Occupational Burnout Among Omani Physicians Across Different Stages of Their Career

Al Alawi, Mohammed 2022. Occupational Burnout Among Omani Physicians Across Different Stages of Their Career. PhD thesis University of Westminster School of Social Sciences https://doi.org/10.34737/w13z5

TitleOccupational Burnout Among Omani Physicians Across Different Stages of Their Career
TypePhD thesis
AuthorsAl Alawi, Mohammed
Abstract

The occupational psychology literature indicates that physicians are at an elevated risk of burnout and mental distress. Notably, there is a lack of contribution to this field from Arabic and Islamic cultures. This commentary critically analyses the contribution of twelve published papers to the field of occupational psychology, focusing primarily on stress, health, and wellbeing. The overarching aim is to examine the scale and determinants of occupational burnout among Omani physicians across various stages of their careers using quantitative research methods. Following an introduction and contextualisation, the synthesis of published work proceeds in three chapters. Firstly, four published papers report how mental health and psychological distress are conceptualised among Omani healthcare workers and the public. Secondly, five publications address occupational burnout, the overlap with depressive symptoms, and psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic. Thirdly, three publications focus on burnout moderators among young Omani physicians: personality traits, emotional intelligence, and preparedness for hospital work. The findings revealed that burnout is common among Omani physicians, particularly during residency training. Long working hours and pre-clinical stage predicted burnout in regression analysis. However, the prevalence rates in our setting were lower than those reported in the international literature. Also, the published work highlighted the adverse effects of mental health stigma, prevalent in Oman, on willingness to disclose and seek help for psychological distress. Besides, the results highlighted the relationship between surgical speciality and psychoticism. Also, emotional intelligence correlated with specific demographic, including the female gender, while Omani physicians who graduated from international medical school endorsed a high level of preparedness for clinical work. Considering the methodological and theoretical limitations of the published work, conducting a prospective mixed-methods study is vital to scrutinise the burnout construct and its discriminant validity from clinical depression while paying attention to the cross-cultural factors. Moreover, future work should investigate factors improving work engagement and mitigating burnout in the Omani healthcare setting. The publications make an original contribution to the knowledge by culturally re-contextualizing burnout research and advancing the literature on occupational burnout via analysis of: (i) the magnitude and correlates of burnout in Omani physicians; (ii) moderating variables such as personality traits, emotional intelligence; and (iii) preparedness for clinical work. From a practical aspect, the published work has informed several initiatives and interventions to promote wellness and mitigate burnout at both the individual and organisational levels in Oman.

Year2022
File
File Access Level
Open (open metadata and files)
PublisherUniversity of Westminster
Publication dates
Published10 Nov 2022
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.34737/w13z5
Web address (URL)https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/portfolio/w1433/publications-for-the-phd-by-published-work-occupational-burnout-among-omani-physicians-across-different-stages-of-their-career

Related outputs

The differential mediating roles of resilience in the relationship between meaningful living and stress among college students during the COVID-19 pandemic
Tamadhir Al-Mahrouqi, Moon Fai Chan, Maryam Al-Mukhaini, Manar Al Shehi, Salim Al-Huseini, Firdous Jahan, Naser Al Balushi, Sathiya M Panchatcharam and Mohammed Al Alawi 2023. The differential mediating roles of resilience in the relationship between meaningful living and stress among college students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Scientific Reports. 13 11671. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-38975-0

Publications for the PhD by Published Work "Occupational Burnout Among Omani Physicians Across Different Stages of Their Career"
Al Alawi, M. 2022. Publications for the PhD by Published Work "Occupational Burnout Among Omani Physicians Across Different Stages of Their Career". University of Westminster.

The role of chronic physical illness and job dissatisfaction on burnout’s risk among medical interns in Oman: a study of prevalence and determinants
Al-Mahrouqi, T., Al-Ghailani, A., Al-Sinawi, H., Al-Balushi, N., Jose, S. and Al Alawi, M. 2022. The role of chronic physical illness and job dissatisfaction on burnout’s risk among medical interns in Oman: a study of prevalence and determinants. Middle East Current Psychiatry. 29 56. https://doi.org/10.1186/s43045-022-00221-0

Efficacy of a Six-Week-Long Therapist-Guided Online Therapy Versus Self-help Internet-Based Therapy for COVID-19–Induced Anxiety and Depression: Open-label, Pragmatic, Randomized Controlled Trial
Al-Alawi, M., McCall, R.K., Sultan, A., Al Balushi, N., Al-Mahrouqi, T., Al Ghailani, A., Al Sabti, H., Al-Maniri, A., Panchatcharam, S.M. and Al Sinawi, H. 2021. Efficacy of a Six-Week-Long Therapist-Guided Online Therapy Versus Self-help Internet-Based Therapy for COVID-19–Induced Anxiety and Depression: Open-label, Pragmatic, Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Mental Health. 8 (2) e26683. https://doi.org/10.2196/26683

