The relationship between retrieval-induced forgetting, anxiety, and personality

Law, R., Groome, D.H., Thorn, L., Potts, R. and Buchanan, T. 2012. The relationship between retrieval-induced forgetting, anxiety, and personality. Anxiety, Stress and Coping. 25 (6), pp. 711-718. doi:10.1080/10615806.2011.630070

TitleThe relationship between retrieval-induced forgetting, anxiety, and personality
TypeJournal article
AuthorsLaw, R., Groome, D.H., Thorn, L., Potts, R. and Buchanan, T.
Abstract

Retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) refers to the finding that the retrieval of a memory trace suppresses the retrieval of rival memory traces, and there is evidence that RIF reflects the effects of cognitive inhibition. The Attentional Control Theory (ACT) postulates that cognitive inhibition will be impaired by a high level of state anxiety, but the effect of anxiety on RIF has not previously been investigated. A sample of 116 participants were tested on the RIF procedure, and were also administered the Spielberger State Anxiety Inventory and the Big Five Personality Inventory. The results indicated a significant negative correlation between RIF scores and state anxiety, and a significant positive correlation between RIF scores and extraversion. However, a multiple regression analysis identified extraversion as the main predictor of RIF performance. None of the other personality factors correlated with RIF scores. These findings are consistent with the predictions of the ACT.

JournalAnxiety, Stress and Coping
Journal citation25 (6), pp. 711-718
ISSN1061-5806
Year2012
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1080/10615806.2011.630070
Publication dates
Published2012

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Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J., Parrott, A.C., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B. and Rodgers, J. 2005. Self-rated everyday and prospective memory abilities of cigarette smokers and non-smokers: a web-based study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 78 (3), pp. 235-241. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2004.11.008

Retrieval-induced forgetting is inversely related to everyday cognitive failures
Groome, D.H. and Grant, N. 2005. Retrieval-induced forgetting is inversely related to everyday cognitive failures. British Journal of Psychology. 96 (3), pp. 313-319. doi:10.1348/000712605X49006

The effect of dawn simulation on the cortisol response to awakening in healthy participants
Thorn, L., Hucklebridge, F., Esgate, A., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2004. The effect of dawn simulation on the cortisol response to awakening in healthy participants. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 29 (7), pp. 925-930. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2003.08.005

Increased intensity of Ecstasy and polydrug usage in the more experienced recreational Ecstasy/MDMA users: A WWW study
Scholey, A.B., Parrott, A.C., Buchanan, T., Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J. and Rodgers, J. 2004. Increased intensity of Ecstasy and polydrug usage in the more experienced recreational Ecstasy/MDMA users: A WWW study. Addictive Behaviors. 29 (4), pp. 743-752. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2004.02.022

The awakening cortisol response: methodological issues and significance
Clow, A., Thorn, L., Evans, P. and Hucklebridge, F. 2004. The awakening cortisol response: methodological issues and significance. Stress. 7 (1), pp. 29-37. doi:10.1080/10253890410001667205

The reality of psychomotor problems, and the possibility of Parkinson's disorder, in some recreational ecstasy/MDMA users: a rejoinder to Sumnall et al. (2003)
Parrott, A.C., Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B., Heffernan, T.M. and Ling, J. 2004. The reality of psychomotor problems, and the possibility of Parkinson's disorder, in some recreational ecstasy/MDMA users: a rejoinder to Sumnall et al. (2003). Psychopharmacology. 171 (2), pp. 231-233. doi:10.1007/s00213-003-1599-3

Post-traumatic stress disorder and anxiety symptoms in children exposed to the 1999 Greek earthquake
Groome, D.H. and Soureti, A. 2004. Post-traumatic stress disorder and anxiety symptoms in children exposed to the 1999 Greek earthquake. British Journal of Psychology. 95 (3), pp. 387-397. doi:10.1348/0007126041528149

An introduction to applied cognitive psychology
Esgate, A. and Groome, D.H. 2004. An introduction to applied cognitive psychology. Hove, UK Psychology Press.

Internet-based psychological testing and assessment
Barak, A. and Buchanan, T. 2004. Internet-based psychological testing and assessment. in: Kraus, R., Zack, J.S. and Stricker, G. (ed.) Online couseling: a handbook for mental health professionals San Diego, CA Elsevier. pp. 217-239

Patterns of drug use and the influence of gender on self-reports of memory ability in ecstasy users: a web-based study
Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B., Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J. and Parrott, A.C. 2003. Patterns of drug use and the influence of gender on self-reports of memory ability in ecstasy users: a web-based study. Journal of Psychopharmacology. 17, pp. 389-396. doi:10.1177/0269881103174016

Parkinson's disorder, psychomotor problems and dopaminergic neurotoxicity in recreational ecstasy/MDMA users
Parrott, A.C., Buchanan, T., Heffernan, T.M., Scholey, A.B., Ling, J. and Rodgers, J. 2003. Parkinson's disorder, psychomotor problems and dopaminergic neurotoxicity in recreational ecstasy/MDMA users. Psychopharmacology. 167 (4), pp. 449-450. doi:10.1007/s00213-003-1447-5

