Interviewing Adult Witnesses and Victims

Dando, C.J., Geiselman, R. E., MacLeod, N. and Griffiths, A. 2016. Interviewing Adult Witnesses and Victims. in: Oxburgh, G., Myklebust, T. and Milne, R. (ed.) Communication in Investigative and Legal Contexts: Integrated Approaches from Forensic Psychology, Linguistics and Law Enforcement Chichester Wiley. pp. 79-107

Chapter titleInterviewing Adult Witnesses and Victims
AuthorsDando, C.J., Geiselman, R. E., MacLeod, N. and Griffiths, A.
EditorsOxburgh, G., Myklebust, T. and Milne, R.
Abstract

In this chapter, we discuss the interviewing of adult witnesses and victims with reference to how the extant psychological and linguistic literature has contributed to understanding and informing interview practice over the past 20 years and how it continues to support practical and procedural improvements. We have only scratched the surface of this important and complex topic, but throughout this chapter we have directed readers to many in-depth reviews and some of the most contemporary research literature currently available in this domain. We have introduced the PEACE model and described the Cognitive Interview procedure and its development. We have also discussed rapport building, question types and communication style, all with reference to witness memory and practical interviewing. Finally, we highlight areas that would benefit from research, for example conducting interviews with interpreters, and how new training initiatives are seeking to improve interview procedures and interviewer practice.

KeywordsCognitive interview; Rapport; Episodic memory; Questions; Vulnerable witnesses
Book titleCommunication in Investigative and Legal Contexts: Integrated Approaches from Forensic Psychology, Linguistics and Law Enforcement
Page range79-107
Year2016
PublisherWiley
Publication dates
Published online11 Dec 2015
Place of publicationChichester
ISBN9781118769225
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1002/9781118769133.ch5

Related outputs

Police officers’ and Registered Intermediaries’ use of drawing during investigative interviews with vulnerable witnesses
Mattison, M.A. and Dando, C.J. 2019. Police officers’ and Registered Intermediaries’ use of drawing during investigative interviews with vulnerable witnesses. Psychology, Crime and Law. Advanced online publication. doi:10.1080/1068316X.2019.1652744

The cognitive interview: a tiered approach in the real world
Milne, B., Griffiths, A., Clarke, C. and Dando, C.J. 2019. The cognitive interview: a tiered approach in the real world. in: Dickinson, J.J., Compo, N.S., Carol, R.N., Schwartz , B.L. and McCauley, M.R. (ed.) Evidence based investigative interviewing New York Routledge. pp. 56-73

Health inequalities and health equity challenges for victims of modern slavery
Dando, C.J., Brierly, R., Saunders, K. and Mackenzie, J.-M. 2018. Health inequalities and health equity challenges for victims of modern slavery. Journal of Public Health. Advanced online publication. doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdy187

One step forward and two steps back? The ‘20 Principles’ for questioning vulnerable witnesses and the lack of an evidence-based approach
Cooper, C., Dando, C.J., Ormerod T., Mattison, M., Marchant, R., Milne, R. and Bull, R. 2018. One step forward and two steps back? The ‘20 Principles’ for questioning vulnerable witnesses and the lack of an evidence-based approach. International Journal of Evidence and Proof. 22 (4), pp. 392-410. doi:10.1177/1365712718793435

Eyewitness Memory in Face-to-Face and Immersive Avatar-to-Avatar Contexts
Taylor, D.A. and Dando, C.J. 2018. Eyewitness Memory in Face-to-Face and Immersive Avatar-to-Avatar Contexts. Frontiers in Psychology. 9 (507). doi:https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00507

Triage Decision-Making by Welfare Fraud Investigators
Walsh, D., Dando, C.J. and Ormerod, T.C. 2018. Triage Decision-Making by Welfare Fraud Investigators. Journal of Applied Research in Memory & Cognition. 7 (1), pp. 82-91. doi:10.1016/j.jarmac.2018.01.002

No evidence against Sketch Reinstatement of Context, Verbal Labels or the use of Registered Intermediaries for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Response to Henry et al. (2017)
Dando, C.J., Ormerod, T. C., Cooper, T. C., Mattison, M., Merchant, R., Milne, R. and Bull, R. 2018. No evidence against Sketch Reinstatement of Context, Verbal Labels or the use of Registered Intermediaries for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Response to Henry et al. (2017). Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 48 (7), pp. 2593-2596. doi:10.1007/s10803-018-3479-z

