The effect of Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on exercise-induced muscle damage.

Kyriakidou, Yvoni, Wood, Carly, Ferrier, Chrystalla, Dolci, Alberto and Elliott, B. 2021. The effect of Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on exercise-induced muscle damage. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 18 (1), p. 9 9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12970-020-00405-1

TitleThe effect of Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on exercise-induced muscle damage.
AuthorsKyriakidou, Yvoni, Wood, Carly, Ferrier, Chrystalla, Dolci, Alberto and Elliott, B.
AbstractExercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) results in transient muscle inflammation, strength loss, muscle soreness and may cause subsequent exercise avoidance. Omega-3 (n-3) supplementation may minimise EIMD via its anti-inflammatory properties, however, its efficacy remains unclear. Healthy males (n = 14, 25.07 ± 4.05 years) were randomised to 3 g/day n-3 supplementation (N-3, n = 7) or placebo (PLA, n = 7). Following 4 weeks supplementation, a downhill running protocol (60 min, 65% V̇O max, - 10% gradient) was performed. Creatine kinase (CK), interleukin (IL)-6 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, perceived muscle soreness, maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) and peak power were quantified pre, post, and 24, 48 and 72 h post-EIMD. Muscle soreness was significantly lower in N-3 vs PLA group at 24 h post-EIMD (p = 0.034). IL-6 was increased in PLA (p = 0.009) but not in N-3 (p = 0.434) following EIMD, however, no significant differences were noted between groups. Peak power was significantly suppressed in PLA relative to pre-EIMD but not in N-3 group at 24 h post-EIMD. However, no significant difference in peak power output was observed between groups. MVIC, CK and TNF-α were altered by EIMD but did not differ between groups. N-3 supplementation for 4 weeks may successfully attenuate minor aspects of EIMD. Whilst not improving performance, these findings may have relevance to soreness-associated exercise avoidance.
KeywordsDOMS
EIMD
Eccentric exercise
Ergogenic aid
Inflammation
Muscle damage
Omega-3
Performance
Recovery
Supplementation
Article number9
JournalJournal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Journal citation18 (1), p. 9
ISSN1550-2783
Year2021
PublisherSpringer Nature
Publisher's version
License
CC BY 4.0
File Access Level
Open (open metadata and files)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1186/s12970-020-00405-1
PubMed ID33441158
Web address (URL)https://jissn.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12970-020-00405-1
Publication dates
Published online13 Jan 2021

Related outputs

Sprint interval training (SIT) reduces serum epidermal growth factor (EGF), but not other inflammatory cytokines in trained older men.
Yasar, Z., Elliott, B., Kyriakidou, Y., Nwokoma, C., Postlethwaite, R., Gaffney, C., Dewhurst, S. and Hayes, L. 2021. Sprint interval training (SIT) reduces serum epidermal growth factor (EGF), but not other inflammatory cytokines in trained older men. European Journal of Applied Physiology. Advanced online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-021-04635-2

The effects of gradual vs. rapid weight loss on serum concentrations of myokines and body composition in overweight and obese females
Bagheri, Reza, Ashtary-Larky, Damoon, Elliott, B., Willoughby, Darryn S., Kargarfard, Mehdi, Alipour, Meysam, Lamuchi-Deli, Nasrin, Kooti, Wesam, Asbaghi, Omid and Wong, Alexei 2021. The effects of gradual vs. rapid weight loss on serum concentrations of myokines and body composition in overweight and obese females. Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry. Advanced online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/13813455.2021.1874020

Strategic Ingestion of High-Protein Dairy Milk during a Resistance Training Program Increases Lean Mass, Strength, and Power in Trained Young Males
Pourabbas, M., Bagheri, Reza, Hooshmand Moghadam, B., S. Willoughby, Darryn, G. Candow, Darren, Elliott, B., C. Forbes, S., Ashtary-Larky, Damoon, Eskandari, Mozhgan, Wong, Alexei and Dutheil, Frédéric 2021. Strategic Ingestion of High-Protein Dairy Milk during a Resistance Training Program Increases Lean Mass, Strength, and Power in Trained Young Males. Nutrients. 13 (3), p. e948. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030948

Relationships between hyperinsulinaemia, magnesium, vitamin D, thrombosis and COVID-19: rationale for clinical management
Cooper, I., Crofts, C., DiNicolantonio, J., Malhotra, A., Elliott, B., Kyriakidou, Y. and Brookler, K. 2020. Relationships between hyperinsulinaemia, magnesium, vitamin D, thrombosis and COVID-19: rationale for clinical management . Open Heart. 7 e001356. https://doi.org/10.1136/openhrt-2020-001356

