Interventions for Alleviating Loneliness Among Older Persons: A Critical Review

Cohen-Mansfield, J. and Perach, R. 2015. Interventions for Alleviating Loneliness Among Older Persons: A Critical Review. American Journal of Health Promotion. 29 (3), pp. e109-25. https://doi.org/10.4278/ajhp.130418-LIT-182

TitleInterventions for Alleviating Loneliness Among Older Persons: A Critical Review
TypeJournal article
AuthorsCohen-Mansfield, J. and Perach, R.
Abstract

Objectives: Loneliness is common among older persons and has been associated with health and mental health risks. This systematic review examines the utility of loneliness interventions among older persons.

Data source: Thirty-four intervention studies were used. STUDY INCLUSION CRITERIA: The study was conducted between 1996 and 2011, included a sample of older adults, implemented an intervention affecting loneliness or identified a situation that directly affected loneliness, included in its outcome measures the effects of the intervention or situation on loneliness levels or on loneliness-related measures (e.g., social interaction), and included in its analysis pretest-posttest comparisons.

Data extraction: Studies were accessed using the databases PsycINFO, MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, AgeLine, PsycBOOKS, and Google Scholar for the years 1996-2011.

Data synthesis: Interventions were classified based on population, format, and content and were evaluated for quality of design and efficacy.

Results: Twelve studies were effective in reducing loneliness according to the review criteria, and 15 were evaluated as potentially effective. The findings suggest that it is possible to reduce loneliness by using educational interventions focused on social networks maintenance and enhancement.

Conclusions: Multiple approaches show promise, although flawed design often prevents proper evaluation of efficacy. The value of specific therapy techniques in reducing loneliness is highlighted and warrants a wider investigation. Studies of special populations, such as the cognitively impaired, are also needed.

JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Journal citation29 (3), pp. e109-25
ISSN0890-1171
2168-6602
Year2015
PublisherSage
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.4278/ajhp.130418-LIT-182
Publication dates
Published01 Jan 2015

Related outputs

The associations between paranormal beliefs and sleep variables
Rauf, B., Perach, R., Madrid-Valero, J.J., Denis, D., Sharpless, B., Poerio, G.L., French, C.C. and Gregory, A.M. 2023. The associations between paranormal beliefs and sleep variables . Journal of Sleep Research. Advanced online publication. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.13810

‘Pushing back’: People newly diagnosed with dementia and their experiences of the Covid‐19 pandemic restrictions in England
Dixon, J., Hicks, B., Gridley, K., Perach, R., Baxter, K., Birks, Y., Colclough, C., Storey, B., Russell, A., Karim, A., Tipping, E., Banerjee, S. and on behalf of the DETERMIND team 2022. ‘Pushing back’: People newly diagnosed with dementia and their experiences of the Covid‐19 pandemic restrictions in England. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 37 (10), pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.5803

Predictors of loneliness during the Covid-19 pandemic in people with dementia and their carers in England: findings from the DETERMIND-C19 study
Perach, R., Read, S., Hicks, B., Harris, P.R., Rusted, J.M., Brayne, C., Dangoor, M., Miles, E., Dixon, J., Robinson, L., Thomas, A., Banerjee, S. and DETERMIND Team 2022. Predictors of loneliness during the Covid-19 pandemic in people with dementia and their carers in England: findings from the DETERMIND-C19 study. Aging & Mental Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2022.2080179

Tracking the nature and trajectory of social support in Facebook mutual aid groups during the COVID-19 pandemic
Ntontis, E., Fernandes-Jesus, M., Mao, G., Dines, T., Kane, J., Karakaya, J., Perach, R., Cocking, C., McTague, M., Schwarz, A., Semlyen, J. and Drury, J. 2022. Tracking the nature and trajectory of social support in Facebook mutual aid groups during the COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 76 103043. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2022.103043

A cohort study of the impact of COVID-19 on the quality of life of people newly diagnosed with dementia and their family carers
Hicks, B., Read, S., Hu, B., Wittenberg, R., Grahamslaw, A., Karim, A., Martin, E., Nuzum, E., Reichental, J., Russell, A., Siddle, E., Storey, E., Tipping, E., Baxter, K., Birks, Y., Brayne, C., Brimblecombe, N., Dangoor, M., Dixon, J., Gridley, K., Harris, P.R., Knapp, M., Miles, E., Perach, R., Robinson, L., Rusted, J., Stewart, R., Thomas, A.J. and Banerjee, S. 2022. A cohort study of the impact of COVID-19 on the quality of life of people newly diagnosed with dementia and their family carers. Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions. 8 (1) e12236. https://doi.org/10.1002/trc2.12236

