What are the specific pathways and project components that have a positive impact on the well-being of participants in a ‘well London’ project?

Derges, J., Draper, A., Clow, A., Lynch, R. and Jain, S. 2012. What are the specific pathways and project components that have a positive impact on the well-being of participants in a ‘well London’ project? Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 66 (S1), p. A57.

TitleWhat are the specific pathways and project components that have a positive impact on the well-being of participants in a ‘well London’ project?
AuthorsDerges, J., Draper, A., Clow, A., Lynch, R. and Jain, S.
Abstract

Background

This paper presents follow-up data from a qualitative study of a Big Lottery funded ‘Well London’ project; an initiative set up to improve the health and well-being of Londoners living in areas historically marked by social, economic and environmental deprivation. The project introduced a series of health interventions: healthy eating, physical activity, and mental health and well-being, across a total of 20 areas within London. An evaluation of the interventions was conducted through a series of in depth semi-structured interviews with residents in 3 of the areas. Participants were interviewed twice: initially at the start of the interventions and again twelve months later. The interviews explored which of the project components acted positively on participant’s sense of well-being and lead to changes in health behaviour. The methodology used, placed emphasis on the opinions and reflections of study participants and responds to Popay’s call for research to be centred not only on theoretical concerns, but also to be attentive to ‘lay’ theories of health.

Methods

Two sets of 60 semi-structured interviews, taking place a year apart were conducted across three locations identified as Census Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs). These measured changes in health behaviour and residents’ perceptions of ‘well-being’ that arose following the Well London interventions. Residents were interviewed about their experiences and perceptions of the neighbourhood; also their health and views of the Well London interventions. Residents who had not taken part in the project interventions were also selected and interviewed, for comparison.

Results

The study found that the project objectives succeeded where there were at least one of the following present; a) high levels of individual motivation; b) the involvement of external agencies in the form of key worker and/or agency support; c) where residents were involved in the organisation and dissemination of the projects, often as volunteers; and d) where the environment was made accessible, safe and conducive to a sense of belonging and ‘community ownership’.

Conclusion

The findings indicate that the Well London project increased perceptions of well-being in populations defined by inner city social disadvantage. However, the pathways to change are complex and not easily generalized. Success is dependent on multiple interacting interpersonal, social and contextual factors, as well as the actual type of interventions themselves.

JournalJournal of Epidemiology & Community Health
Journal citation66 (S1), p. A57
ISSN0143-005X
Year2012
PublisherBMJ
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1136/jech-2012-201753.147
Publication dates
Published2012

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Normalisation of salivary cortisol levels and self-report stress by a brief lunchtime visit to an art gallery by London City workers
Clow, A. and Fredhoi, C. 2006. Normalisation of salivary cortisol levels and self-report stress by a brief lunchtime visit to an art gallery by London City workers. Journal of Holistic Healthcare. 3 (2), pp. 29-32.

Salivary cortisol, stress and arousal following five weeks training in kinesthetic meditation to undergraduate students
Bullen, V., Fredhoi, C., Bloom, W., Povey, J., Hucklebridge, F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2006. Salivary cortisol, stress and arousal following five weeks training in kinesthetic meditation to undergraduate students. Journal of Holistic Healthcare. 3 (3), pp. 34-38.

A compilation of energy costs of physical activities
Vaz, M., Karaolis, N., Draper, A. and Shetty, P. 2005. A compilation of energy costs of physical activities. Public Health Nutrition. 8 (7A), pp. 1153-1183.

Public understanding of food risks in four European countries: a qualitative study
Green, J., Draper, A., Dowler, E., Fele, G., Hagenhoff, V., Rusanen, M. and Rusanen, T. 2005. Public understanding of food risks in four European countries: a qualitative study. European Journal of Public Health. 15 (5), pp. 523-527.

Engaging the hard-to-reach: an evaluation of participatory methods used in research with secondary school students
Mitchell, J., Draper, A., Green, J., Thorogood, N. and Gustafsson, U. 2005. Engaging the hard-to-reach: an evaluation of participatory methods used in research with secondary school students. British Sociological Association Annual Conference 2005. York, UK 21-23 Mar 2005

All the nuts in one basket: participatory research and unexpected ethics
Mitchell, J., Draper, A., Green, J., Thorogood, N. and Gustafsson, U. 2005. All the nuts in one basket: participatory research and unexpected ethics. British Sociological Association Annual Conference 2005. York, UK 21-23 Mar 2005

Public involvement in food policy: guidelines for commissioning consultative activities with the hard-to-reach
Mitchell, J., Draper, A., Green, J., Gustafsson, U. and Thorogood, N. 2005. Public involvement in food policy: guidelines for commissioning consultative activities with the hard-to-reach. London, UK University of Westminster.