"I've Seen You": A conversation about the Transformative Potential of Working in Partnership
Fraser, J., Usman, M., Thomas, K.C., Ahmed, M., Dolidze, A., Zuruwath Zareer, F., Begum, G., Elliott, B. and Macleod, E. 2020. "I've Seen You": A conversation about the Transformative Potential of Working in Partnership. in: Mercer-Mapstone, L. and Abbot, S. (ed.) The Power of Partnership: Students, Staff and Faculty Revolutionizing Higher Education Elon, North Carolina Elon University. pp. 205-219

Editorial: Exercise as a Countermeasure to Human Aging
Elliott, B., Hayes, L., Hughes, D. and Burtscher, M. 2020. Editorial: Exercise as a Countermeasure to Human Aging. Frontiers in Physiology. 11 883. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2020.00883

Comparable Endocrine and Neuromuscular Adaptations to Variable vs. Constant Gravity-Dependent Resistance Training Among Young Women
Arazi, H., Salek, L., Nikfal, E., Izadi, M., Tufano, J., Elliott, B. and Brughelli, M. 2020. Comparable Endocrine and Neuromuscular Adaptations to Variable vs. Constant Gravity-Dependent Resistance Training Among Young Women. BMC Translational Medicine. 18 (239) 239 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12967-020-02411-y

Carbohydrate intake and ketosis in self-sufficient multi-stage ultramarathon runners
Edwards, K., Elliott, B. and Silva, C. 2020. Carbohydrate intake and ketosis in self-sufficient multi-stage ultramarathon runners. Journal of Sports Sciences. 38 (4), pp. 366-374. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1702269

The health impact of nature exposure and green exercise across the life course: a pilot study
Wood, C. and Smyth, N. 2020. The health impact of nature exposure and green exercise across the life course: a pilot study. International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 30 (2), pp. 226-235. https://doi.org/10.1080/09603123.2019.1593327

The Current and Retrospective Intentional Nature Exposure Scales: Development and Factorial Validity
Wood, C., Barron, D. and Smyth, N. 2019. The Current and Retrospective Intentional Nature Exposure Scales: Development and Factorial Validity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 16 (22) 4443. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16224443

Serious Games for Mathematics Support in Higher Education
Ferrier, C. 2019. Serious Games for Mathematics Support in Higher Education. Economou, D. (ed.) Immersive Learning Research Network Conference. London 23 - 27 Jun 2019 Verlag der Technischen Universität Graz.

Effects of upper-body, lower-body, or combined resistance training on the ratio of follistatin and myostatin in middle-aged men
Bagheri, R., Rashidlamir, A., Motevalli, M., Elliott, B., Mehrabani, J. and Wong, A. 2019. Effects of upper-body, lower-body, or combined resistance training on the ratio of follistatin and myostatin in middle-aged men. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 119 (9), p. 1921–1931. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-019-04180-z

Employer and work-based student perceptions of virtual laboratory teaching and assessment resources
Smith, C.L., Coleman, S.K. and Ferrier, C. 2019. Employer and work-based student perceptions of virtual laboratory teaching and assessment resources. Work Based Learning e-Journal International. 8 (1), pp. 53-70.

Attenuated cortisol reactivity to psychosocial stress is associated with greater visual dependency in postural control
Smyth, N., Flynn, M., Rajcani, J., Hucklebridge, F., Thorn, L., Wood, C., Golding, J., Evans, P. and Clow, A. 2019. Attenuated cortisol reactivity to psychosocial stress is associated with greater visual dependency in postural control . Psychoneuroendocrinology. 104, pp. 185-190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2019.02.028

Short-Term Exercise Training Inconsistently Influences Basel Testosterone in Older Men: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Hayes, L. and Elliott, B. 2019. Short-Term Exercise Training Inconsistently Influences Basel Testosterone in Older Men: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Frontiers in Physiology. 9 1878. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.01878

The roles of social media, clean eating and self-esteem in the risk of disordered eating: A pilot study of self-reported healthy eaters
Fivian, E. and Wood, C. 2019. The roles of social media, clean eating and self-esteem in the risk of disordered eating: A pilot study of self-reported healthy eaters. International Journal of Food, Nutrition and Public Health. 10 (1), pp. 28-39.

