Achieving health equity through conversational AI: A roadmap for design and implementation of inclusive chatbots in healthcare

Nadarzynski, T., Knights, N., Husbands, D., Graham, C., Llewellyn, C., Buchanan, T., Montgomery, I. and Ridge, Damien T. 2024. Achieving health equity through conversational AI: A roadmap for design and implementation of inclusive chatbots in healthcare. PLoS Digital Health. 3 (5) e0000492. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pdig.0000492

TitleAchieving health equity through conversational AI: A roadmap for design and implementation of inclusive chatbots in healthcare
TypeJournal article
AuthorsNadarzynski, T., Knights, N., Husbands, D., Graham, C., Llewellyn, C., Buchanan, T., Montgomery, I. and Ridge, Damien T.
Abstract

Background

The rapid evolution of conversational and generative artificial intelligence (AI) has led to the increased deployment of AI tools in healthcare settings. While these conversational AI tools promise efficiency and expanded access to healthcare services, there are growing concerns ethically, practically and in terms of inclusivity. This study aimed to identify activities which reduce bias in conversational AI and make their designs and implementation more equitable.

Methods

A qualitative research approach was employed to develop an analytical framework based on the content analysis of 17 guidelines about AI use in clinical settings. A stakeholder consultation was subsequently conducted with a total of 33 ethnically diverse community members, AI designers, industry experts and relevant health professionals to further develop a roadmap for equitable design and implementation of conversational AI in healthcare. Framework analysis was conducted on the interview data.

Results

A 10-stage roadmap was developed to outline activities relevant to equitable conversational AI design and implementation phases: 1) Conception and planning, 2) Diversity and collaboration, 3) Preliminary research, 4) Co-production, 5) Safety measures, 6) Preliminary testing, 7) Healthcare integration, 8) Service evaluation and auditing, 9) Maintenance, and 10) Termination.

Discussion

We have made specific recommendations to increase conversational AI’s equity as part of healthcare services. These emphasise the importance of a collaborative approach and the involvement of patient groups in navigating the rapid evolution of conversational AI technologies. Further research must assess the impact of recommended activities on chatbots’ fairness and their ability to reduce health inequalities.

Article numbere0000492
JournalPLoS Digital Health
Journal citation3 (5)
ISSN2767-3170
Year2024
PublisherPLoS
Publisher's version
License
CC BY 4.0
File Access Level
Open (open metadata and files)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pdig.0000492
Web address (URL)https://journals.plos.org/digitalhealth/article?id=10.1371/journal.pdig.0000492
Publication dates
Published02 May 2024
ProjectAssessing acceptability, Utilisation and Disclosure of health Information to an automated chatbot for advice about sexually Transmitted infections in minoritisED ethnic populations - AUDITED
FunderNHS AI Lab
Health Foundation

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The Changing Narratives of Death, Dying, and HIV in the United Kingdom
Catalan, J., Ridge, Damien T., Cheshire, A., Hedge, B. and Rosenfeld, D. 2020. The Changing Narratives of Death, Dying, and HIV in the United Kingdom. Qualitative Health Research. 30 (10), pp. 1561-1571. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732320922510

Addressing Ethical Issues in Studying Men’s Traumatic Stress
Affleck, W., Oliffe, J., McKenzie, S., Ridge, Damien T., Jenkins, E. and Broom, A. 2020. Addressing Ethical Issues in Studying Men’s Traumatic Stress. International Journal of Men's Social & Community Health. 3 (1), pp. e16-e23. https://doi.org/10.22374/ijmsch.v3i1.27

Guided graded exercise self-help for chronic fatigue syndrome: Patient experiences and perceptions
Cheshire, A., Ridge, Damien T., Clarke, L. and White, P.D. 2020. Guided graded exercise self-help for chronic fatigue syndrome: Patient experiences and perceptions. Disability and Rehabilitation. 42 (3), pp. 368-377. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2018.1499822

Multiple Selves, Marginalised Voices: Exploring Black Female Psychology Students’ Experiences of Constructing Identity in UK Higher Education
Husbands, D. 2019. Multiple Selves, Marginalised Voices: Exploring Black Female Psychology Students’ Experiences of Constructing Identity in UK Higher Education. PhD thesis University of Westminster Psychology https://doi.org/10.34737/vw010

Spreading Disinformation on Facebook: Do Trust in Message Source, Risk Propensity, or Personality Affect the Organic Reach of “Fake News”?
Buchanan, T. and Benson, V. 2019. Spreading Disinformation on Facebook: Do Trust in Message Source, Risk Propensity, or Personality Affect the Organic Reach of “Fake News”? Social Media + Society. 5 (4), pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305119888654

Acceptability of artificial intelligence (AI)-led chatbot services in healthcare: A mixed-methods study
Nadarzynski, T., Miles, O., Cowie, A. and Ridge, Damien T. 2019. Acceptability of artificial intelligence (AI)-led chatbot services in healthcare: A mixed-methods study. Digital Health. 5, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1177/2055207619871808

Acceptability of artificial intelligence (AI)-led chatbot services in healthcare: A mixed-methods study
Nadarzynski, T., Miles, O., Cowie, A. and Ridge, Damien T. 2019. Acceptability of artificial intelligence (AI)-led chatbot services in healthcare: A mixed-methods study. Digital Health. 5, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1177/2055207619871808

Games People Play: The Collapse of “Masculinities” and the Rise of Masculinity as Spectacle
Ridge, Damien T. 2019. Games People Play: The Collapse of “Masculinities” and the Rise of Masculinity as Spectacle. in: Barry, J.A., Kingerlee, R., Seager, M. and Sullivan, L. (ed.) The Palgrave Handbook of Male Psychology and Mental Health Cham Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 205-225

Suicide Prevention From the Perspectives of Gay, Bisexual, and Two-Spirit Men
Ferlatte, O., Oliffe, J.L., Louie, D.R., Ridge, Damien T., Broom, A. and Salway, T. 2019. Suicide Prevention From the Perspectives of Gay, Bisexual, and Two-Spirit Men. Qualitative Health Research. 29 (8), pp. 1186-1198. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732318816082

Ageing with HIV
Rosenfeld, D., Ridge, Damien T. and Catalan, J. 2019. Ageing with HIV. in: Westwood, S. (ed.) Ageing, Diversity and Equality: Social Justice Perspectives London Routledge. pp. 259-275

Shades of communitas: a study of soft skills programs
Fixsen, Alison and Ridge, Damien T. 2019. Shades of communitas: a study of soft skills programs. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography. 48 (4), pp. 510-537. https://doi.org/10.1177/0891241618792075

In one’s own time: Contesting the temporality and linearity of bereavement
Kenny, K., Broom, A., Kirby, E. and Ridge, Damien T. 2019. In one’s own time: Contesting the temporality and linearity of bereavement. Health: An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine. 23 (1), pp. 58-75. https://doi.org/10.1177/1363459317724854

Informant Personality Is Associated With Ratings of Memory Problems in Older Adults
Buchanan, T. and Loveday, C. 2018. Informant Personality Is Associated With Ratings of Memory Problems in Older Adults. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease & Other Dementiasr. 33 (7), pp. 478-489. https://doi.org/10.1177/1533317518790540

Personality biases in different types of 'internet samples' can influence research outcomes
Buchanan, T. 2018. Personality biases in different types of 'internet samples' can influence research outcomes. Computers in Human Behavior. 86, pp. 235-244. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2018.05.002

