Airports have become increasingly active in route development as a means of attracting, growing and
retaining air services. However, little is known about the different levels of route development activity at
airports, or the extent to which route development activity affects performance. Based on the findings of
a survey of 124 airports worldwide, this study finds that larger airports are significantly more active than
smaller airports. It also finds that private airports are more active than public airports, and that airports
in Europe are more active than airports in other world regions, although differences according to
ownership and location are not significant. Route development activity has a significant positive effect on performance. Factors associated with the airport business environment (market turbulence, competitive intensity, market growth and airport constraints) were not found to have a significant moderating effect on the relationship between route development activity and performance. However, two factors were found to have a significant direct effect on performance; market growth has a significant positive effect
while airport constraints have a significant negative effect.