The cognitive-phenomenological assessment of delusions and hallucinations at the early intervention in psychosis service stage: The results of a quality improvement project

Isaacson, Maria, Hazell, Cassie M., Cape, John, Hickson, Emily, Islam, Faaizah, Gill, Amber, Simon, Kathleen, Patel, Ruchit, Souray, Jonathan and Raune, David 2022. The cognitive-phenomenological assessment of delusions and hallucinations at the early intervention in psychosis service stage: The results of a quality improvement project. Early Intervention in Psychiatry. Advanced online publication. https://doi.org/10.1111/eip.13283

TitleThe cognitive-phenomenological assessment of delusions and hallucinations at the early intervention in psychosis service stage: The results of a quality improvement project
TypeJournal article
AuthorsIsaacson, Maria, Hazell, Cassie M., Cape, John, Hickson, Emily, Islam, Faaizah, Gill, Amber, Simon, Kathleen, Patel, Ruchit, Souray, Jonathan and Raune, David
Abstract

Aim
Clinical assessments are vital for gaining an understanding of a patients' presenting problem. A priority for Early Intervention in Psychosis Service staff is understanding and supporting their patients' experiences of hallucinations and/or delusions. We aimed to identify what cognitive–phenomenology dimensions of hallucinations and delusions EIPS staff were assessing with their patients.

Methods
We developed a brief checklist of cognitive–phenomenological dimensions of hallucinations and delusions called the Lived Experience Symptom Survey (LESS) based on relevant literature. As part of a Quality Improvement Project, we reviewed the health records of a sub-sample of EIPS patients using the LESS identifying whether each dimension was present or absent.

Results
We found that all patients had been asked about the content of their hallucinations and/or delusions, and the majority had been asked about the valence of this content. Despite patients having experienced psychosis for almost 2 years on average, less than half of patients were asked about the potential or actual harm associated with these symptoms. All other cognitive–phenomenological dimensions were assessed inconsistently.

Conclusions
The assessment of hallucination and delusions in our EIPS was inconsistent and incomprehensive. These findings require replication in other EIPS' but may point to a need for guidelines and training around how to conduct a thorough assessment of hallucinations and delusions for current and future EIPS staff. Improved assessment of these symptoms will aid the development of risk assessments and treatment plans.

KeywordsBiological Psychiatry
Psychiatry and Mental health
Pshychiatric Mental Health
JournalEarly Intervention in Psychiatry
ISSN1751-7885
1751-7893
Year2022
PublisherWiley
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/eip.13283
Publication dates
Published online26 Mar 2022
Licensehttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/termsAndConditions#vor

Related outputs

Pilot evaluation of a brief training video aimed at reducing mental health stigma amongst emergency first responders (the ENHANcE II study)
Hazell, C.M., Fielding-Smith, S., Koc, Y. and Hayward, M. 2022. Pilot evaluation of a brief training video aimed at reducing mental health stigma amongst emergency first responders (the ENHANcE II study). Journal of Mental Health. Advanced online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638237.2022.2069707

A Systematic Review of the Effects of Urban Living on Suicidality and Self-Harm in the UK and Ireland
Satherley, R. M., Hazell, C.M., Jones, C. J. and Hanna, P 2022. A Systematic Review of the Effects of Urban Living on Suicidality and Self-Harm in the UK and Ireland. Journal of Urban Health. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-022-00611-z

A cross-sectional study of auditory verbal hallucinations experienced by people with a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder
Hayward M, Jones, A M, Strawson, W H, Quadt, L, Larsson, D E O, Silva, M, Davies, G, Fielding-Smith, S, Hazell, C.M., Critchley, H D and Garfinkel, S N 2022. A cross-sectional study of auditory verbal hallucinations experienced by people with a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. 29 (2), pp. 631-641. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2655

The Staff Views About Assessing Voices Questionnaire: Piloting a Novel Socratic Method of Evaluating and Training Multidisciplinary Staff's Cognitive Assessment of Patients' Distressing Voices.
Raune, David, Perkins, Sarah, Paradisopoulos, Daphne, Zsofia Bote, Orsoyla, Skacel, Patricia, Souray, Jonathan and Hazell, C. 2022. The Staff Views About Assessing Voices Questionnaire: Piloting a Novel Socratic Method of Evaluating and Training Multidisciplinary Staff's Cognitive Assessment of Patients' Distressing Voices. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy. 35 (1). https://doi.org/10.1891/JCPSY-D-20-00021