Strategies for improving mental health and wellbeing used by older people living with HIV: A qualitative investigation
Rosenfeld, D., Catalan, J., Ridge, Damien T. and On behalf of the HIV and Later Life (HALL) Team 2018. Strategies for improving mental health and wellbeing used by older people living with HIV: A qualitative investigation. AIDS Care. 30 (sup.2), pp. 102-107. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2018.1468016

Making sense of the evolving nature of depression narratives and their inherent conflicts
Ridge, Damien T. 2018. Making sense of the evolving nature of depression narratives and their inherent conflicts . Subjectivity. 11 (2), p. 144–160. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41286-018-0048-z

Supported Decision-Making: The Expectations Held by People With Experience of Mental Illness
Knight, F., Kokanovic, R., Ridge, Damien T., Brophy, L., Hill, N., Johnston-Ataata, K. and Herman, H. 2018. Supported Decision-Making: The Expectations Held by People With Experience of Mental Illness. Qualitative Health Research. 28 (6), pp. 1002-1015. https://doi.org/10.1177/104973231876237

Self-care and entrepreneurism: An ethnography of soft skills development for higher education staff
Fixsen, Alison, Cranfield, S. and Ridge, Damien T. 2018. Self-care and entrepreneurism: An ethnography of soft skills development for higher education staff. Studies in Continuing Education. 40 (2), pp. 181-197. https://doi.org/10.1080/0158037X.2017.1418308

How to respond psychologically to terror attacks
Loveday, C. and Ridge, Damien T. 2017. How to respond psychologically to terror attacks. iNews.

What influences quality of life in older people living with HIV?
Catalan, J., Tuffrey, V., Ridge, Damien T. and Rosenfeld, D. 2017. What influences quality of life in older people living with HIV? AIDS Research and Therapy. 14 (22) 22. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12981-017-0148-9

Depression at Work, Authenticity in Question: Experiencing, Concealing and Revealing
Ridge, Damien T., Broom, A., Kokanovic, R., Ziebland, S. and Hill, N. 2017. Depression at Work, Authenticity in Question: Experiencing, Concealing and Revealing. Health. 23 (3), pp. 344-361. https://doi.org/10.1177/1363459317739437

Stories of Hell and Healing: Internet Users’ Construction of Benzodiazepine Distress and Withdrawal
Fixsen, Alison and Ridge, Damien T. 2017. Stories of Hell and Healing: Internet Users’ Construction of Benzodiazepine Distress and Withdrawal. Qualitative Health Research. 27 (13), pp. 2030-2041. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732317728053

GPs’ perceptions of resilience training: a qualitative study
Cheshire, A., Hughes, J., Lewith, G., Panagioti, M, Peters, D., Simon, C. and Ridge, Damien T. 2017. GPs’ perceptions of resilience training: a qualitative study. British Journal of General Practice. 67 (663), pp. e709-e715. https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp17X692561

Influences on GP coping and resilience: a qualitative study in primary care
Cheshire, A., Ridge, Damien T., Hughes, J., Peters, D., Panagioti, M., Simon, C. and Lewith, G. 2017. Influences on GP coping and resilience: a qualitative study in primary care. British Journal of General Practice. 67 (659), pp. E428-E436. https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp17X690893

What influences quality of life in older people living with HIV?
Catalan, J., Ridge, Damien T., Tuffrey, V. and Rosenfeld, D. 2017. What influences quality of life in older people living with HIV? AIDS Research and Therapy. 14 (22) 22. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12981-017-0148-9

A survey to determine usual care after cancer treatment within the United Kingdom National Health Service
Duncan, M., Deane, J., White, P.D., Ridge, Damien T., Roylance, R., Korszun, A., Chalder, T., Bhui, K.S., Thaha, M.A. and Bourke, L. 2017. A survey to determine usual care after cancer treatment within the United Kingdom National Health Service. BMC Cancer . 17 (186) 186. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-017-3172-1

Care, control and the electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) ritual: Making sense of polarised patient narratives
Knight, F., Ridge, Damien T., McShane, R., Ryan, S. and Griffith, L. 2017. Care, control and the electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) ritual: Making sense of polarised patient narratives . Qualitative Health Research. 27 (11), pp. 1675-1685. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732317701403

Self-assessments of memory correlate with neuroticism and conscientiousness, not memory span performance
Buchanan, T. 2017. Self-assessments of memory correlate with neuroticism and conscientiousness, not memory span performance. Personality and Individual Differences. 105, pp. 19-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.09.031

REFRAME: Resilience training for GPs
Lynch, S., Lown, M., Rajasingami, D., Peters, D., Ridge, Damien T., Cheshire, A., Fismer, K., Stewart-Brown, S, Lewith, H., Jagger, O. and Lewith, G. 2016. REFRAME: Resilience training for GPs. InnovAiT. 9 (6), p. 356–360. https://doi.org/10.1177/1755738016646396

Beyond maternal death: improving the quality of maternal care through national studies of ‘near-miss’ maternal morbidity
Knight, M., Acosta, C., Brocklehurst, P., Cheshire, A., FItzpatrick, K., Hinton, L., Jokinen, M., Kemp, B., Kurinczuk, J.J., Lewis, G., Lindquist, A., Locock, L., Nair, M., Patel, N., Quigley, M., Ridge, Damien T., Rivero-Arias, O., Sellers, S. and Shah, A. 2016. Beyond maternal death: improving the quality of maternal care through national studies of ‘near-miss’ maternal morbidity. Programme Grants for Applied Research. 4 (9) 9. https://doi.org/10.3310/pgfar04090

Age and Life Course Location as Interpretive Resources for Decisions Regarding Disclosure of HIV to Parents and Children: Findings from the HIV and Later Life Study
Rosenfeld, D., Ridge, Damien T., Catalan, J. and Delpech, V. 2016. Age and Life Course Location as Interpretive Resources for Decisions Regarding Disclosure of HIV to Parents and Children: Findings from the HIV and Later Life Study. Journal of Aging Studies. 38, pp. 81-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaging.2016.06.001

Graded Exercise Therapy Guided Self-Help Trial for Patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (GETSET): Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial and Interview Study
Clark, L.V., Mccrone, P., Ridge, Damien T., Cheshire, A., Vergara-Williamson, M., Pesola, F. and White, P.D. 2016. Graded Exercise Therapy Guided Self-Help Trial for Patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (GETSET): Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial and Interview Study. JMIR Research Protocols. 5 (2), p. e70. https://doi.org/10.2196/resprot.5395

How do we improve men’s mental health via primary care? An evaluation of the Atlas Men’s Well-being Pilot Programme for stressed/distressed men
Cheshire, A., Peters, D. and Ridge, Damien T. 2016. How do we improve men’s mental health via primary care? An evaluation of the Atlas Men’s Well-being Pilot Programme for stressed/distressed men. BMC Family Practice. 17 (13). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12875-016-0410-6

The Online dating romance scam: The psychological impact on victims – both financial and non-financial
Whitty, M.T. and Buchanan, T. 2016. The Online dating romance scam: The psychological impact on victims – both financial and non-financial. Criminology & Criminal Justice. 16 (2), pp. 176-194. https://doi.org/10.1177/1748895815603773

Self-report measures of executive function problems correlate with personality, not performance-based executive function measures, in nonclinical samples.
Buchanan, T. 2016. Self-report measures of executive function problems correlate with personality, not performance-based executive function measures, in nonclinical samples. Psychological Assessment. 28 (4), pp. 372-385. https://doi.org/10.1037/pas0000192

New Ways of Being a Man: “Positive” Hegemonic Masculinity in Meditation-based Communities of Practice
Lomas, Tim, Cartwright, T., Edginton, T.L. and Ridge, Damien T. 2016. New Ways of Being a Man: “Positive” Hegemonic Masculinity in Meditation-based Communities of Practice. Men and Masculinities. 19 (3), pp. 289-310. https://doi.org/10.1177/1097184X15578531

Atlas Men’s Well-being Programme: Evaluation Report
Cheshire, A. and Ridge, Damien T. 2015. Atlas Men’s Well-being Programme: Evaluation Report. London Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Westminster.

