|Title||Consumers' willingness to pay for ethical attributes|
Purpose: In recent years, there has been a big increase in the use of ethical attributes as marketing appeals. This paper examines consumers’ willingness to pay for three selected ethical attributes, namely ‘Organic’, ‘Recyclable Packaging’ and ‘Fairtrade’ in monetary terms.
Design/Methodology/Approach: A modified choice-based experimental design with manipulation of the key constructs was used to estimate the mean value of how much consumers are willing to pay for the selected attributes attached to a box of premium chocolates. The results are based on the responses of a total of 208 consumers.
Findings: Of the three attributes, ‘Recyclable Packaging’ has the strongest influence on the purchase decision, although this attribute generates the least additional value. The aggregated result shows that although consumers are willing to pay more for the product with ethical attributes than the one that is without, still around a half of them are not willing to pay more. In terms of demographics, the results show no significant differences between the two genders or different age groups in their willingness to pay for ethical attributes. As might be expected, willingness to pay was correlated with the level of consciousness of the ethical attributes.
Originality/Value: The findings of this study help management to think practically about the value consumers willing to pay for the selected attributes. The results show a significant synergy in a combination of ethical attributes in products.
|Keywords||consumer behaviour, experimental design, ethical attitudes, willingness to pay|
|Journal||Marketing Intelligence & Planning|
|Journal citation||32 (6), pp. 706-721|
|Accepted author manuscript|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1108/MIP-08-2013-0139|
|Web address (URL)||http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?issn=0263-4503|
|Published||29 Aug 2014|