Women health care provider projects: joint findings from Ghana and Uganda
Hewitt, G., Draper, A., Hall, A., Amoaful, E., Newton, S., Jitta, J. and Kyaddondo, D. 2005. Women health care provider projects: joint findings from Ghana and Uganda. London, UK University of Westminster.

Tony Blair won't eat our dinner, why do we?
Gustafsson, U., Mitchell, J., Draper, A., Green, J. and Thorogood, N. 2005. Tony Blair won't eat our dinner, why do we? British Sociological Association Annual Conference 2005. York, UK 21-23 Mar 2005

Sample surveys of public perceptions and opinions
Gasperoni, G., Draper, A., Hagenhoff, V., Rusanen, M. and Rusanen, T. 2005. Sample surveys of public perceptions and opinions. in: Dora, C. (ed.) Health hazards and public debate: lessons for risk communication from the BSE/CJD saga Copenhagen, Denmark WHO Regional Office for Europe.

An evaluation of participatory methods for research with hard-to-reach groups
Draper, A., Mitchell, J., Newton, P., Gustafsson, U., Green, J. and Thorogood, N. 2005. An evaluation of participatory methods for research with hard-to-reach groups. Fare Choice. 33 (2), p. 4.

Methods to access consumer views on food policy issues: an evaluation of their viability and efficacy for inclusive participation in food policy making
Draper, A., Mitchell, J., Newton, P. and Green, J. 2005. Methods to access consumer views on food policy issues: an evaluation of their viability and efficacy for inclusive participation in food policy making. London, UK University of Westminster.

Food choice, influencing factors
Draper, A. 2005. Food choice, influencing factors. in: Caballero, B., Allen, L. and Prentice, A. (ed.) Encyclopedia of human nutrition. 2nd edition Amsterdam ; London Elsevier.

Book review: Masking terror: how women contain violence in southern Sri Lanka
Derges, J. 2005. Book review: Masking terror: how women contain violence in southern Sri Lanka. Anthropology and Medicine. 12 (1), pp. 80-82.

The diurnal patterns of the adrenal steroids cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in relation to awakening
Hucklebridge, F., Hussain, T., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2005. The diurnal patterns of the adrenal steroids cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in relation to awakening. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 30 (1), pp. 51-57.

Acute reduction in secretory immunoglobulin A following smoking cessation
Ussher, M., West, R., Evans, P., Steptoe, A., McEwen, A., Clow, A. and Hucklebridge, F. 2004. Acute reduction in secretory immunoglobulin A following smoking cessation. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 29 (10), pp. 1335-1340.

The principles and application of qualitative research
Draper, A. 2004. The principles and application of qualitative research. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 63 (4), pp. 641-646.

Cortisol response and subjective sleep disturbance after low frequency noise exposure
Perrson Waye, K., Agge, A., Clow, A. and Hucklebridge, F. 2004. Cortisol response and subjective sleep disturbance after low frequency noise exposure. Journal of Sound and Vibration. 277 (3), pp. 453-457.

Researching food habits: methods and problems
Draper, A. 2004. Researching food habits: methods and problems. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics. 17 (5), pp. 485-486.

The effect of dawn simulation on the cortisol response to awakening in healthy participants
Thorn, L., Hucklebridge, F., Esgate, A., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2004. The effect of dawn simulation on the cortisol response to awakening in healthy participants. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 29 (7), pp. 925-930.

The awakening cortisol response: methodological issues and significance
Clow, A., Thorn, L., Evans, P. and Hucklebridge, F. 2004. The awakening cortisol response: methodological issues and significance. Stress. 7 (1), pp. 29-37.

Decreased pain tolerance and mood in recreational users of MDMA
O'Regan, M.C. and Clow, A. 2004. Decreased pain tolerance and mood in recreational users of MDMA. Psychopharmacology. 173 (3-4), pp. 446-451.

Engaging the hard-to-reach: an evaluation of participatory methods for research with secondary school students
Draper, A., Mitchell, J., Newton, P., Gustafsson, U., Green, J. and Thorogood, N. 2004. Engaging the hard-to-reach: an evaluation of participatory methods for research with secondary school students. Consumer and Nutrition: Challenges and Chances for Research and Society: 9th Karlsruhe Nutritional Congress. Karlsruhe, Germany 10-12 Oct 2004 pp. 163-167

The impact of psychological stress on immune function in the athletic population
Clow, A. and Hucklebridge, F. 2004. The impact of psychological stress on immune function in the athletic population. Exercise Immunology Review. 7, pp. 5-17.