Starting antidepressant use: a qualitative synthesis of UK and Australian data
Anderson, C., Kirkpatrick, S., Ridge, Damien T., Kokanovic, R. and Tanner, C. 2015. Starting antidepressant use: a qualitative synthesis of UK and Australian data. BMJ Open. 5 (e008636). https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008636

Aggressive priming online: Facebook adverts can prime aggressive cognitions
Buchanan, T. 2015. Aggressive priming online: Facebook adverts can prime aggressive cognitions. International Convention of Psychological Science. Amsterdam, The Netherlands 13 Mar 2015

'My dirty little habit': patient constructions of antidepressant use and the ‘crisis’ of legitimacy
Ridge, Damien T., Kokanovic, R., Broom, A., Kirkpatrick, S., Anderson, C. and Tanner, C. 2015. 'My dirty little habit': patient constructions of antidepressant use and the ‘crisis’ of legitimacy. Social Science & Medicine. 146, p. 53–61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.10.012

Reflections in the pool of Narcissus: Some thoughts on Cyberpsychology
Buchanan, T. 2015. Reflections in the pool of Narcissus: Some thoughts on Cyberpsychology. Social Networking in Cyberspace (SNIC 2015). Wolverhampton, UK 03 Sep 2015

Cultivating equanimity through mindfulness meditation: a mixed methods enquiry into the development of decentring capabilities in men
Lomas, T., Edginton, T.L., Cartwright, T. and Ridge, Damien T. 2015. Cultivating equanimity through mindfulness meditation: a mixed methods enquiry into the development of decentring capabilities in men. International Journal of Wellbeing. 5 (3), pp. 88-106. https://doi.org/10.5502/ijw.v5i3.7

What do self-report measures of problems with executive function actually measure? Data from internet and laboratory studies.
Buchanan, T. 2015. What do self-report measures of problems with executive function actually measure? Data from internet and laboratory studies. 13th European Conference on Psychological Assessment. Zurich, Switzerland 23 Jul 2015

Interaction Rituals and Jumbled Emotions Among “Relative Strangers”: Simulated Patient Work on a Trainee Complementary Therapy Practitioner Program
Fixsen, Alison, Ridge, Damien T., Kirkpatrick, S. and Foot, D. 2015. Interaction Rituals and Jumbled Emotions Among “Relative Strangers”: Simulated Patient Work on a Trainee Complementary Therapy Practitioner Program . Sage Open. pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244015595090

Personality and performance on digit span tests in online and offline settings.
Buchanan, T. 2015. Personality and performance on digit span tests in online and offline settings. WEBDATANET CONFERENCE 2015. Salamanca, Spain 26 May 2015

Aggressive priming online: Facebook adverts can prime aggressive cognitions
Buchanan, T. 2015. Aggressive priming online: Facebook adverts can prime aggressive cognitions. Computers in Human Behavior. 48, pp. 323-330. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.01.072

A qualitative analysis of experiential challenges associated with meditation practice
Lomas, Tim, Cartwright, T., Edginton, T.L. and Ridge, Damien T. 2015. A qualitative analysis of experiential challenges associated with meditation practice. Mindfulness. 6, pp. 848-860. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-014-0329-8

Are the scope and nature of psychology properly understood? An examination of belief in myths of popular psychology among university students
Swami, V., Thorn, L., Husbands, D., Tran, U.S., Nader, I.W., von Nordheim, L., Pietschnig, J., Stieger, S. and Voracek, M. 2015. Are the scope and nature of psychology properly understood? An examination of belief in myths of popular psychology among university students. in: Columbus, A.M. (ed.) Advances in Psychology Research. Volume 101 Hauppage, NY Nova Science Publishers. pp. 9-32

‘I just went with hope, because I thought I’m doing something’: Women’s Experiences of Western Herbal Practice for Distress
Yates, A., Whitehouse, J., Ridge, Damien T. and Green, J. 2014. ‘I just went with hope, because I thought I’m doing something’: Women’s Experiences of Western Herbal Practice for Distress. College of Medicine Multi-Disciplinary Student Summer School. King's College School of Nursing and Midwifery 05 Sep 2014

How women experience distress, and western herbal practice for the treatment of distress: implications for health care and self-management approaches
Yates, A., Whitehouse, J., Ridge, Damien T. and Green, J. 2014. How women experience distress, and western herbal practice for the treatment of distress: implications for health care and self-management approaches. University of Westminster Post-Graduate Fair. Univeristy of Westminster 29 Apr 2014

“It felt like someone holding you up and lifting the pain away”: Women's experiences of western herbal practice for the treatment of distress
Yates, A.J., Green, J., Whitehouse, J. and Ridge, Damien T. 2014. “It felt like someone holding you up and lifting the pain away”: Women's experiences of western herbal practice for the treatment of distress. European Journal of Integrative Medicine. 6 (5), p. 612. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eujim.2014.07.007

Vital scientific puzzle or lived uncertainty? Professional and lived approaches to the uncertainties of ageing with HIV
Rosenfeld, D., Ridge, Damien T. and Von Lob, G. 2014. Vital scientific puzzle or lived uncertainty? Professional and lived approaches to the uncertainties of ageing with HIV. Health Sociology Review. 23 (1), pp. 20-32.

Gender comparisons in non-acute cardiac symptom recognition and subsequent help-seeking decisions: a mixed methods study protocol
Ridge, Damien T., Cheshire, A. and Stain Nolan 2014. Gender comparisons in non-acute cardiac symptom recognition and subsequent help-seeking decisions: a mixed methods study protocol. BMJ Open. 4 (10), p. e005742. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005742

Engagement with meditation as a positive health trajectory: Divergent narratives of progress in male meditators
Lomas, Tim, Ridge, Damien T., Cartwright, T. and Edginton, T.L. 2014. Engagement with meditation as a positive health trajectory: Divergent narratives of progress in male meditators. Psychology & Health. 29 (2), pp. 218-236. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2013.843684

The online dating romance scam: causes and consequences of victimhood
Buchanan, T. and Whitty, M.T. 2014. The online dating romance scam: causes and consequences of victimhood. Psychology, Crime and Law. 20 (3), pp. 261-283. https://doi.org/10.1080/1068316X.2013.772180

Internet self-efficacy does not predict student use of Internet-mediated educational technology
Buchanan, T., Joban, S. and Porter, A. 2014. Internet self-efficacy does not predict student use of Internet-mediated educational technology. Research in Learning Technology. 22, p. 19585. https://doi.org/10.3402/rlt.v22.19585

The true self online: personality correlates of preference for self-expression online, and observer ratings of personality online and offline
Marriott, T.C. and Buchanan, T. 2014. The true self online: personality correlates of preference for self-expression online, and observer ratings of personality online and offline. Computers in Human Behavior. 32, pp. 171-177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2013.11.014

