In many countries around the world, cities are looking for ways to promote the integration of public transport and urban development or “transit-oriented development” (TOD). Often, however, these integration attempts are limited to a particular station site, instead of being based on a comprehensive strategy encompassing the whole urban region and public transportation network. This is especially true in the case of Greater London, where the transformation of station areas lacks a much broader space and time horizons vision.
With the aim of supporting long-term integrated land-use and transport strategies at the regional scale, this paper analyses and classifies the station areas system in Greater London. In fact, TOD has also been widely advocated and applied in London; however, so far no study has systematically developed a TOD typology in the London context. This paper fills this gap using an approach based on the node-place model, introduced by Bertolini (1996, 1999) to chart ‘node’ and ‘place’ components for station catchment areas. The main innovation of this application of the node-place is that it is applied in the day hours and the night hours, considering the opening hours of the London Tube.
Using GIS, the paper proposes a system of indicators for the day and night hours, including network connectivity (‘node values’) and geographically detailed data on amenity levels, job and employment densities (‘place values’).
Drawing on these confrontations, opportunities for (i) land-use densification within catchment areas or (ii) increased network connectivity of the stations are suggested both for the day and night hours, supporting the 24hours London economy.