Drawing the answers: Sketching to support free and probed recall by child witnesses and victims with autism spectrum disorder
Mattison, M., Dando, C.J. and Ormerod, T.C. 2018. Drawing the answers: Sketching to support free and probed recall by child witnesses and victims with autism spectrum disorder. Autism . 22 (2), pp. 181-194. doi:10.1177/1362361316669088

Analysing decision logs to understand decision-making in serious crime investigations
Dando, C.J. and Ormerod, T.C. 2017. Analysing decision logs to understand decision-making in serious crime investigations. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. 59 (8), pp. 1188-1203. doi:10.1177/0018720817727899

Cognition in context: A comparison of eyewitness retrieval in face-to-face, remote avatar mediated, and asynchronous vocal smartphone interviews
Taylor, D.A. and Dando, C.J. 2017. Cognition in context: A comparison of eyewitness retrieval in face-to-face, remote avatar mediated, and asynchronous vocal smartphone interviews. International Investigative Interviewing Research Group Conference (iIIRG). Monterey, California 05 - 07 Jul 2017

Cognition in context: A comparison of eyewitness retrieval in face-to-face and remote avatar mediated interviews
Taylor, D.A. and Dando, C.J. 2017. Cognition in context: A comparison of eyewitness retrieval in face-to-face and remote avatar mediated interviews . EAPL. Brussels 29 - 31 May 2017

Applied Cyberpsychology: Military and Defence Applications
Dando, C.J. and Tranter, C. 2016. Applied Cyberpsychology: Military and Defence Applications. in: Attrill, A. and Fullwood, C. (ed.) Applied Cyberpsychology. Practical Applications of Cyberpsychological Theory and Research Hampshire Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 197-216

Perceptions of Psychological Coercion and Human Trafficking in the West Midlands of England: Beginning to Know the Unknown
Dando, C. J., Walsh, D. and Brierley, R. 2016. Perceptions of Psychological Coercion and Human Trafficking in the West Midlands of England: Beginning to Know the Unknown. PLoS ONE. 11 (5), p. e0153263. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0153263

Empathy in the field: Towards a taxonomy of empathic communication in information gathering interviews with suspected sex offenders
Dando, C.J. and Oxburgh G.E. 2016. Empathy in the field: Towards a taxonomy of empathic communication in information gathering interviews with suspected sex offenders. The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context. 8 (1), pp. 27-33. doi:10.1016/j.ejpal.2015.10.001

Scent Trails: The challenge of Countering Terrorism Through Intelligent Surveillance
Sandham, A., Ormerod, T.C., Dando, C.J. and Menacere, T. 2015. Scent Trails: The challenge of Countering Terrorism Through Intelligent Surveillance. in: Stedmon, A. and Lawson, G. (ed.) Hostile Intent and Counter-Terrorism: Human Factors Theory and Application London Routledge. pp. 129-149

Drawing to remember: Supporting child witnesses and victims with Autistic Spectrum Disorder to give ‘Best Evidence’
Matison, M. L., Dando, C.J. and Ormerod, T. C. 2015. Drawing to remember: Supporting child witnesses and victims with Autistic Spectrum Disorder to give ‘Best Evidence’. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 45 (6), pp. 1751-1765. doi:10.1007/s10803-014-2335-z

Finding a needle in a haystack: Towards a psychologically-informed method for aviation security screening
Ormerod, T.C. and Dando, C.J. 2015. Finding a needle in a haystack: Towards a psychologically-informed method for aviation security screening. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 144 (1), p. 76–84. doi:10.1037/xge0000030

Intelligence Interviewing: Synthetic Environments, Cognition and Cognitive Styles
Dando, C.J. and Tranter, C.L. 2015. Intelligence Interviewing: Synthetic Environments, Cognition and Cognitive Styles. Investigative Interviewing: Research and Practice. 7 (2), pp. 43-51.

Detecting insider threats through language change
Taylor, P. J., Dando, C.J., Ormerod, T. C., Ball, L., Jenkins, M., Sandham, A. and Menacere, T. 2013. Detecting insider threats through language change. Law and Human Behavior. 37 (4), pp. 267-275.. doi:10.1037/lhb0000032

Drawing to Remember: External Support of Older Adults’ Eyewitness Performance
Dando, C.J. 2013. Drawing to Remember: External Support of Older Adults’ Eyewitness Performance. PLoS ONE. 8 (7), pp. 1-8. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069937

Permalink - https://westminsterresearch.westminster.ac.uk/item/9z67z/interviewing-adult-witnesses-and-victims


Restricted files

All other files
Under embargo indefinitely

Share this
Tweet
Email