Cortisol as a biomarker of stress
Clow, A. 2004. Cortisol as a biomarker of stress. Journal of Holistic Healthcare. 1, pp. 10-14.

Short cuts to safety: risk and 'rules of thumb' in accounts of food choice
Green, J., Draper, A. and Dowler, E. 2003. Short cuts to safety: risk and 'rules of thumb' in accounts of food choice. Health, Risk & Society. 5 (1), pp. 33-52.

Components of the diurnal cortisol cycle in relation to upper respiratory symptoms and perceived stress
Edwards, S., Hucklebridge, F., Clow, A. and Evans, P. 2003. Components of the diurnal cortisol cycle in relation to upper respiratory symptoms and perceived stress. Psychosomatic Medicine. 65 (2), pp. 320-327.

Effects of nighttime low frequency noise on the cortisol response to awakening and subjective sleep quality
Persson Waye, K., Clow, A., Edwards, S., Hucklebridge, F. and Rylander, R. 2003. Effects of nighttime low frequency noise on the cortisol response to awakening and subjective sleep quality. Life Sciences. 72 (8), pp. 863-875.

Food safety and consumers: constructions of choice and risk
Draper, A. and Green, J. 2003. Food safety and consumers: constructions of choice and risk. in: Dowler, E. (ed.) The welfare of food: rights and responsibilities in a changing world Oxford, UK Blackwell. pp. 54-69

Working with refugees and survivors of trauma in a day hospital setting: field report
Derges, J. and Henderson, F. 2003. Working with refugees and survivors of trauma in a day hospital setting: field report. Journal of Refugee Studies. 16 (1), pp. 82-98.

An investigation into asymmetrical cortical regulation of salivary S-IgA in conscious man using transcranial magnetic stimulation
Clow, A., Lambert, S., Evans, P., Hucklebridge, F. and Higuchi, K. 2003. An investigation into asymmetrical cortical regulation of salivary S-IgA in conscious man using transcranial magnetic stimulation. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 47 (1), pp. 57-64.

Book review: Mental health of Indian women: a feminist agenda by Bhargavi V. Davar
Derges, J. 2003. Book review: Mental health of Indian women: a feminist agenda by Bhargavi V. Davar. Anthropology and Medicine. 10 (1), pp. 145-146.

Book review: Cultures under siege: collective violence and trauma’ by Antonius C.G. Robben and Marcelo M. Suarez-Orozco (Eds)
Derges, J. 2003. Book review: Cultures under siege: collective violence and trauma’ by Antonius C.G. Robben and Marcelo M. Suarez-Orozco (Eds). Anthropology and Medicine. 10 (1), pp. 143-145.

Food safety and consumers: constructions of choice and risk
Draper, A. and Green, J. 2002. Food safety and consumers: constructions of choice and risk. Social Policy and Administration. 36 (6), pp. 610-625.

Effects of short- and long-term (-)-deprenyl administration on mRNA for copper, zinc- and manganese-superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase in rat brain
Kunikowska, G., Gallagher, I., Glover, V., Clow, A. and Jenner, P. 2002. Effects of short- and long-term (-)-deprenyl administration on mRNA for copper, zinc- and manganese-superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase in rat brain. Brain Research. 953 (1-2), pp. 1-11.

The awakening cortisol response: no evidence for an influence of body posture
Hucklebridge, F., Mellins, J., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2002. The awakening cortisol response: no evidence for an influence of body posture. Life Sciences. 71 (6), pp. 639-646.

Community development to improve diet and nutrition
Hewitt, G., Draper, A. and Dowler, E. 2002. Community development to improve diet and nutrition. London, UK University of Westminster.

Under-nutrition
Gandy, J. and Draper, A. 2002. Under-nutrition. in: Millstone, E. and Lang, T. (ed.) The atlas of food: who eats what, where and why London, UK Earthscan. pp. 22-23

Changing diets
Gandy, J. and Draper, A. 2002. Changing diets. in: Millstone, E. and Lang, T. (ed.) The atlas of food: who eats what, where and why London, UK Earthscan. pp. 80-91

Neuroimmune relationships in perspective
Clow, A. and Hucklebridge, F. 2002. Neuroimmune relationships in perspective. International Review of Neurobiology. 52 (1), pp. 1-15.

Ultrasound measures of bone and the diurnal free cortisol cycle: a positive association with the awakening cortisol response in healthy premenopausal women
Brooke-Wavell, K., Clow, A., Ghazi-Noori, S., Evans, P. and Hucklebridge, F. 2002. Ultrasound measures of bone and the diurnal free cortisol cycle: a positive association with the awakening cortisol response in healthy premenopausal women. Calcified Tissue International. 70 (6), pp. 463-468.