Do carers of adolescents at first episode psychosis have distinctive psychological needs? A pilot exploration
McKenna, A., Hazell, C.M., Souray, R., Cai, E., Man, L.C., Brown, L., Floyd, C., Lyons, N., Widuch, K., James, G., Keay, D., Souray, J., Afsharzadegan, R. and Raune, D. 2022. Do carers of adolescents at first episode psychosis have distinctive psychological needs? A pilot exploration. International Journal of Social Psychiatry. 68 (3), pp. 600-609. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764021992828

Understanding suicidality and reasons for living amongst Doctoral Researchers: A thematic analysis of qualitative U‐DOC survey data
Hazell, C.M., Berry, C., Niven, Jeremy E. and Mackenzie, Jay‐Marie 2021. Understanding suicidality and reasons for living amongst Doctoral Researchers: A thematic analysis of qualitative U‐DOC survey data. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research. https://doi.org/10.1002/capr.12437

Nationwide assessment of the mental health of UK Doctoral Researchers
Hazell, C.M., Niven, J. E., Chapman, L, Roberts, P. E., Cartwright-Hatton, S, Valeix, S and Berry, C 2021. Nationwide assessment of the mental health of UK Doctoral Researchers. Humanities and Social Sciences Communications. 8 305. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-021-00983-8

Personal, social and relational predictors of UK postgraduate researcher mental health problems
Berry, C., Niven J.E. and Hazell, C.M. 2021. Personal, social and relational predictors of UK postgraduate researcher mental health problems. BJPsych Open. 7 (6), p. e205. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2021.1041

Measurement practices in hallucinations research
Smailes, D., Alderson-Day, B., Hazell, C.M., Wright, A. and Moseley, P. 2021. Measurement practices in hallucinations research. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry. 27 (2-3), pp. 183-198. https://doi.org/10.1080/13546805.2021.1999224

Understanding suicidality and reasons for living amongst Doctoral Researchers: A thematic analysis of qualitative U-DOC survey data
Hazell, C.M., Berry, C., Niven, J. E. and Mackenzie, J.-M. 2021. Understanding suicidality and reasons for living amongst Doctoral Researchers: A thematic analysis of qualitative U-DOC survey data. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research. 21 (4), pp. 757-767. https://doi.org/10.1002/capr.12437

Increasing access to cognitive–behavioural therapy for patients with psychosis by evaluating the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial of brief, targeted cognitive–behavioural therapy for distressing voices delivered by assistant psychologists: the GiVE2 trial
Hayward, M., Berry, K., Bremner, S., Jones, A., Robertson, S., Cavanagh, K., Gage, H., Berry, C., Neumann, S., Hazell, C.M., Fowler, D., Greenwood, K. and Strauss, C. 2021. Increasing access to cognitive–behavioural therapy for patients with psychosis by evaluating the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial of brief, targeted cognitive–behavioural therapy for distressing voices delivered by assistant psychologists: the GiVE2 trial. BJPsych Open. 7 e152. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2021.983

Enhancing mental health awareness in emergency services (the ENHANcE I project): cross-sectional survey on mental health stigma among emergency services staff
Hazell, C.M., Koc, Y, O'Brien, S, Fielding-Smith, S and Hayward, M 2021. Enhancing mental health awareness in emergency services (the ENHANcE I project): cross-sectional survey on mental health stigma among emergency services staff. BJPsych Open. 7 (3) e77. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2021.37

A mixed-methods investigation of mental health stigma, absenteeism and presenteeism among UK postgraduate researchers
Berry, C., Niven, J.E., Chapman, L., Valeix, S., Roberts, P.E. and Hazell, C.M. 2021. A mixed-methods investigation of mental health stigma, absenteeism and presenteeism among UK postgraduate researchers. Studies in Graduate and Postgraduate Education. 12 (1), pp. 145-170. https://doi.org/10.1108/SGPE-06-2020-0034

Enhancing mental health awareness in emergency services (the ENHANcE I project): cross-sectional survey on mental health stigma among emergency services staff.
Hazell, Cassie M, Koc, Yasin, O'Brien, Sorcha, Fielding-Smith, Sarah and Hayward, M. 2021. Enhancing mental health awareness in emergency services (the ENHANcE I project): cross-sectional survey on mental health stigma among emergency services staff. BJPsych Open. 7 (3), p. e77. https://doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2021.37

