Positivity bias in past and future episodic thinking: Relationship with anxiety, depression, and retrieval- induced forgetting

Marsh, L., Edginton, T.L., Conway, M.A. and Loveday, C. 2018. Positivity bias in past and future episodic thinking: Relationship with anxiety, depression, and retrieval- induced forgetting. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.

TitlePositivity bias in past and future episodic thinking: Relationship with anxiety, depression, and retrieval- induced forgetting
TypeJournal article
AuthorsMarsh, L., Edginton, T.L., Conway, M.A. and Loveday, C.
Abstract

Positivity biases in autobiographical memory and episodic future thinking are considered important in mental wellbeing and are reduced in anxiety and depression. The inhibitory processes underlying retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) have been proposed to contribute to these biases. This investigation found reduced positivity in past and future thinking to be associated with reduced memory specificity alongside greater levels of anxiety, depression, and rumination. Most notably, however, RIF was found to significantly predict memory valence. This indicates that RIF may be important in maintaining such biases, facilitating the forgetting of negative memories when a positive item is actively retrieved.

KeywordsAnxiety; autobiographical memory; depression; episodic memory; future episodic thinking; positivity bias; retrieval- induced forgetting
JournalQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
ISSN1747-0218
Year2018
PublisherSage
Accepted author manuscriptLM RIF & positivity bias in past and future episodic thinking.pdf
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1177/1747021818758620
Web address (URL)https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1747021818758620
Publication dates
Published online20 Mar 2018

Related outputs

Silent cerebral infarction and cognitive function following TAVI: an observational two-centre UK comparison of the first-generation CoreValve and second-generation Lotus valve
Al Musa, T., Uddin, A., Loveday, C., Dobson, L.E., Igra, M., Richards, F., Swoboda, P.P., Singh, A., Garg, P., Foley, J.R.J., Fent, G.J., Goddard, A.J.P., Malkin, C., Plein, S., Blackman, D.J., McCann, G.P. and Greenwood, J.P. 2019. Silent cerebral infarction and cognitive function following TAVI: an observational two-centre UK comparison of the first-generation CoreValve and second-generation Lotus valve. BMJ Open. 9 (e022329).

Informant personality is associated with ratings of memory problems in older adults
Buchanan, T. and Loveday, C. 2018. Informant personality is associated with ratings of memory problems in older adults. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias. 33 (7), pp. 478-489.

Switching Memory Perspective
Akhtar, S., Justice, L.V., Loveday, C. and Conway, M.A. 2017. Switching Memory Perspective. Consciousness and Cognition. 56, pp. 50-57.

The Secret World of The Brain
Loveday, C. 2016. The Secret World of The Brain. Andre Deutsch (Carlton Publishing Group).

The Remembering-Imagining System
Conway, M.A, Loveday, C. and Cole, S.N 2016. The Remembering-Imagining System. Memory Studies. 9 (3), pp. 256-265.

New Ways of Being a Man: “Positive” Hegemonic Masculinity in Meditation-based Communities of Practice
Lomas, Tim, Cartwright, T., Edginton, T.L. and Ridge, Damien T. 2016. New Ways of Being a Man: “Positive” Hegemonic Masculinity in Meditation-based Communities of Practice. Men and Masculinities. 19 (3), pp. 289-310.

Cultivating equanimity through mindfulness meditation: a mixed methods enquiry into the development of decentring capabilities in men
Lomas, T., Edginton, T.L., Cartwright, T. and Ridge, Damien T. 2015. Cultivating equanimity through mindfulness meditation: a mixed methods enquiry into the development of decentring capabilities in men. International Journal of Wellbeing. 5 (3), pp. 88-106.

Biological Stress Regulation in Female Adolescents: A Key Role for Confiding
Oskis, A., Clow, A., Loveday, C., Hucklebridge, F. and Sbarra, D.A. 2015. Biological Stress Regulation in Female Adolescents: A Key Role for Confiding . Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 44 (5), pp. 1066-1077.

Remembering, imagining, false memories & personal meanings
Conway, M.A. and Loveday, C. 2015. Remembering, imagining, false memories & personal meanings. Consciousness and Cognition. 33, pp. 574-581.

