A novel ingestion strategy for sodium bicarbonate supplementation in a delayed-release form: a randomised crossover study in trained males

Hilton, N., Leach, N., Sparks, S.A., Gough, L., Deb, S., Craig, M. and McNaughton, L. 2019. A novel ingestion strategy for sodium bicarbonate supplementation in a delayed-release form: a randomised crossover study in trained males. Sports Medicine - open. 5 (4). doi:10.1186/s40798-019-0177-0

TitleA novel ingestion strategy for sodium bicarbonate supplementation in a delayed-release form: a randomised crossover study in trained males
TypeJournal article
AuthorsHilton, N., Leach, N., Sparks, S.A., Gough, L., Deb, S., Craig, M. and McNaughton, L.
Abstract

Background: Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) is a well-established nutritional ergogenic aid, though gastrointestinal (GI) distress is a common side-effect. Delayed-release NaHCO3 may alleviate GI symptoms and enhance bicarbonate bioavailability following oral ingestion, although this has yet to be confirmed. Methods: In a randomised crossover design, pharmacokinetic responses and acid-base status were compared following two forms of NaHCO3, as were GI symptoms. Twelve trained healthy males (mean ± SD: age 25.8 ± 4.5 y; maximal oxygen uptake ("V" ̇O2max) 58.9 ± 10.9 mL∙kg∙min–1; height 1.8 ± 0.1 m; body mass 82.3 ± 11.1 kg; fat-free mass 72.3 ± 10.0 kg) underwent a control (CON) condition and two experimental conditions: 300 mg∙kg–1 body mass NaHCO3 ingested as an aqueous solution (SOL) and encased in delayed-release capsules (CAP). Blood bicarbonate concentration, pH and base excess (BE) were measured in all conditions over 180 min, as were subjective GI symptom scores. Results: Incidences of GI symptoms and overall severity were significantly lower (mean difference = 45.1%, P < 0.0005 and 47.5%, P < 0.0005 for incidences and severity, respectively) with the CAP than with the SOL. Symptoms displayed increases at 40 to 80 min post-ingestion with the SOL that were negated with CAP (P < 0.05). Time to reach peak bicarbonate concentration, pH and BE were significantly longer with CAP than with the SOL. Conclusions: In summary, CAP can mitigate GI symptoms induced with SOL and should be ingested earlier to induce similar acid-base changes. Furthermore, CAP may be more ergogenic in those who experience severe GI distress with SOL, although this warrants further investigation.

Keywordsacid-base balance, extracellular buffer, bioavailability, exercise-induced fatigue
JournalSports Medicine - open
Journal citation5 (4)
ISSN2199-1170
Year2019
PublisherSpringer
Publisher's versions40798-019-0177-0-3.pdf
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1186/s40798-019-0177-0
Publication dates
Published24 Jan 2019
LicenseCC BY 4.0

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