Sprint interval training (SIT) reduces serum epidermal growth factor (EGF), but not other inflammatory cytokines in trained older men.

Yasar, Z., Elliott, B., Kyriakidou, Y., Nwokoma, C., Postlethwaite, R., Gaffney, C., Dewhurst, S. and Hayes, L. 2021. Sprint interval training (SIT) reduces serum epidermal growth factor (EGF), but not other inflammatory cytokines in trained older men. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 121, pp. 1909-1919. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-021-04635-2

TitleSprint interval training (SIT) reduces serum epidermal growth factor (EGF), but not other inflammatory cytokines in trained older men.
TypeJournal article
AuthorsYasar, Z., Elliott, B., Kyriakidou, Y., Nwokoma, C., Postlethwaite, R., Gaffney, C., Dewhurst, S. and Hayes, L.
AbstractPurpose The present study aimed to investigate the effect of age on circulating pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and growth factors. A secondary aim was to investigate whether a novel sprint interval training (SIT) intervention (3 × 20 s ‘all out’ static sprints, twice a week for 8 weeks) would affect inflammatory markers in older men. Methods Nine older men [68 (1) years] and eleven younger men [28 (2) years] comprised the younger group. Aerobic fitness and inflammatory markers were taken at baseline for both groups and following the SIT intervention for the older group. Results Interleukin (IL)-8, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) were unchanged for the older and younger groups at baseline (IL-8, p = 0.819; MCP-1, p = 0.248; VEGF, p = 0.264). Epidermal growth factor (EGF) was greater in the older group compared to the younger group at baseline [142 (20) pg mL−1 and 60 (12) pg mL−1, respectively, p = 0.001, Cohen's d = 1.64]. Following SIT, older men decreased EGF to 100 (12) pg mL−1 which was similar to that of young men who did not undergo training (p = 0.113, Cohen's d = 1.07). Conclusion Older aerobically trained men have greater serum EGF than younger aerobically trained men. A novel SIT intervention in older men can shift circulating EGF towards trained younger concentrations. As lower EGF has previously been associated with longevity in C. elegans, the manipulative effect of SIT on EGF in healthy ageing in the human may be of further interest.
KeywordsAgeing
Cytokines
Exercise
Growth factors
HIIT
Inflammation
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Journal citation121, pp. 1909-1919
ISSN1439-6327
Year2021
PublisherSpringer
Publisher's version
License
CC BY 4.0
File Access Level
Open (open metadata and files)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-021-04635-2
PubMed ID33723630
Web address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00421-021-04635-2
Publication dates
Published online16 Mar 2021
Published in print2021

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