Positivity bias in past and future episodic thinking: Relationship with anxiety, depression, and retrieval- induced forgetting

Marsh, L., Edginton, T.L., Conway, M.A. and Loveday, C. 2019. Positivity bias in past and future episodic thinking: Relationship with anxiety, depression, and retrieval- induced forgetting. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 72 (3), pp. 508-522. doi:10.1177/1747021818758620

TitlePositivity bias in past and future episodic thinking: Relationship with anxiety, depression, and retrieval- induced forgetting
TypeJournal article
AuthorsMarsh, L., Edginton, T.L., Conway, M.A. and Loveday, C.
Abstract

Positivity biases in autobiographical memory and episodic future thinking are considered important in mental wellbeing and are reduced in anxiety and depression. The inhibitory processes underlying retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) have been proposed to contribute to these biases. This investigation found reduced positivity in past and future thinking to be associated with reduced memory specificity alongside greater levels of anxiety, depression, and rumination. Most notably, however, RIF was found to significantly predict memory valence. This indicates that RIF may be important in maintaining such biases, facilitating the forgetting of negative memories when a positive item is actively retrieved.

KeywordsAnxiety; autobiographical memory; depression; episodic memory; future episodic thinking; positivity bias; retrieval- induced forgetting
JournalQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
Journal citation72 (3), pp. 508-522
ISSN1747-0218
Year2019
PublisherSage
Accepted author manuscriptLM RIF & positivity bias in past and future episodic thinking.pdf
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1177/1747021818758620
Web address (URL)https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1747021818758620
Publication dates
Published online20 Mar 2018
Published in printMar 2019

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