Low frequency noise enhances cortisol among noise sensitive subjects during work performance
Persson Waye, K., Bengtsson, J., Rylander, R., Hucklebridge, F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2002. Low frequency noise enhances cortisol among noise sensitive subjects during work performance. Life Sciences. 70 (7), pp. 745-758.

Association between time of awakening and diurnal cortisol secretory activity
Edwards, S., Evans, P., Hucklebridge, F. and Clow, A. 2001. Association between time of awakening and diurnal cortisol secretory activity. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 26 (6), pp. 613-622.

Exploration of the awakening cortisol response in relation to diurnal cortisol secretory activity
Edwards, S., Clow, A., Evans, P. and Hucklebridge, F. 2001. Exploration of the awakening cortisol response in relation to diurnal cortisol secretory activity. Life Sciences. 68 (18), pp. 2093-2103.

Lay perceptions of risk in relation to food safety and BSE in the UK: preliminary findings
Draper, A., Dowler, E. and Green, J. 2001. Lay perceptions of risk in relation to food safety and BSE in the UK: preliminary findings. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism. 45 (supplement 1), p. 544.

CuZn-superoxide dismutase transgenic mice: no effect on longevity, locomotor activity and 3H-mazindol and 3H-spiperone binding over 19 months
Gallagher, I., Jenner, P., Glover, V. and Clow, A. 2000. CuZn-superoxide dismutase transgenic mice: no effect on longevity, locomotor activity and 3H-mazindol and 3H-spiperone binding over 19 months. Neuroscience Letters. 289 (3), pp. 221-223.

Modulation of secretory immunoglobulin A in saliva; response to manipulation of mood
Hucklebridge, F., Lambert, S., Clow, A., Warburton, D.M., Evans, P. and Sherwood, N. 2000. Modulation of secretory immunoglobulin A in saliva; response to manipulation of mood. Biological Psychology. 53 (1), pp. 25-35.

The cortisol response to normal and nocturnal awakening
Hucklebridge, F., Clow, A., Rahman, H. and Evans, P. 2000. The cortisol response to normal and nocturnal awakening. Journal of Psychophysiology. 14 (1), pp. 24-28.

Mind, immunity and health: the science of psychoneuroimmunology
Evans, P., Hucklebridge, F. and Clow, A. 2000. Mind, immunity and health: the science of psychoneuroimmunology. London Free Association.

Endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitory activity and HPA activation in the pig
Clow, A., Vellucci, S.V., Parrott, R.F., Hucklebridge, F., Sen, S. and Evans, P. 1999. Endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitory activity and HPA activation in the pig. Life Sciences. 66 (1), pp. 35-41.

Long term effects of pergolide and (-)-deprenyl on 3H-mazindol and 3H-spiperone binding in rat brain
Gallagher, I., Clow, A., Jenner, P. and Glover, V. 1999. Long term effects of pergolide and (-)-deprenyl on 3H-mazindol and 3H-spiperone binding in rat brain. Neurobiology of Aging. 20 (6), pp. 709-713.

The awakening cortisol response and blood glucose levels
Hucklebridge, F., Clow, A., Abeyguneratne, T., Huezo-Diaz, P. and Evans, P. 1999. The awakening cortisol response and blood glucose levels. Life Sciences. 64 (11), pp. 931-937.

Effect of long-term administration of pergolide and (-) -deprenyl on age related decline in Hole Board activity and antioxidant activity in rats
Gallagher, I., Clow, A., Jenner, P. and Glover, V. 1999. Effect of long-term administration of pergolide and (-) -deprenyl on age related decline in Hole Board activity and antioxidant activity in rats. Biogenic Amines. 15, pp. 379-393.

The relationship between salivary secretory immunoglobulin A and cortisol: neuroendocrine response to awakening and the diurnal cycle
Hucklebridge, F., Clow, A. and Evans, P. 1998. The relationship between salivary secretory immunoglobulin A and cortisol: neuroendocrine response to awakening and the diurnal cycle. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 31 (1), pp. 69-76.

Mind-body influences on immunity: lateralised control, stress, individual differences, and prophylaxis
Gruzelier, J., Clow, A., Evans, P., Lazar, I. and Walker, L. 1998. Mind-body influences on immunity: lateralised control, stress, individual differences, and prophylaxis. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 851, pp. 487-494.

The relationship between circadian patterns of salivary cortisol and endogenous inhibitor of monoamine oxidase A
Hucklebridge, F., Sen, S., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 1998. The relationship between circadian patterns of salivary cortisol and endogenous inhibitor of monoamine oxidase A. Life Sciences. 62 (25), pp. 2321-2328.

