Drawing the answers: Sketching to support free and probed recall by child witnesses and victims with autism spectrum disorder

Mattison, M., Dando, C.J. and Ormerod, T.C. 2018. Drawing the answers: Sketching to support free and probed recall by child witnesses and victims with autism spectrum disorder. Autism . 22 (2), pp. 181-194. doi:10.1177/1362361316669088

TitleDrawing the answers: Sketching to support free and probed recall by child witnesses and victims with autism spectrum disorder
AuthorsMattison, M., Dando, C.J. and Ormerod, T.C.
Abstract

The success of witness interviews in the criminal justice system depends on the accuracy of information obtained, which is a function of both amount and quality of information. Attempts to enhance witness retrieval such as mental reinstatement of context have been designed with typically developed adults in mind. In this paper, the relative benefits of mental and sketch reinstatement mnemonics are explored with both typically developing children and children with autism. Children watched a crime event video, and their retrieval of event information was examined in free and probed recall phases of a cognitive interview. As expected, typically developing children recalled more correct information of all types than children with autism during free and probed recall phases. Sketching during free recall was more beneficial for both groups in both phases in reducing the amount of incorrect items, but the relative effect of sketching on enhancing retrieval accuracy was greater for children with autism. The results indicate the benefits of choosing retrieval mnemonics that are sensitive to the specific impairments of autistic individuals, and suggest that retrieval accuracy during interviews can be enhanced, in some cases to the same level as that of typically developing individuals.

KeywordsAutism, Drawing, Cognitive interview, Sketch-RC
JournalAutism
Journal citation22 (2), pp. 181-194
ISSN1362-3613
Year2018
PublisherSage
Accepted author manuscriptMattison, Dando & Ormerod Annonymous Main Document.pdf
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1177/1362361316669088
Publication dates
Published in print01 Feb 2018
Published14 Nov 2016
Published online14 Nov 2016

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