Physical Activity in Natural Environments
Wood, C., Richardson, M. and Barton, J. 2018. Physical Activity in Natural Environments. in: Draper, N. and Stratton, G. (ed.) Physical Activity: A Multidisciplinary Introduction Routledge. pp. 307-321

Student experiences of using virtual laboratory simulations to develop skills as preparation for the professional work place
Buckland, E., Smith, C.L. and Ferrier, C. 2018. Student experiences of using virtual laboratory simulations to develop skills as preparation for the professional work place. Creating Relevant Learning Experiences; employers ’ involvement with higher education. Leuven, Belgium 14 - 15 Jun 2018

Physical fitness and prior physical activity are both associated with less cortisol secretion during psychosocial stress
Wood, C., Clow, A., Hucklebridge, F., Law, R. and Smyth, N. 2018. Physical fitness and prior physical activity are both associated with less cortisol secretion during psychosocial stress. Anxiety, Stress and Coping. 31 (2), pp. 135-145. https://doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2017.1390083

The Effect of Omega-3 Supplementation on Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage
Kyriakidou, Y., Wood, C., Elliott, B. and Dolci, A. 2018. The Effect of Omega-3 Supplementation on Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage. Europhysiology 2018. London 14 - 16 Sep 2018 The Physiological Society.

Activin subfamily peptides predict chronological age in humans
Barrios-Silva, L., Parnell, M., Shinwari, Z., Chaudhary, G., Xenofontos, T, van Bekhoven, A., McArthur, S. and Elliott, B. 2018. Activin subfamily peptides predict chronological age in humans. Physiological Report. 6 (17), p. e13823. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13823

Enhancing mathematics support using gaming technology, higher education current perspectives and future considerations
Ferrier, C. 2018. Enhancing mathematics support using gaming technology, higher education current perspectives and future considerations. CELT-MSOR. Glasgow 05 - 06 Sep 2018

Employer and part-time student perceptions of virtual laboratory teaching and assessment resources
Smith, C.L., Ferrier, C. and Coleman, S.K. 2018. Employer and part-time student perceptions of virtual laboratory teaching and assessment resources. Creating Relevant Learning Experiences; employers ’ involvement with higher education. Leuven, Belgium 14 - 15 Jun 2018

Using virtual reality laboratories to improve engagement and understanding for wet laboratory practical sessions
Coleman, S.K., Smith, C.L. and Ferrier, C. 2018. Using virtual reality laboratories to improve engagement and understanding for wet laboratory practical sessions. Society for Experimental Biology: Masters of Biology. Florence, Italy 03 - 06 Jul 2018

Differing Effects of Younger and Older Human Plasma on C2C12 Myocytes in Vitro
Kalampouka, I., van Bekhoven, A. and Elliott, B. 2018. Differing Effects of Younger and Older Human Plasma on C2C12 Myocytes in Vitro. Frontiers in Physiology. 9 152. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.00152

High intensity exercise decreases IP6K1 muscle content & improves insulin sensitivity in glucose intolerant individuals
Naufahu, J., Elliott, B., Markiv, A., Dunning-Foreman, P., McGrady, M., Howard, D., Watt, P.W. and Mackenzie, R.W.A. 2018. High intensity exercise decreases IP6K1 muscle content & improves insulin sensitivity in glucose intolerant individuals. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 103 (4), pp. 1479-1490. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2017-02019

Physical fitness and prior physical activity are both associated with less cortisol secretion during psychosocial stress
Wood, C., Clow, A., Hucklebridge, F., Law, R. and Smyth, N. 2018. Physical fitness and prior physical activity are both associated with less cortisol secretion during psychosocial stress. Anxiety, Stress and Coping. 31 (2), pp. 135-145. https://doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2017.1390083

The effectiveness of Lee Silverman Voice Treatment therapy issued interactively through an Ipad device: a non-inferiority study
Griffin, M., Bentley, J., Shanks, J. and Wood, C. 2018. The effectiveness of Lee Silverman Voice Treatment therapy issued interactively through an Ipad device: a non-inferiority study. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. 24 (3), pp. 209-215. https://doi.org/10.1177/1357633X17691865

An automated panel for assessing pro-oxidant and antioxidant status in human serum
Ferrier, C., Reed, S.C. and Elliott, B. 2017. An automated panel for assessing pro-oxidant and antioxidant status in human serum.