Secretory immunoglobulin A and cardiovascular responses to mental arithmetic and cold pressor
Willemsen, G., Ring, C., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 1998. Secretory immunoglobulin A and cardiovascular responses to mental arithmetic and cold pressor. Psychophysiology. 35 (3), pp. 252-259.

Regional and molecular separation of the four bioactivities of ‘tribulin’
Hucklebridge, F., Doyle, A., Pang, F.Y., Adlard, M., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 1998. Regional and molecular separation of the four bioactivities of ‘tribulin’. Neuroscience Letters. 240 (1), pp. 29-32.

The role and regulation of monoamines in stress
Clow, A., Hucklebridge, F. and Evans, P. 1998. The role and regulation of monoamines in stress. in: Levi, A., Grauer, E., Ben-Nathan, D. and de Kloet, E.R. (ed.) New frontiers in stress research: modulation of brain function Amsterdam Harwood Academic. pp. 21-31

The cortisol response to psychological challenge is preceded by a rise in endogenous inhibitor of monoamine oxidase.
Clow, A., Patel, S., Najafi, M., Evans, P. and Hucklebridge, F. 1997. The cortisol response to psychological challenge is preceded by a rise in endogenous inhibitor of monoamine oxidase. Life Sciences. 61 (5), pp. 567-575.

Raised blood albumin levels are associated with trait anxiety
Stones, A., Groome, D.H., Clow, A. and Hucklebridge, F. 1997. Raised blood albumin levels are associated with trait anxiety. Depression & Anxiety. 4 (3), pp. 151-152.

Long term administration of (-)-deprenyl increases mortality in male wistar rats
Gallagher, I., Clow, A. and Glover, V. 1997. Long term administration of (-)-deprenyl increases mortality in male wistar rats. Journal of Neural Transmission (supplement). 52, pp. 321-326.

Endogenous monoamine oxidase A inhibitory activity (tribulin), measured in saliva, is related to cardiovascular reactivity in normal individuals
Clow, A., Doyle, A., Hucklebridge, F., Carroll, D., Ring, C., Shrimpton, J., Willemsen, G. and Evans, P. 1997. Endogenous monoamine oxidase A inhibitory activity (tribulin), measured in saliva, is related to cardiovascular reactivity in normal individuals. Journal of Neural Transmission (supplement). 52, pp. 77-83.

Modulation of secretory immunoglobulin A in saliva in relation to an acute episode of stress and arousal
Bristow, M., Hucklebridge, F., Clow, A. and Evans, P. 1997. Modulation of secretory immunoglobulin A in saliva in relation to an acute episode of stress and arousal. Journal of Psychophysiology. 11 (3), pp. 248-255.

Positive but not negative life events predict vulnerability to upper respiratory illness
Evans, P., Doyle, A., Hucklebridge, F. and Clow, A. 1996. Positive but not negative life events predict vulnerability to upper respiratory illness. British Journal of Health Psychology. 1 (4), pp. 339-348.

Salivary monoamine oxidase A and B inhibitory activities correlate with stress
Doyle, A., Hucklebridge, F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 1996. Salivary monoamine oxidase A and B inhibitory activities correlate with stress. Life Sciences. 59 (16), pp. 1357-1362.

Isatin: a link between natriuretic peptides and monoamines?
Medvedev, A.E., Clow, A., Sandler, M. and Glover, V. 1996. Isatin: a link between natriuretic peptides and monoamines? Biochemical Pharmacology. 52 (3), pp. 385-391.

Urinary output of endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitory activity is related to everyday stress
Doyle, A., Hucklebridge, F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 1996. Urinary output of endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitory activity is related to everyday stress. Life Sciences. 58 (20), pp. 1723-1730.

Tribulin and stress in normal individuals
Doyle, A., Pang, F.Y., Hucklebridge, F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 1996. Tribulin and stress in normal individuals. in: McCarty, R., Aguilera, G., Sabban, E. and Kvetnansky, R. (ed.) Stress: molecular genetic and neurobiological advances Amsterdam Harwood Academic.

The relationship between isatin and monoamine oxidase-B inhibitory activity in urine
Pang, F.Y., Hucklebridge, F., Forster, G., Tan, K. and Clow, A. 1996. The relationship between isatin and monoamine oxidase-B inhibitory activity in urine. Stress Medicine. 12 (1), pp. 35-42.

Urinary cortisol and endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor(s), but not isatin, are raised in anticipation of stress and/or arousal in normal individuals
Doyle, A., Pang, F.Y., Bristow, M., Hucklebridge, F., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 1996. Urinary cortisol and endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor(s), but not isatin, are raised in anticipation of stress and/or arousal in normal individuals. Stress Medicine. 12 (1), pp. 43-49.