Effects of alcohol on subjective ratings of prospective and everyday memory deficits
Ling, J., Heffernan, T.M., Buchanan, T., Rodgers, J., Scholey, A.B. and Parrott, A.C. 2003. Effects of alcohol on subjective ratings of prospective and everyday memory deficits. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 27 (6), pp. 970-974. doi:10.1111/j.1530-0277.2003.tb04422.x

An investigation into the psychometric properties of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in individuals with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
McCue, P., Martin, C.R., Buchanan, T., Rodgers, J. and Scholey, A.B. 2003. An investigation into the psychometric properties of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in individuals with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Psychology, Health and Medicine. 8 (4), pp. 425-439. doi:10.1080/1354850310001604568

Internet-based questionnaire assessment: appropriate use in clinical contexts
Buchanan, T. 2003. Internet-based questionnaire assessment: appropriate use in clinical contexts. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. 32 (3), pp. 100-109. doi:10.1080/16506070310000957

Ecstasy/MDMA attributed problems reported by novice, moderate and heavy recreational users
Parrott, A.C., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B., Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J. and Rodgers, J. 2002. Ecstasy/MDMA attributed problems reported by novice, moderate and heavy recreational users. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental. 17 (6), pp. 309-312. doi:10.1002/hup.415

Online assessment: desirable or dangerous?
Buchanan, T. 2002. Online assessment: desirable or dangerous? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. 33 (2), pp. 148-154. doi:10.1037/0735-7028.33.2.148

Self-monitoring: an elaboration of the concept based on Internet-mediated data
Smith, J.L. and Buchanan, T. 2002. Self-monitoring: an elaboration of the concept based on Internet-mediated data. Social Psychological Review. 4 (1), pp. 14-24.

Differential effects of Ecstasy and cannabis on self-reports of memory ability: a web-based study
Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B., Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J. and Parrott, A.C. 2001. Differential effects of Ecstasy and cannabis on self-reports of memory ability: a web-based study. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental. 16 (8), pp. 619-625. doi:10.1002/hup.345

Parapsychology: the science of unusual experience
Roberts, R. and Groome, D.H. 2001. Parapsychology: the science of unusual experience. London Arnold.

Doing educational research on the Internet
Joinson, A.N. and Buchanan, T. 2001. Doing educational research on the Internet. in: Wolfe, C.R. (ed.) Learning and teaching on the World Wide Web San Diego, CA Academic Press. pp. 221-242

Online personality assessment
Buchanan, T. 2001. Online personality assessment. in: Reips, U.D. and Bosnjak, M. (ed.) Dimensions of Internet science Lengerich Pabst Science Publishers. pp. 57-74

Internet research: Self-monitoring and judgments of attractiveness
Buchanan, T. 2000. Internet research: Self-monitoring and judgments of attractiveness. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments & Computers. 32 (4), pp. 521-527. doi:10.3758/BF03200824

The efficacy of a World‐Wide Web mediated formative assessment
Buchanan, T. 2000. The efficacy of a World‐Wide Web mediated formative assessment. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning. 16 (3), pp. 193-200. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2729.2000.00132.x

Potential of the Internet for personality research
Buchanan, T. 2000. Potential of the Internet for personality research. in: Birnbaum, M.H. (ed.) Psychological experiments on the Internet San Diego, CA Academic Press. pp. 121-140

Research on the Internet: validation of a World-Wide Web mediated personality scale
Buchanan, T. and Smith, J.L. 1999. Research on the Internet: validation of a World-Wide Web mediated personality scale. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments & Computers. 31 (4), pp. 565-571. doi:10.3758/BF03200736

Using the Internet for psychological research: personality testing on the World Wide Web
Buchanan, T. and Smith, J.L. 1999. Using the Internet for psychological research: personality testing on the World Wide Web. British Journal of Psychology. 90 (1), pp. 125-144. doi:10.1348/000712699161189

Does the revised multiple affect adjective checklist hostility subscale measure hostility?
Buchanan, T. 1999. Does the revised multiple affect adjective checklist hostility subscale measure hostility? Aggressive Behavior. 25 (3), pp. 179-184. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2337(1999)25:3<179::AID-AB2>3.0.CO;2-M

Using the World Wide Web for formative assessment
Buchanan, T. 1998. Using the World Wide Web for formative assessment. Journal of Educational Technology Systems. 27 (1), pp. 71-79. doi:10.2190/167K-BQHU-UGGF-HX75

Raised blood albumin levels are associated with trait anxiety
Stones, A., Groome, D.H., Clow, A. and Hucklebridge, F. 1997. Raised blood albumin levels are associated with trait anxiety. Depression & Anxiety. 4 (3), pp. 151-152. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1520-6394(1996)4:3<151::AID-DA10>3.0.CO;2-V

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