The Potential of Omega-3 Supplementation to Reduce Muscle-Inflammation after Muscle-Damaging Exercise
Kyriakidou, Y., Kantorovich, R.C., Bell, J.D., Monterisi, S. and Dolci, A. 2017. The Potential of Omega-3 Supplementation to Reduce Muscle-Inflammation after Muscle-Damaging Exercise. ACSM Annual Meeting, World Congress on Exercise is Medicine & World Congress on the Basic Science of Exercise and the Brain. Denver, Colorado 30 May - 03 Jun 2017 American College of Sports Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000518523.15295.1c

PhytoCloud: A gamified Mobile Web Application to modulate diet and physical activity of women with breast cancer
Economou, D., Dwek, M., Elliott, B., Ramezanian Kalahroudi, M. and Azimi, T. 2017. PhytoCloud: A gamified Mobile Web Application to modulate diet and physical activity of women with breast cancer. IEEE 30th International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems. Thessaloniki, Greece 22 Jun - 24 Sep 2017 IEEE . https://doi.org/10.1109/CBMS.2017.164

Lifelong exercise, but not short-term high-intensity interval training, increases GDF11, a marker of successful aging: a preliminary investigation
Elliott, B., Herbert, P., Sculthorpe, N., Grace, F., Stratton, D. and Hayes, L. 2017. Lifelong exercise, but not short-term high-intensity interval training, increases GDF11, a marker of successful aging: a preliminary investigation. Physiological Report. 5 (13), p. e13343 e13343. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13343

Circulating myostatin is reduced with aging in humans but not altered by short-term, high intensity training
Elliott, B., Shinwari, Z.B., Altayar, Z., Barrios, L., Chaudhary, G.A., Hanifa, E., Parnell, M., Xenofontos, T., Sculthorpe, N., Herbert, P., Grace, F. and Hayes, L. 2016. Circulating myostatin is reduced with aging in humans but not altered by short-term, high intensity training. Physiology 2016. Dublin, Ireland 29 2016 - 31 Jul 2017 The Physiological Society.

Complete and Voluntary Starvation of 50 days
Elliott, B., Mina, A. and Ferrier, C. 2016. Complete and Voluntary Starvation of 50 days. Clinical Medical Insights: Case Reports. 2016:9, pp. 67-70. https://doi.org/10.4137/CCRep.S39776

The Wilderness Expedition: An effective life course intervention to improve young peoples well-being and connectedness to nature
Barton, J., Bragg, R., Pretty, J., Roberts, J. and Wood, C. 2016. The Wilderness Expedition: An effective life course intervention to improve young peoples well-being and connectedness to nature. Journal of Experiential Education. 39 (1), pp. 59-72. https://doi.org/10.1177/1053825915626933

Portable prehospital methods to treat near-hypothermic shivering cold casualties
Oliver, S.J., Brierley, J.L., Raymond-Barker, P.C., Dolci, A. and Walsh, N.P. 2016. Portable prehospital methods to treat near-hypothermic shivering cold casualties. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine. 27 (1), pp. 125-130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wem.2015.11.012

A randomized trial to assess the potential of different beverages to affect hydration status: development of a beverage hydration index
Maughan, R.J., Watson, P., Cordery, P.A.A., Walsh, N.P., Oliver, S.J., Dolci, A., Rodriguez-Sanchez, N. and Galloway, S.D.R. 2016. A randomized trial to assess the potential of different beverages to affect hydration status: development of a beverage hydration index. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 103, pp. 717-723. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.115.114769

Improving health and wellbeing independently of GDP: dividends of greener and prosoical economies
Pretty, J., Barton, J., Bharucha, Z., Bragg, R., Pencheon, D., Wood, C. and Depledge, M.H. 2016. Improving health and wellbeing independently of GDP: dividends of greener and prosoical economies. International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 26 (1), pp. 11-36. https://doi.org/10.1080/09603123.2015.1007841

The role of acute ambient hypoxia in the regulation of myostatin
Elliott, B. 2015. The role of acute ambient hypoxia in the regulation of myostatin. PhD thesis University of Westminster Biomedical Sciences

Curriculum and beyond: Mathematics support for first year life science students
Bailey, I., Ferrier, C. and Smith, C.L. 2015. Curriculum and beyond: Mathematics support for first year life science students. CETL-MSOR Conference 2015. University of Greenwich 08 Sep 2015 The Sigma Network.