Engagement with meditation as a positive health trajectory: Divergent narratives of progress in male meditators
Lomas, Tim, Ridge, Damien T., Cartwright, T. and Edginton, T.L. 2014. Engagement with meditation as a positive health trajectory: Divergent narratives of progress in male meditators. Psychology & Health. 29 (2), pp. 218-236.

Men developing emotional intelligence through meditation? Integrating narrative, cognitive and electroencephalography (EEG) evidence
Lomas, Tim, Edginton, T.L., Cartwright, T. and Ridge, Damien T. 2014. Men developing emotional intelligence through meditation? Integrating narrative, cognitive and electroencephalography (EEG) evidence. Psychology of Men & Masculinity. 15 (2), pp. 213-224.

A religion of wellbeing? The appeal of Buddhism to men in London, United Kingdom
Lomas, Tim, Cartwright, T., Edginton, T.L. and Ridge, Damien T. 2014. A religion of wellbeing? The appeal of Buddhism to men in London, United Kingdom. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality. 6 (3), pp. 198-207.

A qualitative analysis of experiential challenges associatedwith meditation practice
Lomas, Tim, Cartwright, T., Edginton, T.L. and Ridge, Damien T. 2014. A qualitative analysis of experiential challenges associatedwith meditation practice. Mindfulness.

Investigating the impact of nicotine on executive functions using a novel virtual reality assessment
Jansari, A.S., Froggat, D., Edginton, T.L. and Dawkins, L. 2013. Investigating the impact of nicotine on executive functions using a novel virtual reality assessment. Addiction. 108 (5), pp. 977-984.

I was so done in that I just recognized it very plainly, “You need to do something”’: men’s narratives of struggle, distress and turning to meditation
Lomas, Tim, Cartwright, T., Edginton, T.L. and Ridge, Damien T. 2013. I was so done in that I just recognized it very plainly, “You need to do something”’: men’s narratives of struggle, distress and turning to meditation. Health. 17 (2), pp. 191-208.

Understanding alexithymia in female adolescents: the role of attachment style
Oskis, A., Clow, A., Hucklebridge, F., Bifulco, A., Jacobs, C. and Loveday, C. 2013. Understanding alexithymia in female adolescents: the role of attachment style . Personality and Individual Differences . 54 (1), pp. 97-102.

Diurnal patterns of salivary cortisol and DHEA in adolescent anorexia nervosa
Oskis, A., Clow, A., Thorn, L., Loveday, C. and Hucklebridge, F. 2012. Diurnal patterns of salivary cortisol and DHEA in adolescent anorexia nervosa. Stress. 15 (6), pp. 601-607.

Differences between the diurnal patterns of salivary cortisol and DHEA in healthy female adolescents
Oskis, A., Clow, A., Thorn, L., Loveday, C. and Hucklebridge, F. 2012. Differences between the diurnal patterns of salivary cortisol and DHEA in healthy female adolescents. Stress. 15 (1), pp. 110-114.

Differences between diurnal patterns of salivary cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone in healthy female adolescents
Oskis, A., Clow, A., Thorn, L., Loveday, C. and Hucklebridge, F. 2012. Differences between diurnal patterns of salivary cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone in healthy female adolescents. Stress. 15 (1), pp. 110-114.

Using SenseCam with an amnesic patient: Accessing inaccessible everyday memories
Loveday, C. and Conway, M.A. 2011. Using SenseCam with an amnesic patient: Accessing inaccessible everyday memories. Memory. 19 (7), pp. 697-704.

The diurnal cortisol cycle and cognitive performance in the healthy old
Evans, P., Fredhoi, C., Loveday, C., Hucklebridge, F., Aitchison, E., Forte, D. and Clow, A. 2011. The diurnal cortisol cycle and cognitive performance in the healthy old. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 79 (3), pp. 371-377.

The diurnal cortisol cycle and cognitive performance in the healthy old
Evans, P., Fredhoi, C., Loveday, C., Hucklebridge, F., Aitchison, E., Forte, D. and Clow, A. 2011. The diurnal cortisol cycle and cognitive performance in the healthy old. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 79 (3), pp. 371-377.