Patient experience of Guided self-help CBT intervention for VoicEs (GiVE) delivered within a pilot randomized controlled trial
Hazell, C.M., Kelly, O., O'Brien, S., Strauss, C., Cavanagh, K. and Hayward, M. 2020. Patient experience of Guided self-help CBT intervention for VoicEs (GiVE) delivered within a pilot randomized controlled trial. Cognitive Behaviour Therapist. 13 e40. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1754470X20000458

Understanding the mental health of doctoral researchers: a mixed methods systematic review with meta-analysis and meta-synthesis.
Hazell, C.M., Chapman, Laura, Valeix, Sophie F, Roberts, Paul, Niven, Jeremy E and Berry, Clio 2020. Understanding the mental health of doctoral researchers: a mixed methods systematic review with meta-analysis and meta-synthesis. Systematic Reviews. 9 (1), p. 197 197. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-020-01443-1

Service evaluation of a sole-session psychoeducational intervention to improve caregivers’ key illness beliefs after first episode psychosis (FEP)
Hazell, C. M., Lyons, N, Owumere, J, Schulz, J, Glover, N, Whittaker, S, Chu Man, L, Floyd, C, Brown, L, James, G, Afshardazegan, R, Seneviratne, S, Rahim, S, Souray, J and Raune, D 2020. Service evaluation of a sole-session psychoeducational intervention to improve caregivers’ key illness beliefs after first episode psychosis (FEP). Cognitive Behaviour Therapist. 13 carers. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1754470X20000264

Is the content of patient’s written emotional disclosure associated with improved health outcomes for asthma patients?
Hazell, C. M., Jones, J. C., McLachlan, E. M. and Smith, H. E. 2020. Is the content of patient’s written emotional disclosure associated with improved health outcomes for asthma patients? Health Psychology Update. 29 (2), pp. 31-42.

Hanging in the balance: Conceptualising doctoral researcher mental health as a dynamic balance across key tensions characterising the PhD experience
Berry, C, Valeix, S, Niven, J.E., Chapman, L., Roberts, P.E. and Hazell, C.M. 2020. Hanging in the balance: Conceptualising doctoral researcher mental health as a dynamic balance across key tensions characterising the PhD experience. International Journal of Educational Research. 102, p. 101575 101575. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2020.101575

Demographic predictors of wellbeing in Carers of people with psychosis: secondary analysis of trial data
Hazell, C.M., Hayward, M., Lobban, F., Pandey, A., Pinfold, V., Smith, H.E. and Jones, C.J. 2020. Demographic predictors of wellbeing in Carers of people with psychosis: secondary analysis of trial data. BMC Psychiatry. 20 269. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02691-0

Helping parents to help children overcome fear: The influence of a short video tutorial
Ewing, D., Pike, A., Dash, S., Hughes, Z., Thompson, E.J., Hazell, C., Ang, C.M., Kucuk, N., Laine, A. and Cartwright‐Hatton, S. 2020. Helping parents to help children overcome fear: The influence of a short video tutorial. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 59 (1), pp. 80-95. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12233

The Blurred Line between Physical Ageing and Mental Health in Older Adults: Implications for the Measurement of Depression
Hazell, C., Smith, Helen E and Jones, C. 2019. The Blurred Line between Physical Ageing and Mental Health in Older Adults: Implications for the Measurement of Depression. Clinical Medicine Insights: Psychiatry. Advanced online publication. https://doi.org/10.1177/1179557319885634

Barriers to recruiting and retaining psychosis carers: a case study on the lessons learned from the Caring for Caregivers (C4C) trial
Hazell, C.M., Jones, C.J., Pandey, A and Smith, H.E 2019. Barriers to recruiting and retaining psychosis carers: a case study on the lessons learned from the Caring for Caregivers (C4C) trial. BMC Research Notes. 12, p. 810 810. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4832-9

Preventing Family Transmission of Anxiety: Feasibility RCT of a Brief Intervention for Parents
Cartwright-Hatton, S., Ewing, D.L., Dash, S., Hughes, Z., Thompson, E.J., Hazell, C.M., Field, A.P. and Startup, H.M. 2018. Preventing Family Transmission of Anxiety: Feasibility RCT of a Brief Intervention for Parents. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 57 (3), pp. 351-366. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjc.12177