Men developing emotional intelligence through meditation? Integrating narrative, cognitive and electroencephalography (EEG) evidence
Lomas, Tim, Edginton, T.L., Cartwright, T. and Ridge, Damien T. 2014. Men developing emotional intelligence through meditation? Integrating narrative, cognitive and electroencephalography (EEG) evidence. Psychology of Men & Masculinity. 15 (2), pp. 213-224. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0032191

A religion of wellbeing? The appeal of Buddhism to men in London, United Kingdom
Lomas, Tim, Cartwright, T., Edginton, T.L. and Ridge, Damien T. 2014. A religion of wellbeing? The appeal of Buddhism to men in London, United Kingdom. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality. 6 (3), pp. 198-207. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0036420

'It was the most beautiful country I have ever seen': the role of Somali narrative in adapting to a new country
Ramsden, R. and Ridge, Damien T. 2013. 'It was the most beautiful country I have ever seen': the role of Somali narrative in adapting to a new country. Journal of Refugee Studies. 26 (2), pp. 226-246. https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fes021

I was so done in that I just recognized it very plainly, “You need to do something”’: men’s narratives of struggle, distress and turning to meditation
Lomas, Tim, Cartwright, T., Edginton, T.L. and Ridge, Damien T. 2013. I was so done in that I just recognized it very plainly, “You need to do something”’: men’s narratives of struggle, distress and turning to meditation. Health. 17 (2), pp. 191-208. https://doi.org/10.1177/1363459312451178

How women use and experience western herbal practice for distress: Implications for health care and self-management approaches
Yates, A., Green, J., Whitehouse, J. and Ridge, Damien T. 2013. How women use and experience western herbal practice for distress: Implications for health care and self-management approaches. European Journal of Integrative Medicine. 5 (6), pp. 579-580. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eujim.2013.08.019

How women use and experience western herbal practice for distress: implications for health care and self-management approaches.
Yates, A., Green, J., Whitehouse, J. and Ridge, Damien T. 2013. How women use and experience western herbal practice for distress: implications for health care and self-management approaches. CAMSTRAND 2013. University of Westminster 02 Jul 2013 Elsevier. https://doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.eujim.2013.08.019

Patient outcomes and experiences of an acupuncture and self-care service for persistent low back pain in the NHS: a mixed methods approach
Cheshire, A., Polley, M.J., Peters, D. and Ridge, Damien T. 2013. Patient outcomes and experiences of an acupuncture and self-care service for persistent low back pain in the NHS: a mixed methods approach. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 13 (1), p. 300. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6882-13-300

Factors affecting faculty use of learning technologies: Implications for models of technology adoption
Buchanan, T., Sainter, P. and Saunders, G. 2013. Factors affecting faculty use of learning technologies: Implications for models of technology adoption. Journal of Computing in Higher Education. 25 (1), pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12528-013-9066-6

Performance, emotion work, and transition: challenging experiences of complementary therapy student practitioners commencing clinical practice
Fixsen, Alison and Ridge, Damien T. 2012. Performance, emotion work, and transition: challenging experiences of complementary therapy student practitioners commencing clinical practice. Qualitative Health Research. 22 (9), pp. 1163-1175. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732312449213

Use of patient narratives in promoting recovery from depression
Ridge, Damien T. 2012. Use of patient narratives in promoting recovery from depression. Nursing Standard. 26 (47), pp. 35-40.

Developing a sense of belonging: Findings from a three institution study with implications for BME students and staff engagement
Shoderu, R., Kane, S., Husbands, D. and Holley, D. 2012. Developing a sense of belonging: Findings from a three institution study with implications for BME students and staff engagement. Compass: The Journal of Learning and Teaching at the University of Greenwich. (5), pp. 67-74.

The Online Romance Scam: A Serious Cybercrime
Whitty, M.T. and Buchanan, T. 2012. The Online Romance Scam: A Serious Cybercrime. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. 15 (3), pp. 181-183. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2011.0352

Understanding depression through a 'coming out' framework
Ridge, Damien T. and Ziebland, S. 2012. Understanding depression through a 'coming out' framework. Sociology of Health and Illness. 34 (5), pp. 730-745. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9566.2011.01409.x

The relationship between retrieval-induced forgetting, anxiety, and personality
Law, R., Groome, D., Thorn, L., Potts, R. and Buchanan, T. 2012. The relationship between retrieval-induced forgetting, anxiety, and personality. Anxiety, Stress and Coping. 25 (6), pp. 711-718. https://doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2011.630070

Constructing the placebo effect in the placebo wars: What is the way ahead?
Foot, D. and Ridge, Damien T. 2012. Constructing the placebo effect in the placebo wars: What is the way ahead? Health Sociology Review. 21 (3).

Evaluation of the experience led commissioning in end of life care project
Cheshire, A. and Ridge, Damien T. 2012. Evaluation of the experience led commissioning in end of life care project. University of Westminster. https://doi.org/London

Not all lies are spontaneous: An examination of deception across different modes of communication
Whitty, M.T., Buchanan, T., Joinson, A.N. and Meredith, A. 2012. Not all lies are spontaneous: An examination of deception across different modes of communication. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 63 (1), pp. 208-216. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.21648

Is MDMA present in hair samples consistent with reported Ecstasy use?
Scholey, A.B., Owen, L., Gates, J.B., Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Ling, J., Heffernan, T.M., Swan, P., Stough, C. and Parrott, A.C. 2011. Is MDMA present in hair samples consistent with reported Ecstasy use? Open Addiction Journal. 4, pp. 50-51. https://doi.org/10.2174/1874941001104010050

Prospective memory: the influence of ecstasy, cannabis and nicotine use and the WWW
Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B., Heffernan, T.M. and Ling, J. 2011. Prospective memory: the influence of ecstasy, cannabis and nicotine use and the WWW. Open Addiction Journal. 4, pp. 44-45. https://doi.org/10.2174/1874941001104010044

Theorising men and distress: What’s on the horizon for research and scholarship?
Ridge, Damien T., Emslie, C. and White, A. 2011. Theorising men and distress: What’s on the horizon for research and scholarship? International Society of Critical Health Psychology, 7th Biennial Conference. Adelaide, Australia 18 - 20 Apr 2011

GPs make the NICE 2009 back pain guidelines work for patients in difficult financial times?
Rankine, S., Peters, D. and Ridge, Damien T. 2011. GPs make the NICE 2009 back pain guidelines work for patients in difficult financial times? College of Medicine Annual Conference. Mansion House, London 19 May 2011

Men behaving well? Journeys towards constructive engagement with well-being through meditation
Lomas, T., Cartwright, T., Edginton, T.L. and Ridge, Damien T. 2011. Men behaving well? Journeys towards constructive engagement with well-being through meditation. BSA Medical Sociology Group 43rd Annual Conference 2011. University of Chester 14 - 16 Sep 2011

Men behaving well? Journeys towards constructive engagement with well-being through meditation
Lomas, T., Cartwright, T., Edginton, T.L. and Ridge, Damien T. 2011. Men behaving well? Journeys towards constructive engagement with well-being through meditation. 7th Biennial Conference of the International Society of Critical Health Psychology (ISCHP). Adelaide, South Australia 18 -20 Apr 2011