Effects of pergolide, (-)-deprenyl and thioridazine on soluble SOD, catalase and glutathione peroxidase in rat striata
Pattichis, K., Louca, L.L., Clow, A. and Glover, V. 1995. Effects of pergolide, (-)-deprenyl and thioridazine on soluble SOD, catalase and glutathione peroxidase in rat striata. Medical Science Research. 23, pp. 733-735.

Secretory immunoglobulin A as convenient biomarker in health survey work
Evans, P., Hucklebridge, F., Clow, A. and Doyle, A. 1995. Secretory immunoglobulin A as convenient biomarker in health survey work. in: Rodriguez-Martin, J. (ed.) Health psychology and quality of life research: Proceedings of the 8th Annual Conference of the European Health Psychology Society Alicante University of Alicante.

Stress, arousal, Cortisol and secretory immunoglobulin A in students undergoing assessment
Evans, P., Bristow, M., Hucklebridge, F., Clow, A. and Pang, F.Y. 1994. Stress, arousal, Cortisol and secretory immunoglobulin A in students undergoing assessment. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 33 (4), pp. 575-576.

Dysphoria and immune status in postpartum women
Hucklebridge, F., Smith, M.D., Clow, A., Evans, P., Glover, V., Taylor, A., Adams, D. and Lydyard, P.M. 1994. Dysphoria and immune status in postpartum women. Biological Psychology. 37 (3), pp. 199-206.

The effect of pergolide and MDL 72974 on rat brain CuZn superoxide dismutase
Clow, A., Freestone, C., Lewis, E., Dexter, D., Sandler, M. and Glover, V. 1993. The effect of pergolide and MDL 72974 on rat brain CuZn superoxide dismutase. Neuroscience Letters. 164 (1-2), pp. 41-43.

The relationship between secretory immunity, mood and life-events
Evans, P., Bristow, M., Hucklebridge, F., Clow, A. and Walters, N. 1993. The relationship between secretory immunity, mood and life-events. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 32 (2), pp. 227-236.

Effects of dopaminergic drugs on superoxide dismutase: implications for senescence
Glover, V., Clow, A. and Sandler, M. 1993. Effects of dopaminergic drugs on superoxide dismutase: implications for senescence. Journal of Neural Transmission (supplement). 40, pp. 37-45.

Changes in plasma cortisol and catecholamine concentrations in response to massage in preterm infants
Acolet, D., Modi, N., Giannakoulopoulos, X., Bond, C., Weg, W., Clow, A. and Glover, V. 1993. Changes in plasma cortisol and catecholamine concentrations in response to massage in preterm infants. Archives of Disease in Childhood. 68 (1), pp. 29-31.

Inhibitory potency of some isatin analogues on human monoamine oxidase A and B
Medvedev, A.E., Goodwin, B.L., Clow, A., Halket, J., Glover, V. and Sandler, M. 1992. Inhibitory potency of some isatin analogues on human monoamine oxidase A and B. Biochemical Pharmacology. 44 (3), pp. 590-592.

Pergolide can induce soluble Superoxide dismutase in rat striata
Clow, A., Hussain, T., Glover, V., Sandler, M., Walker, M. and Dexter, D. 1992. Pergolide can induce soluble Superoxide dismutase in rat striata. Journal of Neural Transmission. 90 (1), pp. 27-31.

Effect of aromatic amino acids, pentylenetetrazole and yohimbine on isatin and tribulin activity in rat brain
Bhattacharya, S.K., Clow, A., Przyborowska, A., Halket, J., Glover, V. and Sandler, M. 1991. Effect of aromatic amino acids, pentylenetetrazole and yohimbine on isatin and tribulin activity in rat brain. Neuroscience Letters. 132 (1), pp. 44-46.

(−)-Deprenyl can induce soluble superoxide dismutase in rat striata
Clow, A., Hussain, T., Glover, V., Sandler, M., Dexter, D. and Walker, M. 1991. (−)-Deprenyl can induce soluble superoxide dismutase in rat striata. Journal of Neural Transmission. 86 (1), pp. 77-80.

Isatin (indole-2,3-dione) in urine and tissues: detection and determination by gas chromatography—mass spectrometry
Halket, J., Watkins, P.J., Przyborowska, A., Goodwin, B.L., Clow, A., Glover, V. and Sandler, M. 1991. Isatin (indole-2,3-dione) in urine and tissues: detection and determination by gas chromatography—mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications. 562 (1-2), pp. 279-287.

Isatin, regional distribution in rat brain and tissues
Watkins, P.J., Clow, A., Halket, J., Przyborowska, A. and Sandler, M. 1990. Isatin, regional distribution in rat brain and tissues. Neurochemistry International. 17 (2), pp. 321-323.

