007/BF00431715

New endogenous benzodiazepine receptor ligand in human urine: identity with endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor?
Clow, A., Glover, V., Armando, I. and Sandler, M. 1983. New endogenous benzodiazepine receptor ligand in human urine: identity with endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor? Life Sciences. 33 (8), pp. 735-741. doi:10.1016/0024-3205(83)90778-6

Ethanol preference in rats: increased consumption after intraventricular administration of tetrahydropapaveroline
Clow, A., Stolerman, I.P., Murray, R.M. and Sandler, M. 1983. Ethanol preference in rats: increased consumption after intraventricular administration of tetrahydropapaveroline. Neuropharmacology. 22 (4), pp. 563-565. doi:10.1016/0028-3908(83)90181-8

Raised endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor output in postwithdrawal alcoholics: effects of L-dopa and ethanol.
Bhattacharya, S.K., Glover, V., Sandler, M., Clow, A., Topham, A., Bernadt, M. and Murray, R.M. 1982. Raised endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor output in postwithdrawal alcoholics: effects of L-dopa and ethanol. Biological Psychiatry. 17 (7).

Chronic continuous administration of neuroleptic drugs alters cerebral dopamine receptors and increases spontaneous dopaminergic action in the striatum
Murugaiah, K., Theodorou, A., Mann, S., Clow, A., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1982. Chronic continuous administration of neuroleptic drugs alters cerebral dopamine receptors and increases spontaneous dopaminergic action in the striatum. Nature. 296, pp. 570-572. doi:10.1038/296570a0

Chronic neuroleptic treatment specifically alters the number of dopamine receptors in rat brain
Theodorou, A., Gommeren, W., Clow, A., Leysen, J., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1981. Chronic neuroleptic treatment specifically alters the number of dopamine receptors in rat brain. Life Sciences. 28 (14), pp. 1621-1627. doi:10.1016/0024-3205(81)90317-9

Neuroleptic-induced acute dystonic reactions may be due to enhanced dopamine release on to supersensitive postsynaptic receptors
Kolbe, H., Clow, A., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1981. Neuroleptic-induced acute dystonic reactions may be due to enhanced dopamine release on to supersensitive postsynaptic receptors. Neurology. 31 (4(2)), pp. 434-439.

During one year's neuroleptic treatment in rats, striatal dopamine receptor blockade decreases but serum prolactin levels remain elevated
Dyer, R.G., Murugaiah, K., Theodorou, A., Clow, A., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1981. During one year's neuroleptic treatment in rats, striatal dopamine receptor blockade decreases but serum prolactin levels remain elevated. Life Sciences. 28 (2), pp. 167-174. doi:10.1016/0024-3205(81)90549-X

Stereoselective actions of substituted benzamide drugs on cerebral dopamine mechanisms
Jenner, P., Clow, A., Reavill, C., Theodorou, A. and Marsden, C.D. 1980. Stereoselective actions of substituted benzamide drugs on cerebral dopamine mechanisms. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 32 (1), pp. 39-44. doi:10.1111/j.2042-7158.1980.tb12842.x

A comparison of striatal and mesolimbic dopamine function in the rat during 6-month trifluoperazine administration
Clow, A., Jenner, P., Theodorou, A. and Marsden, C.D. 1980. A comparison of striatal and mesolimbic dopamine function in the rat during 6-month trifluoperazine administration. Psychopharmacology. 69 (3), pp. 227-233. doi:10.1007/BF00433087

Changes in rat striatal dopamine turnover and receptor activity during one years neuroleptic administration
Clow, A., Theodorou, A., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1980. Changes in rat striatal dopamine turnover and receptor activity during one years neuroleptic administration. European Journal of Pharmacology. 63 (2-3), pp. 135-144. doi:10.1016/0014-2999(80)90437-9

Cerebral dopamine function in rats following withdrawal from one year of continuous neuroleptic administration
Clow, A., Theodorou, A., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1980. Cerebral dopamine function in rats following withdrawal from one year of continuous neuroleptic administration. European Journal of Pharmacology. 63 (2-3), pp. 145-157. doi:10.1016/0014-2999(80)90438-0

Antagonism by propanol of central dopamine receptor stimulation is not related to β-adrenergic blockade
Luscombe, G., Clow, A., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1979. Antagonism by propanol of central dopamine receptor stimulation is not related to β-adrenergic blockade. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 31 (1), pp. 355-356. doi:10.1111/j.2042-7158.1979.tb13522.x

Changes in dopamine-mediated behaviour during one year's neuroleptic administration
Clow, A., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1979. Changes in dopamine-mediated behaviour during one year's neuroleptic administration. European Journal of Pharmacology. 57 (4), pp. 365-375. doi:10.1016/0014-2999(79)90499-0

Neuroleptic drugs and the dopamine hypothesis
Clow, A., Jenner, P., Theodorou, A. and Marsden, C.D. 1979. Neuroleptic drugs and the dopamine hypothesis. Lancet. 313 (8122), p. 934. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(79)91424-7

Striatal dopamine receptors become supersensitive while rats are given trifluoperazine for six months
Clow, A., Jenner, P., Theodorou, A. and Marsden, C.D. 1979. Striatal dopamine receptors become supersensitive while rats are given trifluoperazine for six months. Nature. 278, pp. 59-61. doi:10.1038/278059a0

The animal family
Catchpole, C.K., Hucklebridge, F. and Stoddart, D.M. 1979. The animal family. London Hamlyn.

A comparison of in vitro and in vivo dopamine receptor antagonism produced by substituted benzamide drugs
Jenner, P., Elliott, P.N.C., Clow, A., Reavill, C. and Marsden, C.D. 1978. A comparison of in vitro and in vivo dopamine receptor antagonism produced by substituted benzamide drugs. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 30 (1), pp. 46-48. doi:10.1111/j.2042-7158.1978.tb13151.x

A behavioural and biochemical comparison of dopamine receptor blockade produced by haloperidol with that produced by substituted benzamide drugs
Jenner, P., Clow, A., Reavill, C., Theodorou, A. and Marsden, C.D. 1978. A behavioural and biochemical comparison of dopamine receptor blockade produced by haloperidol with that produced by substituted benzamide drugs. Life Sciences. 23 (6), pp. 557-561. doi:10.1016/0024-3205(78)90032-2

An experimental model of tardive dyskinesias
Clow, A., Jenner, P., Theodorou, A. and Marsden, C.D. 1978. An experimental model of tardive dyskinesias. Life Sciences. 23 (5), pp. 421-423. doi:10.1016/0024-3205(78)90146-7

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