Predictors of psychological distress among the public in Oman amid coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: a cross-sectional analytical study
Al Sinawi, H., Al Balushi, N., Al-Mahrouqi, T., Al Ghailani, A., McCall, R.K., Sultan, A., Al Sabti, H., Al Maniri, A., Panchatcharam, S.M. and Al-Alawi, M. 2021. Predictors of psychological distress among the public in Oman amid coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: a cross-sectional analytical study. Psychology, Health & Medicine. 26 (1), pp. 131-144. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2020.1842473

Prevalence and Correlates of Depressive Symptoms among Medical Students: a Crosssectional Single-centre Study
Al-Maashani, M., Al-Balushi, N., Al Alawi, M., Mirza, H., Al-Huseini, S., Al-Balushi, M., Obeid, Y., Jose, S., Al-Sibani, N. and Al-Adawi, S. 2020. Prevalence and Correlates of Depressive Symptoms among Medical Students: a Crosssectional Single-centre Study. East Asian Archives of Psychiatry. 30, pp. 28-31. https://doi.org/10.12809/eaap1882

Burnout Syndrome Among Primary Care Physicians in Oman
Al-Hashemi, T., Al-Huseini, S., Al Alawi, M., Al-Balushi, N., Al-Senawi. H., Al-Balushi, M., Jose, S. and Al-Adawi, S. 2019. Burnout Syndrome Among Primary Care Physicians in Oman. Oman Medical Journal. 34 (3), pp. 205-211. https://doi.org/10.5001/omj.2019.40

Trait Emotional Intelligence and Its Correlates in Oman Medical Specialty Board Residents
Al Huseini, S., Al Alawi, M., Al Sinawi, H., Al-Balushi, N., Jose, S. and Al-Adawi, S. 2019. Trait Emotional Intelligence and Its Correlates in Oman Medical Specialty Board Residents. Journal of Graduate Medical Education. 11 (4s), pp. 134-140. https://doi.org/10.4300/jgme-d-18-00388

Level and determinants of patient satisfaction with psychiatric out-patient services, Muscat, Oman
Alkaabi, S., Al-Balushi, N., Al-Alawi, M., Mirza, H., Al-Huseini, S., Al-Balushi, M., Murthi, S., Al-Saadon, M., Al-Sibani, N. and Al-Adawi, S. 2019. Level and determinants of patient satisfaction with psychiatric out-patient services, Muscat, Oman. International Journal of Mental Health. 48 (2), pp. 80-94. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207411.2019.1585226

Risk factors underlying depressive symptoms among parents/primary care providers of kids with autism spectrum disorder: A study from Muscat, Oman
Alshekaili, M., Al‐Balushi, N., Al Alawi, M., Mirza, H., Al‐Huseini, S., Al‐Balushi, M., Panchatcharam, S.M., Mahadevan, S., Al‐Sibani, N., Al‐Farsi, Y.M. and Al‐Adawi, S. 2019. Risk factors underlying depressive symptoms among parents/primary care providers of kids with autism spectrum disorder: A study from Muscat, Oman. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. 55 (4), pp. 600-606. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppc.12374

Predictors of Burden of Care Among Caregivers of Drug-Naive Children and Adolescents With ADHD: A Cross-Sectional Correlative Study From Muscat, Oman
Al-Balushi, N., Al-Alawi, M., Al Shekaili, M., Al-Balushi, M., Mirza, H., Al-Huseini, S., Panchatcharam, S.M., Al-Sibani, N., Cucchi, A. and Al-Adawi, S. 2019. Predictors of Burden of Care Among Caregivers of Drug-Naive Children and Adolescents With ADHD: A Cross-Sectional Correlative Study From Muscat, Oman. Journal of Attention Disorders. 23 (5), pp. 517-526. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054718808381

Prevalence and determinants of Burnout Syndrome and Depression among medical students at Sultan Qaboos University: A cross-sectional analytical study from Oman
Al-Balushi, N., Al Shekaili, M., Al Alawi, M., Al-Balushi, M., Panchatcharam, S.M. and Al-Adawi, S. 2019. Prevalence and determinants of Burnout Syndrome and Depression among medical students at Sultan Qaboos University: A cross-sectional analytical study from Oman. Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health. 74 (3), pp. 130-139. https://doi.org/10.1080/19338244.2017.1400941

Prevalence and predictors of depressive symptoms among caregivers of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder attending a tertiary care facility: a cross-sectional analytical study from Muscat, Oman
Al-Balushi, N., Al Shekaili, M., Al-Alawi, M., Al-Balushi, M., Panchatcharam, S.M. and Al-Adawi, S. 2019. Prevalence and predictors of depressive symptoms among caregivers of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder attending a tertiary care facility: a cross-sectional analytical study from Muscat, Oman. Early Child Development and Care. 189 (9), pp. 1515-1524. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2017.1394850

