The effects of gradual vs. rapid weight loss on serum concentrations of myokines and body composition in overweight and obese females

Bagheri, Reza, Ashtary-Larky, Damoon, Elliott, B., Willoughby, Darryn S., Kargarfard, Mehdi, Alipour, Meysam, Lamuchi-Deli, Nasrin, Kooti, Wesam, Asbaghi, Omid and Wong, Alexei 2021. The effects of gradual vs. rapid weight loss on serum concentrations of myokines and body composition in overweight and obese females. Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry. Advanced online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/13813455.2021.1874020

TitleThe effects of gradual vs. rapid weight loss on serum concentrations of myokines and body composition in overweight and obese females
TypeJournal article
AuthorsBagheri, R
Ashtary-Larky, D
Elliott, B.
Willoughby, D
Kargarfard, M
Alipour, M
Lamuchi-Deli, N
Kooti, W
Asbaghi, O
Wong, A
Abstract

Context: Research has shown the modulations of Follistatin (FST) and Myostatin (MST) following weight loss
Objective: We evaluated the effects of gradual weight loss (GWL) and rapid weight loss (RWL) on serum MST, FST concentrations, and body composition in overweight and obese females.
Materials and Methods: Thirty-six overweight and obese females successfully completed the study interventions: GWL (n = 18) or RWL (n= 18). Serum MST and FST concentrations, as well as anthropometric measurements, were collected at baseline and at the conclusion of each weight loss intervention.
Results: MST significantly (p<0.05) concentration decreased in the GWL; while FST, body fat percentage and skeletal muscle mass significantly declined in both conditions. The loss in skeletal muscle mass was significantly greater in RWL relative to GWL.
Discussion and Conclusion: GWL was more effective than RWL in preserving skeletal muscle mass in overweight and obese females. Moreover, GWL leads to declines in MST concentrations.

Keywordsbody composition
diet
insulin resistance
obesity
weight loss
JournalArchives of Physiology and Biochemistry
ISSN1381-3455
1744-4160
Year2021
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Accepted author manuscript
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/13813455.2021.1874020
Web address (URL)https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13813455.2021.1874020
Publication dates
Published online27 Jan 2021

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