Is it feasible and effective to provide osteopathy and acupuncture for patients with musculoskeletal problems in a GP setting? A service evaluation
Cheshire, A., Polley, M.J., Peters, D. and Ridge, Damien T. 2011. Is it feasible and effective to provide osteopathy and acupuncture for patients with musculoskeletal problems in a GP setting? A service evaluation. BMC Family Practice. 12 (49), p. 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2296-12-49

Understanding how men experience, express and cope with mental distress: where next?
Ridge, Damien T., Emslie, C. and White, A. 2011. Understanding how men experience, express and cope with mental distress: where next? Sociology of Health & Illness. 33 (1), pp. 145-159. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9566.2010.01266.x

'Ecstasy use, by itself, does not result in residual neurotoxicity'- a powerful argument?
Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J. and Scholey, A.B. 2011. 'Ecstasy use, by itself, does not result in residual neurotoxicity'- a powerful argument? Addiction. 106 (7), pp. 1269-1270. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03460.x

Men behaving well? Journeys towards constructive engagement with well-being through meditation
Lomas, T., Cartwright, T., Edginton, T.L. and Ridge, Damien T. 2010. Men behaving well? Journeys towards constructive engagement with well-being through meditation. Psychology & Health. 25 (S1), p. 265. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2010.502762

What's in a screen name? Attractiveness of different types of screen names used by online daters
Whitty, M.T. and Buchanan, T. 2010. What's in a screen name? Attractiveness of different types of screen names used by online daters. International Journal of Internet Science. 5 (1), pp. 5-19.

Opening up male subjectivity: where are we heading?
Ridge, Damien T. 2010. Opening up male subjectivity: where are we heading? "Self-health": a workshop on the new forms of patients’ narratives, subjectivities & ethics in healthcare. London School of Economics and Political Science 18 June 2010

Men, distress and performativity
Ridge, Damien T. 2010. Men, distress and performativity. in: The 8th biennial international Qualitative Research Conference, Bournemouth, 6-8th September 2010 Bournemouth University. pp. 45

Ethical issues in psychological research on the Internet
Buchanan, T. and Williams, J.E. 2010. Ethical issues in psychological research on the Internet. in: Gosling, S.D. and Johnson, J.A. (ed.) Advanced methods for conducting online behavioral research Washington, D.C. American Psychological Association. pp. 255-271

Privacy, trust, and self-disclosure online
Joinson, A.N., Reips, U.-D., Buchanan, T. and Schofield, C.B.P. 2010. Privacy, trust, and self-disclosure online. Human-Computer Interaction. 25 (1), pp. 1-24. https://doi.org/10.1080/07370020903586662

A short self-report measure of problems with executive function suitable for administration via the Internet
Buchanan, T., Heffernan, T.M., Parrott, A.C., Ling, J., Rodgers, J. and Scholey, A.B. 2010. A short self-report measure of problems with executive function suitable for administration via the Internet. Behavior Research Methods. 42 (3), pp. 709-714. https://doi.org/10.3758/BRM.42.3.709

Hair MDMA samples are consistent with reported ecstasy use: Findings from a study investigating effects of ecstasy on mood and memory
Scholey, A.B., Owen, L., Gates, J., Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Ling, J., Heffernan, T.M., Swan, P., Stough, C. and Parrott, A.C. 2010. Hair MDMA samples are consistent with reported ecstasy use: Findings from a study investigating effects of ecstasy on mood and memory. Neuropsychobiology. 63 (1), pp. 15-21. https://doi.org/10.1159/000321833

Looking for love in so many places: characteristics of online daters and speed daters
Whitty, M.T. and Buchanan, T. 2009. Looking for love in so many places: characteristics of online daters and speed daters. Interpersona. 3 (Suppl. 2), pp. 63-86.

Are individuals with a family history of mood disorders more vulnerable to MDMA depression following ecstasy use?
Rodgers, J., Skene, D., Buchanan, T., Heffernan, T.M., Soar, K. and Parrott, A.C. 2009. Are individuals with a family history of mood disorders more vulnerable to MDMA depression following ecstasy use? Neuropsychobiology. 60 (3-4), p. 222. https://doi.org/10.1159/000253320

Mind and body management strategies for chronic pain and rheumatoid arthritis
Shariff, F., Carter, J., Dow, C., Polley, M.J., Salinas, M. and Ridge, Damien T. 2009. Mind and body management strategies for chronic pain and rheumatoid arthritis. Qualitative Health Research. 19 (8), pp. 1037-1049. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732309341189

Mind and body management strategies for chronic pain & rheumatoid arthritis: strategies in search of wellbeing
Shariff, F., Carter, J., Dow, C., Polley, M.J., Salinas, M. and Ridge, Damien T. 2009. Mind and body management strategies for chronic pain & rheumatoid arthritis: strategies in search of wellbeing. Qualitative Health Research. 19 (8), pp. 1037-1049. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732309341189

Postcards from the edge: HIV positive narratives of sex and relationship breakdown among gay men
Ridge, Damien T. and Wright, R. 2009. Postcards from the edge: HIV positive narratives of sex and relationship breakdown among gay men. in: Hammack, P.L. and Cohler, B.J. (ed.) The story of sexual identity: narrative perspectives on the gay and lesbian life course Oxford Oxford University Press. pp. 251-274

Mind and body strategies for chronic pain and rheumatoid arthritis: strategies in search of wellbeing
Ridge, Damien T., Shariff, F., Carter, J., Dow, C., Polley, M.J. and Salinas, M. 2009. Mind and body strategies for chronic pain and rheumatoid arthritis: strategies in search of wellbeing. Medical Sociology Group 41st Annual Conference 2009. University of Manchester 03 - 05 Sep 2009 pp. 99

Recovery from depression using the narrative approach: a guide for doctors, complementary therapists, and mental health professionals
Ridge, Damien T. 2009. Recovery from depression using the narrative approach: a guide for doctors, complementary therapists, and mental health professionals. London, UK Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Book review: Lifting the weight, Praeger, New York
Ridge, Damien T. 2009. Book review: Lifting the weight, Praeger, New York. International Journal of Men's Health. 8 (2), pp. 182-184. https://doi.org/10.3149/jmh.0802_178

Cognitive and mood effects of 8 weeks' supplementation with 400 mg or 1000 mg of the omega-3 essential fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in healthy children aged 10-12 years
Kennedy, D.O., Jackson, P.A., Elliott, J.M., Scholey, A.B., Robertson, B.C., Greer, J., Tiplady, B., Buchanan, T. and Haskell, C.F. 2009. Cognitive and mood effects of 8 weeks' supplementation with 400 mg or 1000 mg of the omega-3 essential fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in healthy children aged 10-12 years. Nutritional Neuroscience. 12 (2), pp. 48-56. https://doi.org/10.1179/147683009X388887

On becoming a 'recovery ally' for people with depression (editorial)
Ridge, Damien T. 2009. On becoming a 'recovery ally' for people with depression (editorial). Journal of Holistic Healthcare. 6 (1), pp. 38-41.

