Informant personality is associated with ratings of memory problems in older adults

Buchanan, T. and Loveday, C. 2018. Informant personality is associated with ratings of memory problems in older adults. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias. 33 (7), pp. 478-489. doi:10.1177/1533317518790540

TitleInformant personality is associated with ratings of memory problems in older adults
TypeJournal article
AuthorsBuchanan, T. and Loveday, C.
Abstract

Memory complaints are a key diagnostic criterion for dementia and Mild Cognitive Impairment. Rating scales can be used to capture information about individuals’ memory problems from informants such as family members. However, problems with scale reliability suggest that individual differences influence the ratings informants provide. This project tested whether informants’ neuroticism was associated with their ratings of an older adult’s memory. In an online study, 293 volunteers completed a Five Factor personality questionnaire and used two memory questionnaires to provide ratings of memory problems in an older individual they knew well. Rater neuroticism correlated positively with estimates of memory problems: more neurotic informants provided higher estimates of memory difficulties in the person they were rating. A second study replicated this finding with 786 volunteers and another widely used memory measure, the AD8. In both studies, exploratory analyses suggested the effect size was large enough to impact on clinical practice.

Keywordsinformant report; neuroticism; memory complaint; personality; dementia; AD8
JournalAmerican Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
Journal citation33 (7), pp. 478-489
ISSN1533-3175
Year2018
PublisherSage
Accepted author manuscriptAuthor Accepted Manuscript Buchanan and Loveday AJADD 2018.pdf
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1177/1533317518790540
Web address (URL)http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1533317518790540
Publication dates
Published online24 Jul 2018
Published in printNov 2018

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Iddon, J.L., Morgan, D.J.R., Ahmed, R., Loveday, C., Sahakian, B.J. and Pickard, J.D. 2003. Memory and learning in young adults with hydrocephalus and spina bifida: specific cognitive profiles. European Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 13 (Supplement 1), pp. S32-S35.

Internet-based questionnaire assessment: appropriate use in clinical contexts
Buchanan, T. 2003. Internet-based questionnaire assessment: appropriate use in clinical contexts. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. 32 (3), pp. 100-109. doi:10.1080/16506070310000957

Ecstasy/MDMA attributed problems reported by novice, moderate and heavy recreational users
Parrott, A.C., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B., Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J. and Rodgers, J. 2002. Ecstasy/MDMA attributed problems reported by novice, moderate and heavy recreational users. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental. 17 (6), pp. 309-312. doi:10.1002/hup.415

Online assessment: desirable or dangerous?
Buchanan, T. 2002. Online assessment: desirable or dangerous? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. 33 (2), pp. 148-154. doi:10.1037/0735-7028.33.2.148

Self-monitoring: an elaboration of the concept based on Internet-mediated data
Smith, J.L. and Buchanan, T. 2002. Self-monitoring: an elaboration of the concept based on Internet-mediated data. Social Psychological Review. 4 (1), pp. 14-24.

Differential effects of Ecstasy and cannabis on self-reports of memory ability: a web-based study
Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B., Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J. and Parrott, A.C. 2001. Differential effects of Ecstasy and cannabis on self-reports of memory ability: a web-based study. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental. 16 (8), pp. 619-625. doi:10.1002/hup.345

Doing educational research on the Internet
Joinson, A.N. and Buchanan, T. 2001. Doing educational research on the Internet. in: Wolfe, C.R. (ed.) Learning and teaching on the World Wide Web San Diego, CA Academic Press. pp. 221-242

Online personality assessment
Buchanan, T. 2001. Online personality assessment. in: Reips, U.D. and Bosnjak, M. (ed.) Dimensions of Internet science Lengerich Pabst Science Publishers. pp. 57-74

Internet research: Self-monitoring and judgments of attractiveness
Buchanan, T. 2000. Internet research: Self-monitoring and judgments of attractiveness. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments & Computers. 32 (4), pp. 521-527. doi:10.3758/BF03200824

The efficacy of a World‐Wide Web mediated formative assessment
Buchanan, T. 2000. The efficacy of a World‐Wide Web mediated formative assessment. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning. 16 (3), pp. 193-200. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2729.2000.00132.x

Potential of the Internet for personality research
Buchanan, T. 2000. Potential of the Internet for personality research. in: Birnbaum, M.H. (ed.) Psychological experiments on the Internet San Diego, CA Academic Press. pp. 121-140

Research on the Internet: validation of a World-Wide Web mediated personality scale
Buchanan, T. and Smith, J.L. 1999. Research on the Internet: validation of a World-Wide Web mediated personality scale. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments & Computers. 31 (4), pp. 565-571. doi:10.3758/BF03200736

Using the Internet for psychological research: personality testing on the World Wide Web
Buchanan, T. and Smith, J.L. 1999. Using the Internet for psychological research: personality testing on the World Wide Web. British Journal of Psychology. 90 (1), pp. 125-144. doi:10.1348/000712699161189

Does the revised multiple affect adjective checklist hostility subscale measure hostility?
Buchanan, T. 1999. Does the revised multiple affect adjective checklist hostility subscale measure hostility? Aggressive Behavior. 25 (3), pp. 179-184. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2337(1999)25:3<179::AID-AB2>3.0.CO;2-M

Using the World Wide Web for formative assessment
Buchanan, T. 1998. Using the World Wide Web for formative assessment. Journal of Educational Technology Systems. 27 (1), pp. 71-79. doi:10.2190/167K-BQHU-UGGF-HX75

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