Repeated muscle damage blunts the increase in heat strain during subsequent exercise heat stress
Dolci, A., Fortes, M.B., Walker, F.S., Haq, A., Riddle, T. and Walsh, N.P. 2015. Repeated muscle damage blunts the increase in heat strain during subsequent exercise heat stress. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 115 (7), pp. 1577-1588. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-015-3143-7

Wearable technology in academia: the use of Google Glass in the life sciences
Elliott, B. and Sukan, A. 2015. Wearable technology in academia: the use of Google Glass in the life sciences. Compass: Journal of Learning & Teaching . 6 (10).

Acute hypoxia reduces plasma myostatin independent of hypoxic dose
Elliott, B., Simonson, T.S., Getting, S.J., Renshaw, D., Wagner Peter, D. and MacKenzie, R. 2015. Acute hypoxia reduces plasma myostatin independent of hypoxic dose. 8th International Conference on Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle Wasting. Paris 04 - 06 Dec 2015 The Society on Sarcopenia, Cachexia and Wasting Disorders.

Physical Education or Playtime: which is more effective at promoting physical activity in primary school children?
Wood, C. and Hall, K. 2015. Physical Education or Playtime: which is more effective at promoting physical activity in primary school children? BMC Research Notes. 8 (12). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-015-0979-1

The Workplace Simulation Project
Ferrier, C. 2015. The Workplace Simulation Project. IBMS Congress 2015. ICC Birmingham 28 Sep 2015

A case-control study of the health and wellbeing benefits of allotment gardening
Wood, C., Pretty, J. and Griffin, M. 2015. A case-control study of the health and wellbeing benefits of allotment gardening. Journal of Public Health. 38 (3), pp. e336-e344. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdv146

Akt/PKB activation and insulin signaling: a novel insulin signaling pathway in the treatment of type 2 diabetes
MacKenzie, R. and Elliott, B. 2014. Akt/PKB activation and insulin signaling: a novel insulin signaling pathway in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy. 7, pp. 55-67. https://doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S48260

What range of methods is available to evaluate the implementation and impact of complex environmental policies on complex systems?
Fagan-Watson, B., Watson, T., Elliott, B., Vanner, R., Shaw, Ben and Morris, S. 2014. What range of methods is available to evaluate the implementation and impact of complex environmental policies on complex systems? A report to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Policy Studies Institute. Defra, London.

Acute hypoxia alters myotube size in vitro and myostatin signalling in vivo
Elliott, B., Renshaw, D., Getting, S.J., Watt, P.W. and MacKenzie, R. 2014. Acute hypoxia alters myotube size in vitro and myostatin signalling in vivo. FASEB. San Diego Jul 2015 Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.

The role of acute hypoxia in skeletal muscle atrophy
Elliott, B., Renshaw, D., Getting, S.J., Watt, P., Howard, D. and MacKenzie, R. 2014. The role of acute hypoxia in skeletal muscle atrophy. Physiology. London 30 Jun 2014 The Physiological Society.

The effect of playground and nature-based interventions on physical activity and self-esteem in UK school children
Barton, J., Sandercock, G., Pretty, J. and Wood, C. 2014. The effect of playground and nature-based interventions on physical activity and self-esteem in UK school children. International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 25 (2), pp. 196-206. https://doi.org/10.1080/09603123.2014.915020

Interactions between physical activity and the environment to improve adolescent psychological wellbeing: a randomised controlled trial
Wood, C., Sandercock, G. and Barton, J. 2014. Interactions between physical activity and the environment to improve adolescent psychological wellbeing: a randomised controlled trial. International Journal of Environment and Health. 7 (2), pp. 144-155. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJENVH.2014.067359

A repeated measures experiment of school playing environment to increase physical activity and enhance self esteem in UK school children
Wood, C., Gladwell, V. and Barton, J. 2014. A repeated measures experiment of school playing environment to increase physical activity and enhance self esteem in UK school children. PLoS ONE. 9 (9) e108701. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0108701

Muscle-Damaging Exercise Increases Heat Strain during Subsequent Exercise Heat Stress
Fortes, M.B., Di Felice, U., Dolci, A., Junglee, N.A., Crockford, M.J., West, L., Hillier-Smith, R., Macdonald, J.H. and Walsh, N.P. 2013. Muscle-Damaging Exercise Increases Heat Strain during Subsequent Exercise Heat Stress. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 45 (10), p. 1915–1924. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e318294b0f8

Exercising in a hot environment with muscle damage: Effects on acute kidney injury biomarkers and kidney function
Junglee, N.A., Di Felice, U., Dolci, A., Fortes, M.B., Jibani, M.M., Lemmey, A.B., Walsh, N.P. and Macdonald, J.H. 2013. Exercising in a hot environment with muscle damage: Effects on acute kidney injury biomarkers and kidney function. American Journal of Physiology Renal Physiology. 305 (6), pp. F813-F820. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.00091.2013