Like a prayer: the role of spirituality and religion for people living with HIV in the UK
Ridge, Damien T., Williams, J., Anderson, I. and Elford, J. 2008. Like a prayer: the role of spirituality and religion for people living with HIV in the UK. Sociology of Health and Illness. 30 (3), pp. 413-428. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9566.2007.01062.x

Measuring self-disclosure online: Blurring and non-response to sensitive items in web-based surveys
Joinson, A.N., Paine, C., Buchanan, T. and Reips, U.-D. 2008. Measuring self-disclosure online: Blurring and non-response to sensitive items in web-based surveys. Computers in Human Behavior. 24 (5), pp. 2158-2171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2007.10.005

Five-factor personality correlates of perceptions of women's body sizes
Swami, V., Buchanan, T., Furnham, A. and Tovée, M.J. 2008. Five-factor personality correlates of perceptions of women's body sizes. Personality and Individual Differences. 45 (7), pp. 697-699. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2008.07.007

Cognitive and mood effects in healthy children during 12 weeks' supplementation with multi-vitamin/minerals
Haskell, C.F., Scholey, A.B., Jackson, P.A., Elliott, J.M., Defeyter, M.A., Greer, J., Robertson, B.C., Buchanan, T., Tiplady, B. and Kennedy, D.O. 2008. Cognitive and mood effects in healthy children during 12 weeks' supplementation with multi-vitamin/minerals. British Journal of Nutrition. 100 (5), pp. 1086-1096. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114508959213

Positive prevention: contemporary issues facing HIV positive people negotiating sex in the UK
Ridge, Damien T., Ziebland, S., Williams, J., Anderson, I. and Elford, J. 2007. Positive prevention: contemporary issues facing HIV positive people negotiating sex in the UK. Social Science & Medicine. 65 (4), pp. 755-770. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.03.049

Looking for medical information on the Internet: self-disclosure, privacy and trust
Buchanan, T., Joinson, A.N., Paine Schofield, C.B. and Reips, U.D. 2007. Looking for medical information on the Internet: self-disclosure, privacy and trust. He@lth Information on the Internet. 58 (1), pp. 83-9.

Exploring men's and women's experiences of depression and engagement with health professionals: more similarities than differences? A qualitative interview study
Emslie, C., Ridge, Damien T., Ziebland, S. and Hunt, K. 2007. Exploring men's and women's experiences of depression and engagement with health professionals: more similarities than differences? A qualitative interview study. BMC Family Practice. 8 (43). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2296-8-43

What criteria do police officers' use to measure the success of an interview with a child witness?
Wright, R., Powell, M.B. and Ridge, Damien T. 2007. What criteria do police officers' use to measure the success of an interview with a child witness? Psychology, Crime and Law. 13 (4), pp. 395-404. https://doi.org/10.1080/10683160601060754

Personality testing on the Internet: what we know and what we do not
Buchanan, T. 2007. Personality testing on the Internet: what we know and what we do not. in: Joinson, A.N., McKenna, K., Postmes, T. and Reips, U.D. (ed.) The Oxford handbook of Internet psychology Oxford Oxford University Press. pp. 447-459

Development of measures of online privacy concern and protection for use on the Internet
Buchanan, T., Paine, C., Joinson, A.N. and Reips, U.-D. 2007. Development of measures of online privacy concern and protection for use on the Internet. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 58 (2), pp. 157-165. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.20459

Internet users' perceptions of 'privacy concerns' and 'privacy actions'
Paine, C., Reips, U.-D., Stieger, S., Joinson, A. and Buchanan, T. 2007. Internet users' perceptions of 'privacy concerns' and 'privacy actions'. International Journal of Human Computer Studies. 65 (6), pp. 526-536. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhcs.2006.12.001

Remaking the masculine self and coping in the liminal world of the gay 'scene'
Ridge, Damien T., Plummer, D. and Peasley, D. 2006. Remaking the masculine self and coping in the liminal world of the gay 'scene'. Culture, Health & Sexuality. 8 (6), pp. 501-514. https://doi.org/10.1080/13691050600879524

"Who thinks I need a perfect body?" perceptions and internal dialogue among adolescents about their bodies
McCabe, M.P., Ricciardelli, L.A. and Ridge, Damien T. 2006. "Who thinks I need a perfect body?" perceptions and internal dialogue among adolescents about their bodies. Sex Roles. 55 (5-6), pp. 409-419. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-006-9093-0

"The old me could never have done that": how people give meaning to recovery following depression
Ridge, Damien T. and Ziebland, S. 2006. "The old me could never have done that": how people give meaning to recovery following depression. Qualitative Health Research. 16 (8), pp. 1038-1053. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732306292132

The construction of the adolescent male body through sport
Ricciardelli, L.A., McCabe, M.P. and Ridge, Damien T. 2006. The construction of the adolescent male body through sport. Journal of Health Psychology. 11 (4), pp. 577-587. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105306065018

Men's accounts of depression: reconstructing or resisting hegemonic masculinity?
Emslie, C., Ridge, Damien T., Ziebland, S. and Hunt, K. 2006. Men's accounts of depression: reconstructing or resisting hegemonic masculinity? Social Science & Medicine. 62 (9), pp. 2246-2257. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.10.017

Privacy and self-disclosure online
Paine, C., Joinson, A.N., Buchanan, T. and Reips, U.-D. 2006. Privacy and self-disclosure online. in: CHI06: CHI 2006 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Montréal Québec Canada, April 22 - 27, 2006 ACM. pp. 1187-1192

Child abuse investigation: an in-depth analysis of how police officers perceive and cope with daily work challenges
Wright, R., Powell, M.B. and Ridge, Damien T. 2006. Child abuse investigation: an in-depth analysis of how police officers perceive and cope with daily work challenges. Policing: an International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. 29 (3), pp. 498-512. https://doi.org/10.1108/13639510610684728

Screening for psychological distress using internet administration of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome
McCue, P., Buchanan, T. and Martin, C.R. 2006. Screening for psychological distress using internet administration of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 45 (4), pp. 483-198. https://doi.org/10.1348/014466505x82379

Differential experiences of the psychobiological sequelae of ecstasy use: Quantitative and qualitative data from an internet study
Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Pearson, C., Parrott, A.C., Ling, J., Heffernan, T. and Scholey, A.B. 2006. Differential experiences of the psychobiological sequelae of ecstasy use: Quantitative and qualitative data from an internet study. Journal of Psychopharmacology. 20 (3), pp. 437-446. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269881105058777

Dancing hot on Ecstasy: Physical activity and thermal comfort ratings are associated with the memory and other psychobiological problems reported by recreational MDMA users
Parrott, A.C., Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Ling, J., Heffernan, T. and Scholey, A.B. 2006. Dancing hot on Ecstasy: Physical activity and thermal comfort ratings are associated with the memory and other psychobiological problems reported by recreational MDMA users. Human Psychopharmacology. 21 (5), pp. 285-298. https://doi.org/10.1002/hup.773

Watching me, watching you: Privacy attitudes and reactions to identity card implementation scenarios in the United Kingdom
Joinson, A.N., Paine, C., Buchanan, T. and Reips, U.-D. 2006. Watching me, watching you: Privacy attitudes and reactions to identity card implementation scenarios in the United Kingdom. Journal of Information Science. 32 (4), pp. 334-343. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165551506064902

Users' experiences of heroin and methadone treatment
Gourlay, J., Ricciardelli, L.A. and Ridge, Damien T. 2005. Users' experiences of heroin and methadone treatment. Substance Use & Misuse. 40 (12), pp. 1875-1882. https://doi.org/10.1080/10826080500259497

Mothers reframing physical activity: family oriented politicism, transgression and contested expertise in Australia
Lewis, B. and Ridge, Damien T. 2005. Mothers reframing physical activity: family oriented politicism, transgression and contested expertise in Australia. Social Science & Medicine. 60 (10), pp. 2295-2306. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2004.10.011

Nonequivalence of on-line and paper-and-pencil psychological tests: the case of the prospective memory questionnaire
Buchanan, T., Ali, T., Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J., Parrott, A.C., Rodgers, J. and Scholey, A.B. 2005. Nonequivalence of on-line and paper-and-pencil psychological tests: the case of the prospective memory questionnaire. Behavior Research Methods. 37 (1), pp. 148-154.