Can culture beat Covid-19? Evidence that exposure to facemasks with cultural symbols increases solidarity
Perach, R. and Limbu, M. 2022. Can culture beat Covid-19? Evidence that exposure to facemasks with cultural symbols increases solidarity. British Journal of Social Psychology. 61 (3), pp. 991-1010. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12521

Associations between tactile intimacy and sleep quality in healthy adults: A systematic review
Dueren, A.L., Perach, R., Banissy, J.F.M., Bowling, N.C., Gregory, A.M. and Banissy, M.J. 2022. Associations between tactile intimacy and sleep quality in healthy adults: A systematic review. Journal of Sleep Research. 31 (3) e13504. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.13504

Emotion regulation and decision-making in persons with dementia: A scoping review
Perach, R., Rusted, J., Harris, P.R., Miles, E. and for the DETERMIND team 2021. Emotion regulation and decision-making in persons with dementia: A scoping review. Dementia. 20 (5), pp. 1832-1854. https://doi.org/10.1177/1471301220971630

Association between symptoms of sleep apnea and problem behaviors in young adult twins and siblings
Madrid-Valero, J.J., Barclay, N.L., Rowe, R., Perach, R., Buysse, D.J., Ordoñana, J.R., Eley, T.C. and Gregory, A.M. 2021. Association between symptoms of sleep apnea and problem behaviors in young adult twins and siblings. Psychological Medicine. 51 (7), pp. 1175-1182. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291719004070

Exploding Head Syndrome: Clinical Features, Theories about Etiology, and Prevention Strategies in a Large International Sample
Sharpless, B.A., Denis, D., Perach, R., French, C.C. and Gregory, A.M. 2020. Exploding Head Syndrome: Clinical Features, Theories about Etiology, and Prevention Strategies in a Large International Sample. Sleep Medicine. 75, pp. 251-255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2020.05.043

DETERMinants of quality of life, care and costs, and consequences of INequalities in people with Dementia and their carers (DETERMIND): A protocol paper
Farina, N., Hicks, B., Baxter, K., Birks, Y., Brayne, C., Dangoor, M., Dixon, J., Harris, P.R., Hu, B., Knapp, M., Miles, E., Perach, R., Read, S., Robinson, L., Rusted, J., Stewart, R., Thomas, A., Wittenberg, R. and Banerjee, S. 2020. DETERMinants of quality of life, care and costs, and consequences of INequalities in people with Dementia and their carers (DETERMIND): A protocol paper. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 35 (3), pp. 290-301. https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.5246

The psychological wellbeing outcomes of nonpharmacological interventions for older persons with insomnia symptoms: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Perach, R., Allen, C.K., Kapantai, I., Madrid-Valero, J.J., Miles, E., Charlton, R.A. and Gregory, A.M. 2019. The psychological wellbeing outcomes of nonpharmacological interventions for older persons with insomnia symptoms: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Medicine Reviews. 43, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2018.09.003

Can Creativity Beat Death? A Review and Evidence on the Existential Anxiety Buffering Functions of Creative Achievement
Perach, R. and Wisman, A. 2019. Can Creativity Beat Death? A Review and Evidence on the Existential Anxiety Buffering Functions of Creative Achievement. Journal of Creative Behavior. 53 (2), pp. 193-210. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.171

Telephone hotline for aging: Information needs, quality of service, and insights
Cohen-Mansfield, J., Perach, R., Stern, T.K., Albeck, S., Rotem, D., Arnow, T.L. and Lerman, Y. 2018. Telephone hotline for aging: Information needs, quality of service, and insights. International Social Work. 61 (5), pp. 681-691. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020872816651702

Sleep Duration, Nap Habits, and Mortality in Older Persons
Perach, R. and Cohen-Mansfield, J. 2012. Sleep Duration, Nap Habits, and Mortality in Older Persons. Sleep. 35 (7), p. 1003–1009. https://doi.org/10.5665/sleep.1970

Is there a reversal in the effect of obesity on mortality in old age?
Cohen-Mansfield, J. and Perach, R. 2011. Is there a reversal in the effect of obesity on mortality in old age? Journal of Aging Research. 2011 765071. https://doi.org/10.4061/2011/765071

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/vqyw4/interventions-for-alleviating-loneliness-among-older-persons-a-critical-review


Share this

Usage statistics

38 total views
0 total downloads
These values cover views and downloads from WestminsterResearch and are for the period from September 2nd 2018, when this repository was created.