A Cross-cultural study of the role of religion in consumers’ ethical positions

Cui, C., Cornwell, B., Mitchell, V., Schlegelmilch, B., Dzulkiflee, A. and Chan, Joseph 2005. A Cross-cultural study of the role of religion in consumers’ ethical positions. International Marketing Review. 22 (5), pp. 531-546. https://doi.org/10.1108/02651330510624372.

TitleA Cross-cultural study of the role of religion in consumers’ ethical positions
TypeJournal article
AuthorsCui, C., Cornwell, B., Mitchell, V., Schlegelmilch, B., Dzulkiflee, A. and Chan, Joseph
Abstract

Purpose
Previous studies have looked at how socio‐economic and political factors play a role in consumers' ethical positions, but few have considered the role of religion which is a major driver of ethics. This paper seeks to address this.

Design/methodology/approach
From a survey of over 700 consumers this paper explores the similarities and differences between consumers' ethical positions in three different religions namely; Christian (from three countries), Islam, and Buddhism.

Findings
It was found that a reduced item scale measuring the two factors of Forsyth's idealism and relativism was applicable in all five religions, but variations were seen because of religious teachings. In particular, Austrian Christians were significantly less idealistic and relativistic than all other religions, even other Christians from the United States and Britain.

Research limitations/implications
The results have implications for measuring ethical positions internationally and for developing ethically based marketing messages and products.

Originality/value
The paper shows for the first time how ethical positions are affected by religions and should be of interest to marketers involved in ethics research and ethical marketing.

KeywordsConsumer behaviour
Ethnics
International marketing
Religion
JournalInternational Marketing Review
Journal citation22 (5), pp. 531-546
ISSN0265-1335
Year2005
PublisherEmerald
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1108/02651330510624372.
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1108/02651330510624372
Publication dates
Published01 Oct 2005
Published01 Oct 2005

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