Stress reduces in vivo inhibition of monoamine oxidase by phenelzine in rat brain
Clow, A., Glover, V., Oxenkrug, G.F. and Sandler, M. 1989. Stress reduces in vivo inhibition of monoamine oxidase by phenelzine in rat brain. Neuroscience Letters. 107 (1-3), pp. 331-334.

Isatin and tribulin concentrations are increased in rabbit brain but not liver following pentylenetetrazole administration
Clow, A., Davidson, J., Glover, V., Halket, J., Milton, A.S., Sandler, M. and Watkins, P.J. 1989. Isatin and tribulin concentrations are increased in rabbit brain but not liver following pentylenetetrazole administration. Neuroscience Letters. 107 (1-3), pp. 327-330.

Tribulin: an endocoid marker for anxiety in man
Sandler, M., Clow, A., Watkins, P.J. and Glover, V. 1988. Tribulin: an endocoid marker for anxiety in man. Stress Medicine. 4 (4), pp. 215-219.

Isatin: identity with the purified endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor tribulin
Glover, V., Halket, J., Watkins, P.J., Clow, A., Goodwin, B.L. and Sandler, M. 1988. Isatin: identity with the purified endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor tribulin. Journal of Neurochemistry. 51 (2), pp. 656-659.

Tribulin in post-traumatic stress disorder
Davidson, J., Glover, V., Clow, A., Kudler, H., Meador, K. and Sandler, M. 1988. Tribulin in post-traumatic stress disorder. Psychological Medicine. 18 (4), pp. 833-836.

Urinary catecholamine metabolite and tribulin output during lactate infusion
Clow, A., Glover, V., Weg, M.W., Walker, P.L., Sheehan, D.V., Carr, D.B. and Sandler, M. 1988. Urinary catecholamine metabolite and tribulin output during lactate infusion. British Journal of Psychiatry. 152, pp. 122-126.

Increased urinary tribulin output in generalised anxiety disorder
Clow, A., Glover, V., Sandler, M. and Tiller, J. 1988. Increased urinary tribulin output in generalised anxiety disorder. Psychopharmacology. 95 (3), pp. 378-380.

Tribulin output in neurological disorders
Clow, A., Glover, V., Sandler, M., Elwes, R. and Reynolds, E.H. 1987. Tribulin output in neurological disorders. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 24 (3), pp. 403-404.

Purification and characterization of tribulin, an endogenous inhibitor of monoamine oxidase and of benzodiazepine receptor binding
Elsworth, J.D., Dewar, D., Glover, V., Goodwin, B.L., Clow, A. and Sandler, M. 1986. Purification and characterization of tribulin, an endogenous inhibitor of monoamine oxidase and of benzodiazepine receptor binding. Journal of Neural Transmission. 67 (1-2), pp. 45-56.

Triazolam, an anomalous benzodiazepine receptor ligand: in vitro characterization of alprazolam and triazolam binding
Clow, A., Glover, V. and Sandler, M. 1985. Triazolam, an anomalous benzodiazepine receptor ligand: in vitro characterization of alprazolam and triazolam binding. Journal of Neurochemistry. 45 (2), pp. 621-625.

Effects of discontinuous drug administration on the development of dopamine receptor supersensitivity during chronic trifluoperazine or cis-flupenthixol administration to rats
Murugaiah, K., Theodorou, A., Clow, A., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1985. Effects of discontinuous drug administration on the development of dopamine receptor supersensitivity during chronic trifluoperazine or cis-flupenthixol administration to rats. Psychopharmacology. 86 (1-2), pp. 228-232.

New endogenous benzodiazepine receptor ligand in human urine: identity with endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor?
Clow, A., Glover, V., Armando, I. and Sandler, M. 1983. New endogenous benzodiazepine receptor ligand in human urine: identity with endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor? Life Sciences. 33 (8), pp. 735-741.

Ethanol preference in rats: increased consumption after intraventricular administration of tetrahydropapaveroline
Clow, A., Stolerman, I.P., Murray, R.M. and Sandler, M. 1983. Ethanol preference in rats: increased consumption after intraventricular administration of tetrahydropapaveroline. Neuropharmacology. 22 (4), pp. 563-565.

Raised endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor output in postwithdrawal alcoholics: effects of L-dopa and ethanol.
Bhattacharya, S.K., Glover, V., Sandler, M., Clow, A., Topham, A., Bernadt, M. and Murray, R.M. 1982. Raised endogenous monoamine oxidase inhibitor output in postwithdrawal alcoholics: effects of L-dopa and ethanol. Biological Psychiatry. 17 (7).

