Heterogeneous effects of missing out on a place at a preferred secondary school in England

Gorman, Emma and Walker, Ian 2021. Heterogeneous effects of missing out on a place at a preferred secondary school in England. Economics of Education Review. 81 102082. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econedurev.2021.102082

TitleHeterogeneous effects of missing out on a place at a preferred secondary school in England
TypeJournal article
AuthorsGorman, Emma and Walker, Ian
Abstract

Schools vary in quality, and high-performing schools tend to be oversubscribed: there are more applicants than places available. In this paper, we use nationally representative cohort data linked to administrative education records to study the consequences of failing to gain admission to one's first-choice secondary school in England. Our empirical strategy leverages features of the institutional setting and the literature on school choice to make a case for a selection-on-observables identifying assumption. Failing to gain a place at a preferred school had null to small impacts on short-run academic attainment, but was associated with reductions in mental health and increased smoking rates in early in adulthood. In areas which deployed a manipulable assignment mechanism to allocate school places, we detected detrimental effects on high-stakes examination outcomes. Our results show that schools are important in shaping more than just test scores, and that the workings of the school admission system play a fundamental role in ensuring access to good schools.

KeywordsEducation
school choice
human capital
market design
risky behaviours
Article number102082
JournalEconomics of Education Review
Journal citation81
ISSN0272-7757
Year2021
PublisherElsevier
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
File Access Level
Open (open metadata and files)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econedurev.2021.102082
Web address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0272775721000054?dgcid=coauthor
Publication dates
Published online04 Feb 2021
Published in printApr 2021
Supplemental file
File Access Level
Open (open metadata and files)

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Accepted author manuscript

Under embargo until 04 Aug 2022

Supplemental file

Under embargo until 04 Aug 2022
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