In the Realm of Psychoneuroimmunology: The Role of Celecoxib as an Add-On Treatment for Bipolar Mania
Al-Alawi, M., Al Sinawi, H. and Rashid, R. 2018. In the Realm of Psychoneuroimmunology: The Role of Celecoxib as an Add-On Treatment for Bipolar Mania. Complex Psychiatry. 4, pp. 164-167. https://doi.org/10.1159/000494700

Prevalence and predictors of depressive symptoms among attendees of a tertiary care dermatology clinic in Muscat, Oman
Al Alawi, M., Al Sinawi, H., Al Qasabi, Al M., Al Mamari, Al M., Panchatcharam, S.M. and Al-Adawi, S. 2018. Prevalence and predictors of depressive symptoms among attendees of a tertiary care dermatology clinic in Muscat, Oman. International Journal of Dermatology. 57 (3), pp. 284-290. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijd.13912

Perception of Preparedness for Clinical Work Among New Residents: A Cross-sectional Study from Oman
Al Sinawi, H., Al Alawi, M., Al Qubtan, A., Al Lawati, J., Al Habsi, A. and Jose, S. 2017. Perception of Preparedness for Clinical Work Among New Residents: A Cross-sectional Study from Oman. Oman Medical Journal. 32 (3), p. 201–206. https://doi.org/10.5001/omj.2017.38

Influence of Eysenckian Personality Traits in Choice of Specialization by Young Omani Doctors
Al-Alawi, M., Al-Sinawi, H., Al-Husseini, S., Al-Adawi, S., Panchatcharam, S.M., Khan, S. and Jeyaseelan, L. 2017. Influence of Eysenckian Personality Traits in Choice of Specialization by Young Omani Doctors. Oman Medical Journal. 32 (4), pp. 291-296. https://doi.org/10.5001/omj.2017.57

Public perception of mental illness in Oman: a cross sectional study
Al Alawi, M., Al-Sinawi, H., Al-Adawi, S., Jeyaseelan, L. and Murthi, S. 2017. Public perception of mental illness in Oman: a cross sectional study. International Journal of Culture and Mental Health. 10 (4), pp. 389-399. https://doi.org/10.1080/17542863.2017.1325916

Attitude of Medical Students at Sultan Qaboos University toward Psychiatry
Al Qubtan, A., Al Lawati, J., Al Alawi, M. and Al Sinawi, H. 2016. Attitude of Medical Students at Sultan Qaboos University toward Psychiatry. International Journal of Public Health & Safety. 1 101. https://doi.org/10.4172/ijphs.1000101

Perception of Stigma among Attendees of Tertiary Care Psychiatric Clinic in Oman
Al Alawi, M., Al Sinawi, H., Al Maqbali, M. and Al Hatmi, H. 2016. Perception of Stigma among Attendees of Tertiary Care Psychiatric Clinic in Oman. International Journal of Public Health & Safety. https://doi.org/10.4172/ijphs.1000108

Gender dysphoria in an Omani female
Ali, A., Al Sinawi, H. and Al Alawi, M. 2016. Gender dysphoria in an Omani female. International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases. 6 (2), pp. 97-99. https://doi.org/10.4103/2231-0738.179970

The man who was tested for HIV 100 times
Al Alawi, M. and Al. Sinawi, H. 2015. The man who was tested for HIV 100 times. International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases. 5 (4), pp. 163-165. https://doi.org/10.4103/2231-0738.167500

Emerging Burden of Frail Young and Elderly Persons in Oman: For whom the bell tolls?
Al-Sinawi, H., Al-Alawi, M., Al-Lawati, R., Al-Harrasi, A., Al-Shafaee, M. and Al-Adawi, S. 2012. Emerging Burden of Frail Young and Elderly Persons in Oman: For whom the bell tolls? Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal. 12 (2), pp. 169-176. https://doi.org/10.12816/0003109

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/w13z5/occupational-burnout-among-omani-physicians-across-different-stages-of-their-career


Explore this phd thesis

Attitude of Medical Students at Sultan Qaboos University toward Psychiatry
Al Qubtan, A., Al Lawati, J., Al Alawi, M. and Al Sinawi, H. 2016. Attitude of Medical Students at Sultan Qaboos University toward Psychiatry. International Journal of Public Health & Safety. 1 101. https://doi.org/10.4172/ijphs.1000101

Perception of Stigma among Attendees of Tertiary Care Psychiatric Clinic in Oman
Al Alawi, M., Al Sinawi, H., Al Maqbali, M. and Al Hatmi, H. 2016. Perception of Stigma among Attendees of Tertiary Care Psychiatric Clinic in Oman. International Journal of Public Health & Safety. https://doi.org/10.4172/ijphs.1000108