Anxious attachment style and salivary cortisol dysregulation in healthy female children and adolescents
Oskis, A., Loveday, C., Hucklebridge, F., Thorn, L. and Clow, A. 2011. Anxious attachment style and salivary cortisol dysregulation in healthy female children and adolescents. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 52 (2), pp. 111-118.

Men behaving well? Journeys towards constructive engagement with well-being through meditation
Lomas, T., Cartwright, T., Edginton, T.L. and Ridge, Damien T. 2011. Men behaving well? Journeys towards constructive engagement with well-being through meditation. BSA Medical Sociology Group 43rd Annual Conference 2011. University of Chester 14 - 16 Sep 2011

Men behaving well? Journeys towards constructive engagement with well-being through meditation
Lomas, T., Cartwright, T., Edginton, T.L. and Ridge, Damien T. 2011. Men behaving well? Journeys towards constructive engagement with well-being through meditation. 7th Biennial Conference of the International Society of Critical Health Psychology (ISCHP). Adelaide, South Australia 18 -20 Apr 2011

Men behaving well?: Journeys towards constructive engagement with well-being through meditation
Lomas, T., Cartwright, T., Edginton, T.L. and Ridge, Damien T. 2010. Men behaving well?: Journeys towards constructive engagement with well-being through meditation. Psychology & Health. 25 (S1), p. 265.

Spina bifida and hydrocephalus
Edginton, T.L. 2010. Spina bifida and hydrocephalus. in: Davis, A. and D'Amato, R.C. (ed.) Handbook of paediatric neuropsychology: applications of cognitive neuroscience Springer.

Music as first-order and second-order conditioning in TV commercials
Alexomanolaki, M., Kennett, C. and Loveday, C. 2010. Music as first-order and second-order conditioning in TV commercials. Music and the Moving Image. 3 (2).

Diurnal patterns of salivary cortisol across the adolescent period in healthy females
Oskis, A., Loveday, C., Hucklebridge, F., Thorn, L. and Clow, A. 2009. Diurnal patterns of salivary cortisol across the adolescent period in healthy females. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 34 (3), pp. 307-316.

Current concepts in Alzheimer's disease: a multidisciplinary review
Minati, L., Edginton, T.L., Bruzzone, M.G. and Giaconne, G. 2009. Current concepts in Alzheimer's disease: a multidisciplinary review. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias. 24 (2), pp. 95-121.

Functional MRI/Event-related potential study of sensory consonance and dissonance in musicians and nonmusicians
Minati, L., Rosazza, C., D'Incerti, L., Valentini, L., Scaioli, V., Loveday, C. and Bruzzone, M.G. 2009. Functional MRI/Event-related potential study of sensory consonance and dissonance in musicians and nonmusicians. NeuroReport. 20 (1), pp. 87-92.

FMRI/ERP of musical syntax: comparison of melodies and unstructured note sequences
Minati, L., Rosazza, C., D'Incerti, L., Valentini, L., Scaioli, V., Loveday, C. and Bruzzone, M.G. 2008. FMRI/ERP of musical syntax: comparison of melodies and unstructured note sequences. NeuroReport. 19 (14), pp. 1381-1385.

Using cognitive profiling to aid diagnosis and monitor or predict recovery in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus
Loveday, C., Iddon, J.L., Sahakian, B.J., Best, M. and Pickard, J.D. 2007. Using cognitive profiling to aid diagnosis and monitor or predict recovery in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus. Cerebrospinal Fluid Research: from 50th Annual Meeting of the Society for Research into Hydrocephalus and Spina Bifida. 3 (Supple), p. S30.