Self-rated everyday and prospective memory abilities of cigarette smokers and non-smokers: A web-based study
Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J., Parrott, A.C., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B. and Rodgers, J. 2005. Self-rated everyday and prospective memory abilities of cigarette smokers and non-smokers: A web-based study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 78 (3), pp. 235-241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2004.11.008

Implementing a five-factor personality inventory for use on the Internet
Buchanan, T., Johnson, J.A. and Goldberg, L.R. 2005. Implementing a five-factor personality inventory for use on the Internet. European Journal of Psychological Assessment. 21 (2), pp. 115-127. https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759.21.2.115

Personality, gender and self-perceived intelligence
Furnham, A. and Buchanan, T. 2005. Personality, gender and self-perceived intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences. 39 (3), pp. 543-555. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2005.02.011

'It was an incredible thrill': the social meanings and dynamics of younger gay men's experiences of barebacking in Melbourne
Ridge, Damien T. 2004. 'It was an incredible thrill': the social meanings and dynamics of younger gay men's experiences of barebacking in Melbourne. Sexualities. 7 (3), pp. 259-279. https://doi.org/10.1177/1363460704040138

"You become really close...You talk about the silly things you did and we laugh": the role of binge drinking in secondary students' lives
Sheehan, M. and Ridge, Damien T. 2004. "You become really close...You talk about the silly things you did and we laugh": the role of binge drinking in secondary students' lives. in: Palacios, W.R. (ed.) Cocktails and dreams: perspectives on drug and alcohol use New Jersey Prentice Hall.

Social determinants of mental health for young same-sex attracted men
Ridge, Damien T. 2004. Social determinants of mental health for young same-sex attracted men. in: Keleher, H. and Murphy, B. (ed.) Understanding health: a determinants approach Oxford Oxford University Press.

Book review: The new public health (2nd ed.), Oxford University Press
Ridge, Damien T. 2004. Book review: The new public health (2nd ed.), Oxford University Press. Australian Journal of Primary Health. 10.

The reality of psychomotor problems, and the possibility of Parkinson's disorder, in some recreational ecstasy/MDMA users: a rejoinder to Sumnall et al. (2003).
Parrott, A.C., Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B., Heffernan, T. and Ling, J. 2004. The reality of psychomotor problems, and the possibility of Parkinson's disorder, in some recreational ecstasy/MDMA users: a rejoinder to Sumnall et al. (2003). Psychopharmacology. 171 (2), pp. 231-233. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-003-1599-3

Internet-based psychological testing and assessment
Barak, A. and Buchanan, T. 2004. Internet-based psychological testing and assessment. in: Kraus, R., Zack, J.S. and Stricker, G. (ed.) Online couseling: a handbook for mental health professionals San Diego, CA Elsevier. pp. 217-239

Increased intensity of Ecstasy and polydrug usage in the more experienced recreational Ecstasy/MDMA users: A WWW study
Scholey, A.B., Parrott, A.C., Buchanan, T., Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J. and Rodgers, J. 2004. Increased intensity of Ecstasy and polydrug usage in the more experienced recreational Ecstasy/MDMA users: A WWW study. Addictive Behaviors. 29 (4), pp. 743-752. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2004.02.022

"Most useful": a rapid qualitative approach to mapping young peoples issues and programs in Vietnam
Ridge, Damien T. 2003. "Most useful": a rapid qualitative approach to mapping young peoples issues and programs in Vietnam. Development Bulletin. 62, pp. 70-74.

Being there: how teachers of students facing adversity promote positive relationships
Ridge, Damien T., Sheehan, M., Marshall, B., Maher, S. and Carlisle, R. 2003. Being there: how teachers of students facing adversity promote positive relationships. Qualitative Research Journal. 3 (2), pp. 5-21.

The health of young gays and lesbians
Ridge, Damien T. 2003. The health of young gays and lesbians. in: Liamputtong, P. and Gardner, H. (ed.) Health, social change & communities Melbourne Oxford University Press.

The construction of the adolescent male body through sports
Ricciardelli, L.A., McCabe, M.P. and Ridge, Damien T. 2003. The construction of the adolescent male body through sports. in: Australian Journal of Psychology. Combined abstracts of 2003 Australian Psychological Conferences Australia Australian Psychological Society Ltd.. pp. 207

An investigation into the psychometric properties of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome
McCue, P., Martin, C.R., Buchanan, T., Rodgers, J. and Scholey, A.B. 2003. An investigation into the psychometric properties of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome. Psychology, Health and Medicine. 8 (4), pp. 425-439. https://doi.org/10.1080/1354850310001604568

Internet-based questionnaire assessment: Appropriate use in clinical contexts
Buchanan, T. 2003. Internet-based questionnaire assessment: Appropriate use in clinical contexts. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. 32 (3), pp. 100-109. https://doi.org/10.1080/16506070310000957

Parkinson's disorder, psychomotor problems and dopaminergic neurotoxicity in recreational ecstasy/MDMA users
Parrott, A.C., Buchanan, T., Heffernan, T.M., Scholey, A., Ling, J. and Rodgers, J. 2003. Parkinson's disorder, psychomotor problems and dopaminergic neurotoxicity in recreational ecstasy/MDMA users. Psychopharmacology. 167 (4), pp. 449-450. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-003-1447-5

Effects of alcohol on subjective ratings of prospective and everyday memory deficits
Ling, J., Heffernan, T.M., Buchanan, T., Rodgers, J., Scholey, A.B. and Parrott, A.C. 2003. Effects of alcohol on subjective ratings of prospective and everyday memory deficits. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 27 (6), pp. 970-974. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-0277.2003.tb04422.x

Patterns of drug use and the influence of gender on self-reports of memory ability in ecstasy users: A web-based study
Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B., Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J. and Parrott, A.C. 2003. Patterns of drug use and the influence of gender on self-reports of memory ability in ecstasy users: A web-based study. Journal of Psychopharmacology. 17, pp. 389-396. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269881103174016

Finding a place for health in the schooling process: a challenge for education
Ridge, Damien T., Northfield, J., St Leger, L., Marshall, B., Sheehan, M. and Maher, S. 2002. Finding a place for health in the schooling process: a challenge for education. Australian Journal of Education. 46 (1), pp. 19-33.

School health polices and practices in Victoria – a comparison involving socio-economic status and school geographical location
St Leger, L., Maher, S., Ridge, Damien T., Marshall, B., Sheehan, M. and Gibbons, C. 2002. School health polices and practices in Victoria – a comparison involving socio-economic status and school geographical location. Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 13 (3), pp. 201-204.

Self-monitoring: an elaboration of the concept based on Internet-mediated data
Smith, J.L. and Buchanan, T. 2002. Self-monitoring: an elaboration of the concept based on Internet-mediated data. Social Psychological Review. 4 (1), pp. 14-24.

'This was a great project!': Reflections on a mental health promotion project in a remote indigenous school
Sheehan, M., Ridge, Damien T. and Marshall, B. 2002. 'This was a great project!': Reflections on a mental health promotion project in a remote indigenous school. Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 13 (3), pp. 201-204.

