Can culture beat Covid-19? Evidence that exposure to facemasks with cultural symbols increases solidarity

Perach, R. and Limbu, M. 2022. Can culture beat Covid-19? Evidence that exposure to facemasks with cultural symbols increases solidarity. British Journal of Social Psychology. 61 (3), pp. 991-1010. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12521

TitleCan culture beat Covid-19? Evidence that exposure to facemasks with cultural symbols increases solidarity
TypeJournal article
AuthorsPerach, R. and Limbu, M.
Abstract

Facemasks have become integral to everyday life. We propose that exposure to facemasks with a solidarity-related cultural symbol can activate cultural values such as mutual trust and increase corresponding interpersonal perceptions, thereby enhancing collective resilience in the Covid-19 pandemic. In three (two of which preregistered) studies, we examined whether exposure to facemasks with a solidarity-related cultural symbol predicts positive interpersonal perceptions, and whether this depends on death awareness. Across studies, exposure to facemasks with a cultural symbol (either pride flag or National Health Service) increased positive interpersonal perceptions, an index of solidarity, in people for whom this symbol represents a meaningful social identity. This was found whether participants were reminded of death, a neutral experience, or a negative experience. Importantly, in Study 3, exposure to facemasks with a solidarity-related cultural symbol (vs. surgical) led to greater increases in positive interpersonal perceptions when death awareness was high. Together, our findings suggest that wearing facemasks with a cultural symbol that relates to solidarity can be a vehicle for shaping people's personality impressions of others. Applied directions for the activation of people's social identities via facemask selection to promote collective resilience in the Covid-19 pandemic are discussed.

JournalBritish Journal of Social Psychology
Journal citation61 (3), pp. 991-1010
Year2022
PublisherBritish Psychological Society
Publisher's version
License
CC BY 4.0
File Access Level
Open (open metadata and files)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12521
Web address (URL)https://bpspsychub.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/bjso.12521
Publication dates
Published online25 Jan 2022
PublishedJul 2022

Related outputs

The associations between paranormal beliefs and sleep variables
Rauf, B., Perach, R., Madrid-Valero, J.J., Denis, D., Sharpless, B., Poerio, G.L., French, C.C. and Gregory, A.M. 2023. The associations between paranormal beliefs and sleep variables . Journal of Sleep Research. Advanced online publication. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.13810

‘Pushing back’: People newly diagnosed with dementia and their experiences of the Covid‐19 pandemic restrictions in England
Dixon, J., Hicks, B., Gridley, K., Perach, R., Baxter, K., Birks, Y., Colclough, C., Storey, B., Russell, A., Karim, A., Tipping, E., Banerjee, S. and on behalf of the DETERMIND team 2022. ‘Pushing back’: People newly diagnosed with dementia and their experiences of the Covid‐19 pandemic restrictions in England. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 37 (10), pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.5803

Predictors of loneliness during the Covid-19 pandemic in people with dementia and their carers in England: findings from the DETERMIND-C19 study
Perach, R., Read, S., Hicks, B., Harris, P.R., Rusted, J.M., Brayne, C., Dangoor, M., Miles, E., Dixon, J., Robinson, L., Thomas, A., Banerjee, S. and DETERMIND Team 2022. Predictors of loneliness during the Covid-19 pandemic in people with dementia and their carers in England: findings from the DETERMIND-C19 study. Aging & Mental Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2022.2080179

Tracking the nature and trajectory of social support in Facebook mutual aid groups during the COVID-19 pandemic
Ntontis, E., Fernandes-Jesus, M., Mao, G., Dines, T., Kane, J., Karakaya, J., Perach, R., Cocking, C., McTague, M., Schwarz, A., Semlyen, J. and Drury, J. 2022. Tracking the nature and trajectory of social support in Facebook mutual aid groups during the COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 76 103043. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2022.103043

A cohort study of the impact of COVID-19 on the quality of life of people newly diagnosed with dementia and their family carers
Hicks, B., Read, S., Hu, B., Wittenberg, R., Grahamslaw, A., Karim, A., Martin, E., Nuzum, E., Reichental, J., Russell, A., Siddle, E., Storey, E., Tipping, E., Baxter, K., Birks, Y., Brayne, C., Brimblecombe, N., Dangoor, M., Dixon, J., Gridley, K., Harris, P.R., Knapp, M., Miles, E., Perach, R., Robinson, L., Rusted, J., Stewart, R., Thomas, A.J. and Banerjee, S. 2022. A cohort study of the impact of COVID-19 on the quality of life of people newly diagnosed with dementia and their family carers. Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions. 8 (1) e12236. https://doi.org/10.1002/trc2.12236

