Understanding capabilities, functionings and travel in high and low income neighbourhoods in Manila

Hickman, R., Cao, M., Mella Lira, B., Fillone, A. and Biona, J.B. 2017. Understanding capabilities, functionings and travel in high and low income neighbourhoods in Manila. Social Inclusion. 5 (4), pp. 161-174. doi:10.17645/si.v5i4.1083

TitleUnderstanding capabilities, functionings and travel in high and low income neighbourhoods in Manila
TypeJournal article
AuthorsHickman, R., Cao, M., Mella Lira, B., Fillone, A. and Biona, J.B.
Abstract

Transport plays an important role in helping people to access activities and participate in life. The availability of transport networks, the modes available, new infrastructure proposals, and the type of urban development can all impact on and change activity participation, and hence contribute to social equity in the city. This article uses surveys in low and high income neighbourhoods in Manila, the Philippines, to assess the social equity implications of differential access to transport. The analysis demonstrates how the theoretical framework of the Capability Approach (Nussbaum, 2003; Sen, 1985, 1999, 2009) can be used to assess what individuals might be able to access (capabilities) versus their actual travel (functionings). The spatial patterns of travel and access to activities are assessed, demonstrating significant differences by gender, age, income and neighbourhood, in terms of travel mode and cost of travel; health, physical and mental integrity; senses, imagination and thoughts; reasoning and planning; social interaction; natural environment; sustainable modes; and information. This approach to assessing the transport dimensions of social equity offers much potential, based not only on access to resources or consumption of mobility, but also in the opportunities that people have in relation to their activity participation. The case study context is also informative, with Manila providing an example of an Asian city with high levels of private car usage, high levels of congestion, and large spatial and income differentials in travel and associated social equity.

KeywordsCapability Approach
Income
Manila
Mobility
Neighbourhood
Social equity
Transport
Travel
JournalSocial Inclusion
Journal citation5 (4), pp. 161-174
ISSN2183-2803
Year2017
PublisherCogitatio Press
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.17645/si.v5i4.1083
Web address (URL)https://www.cogitatiopress.com/socialinclusion/article/view/1083/1083
Publication dates
Published28 Dec 2017
LicenseCC BY 4.0

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