Understanding the Barriers to Accessing Symptom-Specific Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) for Distressing Voices: Reflecting on and Extending the Lessons Learnt From the CBT for Psychosis Literature
Hazell, C.M., Greenwood, K., Fielding-Smith, S., Rammou, A., Bogen-Johnston, L., Berry, C., Jones, A. and Hayward, M. 2018. Understanding the Barriers to Accessing Symptom-Specific Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) for Distressing Voices: Reflecting on and Extending the Lessons Learnt From the CBT for Psychosis Literature. Frontiers in Psychology. 9 727. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00727

Guided self-help cognitive- behaviour Intervention for VoicEs (GiVE): Results from a pilot randomised controlled trial in a transdiagnostic sample
Hazell, C.M., Hayward, M., Cavanagh, K., Jones, A. and Strauss, C. 2018. Guided self-help cognitive- behaviour Intervention for VoicEs (GiVE): Results from a pilot randomised controlled trial in a transdiagnostic sample. Schizophrenia Research. 195, pp. 441-447. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2017.10.004

An Introduction to Self-help for Distressing Voices
Hazell, C.M., Hayward, M., Strauss, C. and Kingdon, D. 2018. An Introduction to Self-help for Distressing Voices. London Little Brown Book Group.

Caring for Caregivers (C4C): study protocol for a pilot feasibility randomised control trial of Positive Written Disclosure for older adult caregivers of people with psychosis
Hazell, C.M., Jones, C.J., Hayward, M., Bremner, S.A., O'Connor, D.B., Pinfold, V. and Smith, H.E. 2017. Caring for Caregivers (C4C): study protocol for a pilot feasibility randomised control trial of Positive Written Disclosure for older adult caregivers of people with psychosis. Pilot and Feasibility Studies. 3, p. 63. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40814-017-0206-z

Barriers to disseminating brief CBT for voices from a lived experience and clinician perspective
Hazell, C.M., Strauss, C., Cavanagh, K. and Hayward, M. 2017. Barriers to disseminating brief CBT for voices from a lived experience and clinician perspective. PLoS ONE. 12 (6) e0178715. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0178715

Understanding clinician attitudes towards implementation of guided self-help cognitive behaviour therapy for those who hear distressing voices: using factor analysis to test normalisation process theory
Hazell, C.M., Strauss, C., Hayward, M. and Cavanagh, K. 2017. Understanding clinician attitudes towards implementation of guided self-help cognitive behaviour therapy for those who hear distressing voices: using factor analysis to test normalisation process theory. BMC Health Services Research. 17, p. 507 507. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-017-2449-z

A systematic review and meta- analysis of low intensity CBT for psychosis
Hazell, C.M., Hayward, M., Cavanagh, K. and Strauss, C. 2016. A systematic review and meta- analysis of low intensity CBT for psychosis. Clinical Psychology Review. 45, pp. 183-192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2016.03.004

Guided self-help cognitive behavioural intervention for VoicEs (GiVE): study protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial
Hazell, C.M., Hayward, M., Cavanagh, K., Jones, A.M. and Strauss, C. 2016. Guided self-help cognitive behavioural intervention for VoicEs (GiVE): study protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial. Trials. 17, p. 351 351. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-016-1494-y

No Significant Evidence of Cognitive Biases for Emotional Stimuli in Children At-Risk of Developing Anxiety Disorders.
Ewing, D.L., Dash, S., Thompson, E.J., Hazell, C.M., Hughes, Z., Lester, K.J. and Cartwright-Hatton, S. 2016. No Significant Evidence of Cognitive Biases for Emotional Stimuli in Children At-Risk of Developing Anxiety Disorders. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 44 (7), pp. 1243-1252. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-015-0122-8

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/vvyzz/the-cognitive-phenomenological-assessment-of-delusions-and-hallucinations-at-the-early-intervention-in-psychosis-service-stage-the-results-of-a-quality-improvement-project


Restricted files

Accepted author manuscript

Under embargo until 26 Mar 2023

Share this

Usage statistics

11 total views
0 total downloads
0 views this month
0 downloads this month
These values are for the period from September 2nd 2018, when this repository was created