An investigation of the effects of nicotine on executive processes using a virtual reality environment
Edginton, T.L., Nikolla, D. and Jansari, A.S. 2007. An investigation of the effects of nicotine on executive processes using a virtual reality environment. 2007 Psychobiology 22nd Annual Scientific Meeting. Windermere, UK 03 - 05 Sep 2007

An investigation of a non-selective imagery impairment on strategic and autobiographical memory processes following posterior frontal lobe craniotomy
Edginton, T.L. 2007. An investigation of a non-selective imagery impairment on strategic and autobiographical memory processes following posterior frontal lobe craniotomy. International Neuropsychological Society Meeting. Bilbao, Spain Jul 2007

Music and memory in advertising: music as a device of implicit learning and recall
Alexomanolaki, M., Loveday, C. and Kennett, C. 2006. Music and memory in advertising: music as a device of implicit learning and recall. in: Baroni, M., Addessi, A.R., Caterina, R. and Costa, M. (ed.) 9th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition, August 22-26 2006: Proceedings Bologna, Italy ICMPC-ESCOM. pp. 1190-1198

Preferences of healthy men for two different endocrine treatment options offered for locally advanced prostate cancer
Jenkins, V.A., Followfield, L., Edginton, T.L., Payne, H. and Hamilton, E. 2005. Preferences of healthy men for two different endocrine treatment options offered for locally advanced prostate cancer. Current Medical Research and Opinion. 21 (9), pp. 1329-1336.

Does neoadjuvant hormone therapy for early prostate cancer affect cognition? Results from a pilot study
Jenkins, V.A., Bloomfield, D.J., Shilling, V.M. and Edginton, T.L. 2005. Does neoadjuvant hormone therapy for early prostate cancer affect cognition? Results from a pilot study. BJU international. 96 (1), pp. 48-53.

The neuropsychology of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH)
Devito, E.E., Pickard, J.D., Salmond, C.H., Iddon, J.L., Loveday, C. and Sahakian, B.J. 2005. The neuropsychology of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). British Journal of Neurosurgery. 19 (3), pp. 217-224.

Matching learning styles and distance education: can this make a difference in today's problems of distance education
Margeti, M. and Loveday, C. 2004. Matching learning styles and distance education: can this make a difference in today's problems of distance education. in: Proceedings of the 21st ICDE Conference on Open Learning and Distance Education: Lifelong Learning in the Networked World, 18-21 Feb 2004, Hong Kong ICDE.

Neuropsychological profile of patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus and Alzheimer's disease
Iddon, J.L., Loveday, C., Gelling, L., Morgan, D.J.R. and Pickard, J.D. 2004. Neuropsychological profile of patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus and Alzheimer's disease. Cerebrospinal Fluid Research: from 48th Annual Meeting of the Society for Research into Hydrocephalus and Spina Bifida. 1 (Supple), p. S17.

The cognitive effects of reversible hormone therapy for prostate cancer
Edginton, T.L. 2004. The cognitive effects of reversible hormone therapy for prostate cancer. 7th World Congress of Psycho-Oncology. Copenhagen, Denmark 25 - 28 Aug 2004

Neuropsychological profile of young adults with spina bifida with or without hydrocephalus
Iddon, J.L., Morgan, D.J.R., Loveday, C., Sahakian, B.J. and Pickard, J.D. 2004. Neuropsychological profile of young adults with spina bifida with or without hydrocephalus. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. 75 (8), pp. 1112-1118.

Separate and combined effects of scopolamine and nicotine on retrieval-induced forgetting
Edginton, T.L. and Rusted, J.M. 2003. Separate and combined effects of scopolamine and nicotine on retrieval-induced forgetting. Psychopharmacology. 170 (4), pp. 351-357.

Memory and learning in young adults with hydrocephalus and spina bifida: specific cognitive profiles
Iddon, J.L., Morgan, D.J.R., Ahmed, R., Loveday, C., Sahakian, B.J. and Pickard, J.D. 2003. Memory and learning in young adults with hydrocephalus and spina bifida: specific cognitive profiles. European Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 13 (Supplement 1), pp. S32-S35.

Efficient remembering: nicotine improves suppression of irrelevancies
Edginton, T.L. and Rusted, J.M. 2002. Efficient remembering: nicotine improves suppression of irrelevancies. Neurobiology of Aging. 23 (Supplement 1), p. S123.

Effects of nicotine on inhibitory processes in human memory
Edginton, T.L. 2001. Effects of nicotine on inhibitory processes in human memory. Journal of Psychopharmacology. 15 (Supplement), p. A55.

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/qq003/positivity-bias-in-past-and-future-episodic-thinking-relationship-with-anxiety-depression-and-retrieval-induced-forgetting


Share this
Tweet
Email