The differential mediating roles of resilience in the relationship between meaningful living and stress among college students during the COVID-19 pandemic

Tamadhir Al-Mahrouqi, Moon Fai Chan, Maryam Al-Mukhaini, Manar Al Shehi, Salim Al-Huseini, Firdous Jahan, Naser Al Balushi, Sathiya M Panchatcharam and Mohammed Al Alawi 2023. The differential mediating roles of resilience in the relationship between meaningful living and stress among college students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Scientific Reports. 13 11671. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-38975-0

TitleThe differential mediating roles of resilience in the relationship between meaningful living and stress among college students during the COVID-19 pandemic
TypeJournal article
AuthorsTamadhir Al-Mahrouqi, Moon Fai Chan, Maryam Al-Mukhaini, Manar Al Shehi, Salim Al-Huseini, Firdous Jahan, Naser Al Balushi, Sathiya M Panchatcharam and Mohammed Al Alawi
Abstract

The current literature, mostly Euro-American based, indicates that the presence of meaning in life (MIL) improves resilience and lowers stress. However, the differential mediating roles of resilience in the relationship between the search for and presence of MIL, and stress have not been explored. This study aimed to investigate the differential mediating roles of resilience in the relationship between the presence of and search for MIL, and stress among Omani college students amid the COVID-19 pandemic. This cross-sectional study consisted of the Brief Resilience Scale, Perceived Stress Scale 4, and Meaning in Life Questionnaire, as well as socio-demographic questions. A path analysis model was used to examine the hypothesis. A total of 970 Omani college students responded to the questionnaire. Findings indicate that searching for MIL was significantly associated with a high level of stress directly (β = 0.023; p < 0.001) and indirectly, through a negative effect on resilience (β =  0.006; p < 0.001). Conversely, the presence of MIL was significantly associated with a decreased level of stress directly (β = − 0.045; p < 0.001) and indirectly via a positive effect on resilience (β = − 0.151; p < 0.001). In keeping with the proposed hypothesis, this study contributes to the current knowledge, by extrapolating the effect of searching for MIL on resilience and stress, and culturally re-contextualizing MIL research. University counseling centers could adopt meaning-based strategies to mitigate stress by promoting meaningful living and resilience.

Article number11671
JournalScientific Reports
Journal citation13
ISSN2045-2322
Year2023
PublisherNature Publishing Group
Publisher's version
License
CC BY 4.0
File Access Level
Open (open metadata and files)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-38975-0
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-38975-0
Publication dates
Published19 Jul 2023

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