The association between urban public transport infrastructure and social equity and spatial accessibility within the urban environment: An investigation of Tramlink in London

Cuthill, N., Cao, M., Liu, Y., Gao, X. and Zhang, Y. 2019. The association between urban public transport infrastructure and social equity and spatial accessibility within the urban environment: An investigation of Tramlink in London. Sustainability. 11 (5), p. 1229. doi:10.3390/su11051229

TitleThe association between urban public transport infrastructure and social equity and spatial accessibility within the urban environment: An investigation of Tramlink in London
TypeJournal article
AuthorsCuthill, N., Cao, M., Liu, Y., Gao, X. and Zhang, Y.
Abstract

The pursuit of sustainability has been at the forefront of contemporary planning initiatives. However, most recent research has focused on the environmental and economic aspects of developing sustainable urban environment, whilst largely neglecting the social aspects. Contemporary political thinking in the UK often disregards the potential of the urban infrastructure to improve social equity. The aim of this study was to analyse the impact of transport infrastructure on a variety of social measures, in an empirical and ideologically unbiased fashion, using both quantitative and qualitative methods. We selected “Tramlink” as a case study: a light-rail system in the London Borough of Croydon which began operation in 2000. We used quantitative methods, including advanced spatial statistics, to produce a more detailed analysis of social equity than has been previously published. This acknowledges that determining localised issues can produce more informed and effective policy interventions. Our results demonstrate that the physical properties of transport infrastructure and the non-physical attributes of society, in combination, help to create opportunities for individuals to succeed. We also find that in order to reduce the negative effects of austerity, public money could be more effectively spent if diverted to areas that are most in need which can be highlighted through localised investigations.

KeywordsTransport infrastructure investment
Urban transport
Social equity
Spatial accessibility
Geographically weighted regression
Urban environment
Light railway (Tramlink)
London
Article number1229
JournalSustainability
Journal citation11 (5), p. 1229
ISSN2071-1050
Year2019
PublisherMDPI
Publisher's versionsustainability-11-01229.pdf
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.3390/su11051229
Web address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/5/1229
Publication dates
Published26 Feb 2019
LicenseCC BY 4.0

Related outputs

Visualising urban gentrification and displacement in Greater London
Zhang, Y., Chapple, K., Cao, M., Dennett, A. and Smith, D. 2019. Visualising urban gentrification and displacement in Greater London. Environment and Planning A. 0 (0), pp. 1-6. Advanced online publication. doi:10.1177/0308518X19880211

Understanding travel and differential capabilities and functionings in Beijing
Cao, M. and Hickman, R. 2019. Understanding travel and differential capabilities and functionings in Beijing. Transport Policy. 83, pp. 46-56. doi:10.1016/j.tranpol.2019.08.006

Banning diesel vehicles in London: Is 2040 too Late?
Shammut, M., Cao, M., Zhang, Y., Papaix, C., Liu, Y. and Gao, X. 2019. Banning diesel vehicles in London: Is 2040 too Late? Energies. 12 (18), p. 3495. doi:10.3390/en12183495

Transport Economics Matters: Applying Economic Principles to Transportation in Great Britain
Spurling, D., Spurling, J. and Cao, M. 2019. Transport Economics Matters: Applying Economic Principles to Transportation in Great Britain. Boca Raton Brown Walker Press.

Urban transport and social inequities in neighbourhoods near underground stations in Greater London
Cao, M. and Hickman, R. 2019. Urban transport and social inequities in neighbourhoods near underground stations in Greater London. Transportation Planning and Technology . 42 (5), pp. 419-441. doi:10.1080/03081060.2019.1609215

Public transport accessibility and housing value uplift: Evidence from the Docklands light railway in London
Zhe, S., Cao, M., Han, T. and Hickman, R. 2019. Public transport accessibility and housing value uplift: Evidence from the Docklands light railway in London. Case Studies on Transport Policy. 7 (3), pp. 607-616. doi:10.1016/j.cstp.2019.07.001

“I drive outside of peak time to avoid traffic jams—Public transport is not attractive here.” Challenging discourses on travel to the University campus in Manila
Hickman, R., Lopez, N., Cao, M., Mella Lira, B. and Biona, J.B.M. 2018. “I drive outside of peak time to avoid traffic jams—Public transport is not attractive here.” Challenging discourses on travel to the University campus in Manila. Sustainability. 10 (5), p. 1462. doi:10.3390/su10051462

Car dependence and housing affordability: An emerging social deprivation issue in London?
Cao, M. and Hickman, R. 2018. Car dependence and housing affordability: An emerging social deprivation issue in London? Urban Studies. 55 (10), pp. 2088-2105. doi:10.1177/0042098017712682

Understanding capabilities, functionings and travel in high and low income neighbourhoods in Manila
Hickman, R., Cao, M., Mella Lira, B., Fillone, A. and Biona, J.B. 2017. Understanding capabilities, functionings and travel in high and low income neighbourhoods in Manila. Social Inclusion. 5 (4), pp. 161-174. doi:10.17645/si.v5i4.1083

Transport emissions in Beijing: A scenario planning approach
Cao, M., Chen, C-L. and Hickman, R. 2017. Transport emissions in Beijing: A scenario planning approach. Proceedings of the ICE - Transport. 170 (2), pp. 65-75. doi:10.1680/jtran.15.00093

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/qvw3q/the-association-between-urban-public-transport-infrastructure-and-social-equity-and-spatial-accessibility-within-the-urban-environment-an-investigation-of-tramlink-in-london


Share this
Tweet
Email