Online Assessment: Desirable or Dangerous?
Buchanan, T. 2002. Online Assessment: Desirable or Dangerous? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. 33 (2), pp. 148-154. https://doi.org/10.1037//0735-7028.33.2.148

Ecstacy/MDMA attributed problems reported by novice, moderate and heavy recretional users
Parrott, A.C., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B., Heffernan, T., Ling, J. and Rodgers, J. 2002. Ecstacy/MDMA attributed problems reported by novice, moderate and heavy recretional users. Human Psychopharmacology. 17 (6), pp. 309-312. https://doi.org/10.1002/hup.415

The value of asthma camps for young people in Victoria, Australia
Lord, A., St Leger, L., Ridge, Damien T. and Elisha, D. 2001. The value of asthma camps for young people in Victoria, Australia. Contemporary Nurse. 11 (2-3), pp. 133-141.

"I will start treatment when I think the time is right": HIV-positive gay men talk about their decision not to access antiretroviral therapy
Gold, R.S. and Ridge, Damien T. 2001. "I will start treatment when I think the time is right": HIV-positive gay men talk about their decision not to access antiretroviral therapy. AIDS Care. 13 (6), pp. 693-708. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540120120076869

"You become really close... you talk about the silly things you did, and we laugh": the role of binge drinking in female secondary students' lives
Sheehan, M. and Ridge, Damien T. 2001. "You become really close... you talk about the silly things you did, and we laugh": the role of binge drinking in female secondary students' lives. Substance Use & Misuse. 36 (3), pp. 347-372. https://doi.org/10.1081/JA-100102630

Differential effects of Ecstasy and cannabis on self-reports of memory ability: A web-based study
Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B., Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J. and Parrott, A. 2001. Differential effects of Ecstasy and cannabis on self-reports of memory ability: A web-based study. Human Psychopharmacology. 16 (8), pp. 619-625. https://doi.org/10.1002/hup.345

Erasing the margins: youth marginalisation round table (YMaRT), building relationships and youth directed initiatives: a report from the round table
Ridge, Damien T. 2001. Erasing the margins: youth marginalisation round table (YMaRT), building relationships and youth directed initiatives: a report from the round table. Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 12 (3), pp. 196-198.

Building relations and youth directed initiatives in research and services
Ridge, Damien T. 2001. Building relations and youth directed initiatives in research and services. Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 12 (3), pp. 6-8.

Doing educational research on the Internet
Joinson, A.N. and Buchanan, T. 2001. Doing educational research on the Internet. in: Wolfe, C.R. (ed.) Learning and teaching on the World Wide Web San Diego, CA Academic Press. pp. 221-242

Online personality assessment
Buchanan, T. 2001. Online personality assessment. in: Reips, U.D. and Bosnjak, M. (ed.) Dimensions of Internet science Lengerich Pabst Science Publishers. pp. 57-74

Jump rope for heart: evaluating a cardiovascular health programme for primary school students
Thistlewaite, K., St Leger, L., Ridge, Damien T. and Maher, S. 2000. Jump rope for heart: evaluating a cardiovascular health programme for primary school students. ACHPER Austalia Healthy Lifestyles Journal. 47 (2), pp. 5-8.

Potential of the Internet for personality research
Buchanan, T. 2000. Potential of the Internet for personality research. in: Birnbaum, M.H. (ed.) Psychological experiments on the Internet San Diego, CA Academic Press. pp. 121-140

The efficacy of a World-Wide Web mediated formative assessment
Buchanan, T. 2000. The efficacy of a World-Wide Web mediated formative assessment. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning. 16 (3), pp. 193-200. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2729.2000.00132.x

Internet research: Self-monitoring and judgments of attractiveness
Buchanan, T. 2000. Internet research: Self-monitoring and judgments of attractiveness. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments & Computers. 32 (4), pp. 521-527. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03200824

"Asian" men on the scene: challenges to "gay communities"
Ridge, Damien T., Hee, A. and Minichiello, V. 1999. "Asian" men on the scene: challenges to "gay communities". Journal of Homosexuality. 36 (3/4), pp. 43-68. https://doi.org/10.1300/J082v36n03_03

Being 'real' in suicide prevention evaluation: the role of the ethnographer's emotions under traumatic conditions
Ridge, Damien T., Hee, A. and Aroni, R. 1999. Being 'real' in suicide prevention evaluation: the role of the ethnographer's emotions under traumatic conditions. Australian Journal of Primary Health. 5 (3), pp. 21-31. https://doi.org/10.1071/PY99030

Does the revised multiple affect adjective checklist hostility subscale measure hostility?
Buchanan, T. 1999. Does the revised multiple affect adjective checklist hostility subscale measure hostility? Aggressive Behavior. 25 (3), pp. 179-184. https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1098-2337(1999)25:3<179::aid-ab2>3.0.co;2-m

Using the Internet for psychological research: personality testing on the World Wide Web.
Buchanan, T. and Smith, J.L. 1999. Using the Internet for psychological research: personality testing on the World Wide Web. British journal of psychology (London, England : 1953). 90 (1), pp. 125-144. https://doi.org/10.1348/000712699161189

Research on the Internet: Validation of a World-Wide Web mediated personality scale
Buchanan, T. and Smith, J.L. 1999. Research on the Internet: Validation of a World-Wide Web mediated personality scale. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments & Computers. 31 (4), pp. 565-571. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03200736

Asian men on the scene: challenges to 'gay communities'
Ridge, Damien T., Hee, A. and Minichiello, V. 1998. Asian men on the scene: challenges to 'gay communities'. in: Jackson, P.A. and Sullivan, G. (ed.) Multicultural queer: Australian narratives New York Haworth Press.

Using the World Wide Web for formative assessment
Buchanan, T. 1998. Using the World Wide Web for formative assessment. Journal of Educational Technology Systems. 27 (1), pp. 71-79. https://doi.org/10.2190/167K-BQHU-UGGF-HX75

From pharmaceuticals to alternative treatments for HIV/AIDS: what is the potential?
Ridge, Damien T. and Arachne, J. 1997. From pharmaceuticals to alternative treatments for HIV/AIDS: what is the potential? Health Care Analysis. 5 (4), pp. 275-282. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02678525

Queer connections: community, the scene and an epidemic
Ridge, Damien T., Minichiello, V. and Plummer, D. 1997. Queer connections: community, the scene and an epidemic. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography. 26 (23), pp. 146-181. https://doi.org/10.1177/089124197026002002

Religiosity, sexual behaviour and safe sex practices: further evidence
Minichiello, V., Paxton, S., Cowling, V., Cross, G., Savage, J. and Ridge, Damien T. 1996. Religiosity, sexual behaviour and safe sex practices: further evidence. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. 20 (3), pp. 321-323. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-842X.1996.tb01037.x

Negotiated safety: not negotiable or safe?
Ridge, Damien T. 1996. Negotiated safety: not negotiable or safe? Venereology. 9 (2), pp. 98-100.

Knowledge and practice of sexual safety in Melbourne gay men in the nineties
Ridge, Damien T., Plummer, D. and Minichiello, V. 1994. Knowledge and practice of sexual safety in Melbourne gay men in the nineties. Australian Journal of Public Health. 18 (3), pp. 319-325. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-6405.1994.tb00252.x

Young gay men and HIV: running the risk?
Ridge, Damien T., Plummer, D. and Minichiello, V. 1994. Young gay men and HIV: running the risk? AIDS Care. 6 (4), pp. 371-378. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540129408258651

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