Chronic continuous administration of neuroleptic drugs alters cerebral dopamine receptors and increases spontaneous dopaminergic action in the striatum
Murugaiah, K., Theodorou, A., Mann, S., Clow, A., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1982. Chronic continuous administration of neuroleptic drugs alters cerebral dopamine receptors and increases spontaneous dopaminergic action in the striatum. Nature. 296, pp. 570-572.

Chronic neuroleptic treatment specifically alters the number of dopamine receptors in rat brain
Theodorou, A., Gommeren, W., Clow, A., Leysen, J., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1981. Chronic neuroleptic treatment specifically alters the number of dopamine receptors in rat brain. Life Sciences. 28 (14), pp. 1621-1627.

Neuroleptic-induced acute dystonic reactions may be due to enhanced dopamine release on to supersensitive postsynaptic receptors
Kolbe, H., Clow, A., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1981. Neuroleptic-induced acute dystonic reactions may be due to enhanced dopamine release on to supersensitive postsynaptic receptors. Neurology. 31 (4(2)), pp. 434-439.

During one year's neuroleptic treatment in rats, striatal dopamine receptor blockade decreases but serum prolactin levels remain elevated
Dyer, R.G., Murugaiah, K., Theodorou, A., Clow, A., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1981. During one year's neuroleptic treatment in rats, striatal dopamine receptor blockade decreases but serum prolactin levels remain elevated. Life Sciences. 28 (2), pp. 167-174.

Stereoselective actions of substituted benzamide drugs on cerebral dopamine mechanisms
Jenner, P., Clow, A., Reavill, C., Theodorou, A. and Marsden, C.D. 1980. Stereoselective actions of substituted benzamide drugs on cerebral dopamine mechanisms. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 32 (1), pp. 39-44.

A comparison of striatal and mesolimbic dopamine function in the rat during 6-month trifluoperazine administration
Clow, A., Jenner, P., Theodorou, A. and Marsden, C.D. 1980. A comparison of striatal and mesolimbic dopamine function in the rat during 6-month trifluoperazine administration. Psychopharmacology. 69 (3), pp. 227-233.

Changes in rat striatal dopamine turnover and receptor activity during one years neuroleptic administration
Clow, A., Theodorou, A., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1980. Changes in rat striatal dopamine turnover and receptor activity during one years neuroleptic administration. European Journal of Pharmacology. 63 (2-3), pp. 135-144.

Cerebral dopamine function in rats following withdrawal from one year of continuous neuroleptic administration
Clow, A., Theodorou, A., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1980. Cerebral dopamine function in rats following withdrawal from one year of continuous neuroleptic administration. European Journal of Pharmacology. 63 (2-3), pp. 145-157.

Antagonism by propanol of central dopamine receptor stimulation is not related to β-adrenergic blockade
Luscombe, G., Clow, A., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1979. Antagonism by propanol of central dopamine receptor stimulation is not related to β-adrenergic blockade. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 31 (1), pp. 355-356.

Changes in dopamine-mediated behaviour during one year's neuroleptic administration
Clow, A., Jenner, P. and Marsden, C.D. 1979. Changes in dopamine-mediated behaviour during one year's neuroleptic administration. European Journal of Pharmacology. 57 (4), pp. 365-375.

Neuroleptic drugs and the dopamine hypothesis
Clow, A., Jenner, P., Theodorou, A. and Marsden, C.D. 1979. Neuroleptic drugs and the dopamine hypothesis. Lancet. 313 (8122), p. 934.

Striatal dopamine receptors become supersensitive while rats are given trifluoperazine for six months
Clow, A., Jenner, P., Theodorou, A. and Marsden, C.D. 1979. Striatal dopamine receptors become supersensitive while rats are given trifluoperazine for six months. Nature. 278, pp. 59-61.

A comparison of in vitro and in vivo dopamine receptor antagonism produced by substituted benzamide drugs
Jenner, P., Elliott, P.N.C., Clow, A., Reavill, C. and Marsden, C.D. 1978. A comparison of in vitro and in vivo dopamine receptor antagonism produced by substituted benzamide drugs. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 30 (1), pp. 46-48.

A behavioural and biochemical comparison of dopamine receptor blockade produced by haloperidol with that produced by substituted benzamide drugs
Jenner, P., Clow, A., Reavill, C., Theodorou, A. and Marsden, C.D. 1978. A behavioural and biochemical comparison of dopamine receptor blockade produced by haloperidol with that produced by substituted benzamide drugs. Life Sciences. 23 (6), pp. 557-561.

An experimental model of tardive dyskinesias
Clow, A., Jenner, P., Theodorou, A. and Marsden, C.D. 1978. An experimental model of tardive dyskinesias. Life Sciences. 23 (5), pp. 421-423.

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