Transport development, intellectual property rights protection and innovation: The case of the Yangtze River Delta Region, China

Gao, X., Cao, M., Yang, T. and Basiri, A. 2020. Transport development, intellectual property rights protection and innovation: The case of the Yangtze River Delta Region, China. Research in Transportation Business and Management. 37 100563. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2020.100563

TitleTransport development, intellectual property rights protection and innovation: The case of the Yangtze River Delta Region, China
TypeJournal article
AuthorsGao, X., Cao, M., Yang, T. and Basiri, A.
Abstract

The links between transport development and economic growth have been widely discussed in the field of transport governance and economics. However, the existing studies have not included an institutional variable when exploring the role of transport development in innovation disparities within a region. In order to fill the research gap, this paper examines whether transport development and the institution of intellectual property rights (IPRs) can assist in understanding disparities between cities in terms of innovation, using the Yangtze River Delta Region (YRDR) as a case study. The impact mechanism is twofold. Firstly, transport development can affect institutions, including IPRs protection, which in turn has an influence on innovation. Secondly, evidence from existing economic literature suggests a link between transport development and innovation through economic agglomeration, production factors and industrial flows. We first employ ordinary least squares (OLS) regression to test the basic associations between transport development and innovation. We then apply two-stage least squares (2SLS) regression analysis to address endogeneity and add a spatial model to examine neighbour effects. The findings show that IPRs protection has a positive effect on patenting and research and development (R&D), while the roles played by transport development stock and density in patenting and R&D are more mixed. Moreover, our findings on neighbour effects show that agglomeration economies exist in the YRDR. These findings have important policy implications regarding urban agglomeration for both the YRDR specifically and China overall.

KeywordsTransport development and innovation
Transport governance
Transport management
Intellectual property rights protection
Economic agglomeration
Yangtze River Delta region
Article number100563
JournalResearch in Transportation Business and Management
Journal citation37
ISSN2210-5395
Year2020
PublisherElsevier
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
File Access Level
Open (open metadata and files)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2020.100563
Web address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2210539520301024
Publication dates
Published online29 Sep 2020
Published in printDec 2020

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