Nature for rehabilitating offenders and facilitating therapeutic outcomes for youth at risk
Pretty, J., Wood, C., Hine, R. and Barton, J. 2013. Nature for rehabilitating offenders and facilitating therapeutic outcomes for youth at risk. in: South, N. and Brisman, A. (ed.) Routledge International Handbook of Green Criminology Routledge. pp. 184-196

A randomised control trial of physical activity in a perceived environment on self-esteem and mood in UK adolescents
Wood, C., Angus, C., Pretty, J., Sandercock, G. and Barton, J. 2013. A randomised control trial of physical activity in a perceived environment on self-esteem and mood in UK adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 23 (4), pp. 311-320. https://doi.org/10.1080/09603123.2012.733935

The great outdoors: how a green exercise environment can benefit all
Gladwell, V., Brown, D., Wood, C., Sandercock, G. and Barton, J. 2013. The great outdoors: how a green exercise environment can benefit all. Extreme Physiology and Medicine. 2 (3). https://doi.org/10.1186/2046-7648-2-3

A repeated measures experiment of green exercise to improve self-esteem in UK school children
Reed, K., Wood, C., Barton, J., Cohen, D. and Sandercock, G. 2013. A repeated measures experiment of green exercise to improve self-esteem in UK school children. PLoS ONE. 8 (7) e69176. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0069176

A Multifaceted Approach to Numeracy Support for Life Sciences Students.
Ferrier, C. 2013. A Multifaceted Approach to Numeracy Support for Life Sciences Students. MSOR Connections. 13 (2), pp. 24-30. https://doi.org/10.11120/msor.2013.00013

The effect of hypoxia and work intensity on insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes
MacKenzie, R., Elliott, B., Maxwell, N.S., Brickley, G. and Watt, P.W. 2012. The effect of hypoxia and work intensity on insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 97 (1), pp. 155-62. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2011-1843

Intermittent Exercise with and without Hypoxia Improves Insulin Sensitivity in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes
MacKenzie, R., Maxwell, N.S., Castle, P.C., Elliot, B., Brickley, G., Watt, P.W. and Elliott, B. 2012. Intermittent Exercise with and without Hypoxia Improves Insulin Sensitivity in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 97 (4), pp. 46-55. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2011-2829

The Central Role of Myostatin in Skeletal Muscle and Whole Body Homeostasis
Elliott, B., Renshaw, D., Getting, S.J. and MacKenzie, R. 2012. The Central Role of Myostatin in Skeletal Muscle and Whole Body Homeostasis. Acta Physiologica. 205 (3), pp. 324-40. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.2012.02423.x

Foundation degrees in biomedical science: the student experience
Ferrier, C., Brookwell, K., Quinn, P., Ms Kelly Brookwell and Mr Paul Quinn 2012. Foundation degrees in biomedical science: the student experience. Biomedical Scientist. 56 (9), pp. 560 - 561.

Health Values from Ecosystems
Pretty, J., Barton, J., Colbeck, I., Hine, R., Mourato, S., Mackerron, G. and Wood, C. 2011. Health Values from Ecosystems. in: UK National Ecosystem Assessment: Technical Report Cambridge UK National Ecosystem Assessment, UNEP-WCMC. pp. 1153-1181

Student Numeracy Support Using Bespoke Reusable Learning Objects
Ferrier, C. 2011. Student Numeracy Support Using Bespoke Reusable Learning Objects. CETL-MSOR Conference 2011. Coventry University 06 Sep 2011

A blended-learning foundation degree in biomedical sciences
Ferrier, C., Perry, M. and Oradini, F. 2009. A blended-learning foundation degree in biomedical sciences. Biomedical Scientist. 53 (8), pp. 670-672.

Voluntary resistance running wheel activity pattern and skeletal muscle growth in rats
Legerlotz, K., Elliott, B., Guillemin, B. and Smith, H. 2008. Voluntary resistance running wheel activity pattern and skeletal muscle growth in rats. Experimental Physiology. 93 (6), pp. 754-62. https://doi.org/10.1113/expphysiol.2007.041244

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/v331x/the-effect-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-on-exercise-induced-muscle-damage


Share this
Tweet
Email

Usage statistics

45 total views
12 total downloads
4 views this month
4 downloads this month
These values are for the period from September 2nd 2018, when this repository was created

Export as