Public perception of mental illness in Oman: a cross sectional study
Al Alawi, M., Al-Sinawi, H., Al-Adawi, S., Jeyaseelan, L. and Murthi, S. 2017. Public perception of mental illness in Oman: a cross sectional study. International Journal of Culture and Mental Health. 10 (4), pp. 389-399. https://doi.org/10.1080/17542863.2017.1325916

Prevalence and determinants of Burnout Syndrome and Depression among medical students at Sultan Qaboos University: A cross-sectional analytical study from Oman
Al-Balushi, N., Al Shekaili, M., Al Alawi, M., Al-Balushi, M., Panchatcharam, S.M. and Al-Adawi, S. 2019. Prevalence and determinants of Burnout Syndrome and Depression among medical students at Sultan Qaboos University: A cross-sectional analytical study from Oman. Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health. 74 (3), pp. 130-139. https://doi.org/10.1080/19338244.2017.1400941

Burnout Syndrome Among Primary Care Physicians in Oman
Al-Hashemi, T., Al-Huseini, S., Al Alawi, M., Al-Balushi, N., Al-Senawi. H., Al-Balushi, M., Jose, S. and Al-Adawi, S. 2019. Burnout Syndrome Among Primary Care Physicians in Oman. Oman Medical Journal. 34 (3), pp. 205-211. https://doi.org/10.5001/omj.2019.40

Prevalence and Correlates of Depressive Symptoms among Medical Students: a Crosssectional Single-centre Study
Al-Maashani, M., Al-Balushi, N., Al Alawi, M., Mirza, H., Al-Huseini, S., Al-Balushi, M., Obeid, Y., Jose, S., Al-Sibani, N. and Al-Adawi, S. 2020. Prevalence and Correlates of Depressive Symptoms among Medical Students: a Crosssectional Single-centre Study. East Asian Archives of Psychiatry. 30, pp. 28-31. https://doi.org/10.12809/eaap1882

Predictors of psychological distress among the public in Oman amid coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: a cross-sectional analytical study
Al Sinawi, H., Al Balushi, N., Al-Mahrouqi, T., Al Ghailani, A., McCall, R.K., Sultan, A., Al Sabti, H., Al Maniri, A., Panchatcharam, S.M. and Al-Alawi, M. 2021. Predictors of psychological distress among the public in Oman amid coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: a cross-sectional analytical study. Psychology, Health & Medicine. 26 (1), pp. 131-144. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2020.1842473

Efficacy of a Six-Week-Long Therapist-Guided Online Therapy Versus Self-help Internet-Based Therapy for COVID-19–Induced Anxiety and Depression: Open-label, Pragmatic, Randomized Controlled Trial
Al-Alawi, M., McCall, R.K., Sultan, A., Al Balushi, N., Al-Mahrouqi, T., Al Ghailani, A., Al Sabti, H., Al-Maniri, A., Panchatcharam, S.M. and Al Sinawi, H. 2021. Efficacy of a Six-Week-Long Therapist-Guided Online Therapy Versus Self-help Internet-Based Therapy for COVID-19–Induced Anxiety and Depression: Open-label, Pragmatic, Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Mental Health. 8 (2) e26683. https://doi.org/10.2196/26683

Influence of Eysenckian Personality Traits in Choice of Specialization by Young Omani Doctors
Al-Alawi, M., Al-Sinawi, H., Al-Husseini, S., Al-Adawi, S., Panchatcharam, S.M., Khan, S. and Jeyaseelan, L. 2017. Influence of Eysenckian Personality Traits in Choice of Specialization by Young Omani Doctors. Oman Medical Journal. 32 (4), pp. 291-296. https://doi.org/10.5001/omj.2017.57

Perception of Preparedness for Clinical Work Among New Residents: A Cross-sectional Study from Oman
Al Sinawi, H., Al Alawi, M., Al Qubtan, A., Al Lawati, J., Al Habsi, A. and Jose, S. 2017. Perception of Preparedness for Clinical Work Among New Residents: A Cross-sectional Study from Oman. Oman Medical Journal. 32 (3), p. 201–206. https://doi.org/10.5001/omj.2017.38

Trait Emotional Intelligence and Its Correlates in Oman Medical Specialty Board Residents
Al Huseini, S., Al Alawi, M., Al Sinawi, H., Al-Balushi, N., Jose, S. and Al-Adawi, S. 2019. Trait Emotional Intelligence and Its Correlates in Oman Medical Specialty Board Residents. Journal of Graduate Medical Education. 11 (4s), pp. 134-140. https://doi.org/10.4300/jgme-d-18-00388

Share this

Usage statistics

90 total views
51 total downloads
These values cover views and downloads from WestminsterResearch and are for the period from September 2nd 2018, when this repository was created.