Associations between tactile intimacy and sleep quality in healthy adults: A systematic review
Dueren, A.L., Perach, R., Banissy, J.F.M., Bowling, N.C., Gregory, A.M. and Banissy, M.J. 2022. Associations between tactile intimacy and sleep quality in healthy adults: A systematic review. Journal of Sleep Research. 31 (3) e13504. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.13504

Emotion regulation and decision-making in persons with dementia: A scoping review
Perach, R., Rusted, J., Harris, P.R., Miles, E. and for the DETERMIND team 2021. Emotion regulation and decision-making in persons with dementia: A scoping review. Dementia. 20 (5), pp. 1832-1854. https://doi.org/10.1177/1471301220971630

Association between symptoms of sleep apnea and problem behaviors in young adult twins and siblings
Madrid-Valero, J.J., Barclay, N.L., Rowe, R., Perach, R., Buysse, D.J., Ordoñana, J.R., Eley, T.C. and Gregory, A.M. 2021. Association between symptoms of sleep apnea and problem behaviors in young adult twins and siblings. Psychological Medicine. 51 (7), pp. 1175-1182. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291719004070

Exploding Head Syndrome: Clinical Features, Theories about Etiology, and Prevention Strategies in a Large International Sample
Sharpless, B.A., Denis, D., Perach, R., French, C.C. and Gregory, A.M. 2020. Exploding Head Syndrome: Clinical Features, Theories about Etiology, and Prevention Strategies in a Large International Sample. Sleep Medicine. 75, pp. 251-255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2020.05.043

DETERMinants of quality of life, care and costs, and consequences of INequalities in people with Dementia and their carers (DETERMIND): A protocol paper
Farina, N., Hicks, B., Baxter, K., Birks, Y., Brayne, C., Dangoor, M., Dixon, J., Harris, P.R., Hu, B., Knapp, M., Miles, E., Perach, R., Read, S., Robinson, L., Rusted, J., Stewart, R., Thomas, A., Wittenberg, R. and Banerjee, S. 2020. DETERMinants of quality of life, care and costs, and consequences of INequalities in people with Dementia and their carers (DETERMIND): A protocol paper. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 35 (3), pp. 290-301. https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.5246

The psychological wellbeing outcomes of nonpharmacological interventions for older persons with insomnia symptoms: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Perach, R., Allen, C.K., Kapantai, I., Madrid-Valero, J.J., Miles, E., Charlton, R.A. and Gregory, A.M. 2019. The psychological wellbeing outcomes of nonpharmacological interventions for older persons with insomnia symptoms: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Medicine Reviews. 43, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smrv.2018.09.003

Can Creativity Beat Death? A Review and Evidence on the Existential Anxiety Buffering Functions of Creative Achievement
Perach, R. and Wisman, A. 2019. Can Creativity Beat Death? A Review and Evidence on the Existential Anxiety Buffering Functions of Creative Achievement. Journal of Creative Behavior. 53 (2), pp. 193-210. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.171

Telephone hotline for aging: Information needs, quality of service, and insights
Cohen-Mansfield, J., Perach, R., Stern, T.K., Albeck, S., Rotem, D., Arnow, T.L. and Lerman, Y. 2018. Telephone hotline for aging: Information needs, quality of service, and insights. International Social Work. 61 (5), pp. 681-691. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020872816651702

Interventions for Alleviating Loneliness Among Older Persons: A Critical Review
Cohen-Mansfield, J. and Perach, R. 2015. Interventions for Alleviating Loneliness Among Older Persons: A Critical Review. American Journal of Health Promotion. 29 (3), pp. e109-25. https://doi.org/10.4278/ajhp.130418-LIT-182

Sleep Duration, Nap Habits, and Mortality in Older Persons
Perach, R. and Cohen-Mansfield, J. 2012. Sleep Duration, Nap Habits, and Mortality in Older Persons. Sleep. 35 (7), p. 1003–1009. https://doi.org/10.5665/sleep.1970

Is there a reversal in the effect of obesity on mortality in old age?
Cohen-Mansfield, J. and Perach, R. 2011. Is there a reversal in the effect of obesity on mortality in old age? Journal of Aging Research. 2011 765071. https://doi.org/10.4061/2011/765071

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/vqyx8/can-culture-beat-covid-19-evidence-that-exposure-to-facemasks-with-cultural-symbols-increases-solidarity


Share this

Usage statistics

54 total views
45 total downloads
These values cover views and downloads from WestminsterResearch and are for the period from September 2nd 2018, when this repository was created.