Examining the spatially heterogeneous effects of the built environment on walking among older adults

Cheng, L., Shi, K., De Vos, J., Cao, M. and Witlox, F. 2021. Examining the spatially heterogeneous effects of the built environment on walking among older adults. Transport Policy. 100, pp. 21-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2020.10.004

TitleExamining the spatially heterogeneous effects of the built environment on walking among older adults
TypeJournal article
AuthorsCheng, L., Shi, K., De Vos, J., Cao, M. and Witlox, F.
Abstract

Understanding the relationship between the built environment and walking among older adults could offer important insights for land use and transport policies which seek to promote active ageing. However, most previous studies have explored global relationships, i.e. the effects are averaged or assumed to be constant over the region of interest. In this study, we focus on the local spatial variations in the relationship between the built environment and the daily time spent walking by older adults. We apply a geographically weighted regression (GWR) model, using data collected from 702 older adults in Nanjing, China. Our results show that spatial heterogeneity exists for built environment effects within the entire study area. It has an impact on all the relationships, with nuances in the significance level, parameter magnitude or sign reversals, depending on the location. Therefore, policy interventions would only be effective in certain areas for certain built environment attributes. By exploring the local contexts of relationships, we further suggest that the spatial heterogeneity stems from contextual effects, i.e. the specificities of places with a discriminative composition of individual and/or environmental characteristics. Our findings can help to enrich the understanding of associations between land use and travel behaviour, as well as offer local planning guidance for creating age-friendly neighbourhoods.

KeywordsBuilt environment
Land use
Walking
Older adults
Active ageing
Spatial heterogeneity
JournalTransport Policy
Journal citation100, pp. 21-30
ISSN0967-070X
Year2021
PublisherElsevier
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
File Access Level
Open (open metadata and files)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2020.10.004
Web address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0967070X20309033?via%3Dihub#sec3
Publication dates
Published online18 Oct 2020
Published in printJan 2021

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